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US: dairy sector

This page contains data regarding key components of the United States dairy industry over a given time period.


The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints:
    the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, imports, exports and domestic consumption;

  • on the other hand, it exemplifies the framework of a market that equates large domestic consumption figures (supported by import volumes) to large production figures.

US: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Number of cows ('000 head) 9.315 9.341 9.419 9.359 9.435 9.351 -0,9% Jan-May 2019
Cow's milk production 94.619 96.346 97.762 98.691 41.705 41.724 +0,0% Jan-May 2019
± % Over the same period of the previous year +1,8% +1,5% +1,0%
Farm-gate milk price € x 100 Kg ** 33,99 32,41 34,52 30,39 28,62 33,80 +18,1% Jan-May 2019
± % Over the same period of the previous year -4,7% +6,5% -12,0%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Liquid milk 22.697 22.543 22.058
Yogurt (plain and flavoured) 2.107 2.022 2.031 1.990
Fresh cheese (Curd, Lowfat and Creamed Cottage Cheese) 490 501 483 498
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 225 215 176 194
Butter 839 834 838 858 398 388 -2,5% Jan-May 2019
Cheese 5.367 5.526 5.733 5.908 2.433 2.449 +0,7% Jan-May 2019
WMP (whole milk powder) 49 45 56 65 40 43 +7,7% Jan-May 2019
NDM (skimmed milk powder) 827 795 832 804 376 376 -0,0% Jan-May 2019
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 202 254 240 257 102 89 -11,9% Jan-May 2019
Whey powder 443 433 470 453 201 175 -12,8% Jan-May 2019
Lactose 476 498 510 525 214 246 +14,9% Jan-May 2019
WPC (Whey Protein Concentrate) 224 212 222 233 100 94 -5,9% Jan-May 2019
EXPORT 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
96
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
9,5 28 31 24 9,5 10 +7,7% Jan-May 2019
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
21 17 17 15 6,5 6,6 +1,5% Jan-May 2019
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
26 29 34 52 20 14 -27,4% Jan-May 2019
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
6,1 11 10 24 7,5 5,2 -31,4% Jan-May 2019
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
318 289 342 350 152 165 +8,5% Jan-May 2019
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
558 594 608 715 329 286 -13,0% Jan-May 2019
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
34 32 27 42 21 12 -42,9% Jan-May 2019
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
441 493 540 541 253 181 -28,7% Jan-May 2019
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP importers
410 471 517 508 241 166 -31,1% Jan-May 2019
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP importers
0,8 1,9 1,3 1,9 0,5 0,8 +55,6% Jan-May 2019
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP importers
2,8 2,4 1,9 2,0 1,1 0,8 -26,2% Jan-May 2019
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
236 263 270 306 134 119 -11,1% Jan-May 2019
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP importers
124 99 92 87 41 34 -18,8% Jan-May 2019
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
34 32 33 34 16 15 -5,2% Jan-May 2019
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP importers
15 15 16 16 6,7 6,7 +0,9% Jan-May 2019
FFMP (HS 190190)
TOP importers
194 181 195 169 70 72 +3,1% Jan-May 2019
IMPORT 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP exporters
3,3
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
6,9 9,7 14 27 13 6,0 -54,9% Jan-May 2019
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP exporters
30 32 34 37 15 16 +11,5% Jan-May 2019
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
41 47 44 58 19 27 +46,8% Jan-May 2019
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP exporters
17 19 13 20 7,1 8,6 +21,7% Jan-May 2019
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
200 205 183 176 67 68 +1,0% Jan-May 2019
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
2,7 0,6 1,3 1,2 0,5 0,4 -14,6% Jan-May 2019
