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Australia: dairy sector


This page contains data regarding key components of the Australian dairy industry over a given time period.


The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it describes the products that this industry produces, including commodities and various derivatives (butter, concentrated butter, cheese, milk powder, whey powder, casein, etc.);

  • on the other hand, it shows the overall exports of processed products - due to surplus production in relation to the population.

AUSTRALIA: DAIRY SECTOR
  '000 Ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Dairy cows ('000 head) 1.562 1.520 1.520 1.525 (s)
(Dairy Season)1) (2015/16) (2016/17) (2017/18) (2018/19)
Milk production (Million liters) 9.841 9.211 9.194 9.026 3.404 2.995 -12,0% Jan-May 2019
± % Over the same period of the previous year -6,4% -0,2% -1,8%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Liquid milk 2.520 2.505
(Dairy Season)1) (2015/16) (2016/17)
Butter 83 74 57 52 13 7,5 -41,0% Jan-Mar 2019
Butteroil 16 13 9,6 11 2,7 2,2 -16,4% Jan-Mar 2019
Cheese 324 326 348 367 85 85 -0,2% Jan-Mar 2019
WMP (whole milk powder) 85 56 77 63 16 5,5 -66,4% Jan-Mar 2019
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 266 238 187 201 31 28 -11,6% Jan-Mar 2019
BMP (butter milk powder) 11 9,8 7,1 6,2 1,5 0,9 -43,7% Jan-Mar 2019
Whey powder 47 49 49 50 11 11 -0,7% Jan-Mar 2019
EXPORT 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Bulk and packed milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
152 176 199 212 98 115 +17,0% Jan-Jun 2019
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
9,8 9,8 8,7 8,3 4,6 4,1 -9,5% Jan-Jun 2019
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
34 31 16 16 7,5 11 +51,1% Jan-Jun 2019
di cui:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
10 8,4 4,6 5,6 2,8 3,8 +33,8% Jan-Jun 2019
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
171 167 171 172 86 80 -6,6% Jan-Jun 2019
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
65 70 55 55 34 23 -31,4% Jan-Jun 2019
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
20 31 39 37 16 23 +45,7% Jan-Jun 2019
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
201 163 157 155 78 75 -4,3% Jan-Jun 2019
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
28 44 33 40 19 18 -6,1% Jan-Jun 2019
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
5,6 5,8 4,1 5,9 3,3 2,4 -26,4% Jan-Jun 2019
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
10 22 28 45 14 29 +100,0% Jan-Jun 2019
IMPORT 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
2,6 2,7 3,0 3,2 1,6 1,6 +3,0% Jan-Jun 2019
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
21 29 34 40 21 18 -11,4% Jan-Jun 2019
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
89 99 116 98 56 52 -7,3% Jan-Jun 2019
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
11 16 28 28 13 16 +20,8% Jan-Jun 2019
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
9,5 6,4 8,1 13 6,8 7,0 +2,5% Jan-Jun 2019
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
13 17 18 16 9,0 7,1 -20,7% Jan-Jun 2019
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
21 7,4 18 10 5,4 1,9 -65,2% Jan-Jun 2019
Lactose edible (HS 170219)
TOP exporters
5,9 10 5,5 14 7,0 3,7 -47,6% Jan-Jun 2019
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
23 33 38 36 20 18 -10,6% Jan-Jun 2019
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
Cheese 270 275 291 293 293 305 +4,1% Jan-Dec 2019
Butter 94 102 115 117 117 110 -6,0% Jan-Dec 2019
SMP 85 75 46 48 48 50 +4,2% Jan-Dec 2019
WMP 30 30 32 35 35 37 +5,7% Jan-Dec 2019
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
Cheese 11,34 11,40 11,90 11,83
Butter 3,95 4,23 4,70 4,72
SMP 3,57 3,11 1,88 1,94
WMP 1,26 1,24 1,31 1,41
% Self-sufficiency 151,8% 146,2% 138,4% 141,3%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
Population ('000) 23.800 24.126 24.451 24.772
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 70.605 (e) 71.837 (e) 73.189 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 63.636(e) 64.899(e) 66.615(e)
1) Dairy Season: July 1st - June 30th

(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
(s): estimated
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw material area: ABARES; Dairy Australia
Source Dairy production: ABARES; Australian Bureau of Statistics; Dairy Australia
Source Export: IHS;
Source Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Last update: 2019-08-23
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Australia with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it