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Italy: Dairy sector

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Italy has a prominent position in the European dairy industry: it is the largest producer Country of PDO Cheeses.





This Country:
  • accounts for 9,5% of EU milk deliveries (year 2021),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME) for the 33,2% of the milk deliveries,
  • accounts for 5,7% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2021).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.


Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

ITALY: DAIRY SECTOR
(1° January - 31 December)
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Dairy cows ('000 head) (Al 1st December) 1.693 1.643 1.638
Slaughtered cow ('000) 573 545 526 562 217 244 +12,9% Jan-May 2022
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head) 1.142 442 896 1.451 664 2.372 +257,2% Jan-Jun 2022
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head) 24.232 18.605 41.100 17.428 9.291 9.261 -0,3% Jan-Jun 2022
Milk production 12.340 12.494 12.712 13.202
± % Over the same period of the previous year +1,3% +1,7% +3,9%
Deliveries to dairies 12.084 12.117 12.668 13.103 7.873 7.867 -0,1% Jan-Jul 2022
± % Over the same period of the previous year +0,3% +4,5% +3,4%
% Proteine 3,42% 3,43% 3,45% 3,44% 3,43% 3,44%   Jan-Jul 2022
% Materia Grassa 3,80% 3,81% 3,77% 3,76% 3,74% 3,75%   Jan-Jul 2022
Farm-gate prices of raw milk Lombardy (€ x 100 lt, + VAT not incl.) 37,38 40,63 37,13 38,33 37,89 48,78 +28,7% Jan-Sep 2022
± % Over the same period of the previous year +8,7% -8,6% +3,3%
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Number of Buffaloes ('000) 401 402 407 409
Buffalo's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1140A) 245 249 254 257
Buffalo's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1140D) 215 218 229 233
Number of Goats ('000) 986 1.059 1.066 1.061
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A) 62 62 61 61
Goat's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1130D) 43 44 44 43
Number of Sheeps ('000) 7.179 7.001 7.034 6.728
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A) 485 494 482 477
Sheep's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1120D) 463 468 453 450
Organic milk production (goat, sheep, cow) 588
DAIRY PRODUCTION ('000 Ton) 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Liquid milk 2.470 2.479 2.449 2.481 1.448 1.490 +2,9% Jan-Jul 2022
Cream 141 146 145 150 84 83 -0,8% Jan-Jul 2022
Butter 98 94 92 98 57 59 +2,4% Jan-Jul 2022
a)Cheese from cow milk 1.170 1.186 1.213 1.197 691 697 +0,9% Jan-Jul 2022
of which:
PDO 459 471 488 494
b)Cheese from other milk 138 141 132 177
of which:
PDO 89 83 88 94
Total Cheese[a+b] 1.308 1.327 1.345 1.374
-Hard cheeses of which: 481 488 493 502
Grana Padano PDO 191 199 204 203 144 140 (e) -2,7% Jan-Aug 2022
Parmigiano Reggiano PDO 148 150 157 164 111 111 (e) -0,3% Jan-Aug 2022
Pecorino Romano PDO (Dairy Season) 33 27 31 34 32 31 -5,4% Oct/21-Jun/22
Other sheep cheeses PDO (Toscano, Siciliano, Filiano, Sardo) 5,2 5,3 5,8 5,3
- Semi-hard cheeses of which: 96 99 91 96
Provolone Valpadana PDO 12 13 15 15 4,2 3,9 -8,2% Jan-Jun 2022
Fontina PDO 4,3 4,0 4,0 4,0
- Soft cheeses of which: 170 174 188 193
Taleggio PDO 8,8 8,8 8,4 8,7 5,4 5,3 -0,5% Jan-Aug 2022
Gorgonzola PDO 58 60 61 63 40 39 (e) -2,1% Jan-Aug 2022
- Fresh cheeses of which: 562 566 573 583
Mozzarella di Bufala Campana PDO 49 50 51 54 32 34 +6,5% Jan-Jul 2022
I° Classification
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111) 143 146 154 158
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112) 27 28 34 35
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113) 96 99 91 96
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114) 454 460 466 473
- Extra hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7115) 27 28 27 29
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116) 562 566 573 583
II° Classification
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121) 1.170 1.186 1.213 1.237
- Cheese from ewes milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7122) 76 78 73 74
- Cheese from goats milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7123) 7,2 7,4 6,8 7,1
- Others (cheese from buffalos'milk (pure) or mixed cheese) ( Cod. Eurostat D7129) 55 56 53 56
Processed cheese 49 53 54 55
Whey used for cottage cheese 814 899 853 852
Whey used for livestock 2.264 2.348 2.282 2.300
Concentrated whey 1.328 1.410 1.440 1.437
Whey powder and pieces 813 913 872 887
Milk based beverages 4,9 5,3 5,0 5,9
Other fresh products 7,5 7,0 7,1 8,1
Fermented milk (Yogurt and others) 276 253 279 284 165 167 +0,9% Jan-Jul 2022
IMPORT 2018 2019 2020 2021 Jan-Jun of which Extra EU
2021
2022
%
2021
2022
%
Bulk milk (NC8 04012099+04012019+04011090) TOP exporters 1.126 1.275 985 621
314
235
-25,2%
0,1
0,1
-6,5%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012099) TOP exporters 766 856 683 451
220
174
-21,3%
-
-
-
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012019) TOP exporters 13 25 11 3,1
0,7
0,6
-2,2%
-
-
-
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011090) TOP exporters 348 394 292 167
92
60
-34,8%
0,1
0,1
-6,5%
Milk packed (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters 359 319 322 266
136
138
+1,5%
0,0
0,0
-19,7%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012091) TOP exporters 122 117 122 103
53
50
-5,6%
0,0
0,0
-12,1%
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012011) TOP exporters 213 183 170 135
67
74
+9,8%
0,0
0,0
-26,3%
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011010) TOP exporters 24 19 29 28
15
14
-10,4%
-
-
-
Condensed milk (NC8 040291+040299) TOP exporters 21 20 29 35
19
17
-9,8%
0,0
0,0
+100,0%
Bulk Cream 1) TOP exporters 72 79 69 55
26
27
+5,8%
0,4
0,4
+3,2%
