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Italy: Dairy sector

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Italy has a prominent position in the European dairy industry: it is the largest producer Country of PDO Cheeses.





This Country:
  • accounts for 9,5% of EU milk deliveries (year 2021),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME) for the 34,3% of the milk deliveries,
  • accounts for 5,9% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2021).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.


Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

ITALY: DAIRY SECTOR
(1° January - 31 December)
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Dairy cows ('000 head) (Al 1st December) 1.693 1.643 1.638 1.610
Slaughtered cow ('000) 573 545 526 562 454 498 +9,7% Jan-Oct 2022
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head) 1.142 442 896 1.562 1.046 3.851 +268,2% Jan-Oct 2022
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head) 24.232 18.605 41.100 25.497 21.386 13.908 -35,0% Jan-Oct 2022
Milk production 12.340 12.494 12.712 13.202
± % Over the same period of the previous year +1,3% +1,7% +3,9%
Deliveries to dairies 12.084 12.117 12.668 13.103 12.016 11.920 -0,8% Jan-Nov 2022
± % Over the same period of the previous year +0,3% +4,5% +3,4%
% Proteine 3,42% 3,43% 3,45% 3,44% 3,44% 3,44%   Jan-Nov 2022
% Materia Grassa 3,80% 3,81% 3,77% 3,76% 3,75% 3,75%   Jan-Nov 2022
Farm-gate prices of raw milk Lombardy (€ x 100 lt, + VAT not incl.) 37,38 40,63 37,13 38,33 38,33 51,17 +33,5% Jan-Dec 2022
± % Over the same period of the previous year +8,7% -8,6% +3,3%
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Number of Buffaloes ('000) 401 402 407 409
Buffalo's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1140A) 245 249 254 257
Buffalo's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1140D) 215 218 229 233
Number of Goats ('000) 986 1.059 1.066 1.061
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A) 62 62 61 61
Goat's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1130D) 43 44 44 43
Number of Sheeps ('000) 7.179 7.001 7.034 6.728
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A) 485 494 482 477
Sheep's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1120D) 463 468 453 450
Organic milk production (goat, sheep, cow) 588
DAIRY PRODUCTION ('000 Ton) 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Liquid milk 2.470 2.479 2.449 2.481 2.267 2.305 +1,7% Jan-Nov 2022
Cream 141 146 145 150 136 135 -1,3% Jan-Nov 2022
Butter 98 94 92 98 89 92 +2,4% Jan-Nov 2022
a)Cheese from cow milk 1.170 1.186 1.213 1.197 1.096 1.100 +0,4% Jan-Nov 2022
of which:
PDO 459 471 488 494
b)Cheese from other milk 138 141 132 177
of which:
PDO 89 83 88 94
Total Cheese[a+b] 1.308 1.327 1.345 1.374
-Hard cheeses of which: 481 488 493 502
Grana Padano PDO 191 199 204 203 203 202 (e) -0,4% Jan-Dec 2022
Parmigiano Reggiano PDO 148 150 157 164 164 160 (e) -2,2% Jan-Dec 2022
Pecorino Romano PDO (Dairy Season) 33 27 31 34 34 33 -4,9% Oct/21-Jul/22
Other sheep cheeses PDO (Toscano, Siciliano, Filiano, Sardo) 5,2 5,3 5,8 5,3
- Semi-hard cheeses of which: 96 99 91 96
Provolone Valpadana PDO 12 13 15 15 5,6 5,3 -5,3% Jan-Sep 2022
Fontina PDO 4,3 4,0 4,0 4,0
- Soft cheeses of which: 170 174 188 193
Taleggio PDO 8,8 8,8 8,4 8,7 8,7 8,8 +1,4% Jan-Dec 2022
Gorgonzola PDO 58 60 61 63 63 61 (e) -4,0% Jan-Dec 2022
- Fresh cheeses of which: 562 566 573 583
Mozzarella di Bufala Campana PDO 49 50 51 54 54 56 +3,8% Jan-Dec 2022
I° Classification
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111) 143 146 154 158
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112) 27 28 34 35
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113) 96 99 91 96
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114) 454 460 466 473
- Extra hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7115) 27 28 27 29
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116) 562 566 573 583
II° Classification
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121) 1.170 1.186 1.213 1.237
- Cheese from ewes milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7122) 76 78 73 74
- Cheese from goats milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7123) 7,2 7,4 6,8 7,1
- Others (cheese from buffalos'milk (pure) or mixed cheese) ( Cod. Eurostat D7129) 55 56 53 56
Processed cheese 49 53 54 55
Whey used for cottage cheese 814 899 853 852
Whey used for livestock 2.264 2.348 2.282 2.300
Concentrated whey 1.328 1.410 1.440 1.437
Whey powder and pieces 813 913 872 887
Milk based beverages 4,9 5,3 5,0 5,9
Other fresh products 7,5 7,0 7,1 8,1
Fermented milk (Yogurt and others) 276 253 279 284 262 263 +0,4% Jan-Nov 2022
IMPORT 2018 2019 2020 2021 Jan-Oct of which Extra EU
2021
2022
%
2021
2022
%
Bulk milk (NC8 04012099+04012019+04011090) TOP exporters 1.126 1.275 985 664
574
474
-17,4%
0,1
0,1
-6,9%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012099) TOP exporters 766 856 683 495
426
352
-17,5%
-
-
-
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012019) TOP exporters 13 25 11 3,3
3,1
3,0
-2,6%
-
-
-
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011090) TOP exporters 348 394 292 166
145
120
-17,3%
0,1
0,1
-6,9%
Milk packed (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters 359 319 322 258
214
206
-3,9%
0,0
0,0
-29,9%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012091) TOP exporters 122 117 122 101
84
76
-9,5%
0,0
0,0
-20,0%
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012011) TOP exporters 213 183 170 130
107
106
-0,9%
0,0
0,0
-38,5%
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011010) TOP exporters 24 19 29 28
23
23
+3,0%
-
-
-
Condensed milk (NC8 040291+040299) TOP exporters 21 20 29 35
29
27
-6,3%
0,0
0,0
+209,1%
Bulk Cream 1) TOP exporters 72 79 69 58
46
55
+19,5%
0,6
0,7
+0,6%
