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Russia: Dairy Sector

Russia
This page contains data regarding key components of the Russian dairy industry over a given time period.

This report highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be analysed from several viewpoints: in terms of milk production and delivery, the processing of the commodity into cheese, imports and domestic consumption.

Import and domestic consumption trends (for cheese in particular) should be considered in conjunction with the development of the country (see GDP), as this is linked to oil and gas price fluctuations. Russia is, of course, a major producer of both oil and gas.

RUSSIA: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Number of cows ('000 head) 8.050 7.750 7.235 7.080
Milk production (revision of 2019/02/08) 29.902 29.887 29.787 30.185 30.185 30.640 +1,5% Jan-Dec 2018
± % Over the same period of the previous year -0,1% -0,3% +1,3%
Farm-gate price (€/100 Kg) 38,97 30,76 29,63 37,35 37,35 31,02 -17,0% Jan-Dec 2018
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Liquid milk (Source: FAS-USDA) 9.859 9.500 8.960 8.555 8.555 8.300 -3,0% Jan-Dec 2018
Cheese (Source: FAS-USDA) 760 861 865 951 951 975 +2,5% Jan-Dec 2018
Cheese (Source: FEDSTAT) 493 580 598
Butter (Source: FAS-USDA) 252 260 246 270 270 263 -2,6% Jan-Dec 2018
SMP (Source: FAS-USDA) 84 69 63 72 72 70 -2,8% Jan-Dec 2018
WMP (Source: FAS-USDA) 46 42 42 63 63 60 -4,8% Jan-Dec 2018
EXPORT 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Bulk milk (NC8 04012099+04012019+04011090)
TOP importers
0,9 20 30 27 27 19 -29,0% Jan-Dec 2018
Packed milk (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091)
TOP importers
17 20 15 11 11 9,3 -16,3% Jan-Dec 2018
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
2,8 3,0 3,0 3,9 3,9 3,9 +0,8% Jan-Dec 2018
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
28 21 24 19 19 15 -16,7% Jan-Dec 2018
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
12 11 11 10 10 11 +10,1% Jan-Dec 2018
Yogurt and buttermilk (HS 0403)
TOP importers
72 72 70 70 70 64 -8,5% Jan-Dec 2018
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
5,3 4,6 5,0 3,6 3,6 4,7 +30,9% Jan-Dec 2018
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
25 25 26 25 25 23 -8,1% Jan-Dec 2018
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
3,0 2,3 1,3 1,7 1,7 1,0 -38,3% Jan-Dec 2018
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
0,9 1,8 1,3 0,6 0,6 0,5 -14,9% Jan-Dec 2018
IMPORT 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Bulk milk (NC8 04012099+04012019+04011090)
TOP exporters
30 30 22 48 48 44 -7,4% Jan-Dec 2018
Packed milk (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091)
TOP exporters
244 203 206 251 251 187 -25,4% Jan-Dec 2018
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP exporters
62 64 51 68 68 44 -35,6% Jan-Dec 2018
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
28 27 27 32 32 25 -21,4% Jan-Dec 2018
Yogurt and buttermilk (HS 0403)
TOP exporters
81 92 96 130 130 110 -15,3% Jan-Dec 2018
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
50 41 44 42 42 43 +2,4% Jan-Dec 2018
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
151 97 106 100 100 86 -13,5% Jan-Dec 2018
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
321 209 223 226 226 361 +59,5% Jan-Dec 2018
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
95 116 136 126 126 82 -34,7% Jan-Dec 2018
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
37 37 49 49 49 26 -47,7% Jan-Dec 2018
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
13 14 13 15 15 17 +17,2% Jan-Dec 2018
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Cheese 1.072 1.052 1.076 1.141 1.141 1.170 +2,5% Jan-Dec 2018
Butter 376 350 350 357 357 345 -3,4% Jan-Dec 2018
SMP 181 186 191 190 190 166 -12,6% Jan-Dec 2018
WMP 77 78 90 103 103 89 -13,6% Jan-Dec 2018
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Cheese 7,46 7,31 7,47 7,92
Butter 2,62 2,43 2,43 2,48
SMP 1,26 1,29 1,33 1,32
WMP 0,54 0,54 0,63 0,72
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 0,74% -2,55% -0,15% 1,55% 1,70% Jan-Dic 2018
CPI (consumer price index) 7,82% 15,53% 7,04% 3,68% 2,87% Jan-Dic 2018
Population ('000) 143.761 143.888 143.965 143.990
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 16.847 (e) 18.113 (e) 19.533 (e) 21.132 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 12.681(e) 16.325(e) 17.647(e) 19.233(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
n.a.: not available
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)


Source Raw material area: Number of cows: FAS-USDA, Milk production: Federal State Statistics Service, Farm-gate price: FEDSTAT
Source Dairy Production: FAS-USDA, FEDSTAT
Source Export and Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Fonte Popolazione: FAO

Ultimo aggiornamento: 20-02-2019
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Russia with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it