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Australia: dairy sector


This page contains data regarding key components of the Australian dairy industry over a given time period.


The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it describes the products that this industry produces, including commodities and various derivatives (butter, concentrated butter, cheese, milk powder, whey powder, casein, etc.);

  • on the other hand, it shows the overall exports of processed products - due to surplus production in relation to the population.

AUSTRALIA: DAIRY SECTOR
  '000 Ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Dairy cows ('000 head) 1.547 1.428 1.411
(Dairy Season)1) (2017/18) (2018/19) (2019/20)
Milk production (Million liters) 9.200 9.176 8.588 8.834 3.276 3.302 +0,8% Jan-May 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year -0,3% -6,4% +2,9%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Liquid milk 2.548
(Dairy Season)1) (2017/18)
Butter 57 52 40 46 8,1 9,2 +13,7% Jan-Mar 2021
Butteroil 9,6 11 8,1 7,3 1,8 2,3 +23,4% Jan-Mar 2021
Cheese 348 367 364 373 88 86 -3,0% Jan-Mar 2021
WMP (whole milk powder) 77 63 37 47 10 14 +39,0% Jan-Mar 2021
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 187 201 149 135 22 24 +7,0% Jan-Mar 2021
BMP (butter milk powder) 7,1 6,2 4,3 4,8 0,8 1,1 +32,1% Jan-Mar 2021
Whey powder 49 50 49 52 12 11 -7,1% Jan-Mar 2021
EXPORT 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Bulk and packed milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
199 212 238 253 86 103 +19,4% Jan-May 2021
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
8,7 8,3 7,8 8,9 2,7 5,0 +88,6% Jan-May 2021
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
16 16 17 16 3,7 11 +206,3% Jan-May 2021
di cui:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
4,6 5,6 5,7 3,8 0,8 2,6 +221,7% Jan-May 2021
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
171 172 160 153 63 68 +9,2% Jan-May 2021
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
55 55 42 37 15 23 +50,2% Jan-May 2021
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
39 37 50 50 16 19 +18,3% Jan-May 2021
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
157 155 128 129 53 76 +41,6% Jan-May 2021
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
33 40 30 35 15 16 +11,5% Jan-May 2021
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
4,1 5,9 3,2 7,7 1,9 2,3 +20,2% Jan-May 2021
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
28 45 50 30 18 9,0 -49,3% Jan-May 2021
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP importers
85 80 71 58 27 21 -20,6% Jan-May 2021
IMPORT 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
3,0 3,2 3,4 2,9 1,2 1,2 +1,5% Jan-May 2021
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
34 40 39 41 18 15 -17,1% Jan-May 2021
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
116 98 97 98 45 44 -3,0% Jan-May 2021
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
28 28 37 43 21 14 -32,5% Jan-May 2021
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
8,1 13 15 16 7,0 5,8 -17,5% Jan-May 2021
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
18 16 15 13 5,8 5,8 -1,2% Jan-May 2021
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
18 10 6,0 8,4 2,4 1,6 -34,1% Jan-May 2021
Lactose edible (HS 170219)
TOP exporters
5,5 14 8,6 6,5 3,2 2,9 -9,1% Jan-May 2021
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
38 36 36 32 17 7,0 -58,2% Jan-May 2021
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP exporters
19 23 22 25 8,3 12 +43,5% Jan-May 2021
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Cheese 291 293 297 305 305 310 +1,6% Jan-Dec 2021
Butter 115 117 104 105 105 105 0,0% Jan-Dec 2021
SMP 46 48 45 43 43 45 +4,7% Jan-Dec 2021
WMP 32 35 33 40 40 40 0,0% Jan-Dec 2021
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Cheese 11,84 11,77 11,78 11,96
Butter 4,68 4,70 4,13 4,12
SMP 1,87 1,93 1,79 1,69
WMP 1,30 1,41 1,31 1,57
% Self-sufficiency 138,4% 140,3% 132,7% 128,7%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Population ('000) 24.585 24.898 25.203 25.500
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 73.189 (e) 74.635 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 64.788(e) 63.199(e)
1) Dairy Season: July 1st - June 30th

(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
(s): estimated
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw material area: ABARES; Dairy Australia
Source Dairy production: ABARES; Australian Bureau of Statistics; Dairy Australia
Source Export: IHS;
Source Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Last update: 2021-07-31
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Australia with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it