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Italy: Dairy sector

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Italy has a prominent position in the European dairy industry: it is the largest producer Country of PDO Cheeses.





This Country:
  • accounts for 9,5% of EU milk deliveries (year 2021),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME) for the 34,3% of the milk deliveries,
  • accounts for 6,3% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2023).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.


Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

ITALY: DAIRY SECTOR
(1° January - 31 December)
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2020 2021 2022 2023 2023 2024 % Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Dairy cows ('000 head) (Al 1st December) 1.638 1.610 1.631
Slaughtered cow ('000) 526 562 603 512 83 88 +5,6% Jan-Feb 2024
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head) 896 1.562 4.869 2.571 708 2.034 +187,3% Jan-Feb 2024
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head) 41.100 25.497 17.847 9.584 2.178 8.513 +290,9% Jan-Feb 2024
Milk production 12.712 13.202 13.182 -
± % Over the same period of the previous year +3,9% -0,2%
Deliveries to dairies 12.668 13.103 13.010 12.911 3.364 3.424 (e) +1,8% Jan-Mar 2024
± % Over the same period of the previous year +3,4% -0,7% -0,8%
% Proteine 3,45% 3,44% 3,45% 3,43% 3,44% 3,46%   Jan-Mar 2024
% Materia Grassa 3,77% 3,76% 3,76% 3,77% 3,82% 3,87%   Jan-Mar 2024
Farm-gate prices of raw milk Lombardy (€ x 100 lt, + VAT not incl.) 37,13 38,33 51,17 52,79 57,25 50,50 -11,8% Jan-Apr 2024
± % Over the same period of the previous year +3,3% +33,5% +3,2%
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Number of Buffaloes ('000) 407 409 416 416
Buffalo's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1140A) 254 257 254
Buffalo's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1140D) 229 233 234
Number of Goats ('000) 1.066 1.061 1.010 980
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A) 61 61 60
Goat's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1130D) 44 43 42
Number of Sheeps ('000) 7.034 6.728 6.568 6.497
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A) 482 477 475
Sheep's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1120D) 453 450 449
Organic milk production (goat, sheep, cow) 588 552 500
DAIRY PRODUCTION ('000 Ton) 2020 2021 2022 2023 2023 2024 % Period
Liquid milk 2.449 2.481 2.522 2.510 680 646 -4,9% Jan-Mar 2024
Cream 145 150 149 151 39 40 +2,4% Jan-Mar 2024
Butter 92 98 101 99 26 26 +2,4% Jan-Mar 2024
a)Cheese from cow milk 1.213 1.197 1.201 1.205 299 301 +0,4% Jan-Mar 2024
of which:
PDO 488 494 484 429
b)Cheese from other milk 132 177
of which:
PDO 88 94 94 97
Total Cheese[a+b] 1.345 1.374
-Hard cheeses of which: 493 502
Grana Padano PDO 204 203 202 212 80 83 (e) +3,3% Jan-Apr 2024
Parmigiano Reggiano PDO 157 164 160 161 56 58 (e) +2,5% Jan-Apr 2024
Pecorino Romano PDO (Dairy Season) 30 34 33 37 24 26 +9,6% Oct/23-Apr/24
Other sheep cheeses PDO (Toscano, Siciliano, Filiano, Sardo) 5,8 5,3 4,7 4,7
- Semi-hard cheeses of which: 91 96
Provolone Valpadana PDO 15 15 14 14 1,8 2,0 +15,1% Jan-Mar 2024
Fontina PDO 4,0 4,0 3,4
- Soft cheeses of which: 188 193
Taleggio PDO 8,4 8,7 8,8 8,8 2,9 2,9 -2,5% Jan-Apr 2024
Gorgonzola PDO 61 63 61
- Fresh cheeses of which: 573 583
Mozzarella di Bufala Campana PDO 51 54 56 56 12 11 -3,8% Jan-Mar 2024
I° Classification
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111) 154 158 158
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112) 34 35 34
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113) 91 96 96
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114) 466 473 470
- Extra hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7115) 27 29 29
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116) 573 583 572
II° Classification
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121) 1.213 1.237 1.222
- Cheese from ewes milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7122) 73 74 74
- Cheese from goats milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7123) 6,8 7,1 7,2
- Others (cheese from buffalos'milk (pure) or mixed cheese) ( Cod. Eurostat D7129) 53 56 56
Processed cheese 54 55
Whey used for cottage cheese 853 852
Whey used for livestock 2.282 2.300
Concentrated whey 1.440 1.437
Whey powder and pieces 872 887
Milk based beverages 5,0 5,9
Other fresh products 7,1 8,1
Fermented milk (Yogurt and others) 279 284 287 283 73 68 -7,1% Jan-Mar 2024
IMPORT 2020 2021 2022 2023 Jan-Feb of which Extra EU
2023
2024
%
2023
2024
%
Bulk milk (NC8 04012099+04012019+04011090) TOP exporters 985 664 602 885
122
141
+16,4%
0,0
0,0
-7,8%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012099) TOP exporters 683 495 431 609
75
88
+18,5%
-
-
-
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012019) TOP exporters 11 3,3 4,0 15
1,6
2,3
+40,3%
-
-
-
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011090) TOP exporters 292 166 167 262
45
51
+12,1%
0,0
0,0
-7,8%
Milk packed (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters 322 258 238 217
40
35
-10,3%
0,0
0,0
+6,1%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012091) TOP exporters 122 101 89 76
14
12
-14,4%
0,0
0,0
+8,5%
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012011) TOP exporters 170 130 121 117
21
20
-8,0%
0,0
0,0
+3,1%
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011010) TOP exporters 29 28 27 24
4,0
3,6
-8,6%
-
-
-
Condensed milk (NC8 040291+040299) TOP exporters 29 35 34 36
6,0
6,4
+6,5%
-
-
-
Bulk Cream 1) TOP exporters 69 58 64 71
7,0
7,5
+7,1%
0,2
0,1
-11,5%
Packed Cream 2) TOP exporters 10,0 12 13 14
2,1
2,1
-2,1%
-
-
-
Yogurt (HS 040310) TOP exporters 167 174 167 177
27
29
+8,1%
0,0
0,0
+53,7%
Fermented milk (HS 040390) TOP exporters 94 95 101 109
