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US: Cow's milk production

This page contains:
  • two graphs showing monthly production of cow's Milk in US over the last three years;
  • a chart comparing data for the annual production of cow's milk in the US and price trends for farm-gate milk (converted into Euros) over a given time period;
  • two tables giving us an overview of annual production, expressed in both tonnes and pounds, over a given period.

Farm Indicators»

N.B.:

Milk production in the United States has increased significantly over the past 20 years. The US production structure has undergone significant changes from the 1990s to the present day, with a sharp decrease in the number of dairy cows and producers. On the contrary, the quantity produced per capita has grown significantly (up 60% compared to the early 1980s) thanks, in particular, to technological advances, genetic research and business management improvements.

The type of business has also changed: the number of small and medium-sized businesses has decreased significantly while the number of large companies (those with over 500 head of cattle) has grown, accounting for almost 50% of the country's total milk production.

The companies tend to be located in States where the conditions for dairy production are better: California, Wisconsin, New York, Pennsylvania, Idaho, Minnesota, New Mexico, Michigan, Texas and Washington guarantee 71% of the entire national production.
The companies expand their production mainly in the Western US States, where there are four general factors that appeal to producers:
  • availability of land and water,
  • infrastructure,
  • a favourable climate,
  • optimised business management practices.
Together with best business management practices, the opportunity to use land that is far away from residential areas (due to low competition for land use) has significantly reduced farm-gate milk production costs, especially in California.
Production costs have been considerably lowered thanks to the following factors in particular:
  • the presence of major infrastructures (services, technical support, livestock assistance),
  • the enhancement of production efficiency (in-house production versus outsourcing),
  • the quality of animal feeds,
  • favourable federal legislation within these particular States,
  • tax incentives.
The market impact of competitive prices in western regions has also affected producers throughout the rest of the country.

(May 2010)
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USA: Milk Supply
MONTHLY MOVING AVERAGE
LAST 12 MONTHS LAST 6 MONTHS LAST 2 MONTHS
Month 2007 2012 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 ± % on
2021
± % on
2020
January 7.079 7.733 8.228 8.360 8.442 8.562 8.784 8.636 -1,7% +0,9%
February 6.497 7.413 7.574 7.700 7.696 8.119 8.022 7.953 -0,9% -2,1%
March 7.318 8.050 8.509 8.613 8.549 8.798 8.980 8.942 -0,4% +1,6%
April 7.151 7.828 8.327 8.358 8.362 8.466 8.777 8.686(p) -1,0% +2,6%
May 7.346 7.997 8.599 8.674 8.646 8.609 9.006
June 7.021 7.581 8.198 8.292 8.268 8.346 8.592
July 7.128 7.534 8.287 8.315 8.337 8.500 8.662
August 7.042 7.453 8.182 8.277 8.289 8.451 8.492
September 6.745 7.127 7.771 7.891 7.983 8.178 8.173
October 6.981 7.383 8.058 8.107 8.227 8.441 8.447
November 6.811 7.264 7.831 7.861 7.937 8.217 8.172
December 7.092 7.648 8.199 8.242 8.346 8.605 8.523
Jan-Apr 28.045 31.023 32.638 33.031 33.049 33.945 34.563 34.218
% y-o-y ¹ +8,3% +10,6% +5,2% +1,2% +0,1% +2,7% +1,8% -1,0%
Total Year 84.212 91.011 97.762 98.688 99.084 101.292 102.630
% y-o-y ¹ +9,2% +8,1% +7,4% +0,9% +0,4% +2,2% +1,3%
Last Update: 19-05-2022
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for years 2007, 2012, 2017, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
(p) = provisional
Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service
  = Min Production in the last 5 years
  = Max Production in the last 5 years
Month 2007 2012 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 ± % on
2021
± % on
2020
January 15.607 17.048 18.140 18.431 18.612 18.875 19.365 19.040 -1,7% +0,9%
February 14.323 16.342 16.698 16.976 16.966 17.900 17.685 17.533 -0,9% -2,1%
March 16.133 17.746 18.758 18.988 18.847 19.395 19.797 19.713 -0,4% +1,6%
April 15.765 17.257 18.357 18.425 18.435 18.665 19.350 19.150(p) -1,0% +2,6%
May 16.194 17.631 18.958 19.122 19.062 18.980 19.855
June 15.479 16.712 18.073 18.280 18.228 18.400 18.942
July 15.715 16.610 18.270 18.331 18.379 18.740 19.097
August 15.525 16.431 18.037 18.247 18.275 18.630 18.721
September 14.871 15.713 17.131 17.396 17.600 18.030 18.018
October 15.391 16.277 17.765 17.872 18.138 18.609 18.623
November 15.016 16.015 17.265 17.330 17.499 18.115 18.015
December 15.635 16.860 18.075 18.170 18.400 18.970 18.790
Jan-Apr 61.828 68.393 71.953 72.820 72.860 74.835 76.197 75.436
% y-o-y ¹ +8,3% +10,6% +5,2% +1,2% +0,1% +2,7% +1,8% -1,0%
Total Year 185.654 200.642 215.527 217.568 218.441 223.309 226.258
% y-o-y ¹ +9,2% +8,1% +7,4% +0,9% +0,4% +2,2% +1,3%
Last Update: 19-05-2022
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for years 2007, 2012, 2017, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
*: Conversion: 1 Kg = 2.2046 Pounds
(p) = provisional
Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service
  = Min Production in the last 5 years
  = Max Production in the last 5 years