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Australia: dairy sector


This page contains data regarding key components of the Australian dairy industry over a given time period.


The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it describes the products that this industry produces, including commodities and various derivatives (butter, concentrated butter, cheese, milk powder, whey powder, casein, etc.);

  • on the other hand, it shows the overall exports of processed products - due to surplus production in relation to the population.

AUSTRALIA: DAIRY SECTOR
  '000 Ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Dairy cows ('000 head) 1.562 1.520 1.520 1.525 (s)
(Dairy Season)1) (2015/16) (2016/17) (2017/18) (2018/19)
Milk production (Million liters) 9.841 9.211 9.200 9.176 7.383 6.809 -7,8% Jan-Oct 2019
± % Over the same period of the previous year -6,4% -0,1% -0,3%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Liquid milk 2.520 2.505
(Dairy Season)1) (2015/16) (2016/17)
Butter 83 74 57 52 26 15 -43,1% Jan-Jun 2019
Butteroil 16 13 9,6 11 5,1 4,3 -15,0% Jan-Jun 2019
Cheese 324 326 348 367 169 166 -2,2% Jan-Jun 2019
WMP (whole milk powder) 85 56 77 63 30 15 -50,4% Jan-Jun 2019
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 266 238 187 201 74 50 -32,5% Jan-Jun 2019
BMP (butter milk powder) 11 9,8 7,1 6,2 2,9 1,6 -46,3% Jan-Jun 2019
Whey powder 47 49 49 50 23 21 -7,3% Jan-Jun 2019
EXPORT 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Bulk and packed milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
152 176 199 212 171 201 +17,5% Jan-Oct 2019
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
9,8 9,8 8,7 8,3 7,2 6,3 -11,7% Jan-Oct 2019
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
34 31 16 16 13 15 +17,8% Jan-Oct 2019
di cui:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
10 8,4 4,6 5,6 4,7 5,0 +4,8% Jan-Oct 2019
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
171 167 171 172 139 131 -6,0% Jan-Oct 2019
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
65 70 55 55 48 34 -27,6% Jan-Oct 2019
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
20 31 39 37 30 42 +39,3% Jan-Oct 2019
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
201 163 157 155 125 107 -15,0% Jan-Oct 2019
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
28 44 33 40 33 26 -21,4% Jan-Oct 2019
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
5,6 5,8 4,1 5,9 5,0 2,8 -43,9% Jan-Oct 2019
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
10 22 28 45 32 42 +32,7% Jan-Oct 2019
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP importers
68 82 85 80 69 58 -15,1% Jan-Oct 2019
IMPORT 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
2,6 2,7 3,0 3,2 2,6 2,8 +5,2% Jan-Oct 2019
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
21 29 34 40 33 30 -9,6% Jan-Oct 2019
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
89 99 116 98 83 81 -2,2% Jan-Oct 2019
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
11 16 28 28 23 29 +25,2% Jan-Oct 2019
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
9,5 6,4 8,1 13 11 12 +18,7% Jan-Oct 2019
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
13 17 18 16 14 13 -10,1% Jan-Oct 2019
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
21 7,4 18 10 8,1 4,5 -44,9% Jan-Oct 2019
Lactose edible (HS 170219)
TOP exporters
5,9 10 5,5 14 12 7,9 -36,4% Jan-Oct 2019
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
23 33 38 36 30 30 +1,3% Jan-Oct 2019
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP exporters
12 14 19 23 19 18 -4,8% Jan-Oct 2019
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
Cheese 270 275 291 293 293 305 +4,1% Jan-Dec 2019
Butter 94 102 115 117 117 110 -6,0% Jan-Dec 2019
SMP 85 75 46 48 48 50 +4,2% Jan-Dec 2019
WMP 30 30 32 35 35 37 +5,7% Jan-Dec 2019
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
Cheese 11,34 11,40 11,90 11,83
Butter 3,95 4,23 4,70 4,72
SMP 3,57 3,11 1,88 1,94
WMP 1,26 1,24 1,31 1,41
% Self-sufficiency 151,8% 146,2% 138,4% 140,3%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
Population ('000) 23.800 24.126 24.451 24.772
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 70.605 (e) 71.837 (e) 73.189 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 63.636(e) 64.899(e) 66.615(e)
1) Dairy Season: July 1st - June 30th

(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
(s): estimated
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw material area: ABARES; Dairy Australia
Source Dairy production: ABARES; Australian Bureau of Statistics; Dairy Australia
Source Export: IHS;
Source Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Last update: 2019-12-12
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Australia with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it