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Italy: Dairy sector

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Italy has a prominent position in the European dairy industry: it is the largest producer Country of PDO Cheeses.





This Country:
  • accounts for 8,0% of EU milk deliveries (year 2016),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME) for the 28,4% of the milk deliveries,
  • accounts for 4,7% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2017).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.


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MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

ITALY: DAIRY SECTOR
(1° January - 31 December)
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period

The charts below are a snapshot of the current structuring and herd size of dairy farms in the four most productive Italian Regions. Comparisons should be made based on the overall structure and not on absolute values (the scales in the various charts differ).



Data taken from page Italy: Dairy Farm Structure    Visit the page

Dairy cows ('000 head) (Al 1st December) 1.831 1.826 1.822
Slaughtered cow ('000) 472 544 566 527 290 318 +9,9% Jan-Jul 2018
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110) 1.520 1.890 979 1.174 505 373 -26,1% Jan-Jun 2018
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110) 28.891 23.948 32.564 27.229 12.950 14.100 +8,9% Jan-Jun 2018
Milk production 11.907 11.426 11.886 12.199
± % Over the same period of the previous year -4,0% +4,0% +2,6%
Deliveries to dairies 11.037 11.161 11.524 11.950 8.123 8.274 (e) +1,9% Jan-Aug 2018
± % Over the same period of the previous year +1,1% +3,3% +3,7%
% Proteine 3,35% 3,36% 3,38% 3,45% 3,43% 3,40%   Jan-Aug 2018
% Materia Grassa 3,77% 3,80% 3,83% 3,79% 3,75% 3,76%   Jan-Aug 2018
Buffalo's milk delivery 195 195 199 -
Sheep's milk delivery 373 398 425 -
Goat's milk delivery 28 33 32 -
Farm-gate prices of raw milk Lombardy (€ x 100 lt, + VAT not incl.) 41,92 36,17 34,63 38,58 38,13 37,06 -2,8% Jan-Aug 2018
± % Over the same period of the previous year -13,7% -4,3% +11,4%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Liquid milk 2.491 2.448 2.460 2.361 1.004 1.008 +0,4% Jan-May 2018
Cream 121 164 131 129 52 58 +10,8% Jan-May 2018
Butter 92 94 93 94 40 40 -1,0% Jan-May 2018
a)Cheese from cow milk 982 1.017 1.005 1.053 441 467 +6,1% Jan-May 2018
of which:
PDO 434 432 441 454
b)Cheese from other milk 194 189 228
of which:
PDO 67 76 86 81
Totale Formaggi[a+b] 1.176 1.207 1.232
-Hard cheeses 426 442 448
Grana Padano PDO 185 183 186 190
Parmigiano Reggiano PDO 133 133 140 147
Other Grana Cheeses 22 27 26
Pecorino Romano PDO 24 31 34 28
Other sheep cheeses PDO (Toscano, Siciliano, Filiano, Sardo) 4,6 4,4 5,2 5,3
Other hard cheeses (Asiago, Montasio, ecc.) 56 69 61
- Semi-hard cheeses 100 100 100
Provolone Valpadana PDO 5,3 4,7 5,3 5,9
Other Provolone cheeses 36 35 36
Caciocavallo 7,7 7,4 6,7
Fontina PDO 4,1 4,0 3,7 3,5
Other semi-hard cheeses (Emmental, Fontina,ecc) 46 49 48
- Soft cheeses 152 151 156
Italico 4,5 4,6 4,1
Taleggio PDO 9,0 9,0 8,9 8,9
Gorgonzola PDO 53 54 55 57
Other Gorgonzola cheeses 6,5 4,5 10
Crescenza and Stracchino 45 41 46
Other soft cheeses (Cheeses of all types, etc.) 35 38 32
- Fresh cheeses 498 513 528
Mozzarella di Bufala Campana PDO 38 41 44 47 33 35 +5,0% Jan-Aug 2018
Mozzarella di Bufala 21 22 22
Other fresh cheeses (robiola, scamorza, mascarpone, etc.) 438 450 461
Processed cheese 41 42 38
Milk based beverages 4,5 4,5 4,2
Other fresh products 9,8 9,5 9,4
Fermented milk (Yogurt and others) 262 255 271 274 111 120 +7,6% Jan-May 2018
IMPORT 2014 2015 2016 2017 Jan-Jun of which Extra EU
2017
2018
%
2017
2018
%
Bulk milk (NC8 04012099+04012019+04011090) TOP exporters 1.596 1.556 1.338 1.108
518
507
-2,0%
0,1
0,1
-5,3%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012099) TOP exporters 1.144 1.101 950 768
361
345
-4,5%
-
-
-
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012019) TOP exporters 39 28 23 19
9,1
6,7
-25,9%
-
-
-
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011090) TOP exporters 414 427 365 320
147
155
+5,7%
0,1
0,1
-5,3%
Milk packed (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters 490 461 425 385
203
192
-5,7%
0,0
0,0
0,0%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012091) TOP exporters 160 142 145 129
67
65
-2,7%
0,0
0,0
0,0%
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012011) TOP exporters 313 295 252 229
123
113
-7,6%
0,0
0,0
0,0%
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011010) TOP exporters 18 25 28 28
14
13
-3,6%
-
-
-
Condensed milk (NC8 040291+040299) TOP exporters 17 16 21 19
11
12
+9,8%
0,0
0,0
0,0%
Bulk Cream 1) TOP exporters 73 74 72 68
29
31
+7,9%
0,4
0,4
-1,2%
Packed Cream 2) TOP exporters 13 15 14 12
6,5
7,0
+8,6%
-
-
-
Yogurt (HS 040310) TOP exporters 157 164 169 162
84
85
+2,1%
0,0
0,0
0,0%
Fermented milk (HS 040390) TOP exporters 57 76 80 81
40
54
+36,2%
-
-
-
Butter (HS 0405) TOP exporters 64 74 65 61
28
32
+13,2%
-
-
-
of which:
Butter 82% (NC8 04051019) TOP exporters 18 22 18 17
