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Europe 2022

 
The interactive Map of the European Union below shows the milk self-sufficiency rate and other key information with breakdown by region: “Central Europe”, “Southern Europe”, “Eastern Europe” and “Baltics and Nordics”.

Click on the country of your interest for detailed information.

The chart show, for each month, the milk production in that month plus the production of the previous 11 months. With this method is always considered the total production in a time window of 12 months, so it is possible to identify the trend without the effect of seasonality.
 
Years: 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
 
  SELF-SUFFICIENCY MILK - 2022 (January-October)
EU-27: 116,2%

(Click here to see the detail)
2022
(January-October)

CENTRAL EUROPE
129,9%

EASTERN EUROPE
106,6%

SOUTHERN EUROPE
80,7%

BALTICS and
NORDICS

134,7%
Milk deliveries (Ton) 73.129.537 17.832.522 19.452.384 11.425.980
     % Deliveries on Total EU-27 deliveries 54,97% 13,41% 14,62% 8,59%
Import (Ton ME)* 9.006.635 4.282.112 10.463.364 2.200.995
Export (Ton ME)* 25.820.250 5.391.608 5.813.875 5.144.590
     % Export in ME on milk deliveries 35,31% 30,23% 29,89% 45,03%
Domestic use incl. stock (Ton ME)** 56.315.922 16.723.026 24.101.873 8.482.385
* Import/Export in milk equivalent (ME) of liquid milk, yogurt, condensed milk, Cheese, SMP, WMP. The data doesn't include exchanges between countries in the same area.
** Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) including stock change = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Conversion coefficients in milk equivalent (ME):
- 1 kg of liquid milk = 1 kg of ME
- 1 kg of yogurt = 1,10 kg of ME
- 1 kg of condensed milk = 2,00 kg of ME
- 1 kg of cheese = 8,50 kg of ME
- 1 kg of SMP = 10,72 kg of ME
- 1 kg of WMP = 7,81 kg of ME
- The yield of butter and cream is 0 because their Milk Equivalent is already included in SMP.

The balance sheet at the moment does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190, milk powder that has a fat content similar to whole milk powder, but instead of butterfat contains vegetable fats.

Source Milk deliveries, N° of cows: Eurostat
           Import/Export: Eurostat
           Population: FAO
           Area: Wikipedia
 
N° dairy farms - EU-27
  2005 2007 2010 2013 2016 ±% on 2013 ±% on 2005
EASTERN EUROPE 2.070.280 1.882.350 1.209.810 1.016.900 799.320 -21,40% -61,39%
CENTRAL EUROPE 332.300 303.890 270.610 260.110 214.320 -17.60% -35.50%
SOUTHERN EUROPE 129.460 122.040 98.180 71.210 81.580 14.56% -36.98%
BALTICS and NORDICS 263.050 199.800 140.380 109.100 90.750 -16.82% -65.50%
TOTAL 2.795.090 2.508.080 1.718.980 1.457.320 1.185.970 -18.62% -57.57%
Source: Eurostat
  EU-27
  Jan-Oct
2012
Jan-Oct
2013
Jan-Oct
2014
Jan-Oct
2015
Jan-Oct
2016
Jan-Oct
2017
Jan-Oct
2018
Jan-Oct
2019
Jan-Oct
2020
Jan-Oct
2021
Jan-Oct
2022
Milk deliveries ('000 Ton) 107.356 107.397 112.628 114.815 116.806 118.176 119.709 120.087 122.276 122.132 121.840
Import extra EU in ME ('000 Ton) 1.983 1.984 2.403 2.567 2.615 2.701 2.864 3.044 2.691 2.342 2.442
Export extra EU in ME ('000 Ton) 17.659 16.676 18.196 18.862 18.421 20.898 20.549 22.635 21.839 21.376 19.466
Domestic use incl. stock ('000 Ton) 91.681 92.705 96.835 98.520 101.000 99.978 102.024 100.496 103.128 103.098 104.817
± % domestic use incl. stock - +1,12% +4,45% +1,74% +2,52% -1,01% +2,05% -1,50% +2,62% -0,03% +1,67%
Self-sufficiency milk EU 117,1% 115,8% 116,3% 116,5% 115,6% 118,2% 117,3% 119,5% 118,6% 118,5% 116,2%

Delivery of cow's milk: Eurostat source
Domestic use including stock change = Milk deliveries + Import extra EU in ME - Export extra EU in ME
The balance sheet at the moment does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190, milk powder that has a fat content similar to whole milk powder, but instead of butterfat contains vegetable fats.