16
18
+8,2%
0,0
0,0
+0,2%
Butter (HS 0405) TOP exporters 60 69 68 74
13
11
-14,2%
0,7
0,7
-0,6%
of which:
Butter 82% (NC8 04051019) TOP exporters 15 18 18 21
3,4
3,2
-5,5%
0,0
0,0
+25,4%
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP exporters 494 516 535 593
90
98
+8,1%
2,0
2,4
+2,4%
Edam cheese(NC8 04069023) TOP exporters 23 26 26 30
4,0
4,6
+15,7%
-
-
-
Emmental (NC8 04069013) TOP exporters 23 20 23 23
3,4
3,3
-2,6%
0,4
0,3
-1,2%
Hard cheeses (not PDO) (NC8 04069069) TOP exporters 25 26 25 28
4,8
5,3
+10,2%
0,0
0,0
+inf%
Fresh cheeses (NC8 04061020)3 TOP exporters 194 198 215 243
38
41
+6,8%
0,5
0,7
+8,7%
Processed cheeses (NC8 040630) TOP exporters 34 34 35 34
6,2
6,1
-2,1%
0,1
0,1
+5,7%
Full fat cheeses (NC8 04069087)5 TOP exporters 31 31 28 29
4,3
5,1
+19,2%
0,3
0,1
-9,7%
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229) TOP exporters 31 34 35 37
7,1
5,9
-16,9%
0,0
0,0
-4,6%
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP exporters 74 83 89 96
15
13
-10,6%
0,0
0,0
+27,3%
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP exporters 114 131 132 143
18
18
+1,4%
0,0
0,0
+0,0%
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410) TOP exporters 72 89 89 108
15
14
-6,6%
0,0
0,0
+0,0%
Casein (HS 350110) TOP exporters 11 10 7,2 5,8
0,9
1,3
+52,0%
0,0
0,0
-1,5%
Caseinates (HS 350190) TOP exporters 1,7 2,2 1,9 1,7
0,2
0,3
+18,8%
-
-
-
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211) TOP exporters 16 15 15 15
2,0
3,0
+49,2%
0,2
0,1
-15,1%
Lactose edible (HS 170219) TOP exporters 1,9 1,1 2,7 2,0
0,3
0,2
-32,7%
0,0
0,0
+2,3%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190) TOP exporters 58 65 89 90
14
14
+3,6%
14
14
+0,5%
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220) TOP exporters 1,7 2,5 4,0 3,3
0,6
0,4
-36,6%
0,6
0,4
-6,2%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %) 24 21 15 14
2,3
2,6
+11,4%
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
15 16 31 31
4,0
4,1
+3,6%
0,0
0,0
+inf%
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
4,0 2,8 3,9 4,0
0,6
0,6
+13,9%
0,0
0,0
+inf%
EXPORT 2020 2021 2022 2023 Jan-Feb of which Extra EU
2023
2024
%
2023
2024
%
Milk packed (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP Importers 34 36 30 30
6,6
5,1
-22,8%
4,6
2,0
-56,8%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012091)
TOP Importers
21 23 15 12
3,9
1,6
-59,1%
3,5
1,1
-68,9%
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012011)
TOP Importers
9,5 9,9 8,4 7,7
1,3
1,3
-1,2%
0,8
0,7
-17,4%
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011010)
TOP Importers
3,3 3,5 6,0 9,9
1,3
2,1
+66,0%
0,3
0,2
-31,2%
Bulk milk (NC8 04012099+04012019+04011090) TOP Importers 14 14 17 6,6
0,9
0,8
-7,0%
0,1
0,2
+17,8%
Condensed milk (NC8 040291+040299) TOP Importers 1,2 4,6 2,0 2,1
0,4
0,2
-35,0%
0,1
0,1
+25,6%
Bulk Cream 1) TOP Importers 9,8 17 17 16
4,1
3,7
-8,4%
2,1
2,1
+1,9%
Packed Cream 2) TOP Importers 12 8,4 14 8,7
0,9
1,9
+110,7%
0,4
1,1
+203,9%
Yogurt (HS 040310) TOP Importers 5,0 5,8 6,1 6,3
1,0
1,1
+7,0%
0,2
0,2
+53,6%
Fermented milk (HS 040390) TOP Importers 3,8 3,6 2,6 2,4
0,5
0,4
-22,1%
0,2
0,1
-60,0%
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP Importers 7,2 8,2 8,1 11
2,0
0,8
-60,4%
0,1
0,1
+7,7%
Butter (HS 0405) TOP Importers 15 18 13 18
2,8
2,5
-9,6%
0,4
0,4
+11,9%
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP Importers 471 536 566 599
82
96
+17,1%
25
30
+22,1%
Asiago (NC8 04069075)
TOP Importers
1,8 1,9 1,8 1,6
0,3
0,3
-0,5%
0,2
0,2
-4,2%
Fiore sardo, Pecorino (NC8 04069063)
TOP Importers
19 22 20 19
3,1
3,3
+7,1%
2,2
2,6
+17,2%
Fresh cheeses (NC8 04061020)3
TOP Importers
167 189 204 216
27
32
+17,8%
7,5
8,8
+17,5%
Grated or powdered cheeses (NC8 04062090)4
TOP Importers
52 56 63 68
10
12
+16,9%
2,2
2,7
+22,4%
Gorgonzola (NC8 04064050)
TOP Importers
24 25 25 25
4,0
4,3
+7,4%
0,5
0,6
+16,0%
G.Padano DOP e P.Reggiano DOP (NC8 04069061)
TOP Importers
99 106 107 114
16
19
+22,7%
6,3
8,5
+35,1%
Provolone (NC8 04069073)
TOP Importers
7,1 8,9 8,8 7,9
1,3
1,5
+16,4%
0,3
0,4
+31,2%
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP Importers 353 317 226 208
36
34
-5,0%
3,5
3,0
-13,9%
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410) TOP Importers 312 302 216 203
35
32
-6,3%
3,5
3,0
-14,4%
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211) TOP Importers 30 30 28 26
5,4
4,8
-11,6%
3,9
3,1
-20,5%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190) TOP Importers 59 67 69 65
10
10
+3,6%
10
10
+3,6%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %) 46 35 24 28
4,2
4,8
+14,6%
0,9
1,0
+19,5%
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
210 272 295 271
51
39
-24,3%
6,3
7,1
+12,0%
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
1,6 1,4 1,3 1,4
0,2
0,2
-9,1%
0,2
0,2
-16,8%
APPARENT DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION 2020 2021 2022 2023 2023 2024 % Period
Butter 137 150 155 155
Cheese 1.368 1.355
of which:
Fresh cheeses 601 591
Fermented milk (Yogurt and other) 530 543 547 560
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION (Kg) 2020 2021 2022 2023 2023 2024 % Period
Butter 2,3 2,5 2,6 2,6
Cheese 23 23
of which:
Fresh cheeses 10 10,0
Fermented milk (Yogurt and other) 8,9 9,2 9,3 9,5
% Self-sufficiency 90,6% 95,9% 97,1% 93,9%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2020 2021 2022 2023 2023 2024(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) -9,05% 8,28% 4,15% 1,02% 1,02% 0,70% Jan-Dic 2024
CPI (consumer price index) -0,15% 1,94% 8,74% 5,90% 5,90% 1,50% Jan-Dic 2024
Population ('000) 59.641 59.236 59.030 58.997
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 31.785 35.717 34.085 (e) 37.146 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 27.809 30.199 32.368(e) 34.354(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
Informative Note
(f): forecast
n.a.: not available