8,0
7,6
-4,9%
-
-
-
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP exporters 508 511 518 509
255
260
+1,9%
5,2
5,5
+2,4%
Edam cheese(NC8 04069023) TOP exporters 32 31 31 30
15
16
+4,4%
-
-
-
Emmental (NC8 04069013) TOP exporters 24 24 25 24
12
12
+5,5%
2,5
2,4
-0,2%
Hard cheeses (not PDO) (NC8 04069069) TOP exporters 27 22 22 21
11
13
+12,6%
0,0
0,0
+289,7%
Fresh cheeses (NC8 04061020)3 TOP exporters 177 175 190 194
99
98
-1,0%
0,0
0,0
-1,7%
Processed cheeses (NC8 040630) TOP exporters 37 35 30 27
11
17
+49,3%
0,4
0,4
-0,6%
Full fat cheeses (NC8 04069087)5 TOP exporters 50 46 42 38
19
18
-8,4%
0,3
0,7
+102,3%
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229) TOP exporters 23 25 33 35
19
18
-2,9%
0,0
0,0
+36,2%
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP exporters 66 78 69 72
34
47
+36,6%
-
-
-
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP exporters 143 141 118 111
53
51
-3,4%
0,0
0,0
-91,3%
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410) TOP exporters 75 71 61 56
29
29
+0,5%
0,0
0,0
-91,3%
Casein (HS 350110) TOP exporters 9,6 9,0 8,3 7,5
3,5
4,1
+17,5%
0,0
0,1
+175,0%
Caseinates (HS 350190) TOP exporters 1,9 1,8 2,0 2,1
1,0
1,1
+6,4%
-
-
-
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211) TOP exporters 13 11 11 15
9,2
8,1
-12,1%
0,0
0,0
+82,4%
Lactose edible (HS 170219) TOP exporters 0,6 0,7 1,5 0,4
0,1
0,4
+152,5%
0,0
0,0
-86,2%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %) n.a. n.a. 46 51
27
21
-23,0%
0,5
0,0
-91,0%
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
n.a. n.a. 1,8 6,2
3,6
0,9
-75,8%
0,0
0,0
-48,2%
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
n.a. 4,9 4,8 3,4
1,5
1,5
-1,3%
0,0
0,0
+320,0%
EXPORT 2014 2015 2016 2017 Jan-Jun of which Extra EU
2017
2018
%
2017
2018
%
Milk packed (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP Importers 9,6 24 53 71
34
23
-32,5%
30
20
-35,3%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012091)
TOP Importers
3,8 11 36 46
24
16
-33,0%
23
15
-35,5%
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012011)
TOP Importers
3,6 7,2 10 16
7,5
4,4
-41,9%
6,0
3,3
-45,6%
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011010)
TOP Importers
2,2 6,1 7,2 9,9
2,2
2,3
+6,0%
1,5
1,6
+8,0%
Condensed milk (NC8 040291+040299) TOP Importers 7,1 7,8 7,4 6,0
3,7
2,7
-27,8%
1,7
0,2
-90,5%
Bulk Cream 1) TOP Importers 9,9 4,9 13 17
12
8,0
-36,4%
5,5
4,3
-20,7%
Packed Cream 2) TOP Importers 2,7 3,0 5,2 4,1
1,6
2,8
+78,1%
0,4
1,4
+207,4%
Yogurt (HS 040310) TOP Importers 3,7 4,1 4,7 4,5
2,2
1,9
-14,4%
0,4
0,3
-25,1%
Fermented milk (HS 040390) TOP Importers 2,5 2,3 2,9 2,6
1,3
1,3
-1,0%
0,1
0,1
-1,3%
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP Importers 6,2 12 5,2 5,8
3,3
4,0
+21,4%
0,4
0,5
+25,5%
Butter (HS 0405) TOP Importers 6,3 9,4 8,7 8,1
3,4
5,0
+46,3%
0,3
0,3
+0,9%
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP Importers 329 358 389 412
202
204
+1,1%
49
48
-2,0%
Asiago (NC8 04069075)
TOP Importers
1,9 2,0 2,1 2,1
1,0
0,8
-20,6%
0,5
0,5
-7,7%
Fiore sardo, Pecorino (NC8 04069063)
TOP Importers
17 17 18 22
10
7,6
-26,4%
7,8
5,2
-33,0%
Fresh cheeses (NC8 04061020)3
TOP Importers
93 112 127 141
70
72
+1,5%
8,8
9,6
+9,0%
Grated or powdered cheeses (NC8 04062090)4
TOP Importers
27 32 37 42
20
22
+9,6%
2,0
2,4
+19,9%
Gorgonzola (NC8 04064050)
TOP Importers
16 19 20 20
9,6
10
+7,0%
1,2
1,4
+17,6%
G.Padano DOP e P.Reggiano DOP (NC8 04069061)
TOP Importers
81 86 90 87
43
45
+5,9%
15
16
+2,4%
Provolone (NC8 04069073)
TOP Importers
5,2 5,5 5,8 6,2
2,8
3,7
+30,0%
0,6
0,7
+20,6%
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP Importers 464 437 371 442
239
233
-2,5%
2,9
3,4
+18,3%
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410) TOP Importers 419 399 337 408
219
207
-5,5%
2,9
3,4
+17,6%
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211) TOP Importers 29 28 30 30
15
14
-11,2%
5,0
4,9
-1,4%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %) n.a. n.a. 26 24
12
13
+12,4%
3,0
2,0
-33,3%
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
n.a. n.a. 70 152
76
63
-17,6%
3,2
3,3
+2,3%
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
n.a. 1,4 3,2 0,6
0,3
0,4
+55,7%
0,2
0,3
+64,6%
APPARENT DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Butter 150 159 150 147
Cheese 1.355 1.360 1.362
of which:
Fresh cheeses 581 576 592
Fermented milk (Yogurt and other) 469 489 513 510
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION (Kg) 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Butter 2,5 2,7 2,5 2,5
Cheese 23 23 23
of which:
Fresh cheeses 9,8 9,7 10,0
Fermented milk (Yogurt and other) 7,9 8,2 8,6 8,6
% Self-sufficiency 75,9% 77,4% 80,6% 83,7%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 0,18% 0,83% 0,97% 1,57% 1,09% Jan-Dic 2018
CPI (consumer price index) 0,23% 0,11% -0,05% 1,33% 1,40% Jan-Dic 2018
Population ('000) 60.783 60.796 60.666 60.589
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 34.291 (e) 34.829 (e) 35.472 (e) 36.184 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 25.812(e) 31.392(e) 32.046(e) 32.934(e)

