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Europe 2021

 
The interactive Map of the European Union below shows the milk self-sufficiency rate and other key information with breakdown by region: “Central Europe”, “Southern Europe”, “Eastern Europe” and “Baltics and Nordics”.

Click on the country of your interest for detailed information.

The chart show, for each month, the milk production in that month plus the production of the previous 11 months. With this method is always considered the total production in a time window of 12 months, so it is possible to identify the trend without the effect of seasonality.
 
Years: 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
 
  SELF-SUFFICIENCY MILK - 2021 (January-April)
EU-27: 118,1%

(Click here to see the detail)
2021
(January-April)

CENTRAL EUROPE
131,2%

EASTERN EUROPE
109,7%

SOUTHERN EUROPE
83,4%

BALTICS and
NORDICS

138,2%
Milk deliveries (Ton) 28.966.720 7.026.820 8.005.314 4.501.250
     % Deliveries on Total EU-27 deliveries 46,77% 11,35% 12,92% 7,27%
Import (Ton ME)* 3.361.996 1.518.737 3.734.269 798.918
Export (Ton ME)* 10.253.764 2.139.276 2.141.240 2.042.258
     % Export in ME on milk deliveries 35,40% 30,44% 26,75% 45,37%
Domestic use incl. stock (Ton ME)** 22.074.952 6.406.281 9.598.342 3.257.909
* Import/Export in milk equivalent (ME) of liquid milk, yogurt, condensed milk, Cheese, SMP, WMP. The data doesn't include exchanges between countries in the same area.
** Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) including stock change = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Conversion coefficients in milk equivalent (ME):
- 1 kg of liquid milk = 1 kg of ME
- 1 kg of yogurt = 1,10 kg of ME
- 1 kg of condensed milk = 2,00 kg of ME
- 1 kg of cheese = 8,50 kg of ME
- 1 kg of SMP = 10,72 kg of ME
- 1 kg of WMP = 7,81 kg of ME
- The yield of butter and cream is 0 because their Milk Equivalent is already included in SMP.

The balance sheet at the moment does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190, milk powder that has a fat content similar to whole milk powder, but instead of butterfat contains vegetable fats.

Source Milk deliveries, N° of cows: Eurostat
           Import/Export: Eurostat
           Population: FAO
           Area: Wikipedia
 
N° dairy farms - EU-27
  2005 2007 2010 2013 2016 ±% on 2013 ±% on 2005
EASTERN EUROPE 2.070.280 1.882.350 1.209.810 1.016.900 799.320 -21,40% -61,39%
CENTRAL EUROPE 332.300 303.890 270.610 260.110 214.320 -17.60% -35.50%
SOUTHERN EUROPE 129.460 122.040 98.180 71.210 81.580 14.56% -36.98%
BALTICS and NORDICS 263.050 199.800 140.380 109.100 90.750 -16.82% -65.50%
TOTAL 2.795.090 2.508.080 1.718.980 1.457.320 1.185.970 -18.62% -57.57%
Source: Eurostat
  EU-27
  Jan-Apr
2012
Jan-Apr
2013
Jan-Apr
2014
Jan-Apr
2015
Jan-Apr
2016
Jan-Apr
2017
Jan-Apr
2018
Jan-Apr
2019
Jan-Apr
2020
Jan-Apr
2021
Milk deliveries ('000 Ton) 43.122 42.224 44.592 44.314 46.972 46.509 47.585 47.679 48.849 48.500
Import extra EU in ME ('000 Ton) 706 691 795 839 933 766 925 1.166 1.127 840
Export extra EU in ME ('000 Ton) 6.714 6.336 7.376 7.471 7.451 8.111 7.909 9.016 8.346 8.287
Domestic use incl. stock ('000 Ton) 37.115 36.580 38.010 37.682 40.453 39.165 40.601 39.829 41.631 41.053
± % domestic use incl. stock - -1,44% +3,91% -0,86% +7,35% -3,18% +3,67% -1,90% +4,52% -1,39%
Self-sufficiency milk EU 116,2% 115,4% 117,3% 117,6% 116,1% 118,8% 117,2% 119,7% 117,3% 118,1%

Delivery of cow's milk: Eurostat source
Domestic use including stock change = Milk deliveries + Import extra EU in ME - Export extra EU in ME
The balance sheet at the moment does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190, milk powder that has a fat content similar to whole milk powder, but instead of butterfat contains vegetable fats.