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Russia: Dairy Sector

Russia
This page contains data regarding key components of the Russian dairy industry over a given time period.

This report highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be analysed from several viewpoints: in terms of milk production and delivery, the processing of the commodity into cheese, imports and domestic consumption.

Import and domestic consumption trends (for cheese in particular) should be considered in conjunction with the development of the country (see GDP), as this is linked to oil and gas price fluctuations. Russia is, of course, a major producer of both oil and gas.

RUSSIA: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Number of cows ('000 head) 8.050 7.750 7.235 7.000
Milk production 30.747 30.797 30.759 31.184 26.787 27.067 +1,0% Jan-Oct 2018
± % Over the same period of the previous year +0,2% -0,1% +1,4%
Farm-gate price (€/100 Kg) 38,97 30,76 29,63 37,35 37,64 30,92 -17,8% Jan-Oct 2018
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018(f) % Period
Liquid milk (Source: FAS-USDA) 9.859 9.500 8.960 8.600 8.600 8.300 -3,5% Jan-Dec 2018
Cheese (Source: FAS-USDA) 760 861 865 925 925 935 +1,1% Jan-Dec 2018
Cheese (Source: FEDSTAT) 493 580 598
Butter (Source: FAS-USDA) 252 260 246 262 262 270 +3,1% Jan-Dec 2018
SMP (Source: FAS-USDA) 84 69 63 72 72 88 +22,2% Jan-Dec 2018
WMP (Source: FAS-USDA) 46 42 42 61 61 65 +6,6% Jan-Dec 2018
EXPORT 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Bulk milk (NC8 04012099+04012019+04011090)
TOP importers
0,9 20 30 27 19 15 -18,6% Jan-Aug 2018
Packed milk (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091)
TOP importers
17 20 15 11 7,6 6,5 -13,9% Jan-Aug 2018
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
2,8 2,9 3,0 3,9 2,4 2,8 +18,2% Jan-Aug 2018
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
28 21 24 19 12 11 -13,9% Jan-Aug 2018
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
12 11 11 10 6,2 6,9 +11,9% Jan-Aug 2018
Yogurt and buttermilk (HS 0403)
TOP importers
72 72 70 70 47 45 -4,2% Jan-Aug 2018
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
5,3 4,6 5,0 3,6 2,2 2,2 -1,4% Jan-Aug 2018
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
25 25 26 25 15 15 -4,9% Jan-Aug 2018
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
3,0 2,3 1,3 1,7 1,3 0,8 -38,1% Jan-Aug 2018
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
0,9 1,8 1,3 0,6 0,4 0,4 -5,7% Jan-Aug 2018
IMPORT 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Bulk milk (NC8 04012099+04012019+04011090)
TOP exporters
30 30 22 48 33 28 -15,3% Jan-Aug 2018
Packed milk (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091)
TOP exporters
244 199 206 251 170 149 -12,7% Jan-Aug 2018
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP exporters
62 58 51 68 41 29 -29,1% Jan-Aug 2018
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
28 27 27 32 21 16 -24,0% Jan-Aug 2018
Yogurt and buttermilk (HS 0403)
TOP exporters
81 81 96 130 92 79 -14,1% Jan-Aug 2018
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
50 41 44 42 28 29 +2,1% Jan-Aug 2018
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
151 96 106 100 78 55 -29,0% Jan-Aug 2018
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
321 208 223 226 147 259 +76,4% Jan-Aug 2018
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
95 113 136 126 89 51 -42,1% Jan-Aug 2018
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
37 34 49 49 35 12 -65,8% Jan-Aug 2018
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
13 14 13 15 8,9 11 +28,2% Jan-Aug 2018
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018(f) % Period
Cheese 1.072 1.052 1.076 1.136 1.136 1.150 +1,2% Jan-Dec 2018
Butter 376 350 350 365 365 362 -0,8% Jan-Dec 2018
SMP 181 186 191 193 193 192 -0,5% Jan-Dec 2018
WMP 77 78 90 106 106 105 -0,9% Jan-Dec 2018
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018(f) % Period
Cheese 7,46 7,31 7,47 7,89
Butter 2,62 2,43 2,43 2,53
SMP 1,26 1,29 1,33 1,34
WMP 0,54 0,54 0,63 0,74
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 0,74% -2,55% -0,15% 1,55% 1,70% Jan-Dic 2018
CPI (consumer price index) 7,82% 15,53% 7,04% 3,68% 2,96% Jan-Dic 2018
Population ('000) 143.761 143.888 143.965 143.990
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 16.847 (e) 18.113 (e) 19.533 (e) 21.132 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 12.681(e) 16.325(e) 17.647(e) 19.233(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
n.a.: not available
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)


Source Raw material area: Number of cows: FAS-USDA, Milk production: Federal State Statistics Service, Farm-gate price: FEDSTAT
Source Dairy Production: FAS-USDA, FEDSTAT
Source Export and Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Fonte Popolazione: FAO

Ultimo aggiornamento: 07-12-2018
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Russia with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it