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Italy: Dairy sector

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Italy has a prominent position in the European dairy industry: it is the largest producer Country of PDO Cheeses.





This Country:
  • accounts for 8,2% of EU milk deliveries (year 2018),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME) for the 29,6% of the milk deliveries,
  • accounts for 4,7% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2019).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.


Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

ITALY: DAIRY SECTOR
(1° January - 31 December)
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Dairy cows ('000 head) (Al 1st December) 1.822 1.791 1.693 1.643
Slaughtered cow ('000) 566 527 573 545 222 202 -9,3% Jan-May 2020
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head) 979 1.074 1.142 760 272 1.450 +433,1% Jan-Jun 2020
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head) 32.564 27.271 24.232 15.865 8.049 6.952 -13,6% Jan-Jun 2020
Milk production 11.886 12.199 12.340 12.494
± % Over the same period of the previous year +2,6% +1,2% +1,3%
Deliveries to dairies 11.527 11.953 12.084 12.117 7.288 7.595 +4,2% Jan-Jul 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year +3,7% +1,1% +0,3%
% Proteine 3,38% 3,45% 3,42% 3,43% 3,40% 3,43%   Jan-Jul 2020
% Materia Grassa 3,83% 3,79% 3,80% 3,81% 3,80% 3,74%   Jan-Jul 2020
Farm-gate prices of raw milk Lombardy (€ x 100 lt, + VAT not incl.) 34,63 38,58 37,38 40,63 40,57 37,43 -7,7% Jan-Jul 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year +11,4% -3,1% +8,7%
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Number of Buffaloes ('000) 385 401 401 402
Buffalo's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1140A) 235 243 245 249
Buffalo's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1140D) 199 211 215 218
Number of Goats ('000) 1.026 992 986 1.059
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A) 67 61 62 62
Goat's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1130D) 32 37 43 44
Number of Sheeps ('000) 7.285 7.215 7.179 7.001
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A) 482 480 485 494
Sheep's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1120D) 425 427 463 468
DAIRY PRODUCTION ('000 Ton) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Liquid milk 2.428 2.459 2.425 2.299 1.375 1.325 -3,6% Jan-Jul 2020
Cream 131 132 142 136 78 75 -4,1% Jan-Jul 2020
Butter 95 91 96 97 55 55 +1,1% Jan-Jul 2020
a)Cheese from cow milk 1.104 1.129 1.141 1.111 657 658 +0,2% Jan-Jul 2020
of which:
PDO 441 455 459 471
b)Cheese from other milk 129 132 167
of which:
PDO 86 81 89 83
Total Cheese[a+b] 1.232 1.261 1.308
-Hard cheeses of which: 448 464 481
Grana Padano PDO 186 190 191 199 138 143 (e) +3,6% Jan-Aug 2020
Parmigiano Reggiano PDO 140 147 148 150 101 107 (e) +5,3% Jan-Aug 2020
Other Grana Cheeses 26 26
Pecorino Romano PDO (Dairy Season) 33 28 34 27 27 31 +14,7% Oct/19-Jul/20
Other sheep cheeses PDO (Toscano, Siciliano, Filiano, Sardo) 5,2 5,3 5,2 5,3
Other hard cheeses (Asiago, Montasio, ecc.) 61 69
- Semi-hard cheeses of which: 100 94 96
Provolone Valpadana PDO 10 12 12 13 3,4 3,5 +2,3% Jan-May 2020
Other Provolone cheeses 31 31
Caciocavallo 6,7 8,0
Fontina PDO 3,7 3,5 4,3 4,0
Other semi-hard cheeses (Emmental, Fontina,ecc) 48 40
- Soft cheeses of which: 156 169 170
Italico 4,1 3,2
Taleggio PDO 8,9 8,9 8,8 8,8 4,7 4,6 -2,9% Jan-Jul 2020
Gorgonzola PDO 55 57 58 60 34 34 (e) +2,2% Jan-Jul 2020
Other Gorgonzola cheeses 10 12
Crescenza and Stracchino 46 44
Other soft cheeses (Cheeses of all types, etc.) 32 44
- Fresh cheeses of which: 528 535 562
Mozzarella di Bufala Campana PDO 44 47 49 50 30 30 +0,0% Jan-Jul 2020
Mozzarella di Bufala 22 24
Other fresh cheeses (robiola, scamorza, mascarpone, etc.) 461 464
I° Classification
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111) 140 144 143 146
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112) 17 25 27 28
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113) 100 94 96 99
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114) 434 454 454 460
- Extra hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7115) 14 9,4 27 28
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116) 528 535 562 566
II° Classification
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121) 1.104 1.129 1.170 1.186
- Cheese from ewes milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7122) 73 71 76 78
- Cheese from goats milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7123) 6,1 6,5 7,2 7,4
- Others (cheese from buffalos'milk (pure) or mixed cheese) ( Cod. Eurostat D7129) 50 54 55 56
Processed cheese 38 39 49
Whey used for cottage cheese 789 795 814
Whey used for livestock 2.213 2.249 2.264
Concentrated whey 1.223 1.262 1.328
Whey powder and pieces 706 766 813
Milk based beverages 4,2 5,5 4,9
Other fresh products 9,4 8,3 7,5
Fermented milk (Yogurt and others) 316 325 279 268 167 158 -5,3% Jan-Jul 2020
IMPORT 2016 2017 2018 2019 Jan-Jun of which Extra EU
2019
2020
%
2019
2020
%
Bulk milk (NC8 04012099+04012019+04011090) TOP exporters 1.338 1.138 1.126 1.258
571
511
-10,5%
0,1
0,1
-0,3%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012099) TOP exporters 950 793 766 851
378
340
-10,3%
-
-
-
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012019) TOP exporters 23 24 13 12
4,3
2,1
-51,0%
-
-
-
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011090) TOP exporters 365 320 348 395
188
169
-10,1%
0,1
0,1
+0,0%
Milk packed (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters 425 385 359 327
160
172
+7,8%
0,0
0,0
+20,1%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012091) TOP exporters 145 129 122 124
59
65
+10,1%
0,0
0,0
+15,4%
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012011) TOP exporters 252 229 213 188
93
93
+0,3%
0,0
0,0
+24,6%