1) up to 2011/12/31 NC8 04013019+04013039+04013099; from 2012/01/01 NC8 04014090+04015019+04015039+04015099.
2) up to 2011/12/31 NC8 04013011+04013031+04013091; from 2012/01/01 NC8 04014010+04015011+04015031+04015091.
3) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04061020; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04061030 + 04061050;
4) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04062090; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04062000;
5) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04069087; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04069074 + 04069089;
6) up to 2021/12/31 HS 040310; from 2022/01/01 HS 040320;

NOTE:
     - Apparent domestic consumption are calculated using the following formula: Production + Import - Export
     - Per capita consumption are obtained dividing the apparent consumption by the population (Source Eurostat)
     - The self-sufficiency rate is calculated, up to 2023, on the total deliveries of cow’s milk + production of buffalo, sheep and goat’s milk. For 2024 it is calculated only on deliveries of cow’s milk.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Dairy cows: ISTAT; Deliveries to dairies: AGEA; Milk Production, % Protein and % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Import/Export di Breeding Heifers: ISTAT; Farm-gate milk price in Lombardy: Processed by CLAL; Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Milk Delivered to dairies: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_farm); Organic Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: org_aprod);
Dairy production: Processed by CLAL on ISTAT and Protection Consortium data;
Import: ISTAT
Export: ISTAT
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 25-05-2024
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Italy with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it