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Italy: Dairy sector

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Italy has a prominent position in the European dairy industry: it is the largest producer Country of PDO Cheeses.





This Country:
  • accounts for 8,2% of EU milk deliveries (year 2017),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME) for the 29,3% of the milk deliveries,
  • accounts for 4,7% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2017).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.


Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

ITALY: DAIRY SECTOR
(1° January - 31 December)
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Cow's Milk

The charts below are a snapshot of the current structuring and herd size of dairy farms in the four most productive Italian Regions. Comparisons should be made based on the overall structure and not on absolute values (the scales in the various charts differ).



Data taken from page Italy: Dairy Farm Structure    Visit the page

Dairy cows ('000 head) (Al 1st December) 1.831 1.826 1.822
Slaughtered cow ('000) 472 544 566 527 481 527 +9,6% Jan-Nov 2018
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - 000' heads) 1.520 1.890 979 1.074 903 860 -4,8% Jan-Nov 2018
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - 000' heads) 28.891 23.948 32.564 27.271 25.098 21.300 -15,1% Jan-Nov 2018
Milk production 11.907 11.426 11.886 12.199
± % Over the same period of the previous year -4,0% +4,0% +2,6%
Deliveries to dairies 11.037 11.161 11.524 11.950 11.950 12.044 (e) +0,8% Jan-Dec 2018
± % Over the same period of the previous year +1,1% +3,3% +3,7%
% Proteine 3,35% 3,36% 3,38% 3,45% 3,45% 3,42%   Jan-Dec 2018
% Materia Grassa 3,77% 3,80% 3,83% 3,79% 3,79% 3,80%   Jan-Dec 2018
Farm-gate prices of raw milk Lombardy (€ x 100 lt, + VAT not incl.) 41,92 36,17 34,63 38,58 38,58 37,38 -3,1% Jan-Dec 2018
± % Over the same period of the previous year -13,7% -4,3% +11,4%
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Number of Buffaloes ('000) 369 374 385 401
Number of Goats ('000) 937 962 1.026 992 992 986 -0,6% Jan-Dec 2018
Number of Sheeps ('000) 7.166 7.149 7.285 7.215 7.215 7.179 -0,5% Jan-Dec 2018
Buffalo's milk delivery 195 195 199 211
Goat's milk delivery 28 33 32 37
Sheep's milk delivery 373 398 425 427
DAIRY PRODUCTION ('000 Ton) 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Liquid milk 2.491 2.448 2.460 2.361 1.389 1.372 -1,2% Jan-Dec 2018
Cream 121 164 131 129 72 79 +9,5% Jan-Dec 2018
Butter 92 94 93 94 54 53 -2,2% Jan-Dec 2018
a)Cheese from cow milk 982 1.017 1.005 1.053 616 654 +6,2% Jan-Dec 2018
of which:
PDO 434 432 441 454
b)Cheese from other milk 194 189 228 208
of which:
PDO 67 76 86 81
Totale Formaggi[a+b] 1.176 1.207 1.232 1.261
-Hard cheeses 426 442 448 464
Grana Padano PDO 185 183 186 190 190 190 (e) -0,2% Jan-Dec 2018
Parmigiano Reggiano PDO 133 133 140 147 147 149 (e) +1,3% Jan-Dec 2018
Other Grana Cheeses 22 27 26 26
Pecorino Romano PDO (Dairy Season) 23 30 36 28 28 34 +22,5% Oct/17-Jul/18
Other sheep cheeses PDO (Toscano, Siciliano, Filiano, Sardo) 4,6 4,4 5,2 5,3
Other hard cheeses (Asiago, Montasio, ecc.) 56 69 61 69
- Semi-hard cheeses 100 100 100 94
Provolone Valpadana PDO 11 9,4 10 12 5,3 5,2 -1,7% Jan-Dec 2018
Other Provolone cheeses 31 30 31 31
Caciocavallo 7,7 7,4 6,7 8,0
Fontina PDO 4,1 4,0 3,7 3,5
Other semi-hard cheeses (Emmental, Fontina,ecc) 46 49 48 40
- Soft cheeses 152 151 156 169
Italico 4,5 4,6 4,1 3,2
Taleggio PDO 9,0 9,0 8,9 8,9 8,9 8,8 -0,8% Jan-Dec 2018
Gorgonzola PDO 53 54 55 57 57 58 (e) +2,5% Jan-Dec 2018
Other Gorgonzola cheeses 6,5 4,5 10 12
Crescenza and Stracchino 45 41 46 44
Other soft cheeses (Cheeses of all types, etc.) 35 38 32 44
- Fresh cheeses 498 513 528 535
Mozzarella di Bufala Campana PDO 38 41 44 47 47 49 +5,0% Jan-Dec 2018
Mozzarella di Bufala 21 22 22 24
Other fresh cheeses (robiola, scamorza, mascarpone, etc.) 438 450 461 464
Processed cheese 41 42 38 39
Milk based beverages 4,5 4,5 4,2 5,5
Other fresh products 9,8 9,5 9,4 8,3
Fermented milk (Yogurt and others) 262 255 271 274 166 173 +3,8% Jan-Dec 2018
IMPORT 2014 2015 2016 2017 Jan-Nov of which Extra EU
2017
2018
%
2017
2018
%
Bulk milk (NC8 04012099+04012019+04011090) TOP exporters 1.596 1.556 1.338 1.138
1.046
1.023
-2,2%
0,1
0,1
-5,3%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012099) TOP exporters 1.144 1.101 950 793
735
701
-4,7%
-
-
-
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012019) TOP exporters 39 28 23 24
23
12
-47,6%
-
-
-
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011090) TOP exporters 414 427 365 320
288
310
+7,5%
0,1
0,1
-5,3%
Milk packed (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters 490 461 425 385
353
332
-6,1%
0,0
0,0
0,0%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012091) TOP exporters 160 142 145 129
118
112
-5,3%
0,0
0,0
0,0%
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012011) TOP exporters 313 295 252 229
210
198
-5,8%
0,0
0,0
0,0%
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011010) TOP exporters 18 25 28 28
26
22
-12,6%
-
-
-
Condensed milk (NC8 040291+040299) TOP exporters 17 16 21 19
18
20
+8,2%
0,0
0,0
0,0%
Bulk Cream 1) TOP exporters 73 74 72 68
61
64
+4,6%
0,7
0,8
+8,9%
Packed Cream 2) TOP exporters 13 15 14 12
11
12
+10,0%
0,0
0,1
0,0%