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
12 17 22 8,8 3,3 4,7 +41,2% Jan-May 2019
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
74 77 85 81 39 38 -0,6% Jan-May 2019
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP exporters
28 33 43 43 18 20 +12,4% Jan-May 2019
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP exporters
60 56 50 46 20 21 +1,7% Jan-May 2019
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP exporters
25 24 24 20 8,4 7,1 -15,9% Jan-May 2019
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
5,1 3,6 3,2 2,3 0,7 1,4 +103,0% Jan-May 2019
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP exporters
0,6 0,2 0,7 0,4 0,1 0,1 -19,5% Jan-May 2019
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
3,2 3,7 5,9 6,0 2,9 1,2 -57,7% Jan-May 2019
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP exporters
5,8 12 17 17 7,0 10 +45,8% Jan-May 2019
FFMP (HS 190190)
TOP exporters
124 136 144 162 64 74 +15,8% Jan-May 2019
STOCK (al 31 December) 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Butter 70 75 77 81 154 142 -7,2% May 2019
Cheese (no fresh cheese) 520 544 581 610 628 629 +0,1% May 2019
SMP Human Use 93 102 145 125 123 128 +4,2% May 2019
SMP Animal Use 0,7 0,9 0,8 7,3 1,4 0,9 -38,4% May 2019
WMP (Whole Milk Powder) 5,2 6,1 14 7,1 27 21 -23,2% May 2019
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 20 19 17 19
Whey Powder Human Use 32 29 44 32 30 29 -4,5% May 2019
Whey Powder Animal Use 1,0 0,8 0,8 0,4 1,0 0,6 -43,2% May 2019
WPC 33 28 38 30 32 27 -15,9% May 2019
I° Classification
- WPC Human Use 33 28 38 29 32 27 -15,7% May 2019
- WPC Animal Use 0,4 0,3 0,3 0,5 0,4 0,2 -34,1% May 2019
2° Classification
- WPC 25-49.9% s.s. 12 10 11 11 9,2 11 +21,1% May 2019
- WPC 50-89.9% s.s. 21 18 27 18 23 16 -30,7% May 2019
Lactose 47 50 61 48 48 56 +16,2% May 2019
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
Cheese 5.149 5.379 5.492 5.667 5.667 5.849 +3,2% Jan-Dec 2019
Butter 831 850 849 862 862 899 +4,3% Jan-Dec 2019
SMP 489 447 425 370 370 407 +10,0% Jan-Dec 2019
WMP 49 40 50 52 52 43 -17,3% Jan-Dec 2019
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
Cheese 16,09 16,70 16,93 17,34
Butter 2,60 2,64 2,62 2,64
SMP 1,53 1,39 1,31 1,13
WMP 0,15 0,12 0,15 0,16
% Self-sufficiency 108,3% 108,0% 108,7% 110,5%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 2,88% 1,57% 2,22% 2,86% 2,45% Jan-Dic 2019
CPI (consumer price index) 0,12% 1,26% 2,13% 2,44% 1,90% Jan-Dic 2019
Population ('000) 319.929 322.180 324.459 326.767
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 55.837 (e) 58.436 (e) 61.134 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 50.326(e) 52.793(e) 55.642(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
** Fluid Grade
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Vedi Metric Conversion Factors
METRIC CONVERSION FACTORS
1 Hectare = 2.4710 Acres; 1 Kilogram = 2.2046 Pounds
1 Metric Ton:=Domestic Unit*Factor
Wheat & Soybeans:=bushels*0.027216
Rice:=cwt*0.045359
Rapeseed & Sunflowerseed:=cwt*0.045359
Corn, Sorghum & Rye:=bushels*0.025401
Barley:=bushels*0.021772
Oats:=bushels*0.014515
Sugar:=short tons*0.907185
Cotton:=480-lb bales*0.217720
UK cwt: in UK CWT is "long hundred weight" (long is equivalent to gross) = 112 lbs, that equals to 50.8024 Kg.
USA cwt : in USA CWT is "short hundred weight" (short is equivalent to net)=100 lbs, that equals to 45.3592 Kg.

Source:
Raw material area: USDA, ERS; Cow's milk production: National Agricultural Statistics Service
Dairy production: National Agricultural Statistics Service and USDA
Export and Import: Census Bureau
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: FAO
Note: The Self-sufficiency rate at the moment does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190, milk powder that has a fat content similar to whole milk powder, but instead of butterfat contains vegetable fats.

Last update: 2019-07-19
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the United States with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it