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New Zealand: dairy sector

The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it describes the products that the industry produces, including commodities and various derivatives (butter, concentrated butter, cheese, milk powder, whey powder, casein, etc.);

  • on the other hand, it shows the overall exports of processed products - due to surplus production in relation to the population.

Home to a major exports cooperative, the Fonterra Cooperative Group, New Zealand is able to trade its dairy products on the international market.

NEW ZEALAND: DAIRY SECTOR
  '000 Ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023 % Period
(Dairy Season)1) (2019/20) (2020/21) (2021/22) (2022/23)
Dairy cows ('000 head)1) 4.922 4.904 4.842 4.675
± % from previous dairy season -0,4% -1,3% -3,5%
Average litres per cow 1) 4.296 4.426 4.291 4.351
± % from previous dairy season +3,0% -3,1% +1,4%
Milk production (Source: DCANZ) 21.787 21.871 21.884 21.051 21.051 21.247 +0,9% Jan-Dec 2023
Milkfat (%) a) 1) 4,84 4,84 4,86 4,90
Protein (%) a) 1) 3,92 3,92 3,91 3,94
Farm-gate prices of raw milk (€ x 100 kg, VAT not included)
m.g. 4.2%, prot. 3.4%
29,98 30,33 36,65 42,75 42,75 33,39 -21,9% Jan-Dec 2023
± % Over the same period of the previous year +1,2% +20,8% +16,7%
$/Kg milksolids ** 1) 7,21 7,76 9,52 9,26
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023 % Period
Liquid milk (Source: FAS-USDA) 520 525 530 535 535 535 0,0% Jan-Dec 2023
Cheese (Source: FAS-USDA) 365 350 380 375 375 400 +6,7% Jan-Dec 2023
Butter (Source: FAS-USDA) 525 500 470 500 500 510 +2,0% Jan-Dec 2023
SMP (Source: FAS-USDA) 375 362 330 390 390 390 0,0% Jan-Dec 2023
WMP (Source: FAS-USDA) 1.490 1.570 1.600 1.400 1.400 1.400 0,0% Jan-Dec 2023
EXPORT 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023 % Period
Bulk and packed milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
260 243 269 271 271 233 -14,0% Jan-Dec 2023
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
127 136 170 156 156 173 +10,8% Jan-Dec 2023
Yogurt e buttermilk (HS 0403)
TOP importers
36 36 35 35 35 37 +5,1% Jan-Dec 2023
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
464 425 398 451 451 472 +4,6% Jan-Dec 2023
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
191 190 163 191 191 200 +4,6% Jan-Dec 2023
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
335 327 358 340 340 374 +9,8% Jan-Dec 2023
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
1.536 1.533 1.617 1.328 1.328 1.366 +2,9% Jan-Dec 2023
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
373 356 326 357 357 451 +26,4% Jan-Dec 2023
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
91 87 97 83 83 90 +8,1% Jan-Dec 2023
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP importers
57 50 63 61 61 54 -11,7% Jan-Dec 2023
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP importers
30 36 33 32 32 30 -6,6% Jan-Dec 2023
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
22 26 24 28 28 28 -0,2% Jan-Dec 2023
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
117 101 88 91 91 80 -12,5% Jan-Dec 2023
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP importers
59 74 59 59 59 55 -7,9% Jan-Dec 2023
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220)
TOP importers
19 21 27 22 22 23 +5,8% Jan-Dec 2023
IMPORT 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023 % Period
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
27 22 12 12 12 11 -4,8% Jan-Dec 2023
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
118 122 104 99 99 89 -10,4% Jan-Dec 2023
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
13 10 11 10 10 14 +36,4% Jan-Dec 2023
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023 % Period
Cheese 38 38 38 39 39 40 +2,6% Jan-Dec 2023
Butter 29 30 31 32 32 32 0,0% Jan-Dec 2023
SMP 7,0 14 15 15 15 15 0,0% Jan-Dec 2023
WMP 20 18 18 18 18 18 0,0% Jan-Dec 2023
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023 % Period
Cheese 7,66 7,51 7,41 7,52
Butter 5,85 5,93 6,04 6,17
SMP 1,41 2,77 2,92 2,89
WMP 4,03 3,56 3,51 3,47
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023(f) % Period
Population ('000) 4.959 5.061 5.130 5.185
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 42.329 41.428 48.424 (e) 49.847 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 37.810 36.246 40.942(e) 47.336(e)
NOTE
1) Dairy Season: June 1st - May 31th
a) Average excludes Northland, Taranaki and Wellington/Hawkes Bay
(f): forecast
** Average Dairy Company total payout. From 2009/10 average dairy co-operative payout is from Fonterra, Tatua, and Westland. This includes Fonterra dividend payments.
- Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate

Source:
Raw material area: Milk production: Dcanz; Number of cows, Average litres per cow, milksolids, milkfat and protein: Lic ; Farm-gate milk prices: LTO NEDERLAND
Dairy production: FAS-USDA
Import/Export: Stat.nz
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: FAO

Last update: 27-12-2023
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the New Zealand with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it
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