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011010) TOP exporters 28 28 24 15
7,8
14
+78,7%
-
-
-
Condensed milk (NC8 040291+040299) TOP exporters 21 19 21 20
9,5
14
+42,7%
-
-
-
Bulk Cream 1) TOP exporters 72 68 72 78
32
31
-2,8%
0,5
0,4
-1,4%
Packed Cream 2) TOP exporters 14 12 14 12
6,1
4,5
-26,8%
-
-
-
Yogurt (HS 040310) TOP exporters 169 165 168 166
87
86
-1,2%
0,0
0,0
+37,5%
Fermented milk (HS 040390) TOP exporters 80 89 92 84
44
48
+7,9%
0,0
0,0
-17,4%
Butter (HS 0405) TOP exporters 65 61 65 69
37
31
-17,3%
0,0
0,0
+0,9%
of which:
Butter 82% (NC8 04051019) TOP exporters 18 17 16 16
7,9
7,0
-11,6%
-
-
-
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP exporters 518 510 530 536
270
244
-9,7%
5,6
4,8
-7,6%
Edam cheese(NC8 04069023) TOP exporters 31 30 30 29
15
12
-21,2%
-
-
-
Emmental (NC8 04069013) TOP exporters 25 24 24 24
12
12
-5,2%
2,3
2,3
-0,5%
Hard cheeses (not PDO) (NC8 04069069) TOP exporters 22 21 26 28
14
14
-3,5%
0,0
0,0
0,0%
Fresh cheeses (NC8 04061020)3 TOP exporters 190 195 208 209
103
93
-9,2%
-
-
-
Processed cheeses (NC8 040630) TOP exporters 30 29 35 39
20
15
-21,1%
0,4
0,4
-1,1%
Full fat cheeses (NC8 04069087)5 TOP exporters 42 37 34 32
16
15
-8,4%
0,5
0,4
-7,4%
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229) TOP exporters 33 31 34 32
18
15
-13,8%
0,0
0,0
+63,7%
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP exporters 69 72 88 93
46
42
-9,4%
-
-
-
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP exporters 118 111 113 110
56
51
-7,8%
0,0
0,0
+196,2%
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410) TOP exporters 61 56 59 67
38
36
-5,6%
0,0
0,0
+196,0%
Casein (HS 350110) TOP exporters 8,3 7,5 7,2 12
3,3
3,6
+10,1%
0,1
0,1
-12,5%
Caseinates (HS 350190) TOP exporters 2,0 2,1 2,0 2,0
1,1
0,9
-20,6%
-
-
-
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211) TOP exporters 11 15 15 19
11
9,2
-17,0%
0,0
0,0
+12,2%
Lactose edible (HS 170219) TOP exporters 1,5 0,4 0,7 2,0
0,8
1,9
+145,7%
0,0
0,0
-36,7%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190) TOP exporters 55 61 64 63
31
28
-9,1%
31
28
-4,6%
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220) TOP exporters 1,0 1,2 1,9 1,9
0,9
0,9
-4,5%
0,9
0,9
-2,2%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %) 46 51 38 21
11
15
+29,1%
0,1
0,0
-87,8%
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
1,8 6,2 5,1 9,3
5,1
7,8
+52,8%
0,0
0,2
+1.347,4%
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
4,8 3,4 4,0 4,7
2,4
2,2
-10,9%
0,0
0,0
+2,0%
EXPORT 2016 2017 2018 2019 Jan-Jun of which Extra EU
2019
2020
%
2019
2020
%
Milk packed (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP Importers 53 71 51 40
26
18
-30,5%
23
15
-35,0%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012091)
TOP Importers
36 46 36 27
19
11
-41,3%
18
10
-43,3%
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012011)
TOP Importers
10 16 9,2 9,6
4,9
5,1
+4,1%
3,9
3,9
-0,2%
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011010)
TOP Importers
7,2 9,9 6,1 3,3
1,9
1,7
-8,9%
1,1
0,9
-21,9%
Condensed milk (NC8 040291+040299) TOP Importers 7,4 5,9 5,8 1,1
0,4
0,7
+60,3%
0,1
0,3
+130,2%
Bulk Cream 1) TOP Importers 13 17 13 10,0
6,0
4,6
-22,6%
3,1
3,4
+12,1%
Packed Cream 2) TOP Importers 5,2 4,1 5,4 8,5
5,8
7,1
+23,2%
4,6
5,8
+27,5%
Yogurt (HS 040310) TOP Importers 4,7 4,4 4,8 4,0
1,9
2,3
+20,3%
0,4
0,4
+6,1%
Fermented milk (HS 040390) TOP Importers 2,9 2,6 2,7 3,4
1,8
1,7
-5,4%
0,2
0,3
+8,0%
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP Importers 5,2 5,8 9,5 7,5
3,8
3,4
-10,8%
0,3
0,3
+14,9%
Butter (HS 0405) TOP Importers 8,7 8,1 12 13
5,6
6,8
+22,0%
0,4
1,3
+253,1%
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP Importers 389 415 424 450
218
224
+3,0%
52
49
-5,1%
Asiago (NC8 04069075)
TOP Importers
2,1 2,1 1,8 1,7
0,9
0,7
-14,6%
0,6
0,5
-18,1%
Fiore sardo, Pecorino (NC8 04069063)
TOP Importers
18 22 16 21
10
8,2
-18,9%
7,4
5,2
-29,4%
Fresh cheeses (NC8 04061020)3
TOP Importers
127 142 146 156
76
80
+5,2%
11
11
+0,9%
Grated or powdered cheeses (NC8 04062090)4
TOP Importers
37 43 46 50
24
26
+6,2%
2,6
2,7
+6,3%
Gorgonzola (NC8 04064050)
TOP Importers
20 21 22 22
11
11
+3,2%
1,4
1,4
-1,8%
G.Padano DOP e P.Reggiano DOP (NC8 04069061)
TOP Importers
90 89 95 97
47
47
+0,6%
16
16
-3,1%
Provolone (NC8 04069073)
TOP Importers
5,8 6,2 6,9 7,5
3,7
3,3
-10,2%
0,8
0,8
+1,3%
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP Importers 371 445 427 375
200
187
-6,6%
3,8
4,5
+17,3%
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410) TOP Importers 337 411 381 329
172
161
-6,1%
3,8
4,5
+17,6%
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211) TOP Importers 30 30 29 27
14
14
+0,2%
6,4
8,8
+38,5%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190) TOP Importers 48 48 47 53
26
29
+13,7%
26
29
+13,7%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %) 26 24 27 22
11
26
+126,3%
1,8
2,2
+20,6%
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
70 152 146 126
74
98
+31,2%
5,7
8,4
+48,5%
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
3,2 0,6 1,1 2,2
1,2
0,8
-30,9%
0,3
0,6
+108,5%
APPARENT DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Butter 152 144 149 152
Cheese 1.362 1.356 1.414
of which:
Fresh cheeses 592 589 623
Fermented milk (Yogurt and other) 558 572 531 511
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION (Kg) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Butter 2,5 2,4 2,5 2,5
Cheese 22 22 23
of which:
Fresh cheeses 9,8 9,7 10
Fermented milk (Yogurt and other) 9,2 9,4 8,8 8,4
% Self-sufficiency 80,6% 84,5% 83,5% 84,1%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 1,41% 1,73% 0,68% 0,30% -9,55% Jan-Dic 2020
CPI (consumer price index) -0,05% 1,33% 1,24% 0,63% -0,11% Jan-Dic 2020
Population ('000) 60.666 60.589 60.484 60.360
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 35.472 (e) 36.184 (e) 36.848 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 32.046(e) 32.030(e) 31.202(e)