Packed Cream 2) TOP exporters 14 12 10,0 12
9,7
11
+16,0%
0,0
0,0
0,0%
Yogurt (HS 040310) TOP exporters 168 164 167 174
151
153
+1,3%
0,0
0,0
-27,2%
Fermented milk (HS 040390) TOP exporters 92 83 94 95
81
88
+8,8%
0,0
0,1
+438,1%
Butter (HS 0405) TOP exporters 65 69 60 69
56
59
+5,9%
4,2
4,6
+10,2%
of which:
Butter 82% (NC8 04051019) TOP exporters 16 17 15 18
14
15
+5,2%
0,0
0,0
+2,7%
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP exporters 530 533 494 516
430
460
+7,1%
10
10
-1,4%
Edam cheese(NC8 04069023) TOP exporters 30 29 23 26
22
22
-0,1%
-
-
-
Emmental (NC8 04069013) TOP exporters 24 23 23 20
17
19
+13,1%
2,0
2,3
+9,3%
Hard cheeses (not PDO) (NC8 04069069) TOP exporters 26 28 25 26
21
21
-3,3%
0,0
0,0
+12,5%
Fresh cheeses (NC8 04061020)3 TOP exporters 208 208 194 198
165
186
+12,9%
1,0
0,9
-11,8%
Processed cheeses (NC8 040630) TOP exporters 35 37 34 34
28
31
+12,3%
0,6
0,6
-2,5%
Full fat cheeses (NC8 04069087)5 TOP exporters 34 34 31 31
26
22
-13,6%
0,9
1,1
+16,5%
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229) TOP exporters 34 32 31 34
28
31
+10,1%
-
-
-
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP exporters 88 84 74 83
68
83
+22,2%
-
-
-
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP exporters 113 107 114 131
112
118
+6,1%
0,2
0,2
-2,7%
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410) TOP exporters 59 64 72 89
74
80
+7,9%
0,2
0,2
-2,7%
Casein (HS 350110) TOP exporters 7,2 6,4 11 10
8,9
5,7
-35,6%
0,1
0,2
+52,0%
Caseinates (HS 350190) TOP exporters 2,0 2,1 1,7 2,2
1,9
1,7
-10,6%
0,0
0,0
+6.528,8%
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211) TOP exporters 15 19 16 15
13
12
-7,8%
0,3
0,5
+40,7%
Lactose edible (HS 170219) TOP exporters 0,7 1,8 1,9 1,1
0,8
2,3
+179,4%
0,0
0,0
+131,0%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190) TOP exporters 64 62 58 65
4,2
75
+1.691,4%
4,2
75
+109,8%
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220) TOP exporters 1,9 1,8 1,7 2,5
0,2
3,7
+1.738,6%
0,2
3,7
+140,3%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %) 38 21 24 21
19
13
-30,8%
0,1
0,1
+2,4%
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
5,1 9,8 15 16
14
27
+85,6%
0,1
0,0
-98,9%
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
4,0 4,7 4,0 2,8
2,4
3,4
+43,2%
0,0
0,0
+10,7%
EXPORT 2018 2019 2020 2021 Jan-Oct of which Extra EU
2021
2022
%
2021
2022
%
Milk packed (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP Importers 51 40 34 36
30
25
-18,1%
25
17
-33,3%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012091)
TOP Importers
36 27 21 23
19
13
-32,0%
17
11
-36,9%
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012011)
TOP Importers
9,2 9,7 9,5 9,9
8,3
6,9
-16,7%
6,4
4,5
-28,9%
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011010)
TOP Importers
6,1 3,3 3,3 3,5
2,9
4,9
+70,4%
1,3
1,2
-6,1%
Bulk milk (NC8 04012099+04012019+04011090) TOP Importers 4,9 6,3 14 14
9,9
16
+63,4%
2,8
1,7
-41,1%
Condensed milk (NC8 040291+040299) TOP Importers 5,8 1,1 1,2 4,6
4,4
1,7
-61,4%
3,1
0,1
-95,5%
Bulk Cream 1) TOP Importers 13 10 9,8 17
15
15
+2,4%
10
9,8
-5,9%
Packed Cream 2) TOP Importers 5,4 8,6 12 8,4
6,6
12
+81,6%
4,3
9,4
+119,2%
Yogurt (HS 040310) TOP Importers 4,8 4,5 5,0 5,8
5,0
5,0
-0,2%
0,7
0,7
-6,5%
Fermented milk (HS 040390) TOP Importers 2,7 3,5 3,8 3,6
3,1
2,0
-34,7%
1,5
1,0
-35,6%
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP Importers 9,5 7,7 7,2 8,2
6,2
6,6
+6,6%
0,6
0,6
+15,9%
Butter (HS 0405) TOP Importers 12 12 15 18
15
12
-20,3%
2,0
1,5
-22,8%
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP Importers 424 456 471 536
447
478
+6,9%
133
141
+6,2%
Asiago (NC8 04069075)
TOP Importers
1,8 1,9 1,8 1,9
1,6
1,5
-7,2%
1,0
0,8
-12,5%
Fiore sardo, Pecorino (NC8 04069063)
TOP Importers
16 21 19 22
17
16
-7,2%
12
12
-6,4%
Fresh cheeses (NC8 04061020)3
TOP Importers
146 157 167 189
162
176
+9,0%
39
43
+8,7%
Grated or powdered cheeses (NC8 04062090)4
TOP Importers
46 50 52 56
46
53
+14,3%
9,6
12
+24,0%
Gorgonzola (NC8 04064050)
TOP Importers
22 23 24 25
20
21
+3,2%
2,8
2,8
-1,4%
G.Padano DOP e P.Reggiano DOP (NC8 04069061)
TOP Importers
95 96 99 106
87
91
+4,3%
36
37
+3,9%
Provolone (NC8 04069073)
TOP Importers
6,9 7,1 7,1 8,9
7,2
7,0
-2,9%
2,0
1,9
-6,5%
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP Importers 427 380 353 317
276
209
-24,2%
9,9
11
+12,7%
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410) TOP Importers 381 334 312 302
262
200
-23,8%
9,9
11
+12,3%
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211) TOP Importers 29 27 30 30
25
22
-11,8%
17
15
-11,1%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190) TOP Importers 47 53 59 67
4,2
59
>1000%
4,2
59
>1000%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %) 27 23 46 35
31
18
-41,6%
3,7
4,8
+28,0%
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
146 155 210 272
219
237
+8,3%
19
35
+90,0%
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
1,1 3,1 1,6 1,4
1,1
1,1
-2,7%
1,0
0,9
-9,4%
APPARENT DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Butter 151 151 137 150
Cheese 1.414 1.405 1.368 1.355
of which:
Fresh cheeses 623 616 601 591
Fermented milk (Yogurt and other) 529 492 530 543
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION (Kg) 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Butter 2,5 2,5 2,3 2,5
Cheese 24 24 23 23
of which:
Fresh cheeses 10 10 10 10,0
Fermented milk (Yogurt and other) 8,8 8,2 8,9 9,2
% Self-sufficiency 83,5% 85,0% 90,6% 95,9%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 0,79% 0,48% -9,10% 6,72% 3,79% Jan-Dic 2022
CPI (consumer price index) 1,24% 0,63% -0,15% 1,94% 8,75% Jan-Dic 2022
Population ('000) 60.484 59.817 59.641 59.236
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 34.918 33.628 (e) 31.707 (e) 35.473 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 29.567 30.037(e) 27.741(e) 29.992(e)