Yogurt (HS 040310) TOP exporters 157 164 169 165
155
157
+1,4%
0,0
0,0
0,0%
Fermented milk (HS 040390) TOP exporters 57 76 80 89
84
89
+6,3%
0,0
0,0
0,0%
Butter (HS 0405) TOP exporters 64 74 65 61
56
60
+6,8%
0,0
0,0
0,0%
of which:
Butter 82% (NC8 04051019) TOP exporters 18 22 18 17
15
14
-8,2%
-
-
-
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP exporters 508 511 518 510
465
481
+3,5%
9,4
9,5
+0,7%
Edam cheese(NC8 04069023) TOP exporters 32 31 31 30
28
28
-1,1%
-
-
-
Emmental (NC8 04069013) TOP exporters 24 24 25 24
22
23
+2,0%
4,8
4,6
-4,2%
Hard cheeses (not PDO) (NC8 04069069) TOP exporters 27 22 22 21
19
24
+23,9%
0,0
0,0
+191,9%
Fresh cheeses (NC8 04061020)3 TOP exporters 177 175 190 195
178
186
+4,2%
0,0
0,0
-71,6%
Processed cheeses (NC8 040630) TOP exporters 37 35 30 29
23
32
+36,4%
0,8
0,7
-2,3%
Full fat cheeses (NC8 04069087)5 TOP exporters 50 46 42 37
35
32
-7,2%
0,4
1,0
+164,0%
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229) TOP exporters 23 25 33 31
28
31
+10,7%
0,0
0,0
-63,8%
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP exporters 66 78 69 72
67
83
+23,1%
-
-
-
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP exporters 143 141 118 111
104
104
+0,4%
0,0
0,0
-84,2%
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410) TOP exporters 75 71 61 56
52
54
+3,1%
0,0
0,0
-84,2%
Casein (HS 350110) TOP exporters 9,6 9,0 8,3 7,5
6,9
7,0
+1,0%
0,0
0,3
+315,9%
Caseinates (HS 350190) TOP exporters 1,9 1,8 2,0 2,1
2,0
1,9
-5,8%
-
-
-
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211) TOP exporters 13 11 11 15
14
14
+1,0%
0,0
0,0
+12,0%
Lactose edible (HS 170219) TOP exporters 0,6 0,7 1,5 0,4
0,4
0,7
+89,1%
0,0
0,0
-76,0%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %) n.a. n.a. 46 51
47
35
-26,3%
0,9
0,1
-86,7%
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
n.a. n.a. 1,8 6,2
5,8
4,1
-29,4%
0,0
0,0
+226,7%
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
n.a. 4,9 4,8 3,4
3,2
2,9
-7,9%
0,0
0,0
+166,1%
EXPORT 2014 2015 2016 2017 Jan-Nov of which Extra EU
2017
2018
%
2017
2018
%
Milk packed (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP Importers 9,6 24 53 71
70
48
-31,1%
62
42
-32,5%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012091)
TOP Importers
3,8 11 36 46
45
33
-26,0%
42
31
-26,6%
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012011)
TOP Importers
3,6 7,2 10 16
15
8,7
-41,5%
12
6,7
-44,0%
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011010)
TOP Importers
2,2 6,1 7,2 9,9
9,7
6,0
-38,4%
8,4
4,6
-45,3%
Condensed milk (NC8 040291+040299) TOP Importers 7,1 7,8 7,4 5,9
5,5
4,9
-12,2%
1,9
0,2
-88,0%
Bulk Cream 1) TOP Importers 9,9 4,9 13 17
17
12
-27,9%
6,2
6,3
+2,5%
Packed Cream 2) TOP Importers 2,7 3,0 5,2 4,1
3,7
4,8
+30,4%
1,4
2,2
+59,4%
Yogurt (HS 040310) TOP Importers 3,7 4,1 4,7 4,4
4,2
3,7
-11,7%
0,7
0,6
-15,5%
Fermented milk (HS 040390) TOP Importers 2,5 2,3 2,9 2,6
2,4
2,4
+2,5%
0,2
0,2
+23,7%
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP Importers 6,2 12 5,2 5,8
5,5
8,7
+58,8%
0,9
0,8
-15,0%
Butter (HS 0405) TOP Importers 6,3 9,4 8,7 8,1
7,7
11
+38,5%
0,5
0,5
-9,9%
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP Importers 329 358 389 415
382
386
+1,0%
92
92
+0,1%
Asiago (NC8 04069075)
TOP Importers
1,9 2,0 2,1 2,1
1,9
1,5
-22,8%
1,1
1,0
-15,3%
Fiore sardo, Pecorino (NC8 04069063)
TOP Importers
17 17 18 22
20
14
-30,6%
15
9,5
-38,4%
Fresh cheeses (NC8 04061020)3
TOP Importers
93 112 127 142
131
135
+2,5%
17
18
+8,6%
Grated or powdered cheeses (NC8 04062090)4
TOP Importers
27 32 37 43
39
41
+5,9%
3,7
4,4
+20,7%
Gorgonzola (NC8 04064050)
TOP Importers
16 19 20 21
19
19
+2,9%
2,3
2,6
+13,7%
G.Padano DOP e P.Reggiano DOP (NC8 04069061)
TOP Importers
81 86 90 89
82
87
+5,6%
29
31
+7,9%
Provolone (NC8 04069073)
TOP Importers
5,2 5,5 5,8 6,2
5,6
6,7
+18,3%
1,3
1,5
+14,7%
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP Importers 464 437 371 445
409
395
-3,5%
5,5
6,7
+21,9%
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410) TOP Importers 419 399 337 411
378
352
-6,7%
5,4
6,6
+21,7%
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211) TOP Importers 29 28 30 30
28
27
-4,6%
9,3
11
+15,3%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %) n.a. n.a. 26 24
21
25
+16,5%
4,7
4,8
+2,7%
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
n.a. n.a. 70 152
141
126
-10,4%
6,3
7,3
+16,0%
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
n.a. 1,4 3,2 0,6
0,5
0,8
+58,6%
0,4
0,5
+51,5%
APPARENT DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Butter 150 159 150 147
Cheese 1.355 1.360 1.362 1.356
of which:
Fresh cheeses 581 576 592 589
Fermented milk (Yogurt and other) 469 489 513 520
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION (Kg) 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Butter 2,5 2,7 2,5 2,5
Cheese 23 23 23 23
of which:
Fresh cheeses 9,8 9,7 10,0 9,9
Fermented milk (Yogurt and other) 7,9 8,2 8,6 8,8
% Self-sufficiency 75,9% 77,4% 80,6% 84,5%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 0,19% 0,80% 1,26% 1,64% 0,94% Jan-Dic 2018
CPI (consumer price index) 0,23% 0,11% -0,05% 1,33% 1,24% Jan-Dic 2018
Population ('000) 60.783 60.796 60.666 60.589
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 34.291 (e) 34.829 (e) 35.472 (e) 36.184 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 25.812(e) 31.392(e) 32.046(e) 32.934(e)