Packed Cream 2) TOP exporters 14 12 10,0 12
5,3
7,7
+45,0%
-
-
-
Yogurt (HS 040310) TOP exporters 168 164 167 178
93
91
-2,2%
0,0
0,0
-14,8%
Fermented milk (HS 040390) TOP exporters 92 83 94 97
50
56
+11,8%
0,0
0,1
+376,6%
Butter (HS 0405) TOP exporters 65 69 60 72
34
34
-0,5%
2,4
2,4
+1,5%
of which:
Butter 82% (NC8 04051019) TOP exporters 16 17 15 18
7,7
8,4
+9,8%
0,0
0,0
-0,4%
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP exporters 530 533 494 513
249
290
+16,4%
6,0
6,0
-0,2%
Edam cheese(NC8 04069023) TOP exporters 30 29 23 26
12
13
+4,8%
-
-
-
Emmental (NC8 04069013) TOP exporters 24 23 23 21
10
11
+5,5%
1,2
1,3
+4,2%
Hard cheeses (not PDO) (NC8 04069069) TOP exporters 26 28 25 26
13
13
+0,1%
-
-
-
Fresh cheeses (NC8 04061020)3 TOP exporters 208 208 194 198
96
108
+12,6%
0,6
0,5
-0,9%
Processed cheeses (NC8 040630) TOP exporters 35 37 34 36
18
20
+11,6%
0,3
0,4
+0,4%
Full fat cheeses (NC8 04069087)5 TOP exporters 34 34 31 30
15
14
-8,0%
0,4
0,6
+16,5%
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229) TOP exporters 34 32 31 35
17
18
+9,8%
-
-
-
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP exporters 88 84 74 90
43
49
+14,3%
-
-
-
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP exporters 113 107 114 123
62
72
+16,0%
0,1
0,0
-69,2%
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410) TOP exporters 59 64 72 80
43
53
+25,4%
0,1
0,0
-69,2%
Casein (HS 350110) TOP exporters 7,2 6,4 11 11
5,9
3,6
-38,7%
0,1
0,1
+34,3%
Caseinates (HS 350190) TOP exporters 2,0 2,1 1,7 1,9
0,9
1,1
+16,4%
-
-
-
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211) TOP exporters 15 19 16 15
8,5
7,5
-11,9%
0,2
0,5
+71,7%
Lactose edible (HS 170219) TOP exporters 0,7 1,8 1,9 1,1
0,5
1,4
+191,5%
0,0
0,0
+138,4%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190) TOP exporters 64 62 58 65
31
44
+43,3%
31
44
+20,3%
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220) TOP exporters 1,9 1,8 1,7 2,5
1,2
1,8
+50,5%
1,2
1,8
+24,8%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %) 38 21 24 22
12
7,9
-36,4%
0,0
0,0
-97,2%
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
5,1 9,8 15 16
10
19
+82,4%
0,0
0,0
-98,3%
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
4,0 4,7 4,0 2,9
1,4
1,9
+34,3%
0,0
0,0
-8,5%
EXPORT 2018 2019 2020 2021 Jan-Jun of which Extra EU
2021
2022
%
2021
2022
%
Milk packed (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP Importers 51 40 34 36
24
17
-28,5%
21
12
-42,2%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012091)
TOP Importers
36 27 21 22
17
9,3
-44,3%
16
8,2
-48,2%
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012011)
TOP Importers
9,2 9,7 9,5 9,9
5,2
4,5
-12,7%
4,0
2,9
-27,0%
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011010)
TOP Importers
6,1 3,3 3,3 3,4
1,9
3,2
+63,9%
1,0
0,9
-10,4%
Bulk milk (NC8 04012099+04012019+04011090) TOP Importers 4,9 6,3 14 12
4,9
13
+154,7%
1,7
1,0
-38,9%
Condensed milk (NC8 040291+040299) TOP Importers 5,8 1,1 1,2 4,5
3,0
1,3
-56,8%
2,7
0,1
-95,6%
Bulk Cream 1) TOP Importers 13 10 9,8 16
9,4
9,2
-1,8%
7,2
5,8
-19,9%
Packed Cream 2) TOP Importers 5,4 8,6 12 8,4
4,7
8,8
+87,6%
3,3
7,3
+123,1%
Yogurt (HS 040310) TOP Importers 4,8 4,5 5,0 5,2
2,6
3,0
+13,9%
0,4
0,4
-9,2%
Fermented milk (HS 040390) TOP Importers 2,7 3,5 3,8 3,2
1,7
1,3
-20,9%
0,9
0,7
-20,6%
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP Importers 9,5 7,7 7,2 7,2
3,4
4,2
+23,5%
0,3
0,4
+14,8%
Butter (HS 0405) TOP Importers 12 12 15 16
6,6
7,2
+8,3%
1,2
1,1
-8,4%
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP Importers 424 456 471 521
249
284
+14,1%
77
85
+10,0%
Asiago (NC8 04069075)
TOP Importers
1,8 1,9 1,8 1,7
0,9
0,9
+7,1%
0,6
0,5
-10,3%
Fiore sardo, Pecorino (NC8 04069063)
TOP Importers
16 21 19 21
9,3
9,3
+0,6%
6,6
6,5
-1,4%
Fresh cheeses (NC8 04061020)3
TOP Importers
146 157 167 181
89
104
+17,6%
23
26
+13,0%
Grated or powdered cheeses (NC8 04062090)4
TOP Importers
46 50 52 57
27
31
+16,3%
5,2
7,1
+36,5%
Gorgonzola (NC8 04064050)
TOP Importers
22 23 24 25
12
13
+7,8%
1,7
1,7
-1,3%
G.Padano DOP e P.Reggiano DOP (NC8 04069061)
TOP Importers
95 96 99 104
50
55
+9,7%
21
23
+6,8%
Provolone (NC8 04069073)
TOP Importers
6,9 7,1 7,1 8,4
3,9
4,1
+6,0%
1,1
1,1
-5,3%
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP Importers 427 380 353 321
181
135
-25,2%
6,7
7,0
+4,8%
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410) TOP Importers 381 334 312 306
171
129
-24,8%
6,7
6,9
+4,1%
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211) TOP Importers 29 27 30 30
15
14
-6,7%
9,9
9,4
-4,9%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190) TOP Importers 47 53 59 68
34
36
+7,2%
34
36
+7,2%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %) 27 23 46 33
22
10
-53,5%
2,1
2,9
+41,8%
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
146 155 210 273
124
147
+18,5%
10
21
+111,2%
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
1,1 3,1 1,6 1,4
0,7
0,6
-7,8%
0,6
0,5
-13,3%
APPARENT DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Butter 151 151 137 154
Cheese 1.414 1.405 1.368 1.367
of which:
Fresh cheeses 623 616 601 599
Fermented milk (Yogurt and other) 529 492 530 550
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION (Kg) 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Butter 2,5 2,5 2,3 2,5
Cheese 23 23 23 23
of which:
Fresh cheeses 10 10 9,9 9,9
Fermented milk (Yogurt and other) 8,7 8,1 8,8 9,1
% Self-sufficiency 83,5% 85,0% 90,6% 94,5%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 0,81% 0,50% -9,09% 6,62% 3,53% Jan-Dic 2022
CPI (consumer price index) 1,24% 0,63% -0,15% 1,94% 7,90% Jan-Dic 2022
Population ('000) 60.484 59.817 59.641 59.236
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 34.918 33.628 (e) 31.707 (e) 35.473 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 29.567 30.037(e) 27.741(e) 29.992(e)

