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US: Cow's milk production

This page contains:
  • two graphs showing monthly production of cow's Milk in US over the last three years;
  • a chart comparing data for the annual production of cow's milk in the US and price trends for farm-gate milk (converted into Euros) over a given time period;
  • two tables giving us an overview of annual production, expressed in both tonnes and pounds, over a given period.

Farm Indicators»

N.B.:

Milk production in the United States has increased significantly over the past 20 years. The US production structure has undergone significant changes from the 1990s to the present day, with a sharp decrease in the number of dairy cows and producers. On the contrary, the quantity produced per capita has grown significantly (up 60% compared to the early 1980s) thanks, in particular, to technological advances, genetic research and business management improvements.

The type of business has also changed: the number of small and medium-sized businesses has decreased significantly while the number of large companies (those with over 500 head of cattle) has grown, accounting for almost 50% of the country's total milk production.

The companies tend to be located in States where the conditions for dairy production are better: California, Wisconsin, New York, Pennsylvania, Idaho, Minnesota, New Mexico, Michigan, Texas and Washington guarantee 71% of the entire national production.
The companies expand their production mainly in the Western US States, where there are four general factors that appeal to producers:
  • availability of land and water,
  • infrastructure,
  • a favourable climate,
  • optimised business management practices.
Together with best business management practices, the opportunity to use land that is far away from residential areas (due to low competition for land use) has significantly reduced farm-gate milk production costs, especially in California.
Production costs have been considerably lowered thanks to the following factors in particular:
  • the presence of major infrastructures (services, technical support, livestock assistance),
  • the enhancement of production efficiency (in-house production versus outsourcing),
  • the quality of animal feeds,
  • favourable federal legislation within these particular States,
  • tax incentives.
The market impact of competitive prices in western regions has also affected producers throughout the rest of the country.

(May 2010)
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Show/Hide the Monthly moving average

USA: Milk Supply
MONTHLY MOVING AVERAGE
LAST 12 MONTHS LAST 6 MONTHS LAST 2 MONTHS
Month 2006 2011 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 ± % on
2020
± % on
2019
January 6.962 7.437 8.019 8.228 8.360 8.442 8.563 8.695(p) +1,6% +3,0%
February 6.463 6.838 7.665 7.574 7.700 7.696 8.117
March 7.243 7.707 8.346 8.509 8.613 8.549 8.801
April 7.047 7.556 8.143 8.327 8.358 8.362 8.475
May 7.285 7.838 8.442 8.599 8.674 8.646 8.606
June 6.953 7.491 8.062 8.198 8.292 8.268 8.353
July 6.875 7.474 8.120 8.287 8.315 8.337 8.508
August 6.825 7.450 8.021 8.182 8.277 8.289 8.451
September 6.565 7.158 7.701 7.771 7.891 7.983 8.179
October 6.731 7.381 7.961 8.058 8.107 8.227 8.438
November 6.580 7.176 7.768 7.831 7.861 7.937 8.211
December 6.928 7.516 8.098 8.199 8.242 8.346 8.551
Jan 6.962 7.437 8.019 8.228 8.360 8.442 8.563 8.695
% y-o-y ¹ +9,6% +6,8% +7,8% +2,6% +1,6% +1,0% +1,4% +1,6%
Total Year 82.456 89.021 96.346 97.762 98.688 99.084 101.252
% y-o-y ¹ +9,9% +8,0% +8,2% +1,5% +0,9% +0,4% +2,2%
Last Update: 24-02-2021
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for years 2006, 2011, 2016, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
(p) = provisional
Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service
  = Min Production in the last 5 years
  = Max Production in the last 5 years
Month 2006 2011 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 ± % on
2020
± % on
2019
January 15.348 16.396 17.679 18.140 18.431 18.612 18.877 19.170(p) +1,6% +3,0%
February 14.248 15.075 16.898 16.698 16.976 16.966 17.895
March 15.967 16.990 18.399 18.758 18.988 18.847 19.402
April 15.535 16.657 17.952 18.357 18.425 18.435 18.684
May 16.061 17.279 18.612 18.958 19.122 19.062 18.972
June 15.329 16.514 17.773 18.073 18.280 18.228 18.414
July 15.156 16.478 17.902 18.270 18.331 18.379 18.756
August 15.046 16.425 17.684 18.037 18.247 18.275 18.632
September 14.473 15.780 16.977 17.131 17.396 17.600 18.031
October 14.839 16.272 17.550 17.765 17.872 18.138 18.603
November 14.507 15.820 17.126 17.265 17.330 17.499 18.103
December 15.273 16.569 17.853 18.075 18.170 18.400 18.851
Jan 15.348 16.396 17.679 18.140 18.431 18.612 18.877 19.170
% y-o-y ¹ +9,6% +6,8% +7,8% +2,6% +1,6% +1,0% +1,4% +1,6%
Total Year 181.782 196.255 212.405 215.527 217.568 218.441 223.220
% y-o-y ¹ +9,9% +8,0% +8,2% +1,5% +0,9% +0,4% +2,2%
Last Update: 24-02-2021
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for years 2006, 2011, 2016, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
*: Conversion: 1 Kg = 2.2046 Pounds
(p) = provisional
Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service
  = Min Production in the last 5 years
  = Max Production in the last 5 years