Informative Note
(f): forecast
n.a.: not available

1) up to 2011/12/31 NC8 04013019+04013039+04013099; from 2012/01/01 NC8 04014090+04015019+04015039+04015099.
2) up to 2011/12/31 NC8 04013011+04013031+04013091; from 2012/01/01 NC8 04014010+04015011+04015031+04015091.
3) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04061020; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04061030 + 04061050;
4) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04062090; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04062000;
5) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04069087; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04069074 + 04069089;
6) up to 2021/12/31 HS 040310; from 2022/01/01 HS 040320;

NOTE:
     - Apparent domestic consumption are calculated using the following formula: Production + Import - Export
     - Per capita consumption are obtained dividing the apparent consumption by the population (Source Eurostat)
     - The self-sufficiency rate is calculated, up to 2021, on the total deliveries of cow’s milk + production of buffalo, sheep and goat’s milk. For 2022 it is calculated only on deliveries of cow’s milk.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Dairy cows: ISTAT; Deliveries to dairies: AGEA; Milk Production, % Protein and % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Import/Export di Breeding Heifers: ISTAT; Farm-gate milk price in Lombardy: Processed by CLAL; Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Milk Delivered to dairies: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_farm); Organic Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: org_aprod);
Dairy production: Processed by CLAL on ISTAT and Protection Consortium data;
Import: ISTAT
Export: ISTAT
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 29-01-2023
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Italy with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it