Informative Note
(f): forecast
n.a.: not available

1) up to 2011/12/31 NC8 04013019+04013039+04013099; from 2012/01/01 NC8 04014090+04015019+04015039+04015099.
2) up to 2011/12/31 NC8 04013011+04013031+04013091; from 2012/01/01 NC8 04014010+04015011+04015031+04015091.
3) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04061020; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04061030 + 04061050;
4) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04062090; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04062000;
5) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04069087; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04069074 + 04069089;
6) up to 2021/12/31 HS 040310; from 2022/01/01 HS 040320;

NOTE:
     - Apparent domestic consumption are calculated using the following formula: Production + Import - Export
     - Per capita consumption are obtained dividing the apparent consumption by the population (Source Eurostat)
     - The self-sufficiency rate is calculated, up to 2021, on the total deliveries of cow’s milk + production of buffalo, sheep and goat’s milk. For 2022 it is calculated only on deliveries of cow’s milk.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Dairy cows: ISTAT; Deliveries to dairies: AGEA; Milk Production, % Protein and % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Import/Export di Breeding Heifers: ISTAT; Farm-gate milk price in Lombardy: Processed by CLAL; Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Milk Delivered to dairies: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_farm); Organic Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: org_aprod);
Dairy production: Processed by CLAL on ISTAT and Protection Consortium data;
Import: ISTAT
Export: ISTAT
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 03-10-2022
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Italy with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it