Informative Note
(f): forecast
n.a.: not available

1) up to 2011/12/31 NC8 04013019+04013039+04013099; from 2012/01/01 NC8 04014090+04015019+04015039+04015099.
2) up to 2011/12/31 NC8 04013011+04013031+04013091; from 2012/01/01 NC8 04014010+04015011+04015031+04015091.
3) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04061020; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04061030 + 04061050;
4) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04062090; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04062000;
5) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04069087; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04069074 + 04069089;

NOTE:
     - Apparent domestic consumption are calculated using the following formula: Production + Import - Export
     - Per capita consumption are obtained dividing the apparent consumption by the population (Source Eurostat)
     - The self-sufficiency rate is calculated, up to 2019, on the total deliveries of cow’s milk + production of buffalo, sheep and goat’s milk. For 2020 it is calculated only on deliveries of cow’s milk.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Dairy cows: ISTAT; Deliveries to dairies: AGEA; Milk Production, % Protein and % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Import/Export di Breeding Heifers: ISTAT; Farm-gate milk price in Lombardy: Processed by CLAL; Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Milk Delivered to dairies: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_farm);
Dairy production: Processed by CLAL on ISTAT and Protection Consortium data;
Import: ISTAT
Export: ISTAT
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 29-09-2020
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Italy with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it