(f): forecast
n.a.: not available
(e): Estimated CLAL

1) up to 2011/12/31 NC8 04013019+04013039+04013099; from 2012/01/01 NC8 04014090+04015019+04015039+04015099.
2) up to 2011/12/31 NC8 04013011+04013031+04013091; from 2012/01/01 NC8 04014010+04015011+04015031+04015091.
3) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04061020; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04061030 + 04061050;
4) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04062090; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04062000;
5) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04069087; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04069074 + 04069089;

NOTE:
     - Apparent domestic consumption are calculated using the following formula: Production + Import - Export
     - Per capita consumption are obtained dividing the apparent consumption by the population (Source Eurostat)
     - The self-sufficiency rate is calculated, up to 2017, on the total deliveries of cow’s milk + production of buffalo, sheep and goat’s milk. For 2018 it is calculated only on deliveries of cow’s milk.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Dairy cows and Deliveries of other milk: ISTAT; Deliveries to dairies: AGEA; Milk Production, % Protein and % Fat: Eurostat; Import/Export di Breeding Heifers: IHS; Farm-gate milk price in Lombardy: Processed by CLAL; Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl );
Dairy production: Processed by CLAL on ISTAT and Protection Consortium data;
Import: ISTAT and IHS
Export: ISTAT and IHS
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

Last update: 21-02-2019
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Italy with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it