(f): forecast
n.a.: not available
(e): Estimated CLAL

1) up to 2011/12/31 NC8 04013019+04013039+04013099; from 2012/01/01 NC8 04014090+04015019+04015039+04015099.
2) up to 2011/12/31 NC8 04013011+04013031+04013091; from 2012/01/01 NC8 04014010+04015011+04015031+04015091.
3) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04061020; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04061030 + 04061050;
4) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04062090; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04062000;
5) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04069087; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04069074 + 04069089;

NOTE:
     - Apparent domestic consumption are calculated using the following formula: Production + Import - Export
     - Per capita consumption are obtained dividing the apparent consumption by the population (Source Eurostat)
     - The self-sufficiency rate is calculated, up to 2017, on the total deliveries of cow’s milk + production of buffalo, sheep and goat’s milk. For 2018 it is calculated only on deliveries of cow’s milk.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Dairy cows and Deliveries of other milk: ISTAT; Deliveries to dairies: AGEA; Milk Production, % Protein and % Fat: Eurostat; Import/Export di Breeding Heifers: IHS; Farm-gate milk price in Lombardy: Processed by CLAL;
Dairy production: Processed by CLAL on ISTAT and Protection Consortium data;
Import: ISTAT and IHS
Export: ISTAT and IHS
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

Last update: 16-10-2018
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Italy with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it