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Australia: dairy sector


This page contains data regarding key components of the Australian dairy industry over a given time period.


The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it describes the products that this industry produces, including commodities and various derivatives (butter, concentrated butter, cheese, milk powder, whey powder, casein, etc.);

  • on the other hand, it shows the overall exports of processed products - due to surplus production in relation to the population.

AUSTRALIA: DAIRY SECTOR
  '000 Ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Dairy cows ('000 head) 1.520 1.547 1.440
(Dairy Season)1) (2016/17) (2017/18) (2018/19)
Milk production (Million liters) 9.211 9.200 9.176 8.574 728 731 +0,5% Jan 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year -0,1% -0,3% -6,6%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Liquid milk 2.508 2.548
(Dairy Season)1) (2016/17) (2017/18)
Butter 74 57 52 23
Butteroil 13 9,6 11 5,9
Cheese 326 348 367 250
WMP (whole milk powder) 56 77 63 22
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 238 187 201 88
BMP (butter milk powder) 9,8 7,1 6,2 2,4
Whey powder 49 49 50 31
EXPORT 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Bulk and packed milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
176 199 212 238 13 16 +18,6% Jan 2020
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
9,8 8,7 8,3 7,8 0,8 0,4 -44,5% Jan 2020
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
31 16 16 17 1,5 0,6 -60,4% Jan 2020
di cui:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
8,4 4,6 5,6 5,7 0,6 0,3 -52,9% Jan 2020
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
167 171 172 160 11 11 +1,4% Jan 2020
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
70 55 58 45 2,3 5,1 +125,8% Jan 2020
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
31 39 37 50 4,1 1,6 -60,6% Jan 2020
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
163 157 155 128 19 11 -45,5% Jan 2020
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
44 33 40 30 4,6 3,6 -22,1% Jan 2020
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
5,8 4,1 5,9 3,2 0,5 0,0 -95,0% Jan 2020
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
22 28 45 50 5,8 2,2 -62,3% Jan 2020
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP importers
82 85 80 71 6,6 5,0 -23,5% Jan 2020
IMPORT 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
2,7 3,0 3,2 3,4 0,3 0,3 -3,9% Jan 2020
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
29 34 40 39 3,4 4,6 +32,5% Jan 2020
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
99 116 98 97 9,4 10,0 +6,4% Jan 2020
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
16 28 30 37 2,2 5,3 +143,6% Jan 2020
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
6,4 8,1 13 15 1,4 2,1 +48,0% Jan 2020
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
17 18 16 15 1,2 1,6 +26,6% Jan 2020
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
7,4 18 10 6,0 0,8 0,4 -44,5% Jan 2020
Lactose edible (HS 170219)
TOP exporters
10 5,5 14 8,6 0,6 1,0 +61,4% Jan 2020
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
33 38 36 36 3,5 3,1 -13,1% Jan 2020
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP exporters
14 19 23 22 1,7 1,7 +2,4% Jan 2020
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
Cheese 275 291 294 305 305 310 +1,6% Jan-Dec 2020
Butter 102 115 117 115 115 110 -4,3% Jan-Dec 2020
SMP 75 46 48 45 45 48 +6,7% Jan-Dec 2020
WMP 30 32 35 37 37 35 -5,4% Jan-Dec 2020
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
Cheese 11,40 11,90 11,87  
Butter 4,23 4,70 4,72  
SMP 3,11 1,88 1,94  
WMP 1,24 1,31 1,41  
% Self-sufficiency 146,2% 138,4% 140,6% 133,2%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
Population ('000) 24.126 24.451 24.772
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 71.837 (e) 73.189 (e) 74.635 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 64.899(e) 64.788(e) 63.199(e)
1) Dairy Season: July 1st - June 30th

(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
(s): estimated
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw material area: ABARES; Dairy Australia
Source Dairy production: ABARES; Australian Bureau of Statistics; Dairy Australia
Source Export: IHS;
Source Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Last update: 2020-03-27
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Australia with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it