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Europe 2022

 
The interactive Map of the European Union below shows the milk self-sufficiency rate and other key information with breakdown by region: “Central Europe”, “Southern Europe”, “Eastern Europe” and “Baltics and Nordics”.

Click on the country of your interest for detailed information.

The chart show, for each month, the milk production in that month plus the production of the previous 11 months. With this method is always considered the total production in a time window of 12 months, so it is possible to identify the trend without the effect of seasonality.
 
Years: 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
 
  SELF-SUFFICIENCY MILK - 2022 (January-May)
EU-27: 115,6%

(Click here to see the detail)
2022
(January-May)

CENTRAL EUROPE
127,1%

EASTERN EUROPE
108,6%

SOUTHERN EUROPE
80,7%

BALTICS and
NORDICS

137,0%
Milk deliveries (Ton) 36.770.190 8.992.120 10.109.658 5.695.520
     % Deliveries on Total EU-27 deliveries 42,46% 10,38% 11,67% 6,58%
Import (Ton ME)* 4.567.699 2.072.850 5.300.528 937.218
Export (Ton ME)* 12.404.124 2.784.403 2.889.565 2.474.924
     % Export in ME on milk deliveries 33,73% 30,96% 28,58% 43,45%
Domestic use incl. stock (Ton ME)** 28.933.764 8.280.567 12.520.621 4.157.814
* Import/Export in milk equivalent (ME) of liquid milk, yogurt, condensed milk, Cheese, SMP, WMP. The data doesn't include exchanges between countries in the same area.
** Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) including stock change = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Conversion coefficients in milk equivalent (ME):
- 1 kg of liquid milk = 1 kg of ME
- 1 kg of yogurt = 1,10 kg of ME
- 1 kg of condensed milk = 2,00 kg of ME
- 1 kg of cheese = 8,50 kg of ME
- 1 kg of SMP = 10,72 kg of ME
- 1 kg of WMP = 7,81 kg of ME
- The yield of butter and cream is 0 because their Milk Equivalent is already included in SMP.

The balance sheet at the moment does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190, milk powder that has a fat content similar to whole milk powder, but instead of butterfat contains vegetable fats.

Source Milk deliveries, N° of cows: Eurostat
           Import/Export: Eurostat
           Population: FAO
           Area: Wikipedia
 
N° dairy farms - EU-27
  2005 2007 2010 2013 2016 ±% on 2013 ±% on 2005
EASTERN EUROPE 2.070.280 1.882.350 1.209.810 1.016.900 799.320 -21,40% -61,39%
CENTRAL EUROPE 332.300 303.890 270.610 260.110 214.320 -17.60% -35.50%
SOUTHERN EUROPE 129.460 122.040 98.180 71.210 81.580 14.56% -36.98%
BALTICS and NORDICS 263.050 199.800 140.380 109.100 90.750 -16.82% -65.50%
TOTAL 2.795.090 2.508.080 1.718.980 1.457.320 1.185.970 -18.62% -57.57%
Source: Eurostat
  EU-27
  Jan-May
2012
Jan-May
2013
Jan-May
2014
Jan-May
2015
Jan-May
2016
Jan-May
2017
Jan-May
2018
Jan-May
2019
Jan-May
2020
Jan-May
2021
Jan-May
2022
Milk deliveries ('000 Ton) 54.944 53.958 56.852 56.955 59.784 59.405 60.716 60.775 62.056 61.959 61.567
Import extra EU in ME ('000 Ton) 990 991 1.239 1.269 1.393 1.282 1.477 1.458 1.340 1.055 1.206
Export extra EU in ME ('000 Ton) 8.720 8.214 9.410 9.430 9.338 10.478 10.134 10.732 10.582 10.521 9.512
Domestic use incl. stock ('000 Ton) 47.214 46.734 48.681 48.795 51.838 50.208 52.059 51.501 52.815 52.493 53.262
± % domestic use incl. stock - -1,02% +4,17% +0,23% +6,24% -3,14% +3,69% -1,07% +2,55% -0,61% +1,47%
Self-sufficiency milk EU 116,4% 115,5% 116,8% 116,7% 115,3% 118,3% 116,6% 118,0% 117,5% 118,0% 115,6%

Delivery of cow's milk: Eurostat source
Domestic use including stock change = Milk deliveries + Import extra EU in ME - Export extra EU in ME
The balance sheet at the moment does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190, milk powder that has a fat content similar to whole milk powder, but instead of butterfat contains vegetable fats.