< >

Connection between production and export of some Italian cheese

LOGO UE DOP Here below you will find some Italian Cheeses (mainly P.D.O.) selected for their significant production and export volumes.

In addition to production and export volumes showed on the table here below is reported also the share (%) of export compared with production.
This data together with domestic consumption outlines the product sales trend.

To deepen this topic please consult the EU 27 internal and external trade of EXTRA-HARD PDO CHEESES (Grana Padano and Parmigiano Reggiano) connected with export refunds dynamics where you will find the influence of refund on exports whether they are applied or not.
ITALIAN CHEESES - Comparison between Production and Export - PDO Cheeses
Grana Padano + Parmigiano Reggiano 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018**
Global Production (ton) 315.825 306.106 317.648 316.064 325.558 337.478 283.009 2018-10-31
Retinato productions **** (ton) 7.121 6.632 6.111 7.513 6.022 6.388 5.327 2018-11-30
Sbiancato productions **** (ton) 5.902 2.512 2.521 2.524 (e) 2.654 (e) 2.795 (e) 2.375 (e) 2018-10-31
Global Production PDO (ton) 302.802 296.962 309.016 306.028 316.882 328.295 275.308  
Production change % *   -1,93% +4,06% -0,97% +3,55% +3,60% +1,04%
Export whole + portioned (ton) 73.747 78.064 80.616 86.108 89.644 88.973 69.369 2018-09-30
Export 75% grated cheese *** (ton) 17.674 18.376 19.882 23.959 27.616 32.091 25.198  
Total Export (ton) 91.421 96.440 100.498 110.067 117.259 121.065 94.567  
Corresponding to the number of wheels ** 2.305.867 2.459.986 2.562.076 2.808.640 2.987.297 3.071.975 2.399.595  
Export accounts for % of global PDO production 30,19% 32,48% 32,52% 35,97% 37,00% 36,88% 37,77% 2018-09-30
Export/production balance variation (%) *   +2,3 +0,0 +3,4 +1,0 -0,1 +1,4
Grated cheese 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Grated export (ton) 23.565 24.501 26.509 31.945 36.821 42.788 33.597 2018-09-30
Export change % *   +3,97% +8,20% +20,51% +15,26% +16,21% +6,48%  

View the chart: ITALY - Grana Padano and Parmigiano Reggiano, Grated or Powdered Cheese Exports

Gorgonzola 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Global Production (ton) 49.800 50.107 53.322 54.015 54.974 56.793 53.165 2018-11-30
Production change % *   +0,62% +6,42% +1,30% +1,78% +3,31% +2,63%
Export (ton) 15.254 16.029 16.479 18.590 20.316 20.504 15.423 2018-09-30
Export accounts for % of production 30,63% 31,99% 30,90% 34,42% 36,96% 36,10% 35,89% 2018-09-30
Export/production balance variation (%) *   +1,4 -1,1 +3,5 +2,5 -0,9 -0,0
Asiago, Montasio, Caciocavallo, Ragusano 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Production (ton) 30.515 30.929 28.793 29.203 29.288 27.964 27.539
Export (ton) 1.662 1.915 1.971 1.867 1.994 2.050 2.096
Export accounts for % of production 5,45% 6,19% 6,84% 6,39% 6,81% 7,33% 7,61%
Export/production balance variation (%) *   +0,7 +0,7 -0,5 +0,4 +0,5 +0,3
Provolone (PDO and not PDO) 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Production (ton) 30.117 27.857 26.694 26.146 25.536 26.106 26.736
Export (ton) 4.255 4.661 4.780 4.802 5.138 5.176 5.519 5.803 6.213
Export accounts for % of production 15,87% 17,24% 19,25% 19,80% 21,61% 22,23% 23,24%
Export/production balance variation (%) *   +1,4 +2,0 +0,5 +1,8 +0,6 +1,0
Pecorino (PDO and not PDO) 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Production (ton) 61.858 59.670 59.459 54.770 54.256 60.116 66.382
Export (ton) 16.338 15.067 16.385 17.972 16.830 16.624 17.042 18.187
Export accounts for % of production 24,36% 27,46% 30,23% 30,73% 30,64% 28,35% 27,40%
Export/production balance variation (%) *   +3,1 +2,8 +0,5 -0,1 -2,3 -1,0
Source: Consorzi di tutela, ISTAT
* Change from the same period of previous year
** For statistical purposes:
   - the weight of Grana Padano = 38,52 kg
   - the weight of Parmigiano Reggiano = 40,30 kg
*** It is assumed that 75% of the total exports of Grated Cheeses refer to Grana Padano and Parmigiano Reggiano, and that the average weight of a wheel for Grated Cheese is the same as that of a wheel of Grana Padano + Parmigiano Reggiano (GP+PR)/2
**** For statistical purpose it is assumed that the weight of a "Retinato" Cheese is the same as that of a wheel of Grana Padano and the weight of a "Sbiancato" Cheese is the same as that of a wheel of Parmigiano Reggiano (see table below with the average annual weight)

In the table below is shown, for each year, the average weight of a wheel, used for calculating the number of exported Grana Padano and Parmigiano Reggiano wheels:
  Annual average weight of one form (Kg) - Processed by Clal
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Grana Padano 36,99 37,50 37,45 37,58 37,88 37,89 38,10 38,22 38,16 38,25 38,52
Parmigiano Reggiano 37,99 38,50 38,50 39,50 41,39 41,40 40,31 40,24 40,22 40,26 40,30
Average weight (GP+PR)/2 37,49 38,00 37,97 38,54 39,64 39,65 39,20 39,23 39,19 39,25 39,41
Gorgonzola 12,00 12,00 12,00 12,00 12,00 11,98 12,00 12,00 12,00 12,00 12,00