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Europe 2024

 
The interactive Map of the European Union below shows the milk self-sufficiency rate and other key information with breakdown by region: “Central Europe”, “Southern Europe”, “Eastern Europe” and “Baltics and Nordics”.

Click on the country of your interest for detailed information.

The chart show, for each month, the milk production in that month plus the production of the previous 11 months. With this method is always considered the total production in a time window of 12 months, so it is possible to identify the trend without the effect of seasonality.
 
Years: 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
 
  SELF-SUFFICIENCY MILK - 2024 (January-March)
EU-27: 115,5%

(Click here to see the detail)
2024
(January-March)

CENTRAL EUROPE
132,1%

EASTERN EUROPE
105,6%

SOUTHERN EUROPE
79,8%

BALTICS and
NORDICS

133,2%
Milk deliveries (Ton) 21.269.286 5.579.068 6.067.340 3.436.010
     % Deliveries on Total EU-27 deliveries 43,15% 11,32% 12,31% 6,97%
Import (Ton ME)* 2.730.550 1.419.992 3.375.595 738.066
Export (Ton ME)* 7.903.195 1.717.724 1.839.342 1.594.256
     % Export in ME on milk deliveries 37,16% 30,79% 30,32% 46,40%
Domestic use incl. stock (Ton ME)** 16.096.641 5.281.336 7.603.593 2.579.820
* Import/Export in milk equivalent (ME) of liquid milk, yogurt, condensed milk, Cheese, SMP, WMP. The data doesn't include exchanges between countries in the same area.
** Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) including stock change = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Conversion coefficients in milk equivalent (ME):
- 1 kg of liquid milk = 1 kg of ME
- 1 kg of yogurt = 1,10 kg of ME
- 1 kg of condensed milk = 2,00 kg of ME
- 1 kg of cheese = 8,50 kg of ME
- 1 kg of SMP = 10,72 kg of ME
- 1 kg of WMP = 7,81 kg of ME
- The yield of butter and cream is 0 because their Milk Equivalent is already included in SMP.

The balance sheet at the moment does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190, milk powder that has a fat content similar to whole milk powder, but instead of butterfat contains vegetable fats.

Source Milk deliveries, N° of cows: Eurostat
           Import/Export: Eurostat
           Population: FAO
           Area: Wikipedia
 
N° dairy farms - EU-27
  2005 2007 2010 2013 2016 ±% on 2013 ±% on 2005
EASTERN EUROPE 2.070.280 1.882.350 1.209.810 1.016.900 799.320 -21,40% -61,39%
CENTRAL EUROPE 332.300 303.890 270.610 260.110 214.320 -17.60% -35.50%
SOUTHERN EUROPE 129.460 122.040 98.180 71.210 81.580 14.56% -36.98%
BALTICS and NORDICS 263.050 199.800 140.380 109.100 90.750 -16.82% -65.50%
TOTAL 2.795.090 2.508.080 1.718.980 1.457.320 1.185.970 -18.62% -57.57%
Source: Eurostat
  EU-27
  Jan-Mar
2012
Jan-Mar
2013
Jan-Mar
2014
Jan-Mar
2015
Jan-Mar
2016
Jan-Mar
2017
Jan-Mar
2018
Jan-Mar
2019
Jan-Mar
2020
Jan-Mar
2021
Jan-Mar
2022
Jan-Mar
2023
Jan-Mar
2024
Milk deliveries ('000 Ton) 31.834 31.210 32.769 32.318 34.752 34.166 35.123 35.039 36.102 35.616 35.596 35.915 36.352
Import extra EU in ME ('000 Ton) 612 598 689 739 820 730 850 869 845 626 745 716 781
Export extra EU in ME ('000 Ton) 4.989 4.741 5.388 5.521 5.647 6.055 5.945 6.798 6.150 6.143 5.507 5.942 5.670
Domestic use incl. stock ('000 Ton) 27.457 27.066 28.071 27.536 29.925 28.841 30.028 29.109 30.797 30.098 30.834 30.688 31.462
± % domestic use incl. stock - -1,42% +3,71% -1,90% +8,68% -3,62% +4,11% -3,06% +5,80% -2,27% +2,45% -0,47% +2,52%
Self-sufficiency milk EU 115,9% 115,3% 116,7% 117,4% 116,1% 118,5% 117,0% 120,4% 117,2% 118,3% 115,4% 117,0% 115,5%

Delivery of cow's milk: Eurostat source
Domestic use including stock change = Milk deliveries + Import extra EU in ME - Export extra EU in ME
The balance sheet at the moment does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190, milk powder that has a fat content similar to whole milk powder, but instead of butterfat contains vegetable fats.