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Poland: Dairy sector

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This Country:
  • accounts for 9,0% of EU milk deliveries (year 2023),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME), for the 36,5% of the milk deliveries (year 2022),
  • accounts for 5,8% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2023).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

POLAND: DAIRY SECTOR
x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA202020212022202320232024%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Live bovine animals ('000 Head)6.2796.3796.4486.436
of which
     Cows ('000 Head)2.1262.0352.0372.069
Slaughtered cows ('000 head)531554546511161227+41,0%Jan-Apr 2024
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)7.97312.27715.76515.7336.8623.192-53,5%Jan-Apr 2024
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)7.3366.8714.4182.1241.042235-77,4%Jan-Apr 2024
Milk production14.50314.88115.208
± % Over the same period of the previous year+2,6%+2,2%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)12.44612.49312.77112.9765.4945.802+5,6%Jan-May 2024
± % Over the same period of the previous year+0,4%+2,2%+1,6%
% Delivery on production ***85,8%84,0%84,0%
% Protein3,31%3,33%3,36%3,37%3,38%3,41% Jan-May 2024
% Fat4,05%4,10%4,08%4,08%4,12%4,10% Jan-May 2024
Farm-gate milk prices (€ per 100 Kg)31,5634,4749,0845,7547,9647,41-1,2%Jan-May 2024
± % Over the same period of the previous year+9,2%+42,4%-6,8%
Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Goats ('000)--63-
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A)8,58,79,2-
Sheeps ('000)--266-
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A)0,50,50,4-
DAIRY PRODUCTION202020212022202320232024%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)1.9871.9581.9781.920800807+1,0%Jan-May 2024
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)259260266262104109+4,7%Jan-May 2024
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)538548571600249274+10,1%Jan-May 2024
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)243231243264118113-4,5%Jan-May 2024
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)4,86,06,2-
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)161616-
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)894920926976
I° Classificazione
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)29302931
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)193218221269
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)164150158127
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)476487493511
2° Classificazione
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)893919925976
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)9099429451.001410443+7,8%Jan-May 2024
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)51525250
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)333230291112+12,1%Jan-May 2024
Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP)WMP - (c) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)303130231211(e)-6,2%Jan-May 2024
SMP - Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)1651531511497478+4,3%Jan-May 2024
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)83898485
Whey(Cod. Eurostat D5000)7.4376.9166.8675.217
of which
     Whey liquid (Cod. Eurostat D5100)559552549582
     Whey concentrated (Cod. Eurostat D5200)535677579599
     Whey (in powder or in block) (Cod. Eurostat D5300)309324316158
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
28302723
EXPORT2020202120222023Jan - Aprof which Extra EU
2023
2024
%
2023
2024
%
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP importers466446435460
147
157
+7,1%
0,1
0,1
+163,5%
Whole (04012099) TOP importers419415426446
142
154
+8,5%
-
-
-
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP importers124,21,62,2
1,1
0,2
-81,1%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011090) TOP importers35277,312
3,7
2,9
-21,7%
0,0
0,1
+411,8%
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers302337306305
104
97
-6,7%
62
57
-7,5%
Whole (04012091) TOP importers240283250246
82
79
-2,7%
53
51
-4,2%
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers54495255
21
17
-22,0%
8,6
6,1
-29,0%
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers9,15,54,23,0
0,6
0,7
+7,0%
0,2
0,3
+35,0%
Cheese (0406) TOP importers263288280282
93
90
-3,4%
24
25
+0,9%
Whey (0404) TOP importers225233222214
77
68
-12,1%
47
41
-12,9%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP importers210214204201
73
63
-13,3%
45
39
-12,5%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers161154169188
65
73
+12,5%
37
42
+13,5%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers108116131133
44
45
+0,3%
11
12
+4,5%
SMP (040210) TOP importers110109119129
52
49
-6,1%
36
39
+8,4%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers57497474
31
24
-23,3%
4,4
3,4
-22,5%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers1,72,42,02,3
0,6
0,9
+35,4%
-
-
-
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers709510171
22
28
+28,2%
1,7
1,8
+9,7%
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP importers53505457
19
19
+0,6%
10
11
+11,9%
Other Product 90797981
30
30
-0,6%
12
17
+44,9%
IMPORT2020202120222023Jan - Aprof which Extra EU
2023
2024
%
2023
2024
%
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters98109107118
38
42
+8,4%
0,4
0,6
+49,1%
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters118132126107
36
26
-26,7%
-
-
-
Whole (04012099) TOP exporters71837565
20
17
-13,7%
-
-
-
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters9,98,21310
4,7
0,1
-98,2%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters37413832
12
9,4
-20,1%
-
-
-
Whey (0404) TOP exporters10013110594
29
24
-16,6%
0,2
1,0
+356,2%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP exporters68947666
19
13
-28,6%
0,2
1,0
+357,0%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters57667185
31
26
-15,3%
-
-
-
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters70647375
24
26
+6,9%
0,4
0,3
-23,8%
SMP (040210) TOP exporters49537266
20
21
+5,2%
1,3
1,2
-13,6%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters59616058
19
20
+3,6%
-
-
-
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters51473450
16
28
+68,5%
-
-
-
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP exporters29364440
15
14
-4,2%
0,2
0,1
-63,0%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters20312722
5,3
6,8
+28,1%
-
-
-
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters5,9127,46,9
2,0
2,8
+43,4%
-
-
-
WMP (040221+040229) TOP exporters17191820
7,5
6,4
-14,6%
0,2
0,2
-31,3%
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP exporters12121415
5,0
5,2
+3,8%
-
-
-
Other Product 29353738
13
12
-6,2%
2,6
2,3
-10,8%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)14151312
4,2
3,3
-22,1%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
23282834
9,3
13
+41,1%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
6,16,91013
4,2
4,0
-5,0%
-
-
-
% Self-sufficiency rate128,5%128,5%125,2%126,1%124,2%Jan-Apr 2024
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2020 2021 2022 2023 2023 2024(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) -2,02% 6,87% 5,88% 0,07% 0,07% 2,40% Jan-Dic 2024
CPI (consumer price index) 3,38% 5,13% 14,36% 11,44% 11,44% 3,90% Jan-Dic 2024
Population ('000) 37.958 37.073 36.890 36.754
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 15.793 17.958 18.280 (e) 19.913 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 13.817 15.183 17.359(e) 18.416(e)
Informative Note
(c): confidential data, missing months
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate

SOURCES
Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk prices: Ministerstwo Rolnictwa i Rozwoju Wsi, Departament Wspólnej Organizacji Rynków Rolnych ; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS ; Organic Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: org_aprod);
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm)
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

*** MILK DELIVERIES AND MILK PRODUCTION
  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 22-07-2024
NOTA: Access to Dairy World Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Poland with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it