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Australia: dairy sector


This page contains data regarding key components of the Australian dairy industry over a given time period.


The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it describes the products that this industry produces, including commodities and various derivatives (butter, concentrated butter, cheese, milk powder, whey powder, casein, etc.);

  • on the other hand, it shows the overall exports of processed products - due to surplus production in relation to the population.

AUSTRALIA: DAIRY SECTOR
  '000 Ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Dairy cows ('000 head) 1.547 1.428 1.411
(Dairy Season)1) (2017/18) (2018/19) (2019/20)
Milk production (Million liters) 9.200 9.176 8.588 8.831 1.359 1.378 +1,4% Jan-Feb 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year -0,3% -6,4% +2,8%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Liquid milk 2.548
(Dairy Season)1) (2017/18)
Butter 57 52 40 27
Butteroil 9,6 11 8,1 5,1
Cheese 348 367 364 261
WMP (whole milk powder) 77 63 37 34
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 187 201 149 76
BMP (butter milk powder) 7,1 6,2 4,3 2,7
Whey powder 49 50 49 36
EXPORT 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Bulk and packed milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
199 212 238 253 32 40 +24,8% Jan-Feb 2021
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
8,7 8,3 7,8 8,9 0,9 1,8 +110,9% Jan-Feb 2021
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
16 16 17 16 1,2 4,5 +276,7% Jan-Feb 2021
di cui:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
4,6 5,6 5,7 3,8 0,4 0,9 +95,5% Jan-Feb 2021
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
171 172 160 153 23 24 +3,7% Jan-Feb 2021
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
55 55 42 37 6,7 7,9 +16,6% Jan-Feb 2021
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
39 37 50 50 4,6 6,7 +44,9% Jan-Feb 2021
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
157 155 128 129 21 29 +41,5% Jan-Feb 2021
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
33 40 30 35 5,0 7,5 +50,5% Jan-Feb 2021
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
4,1 5,9 3,2 7,7 0,4 0,3 -35,7% Jan-Feb 2021
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
28 45 50 30 6,3 3,2 -48,6% Jan-Feb 2021
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP importers
85 80 71 58 10 10 -0,1% Jan-Feb 2021
IMPORT 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
3,0 3,2 3,4 2,9 0,6 0,4 -21,4% Jan-Feb 2021
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
34 40 39 41 8,2 7,3 -10,3% Jan-Feb 2021
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
116 98 97 98 18 16 -12,6% Jan-Feb 2021
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
28 28 37 43 9,3 6,8 -26,9% Jan-Feb 2021
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
8,1 13 15 16 3,5 2,1 -40,6% Jan-Feb 2021
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
18 16 15 13 2,4 1,6 -31,8% Jan-Feb 2021
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
18 10 6,0 8,4 0,8 0,9 +5,3% Jan-Feb 2021
Lactose edible (HS 170219)
TOP exporters
5,5 14 8,6 6,5 1,9 1,3 -30,5% Jan-Feb 2021
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
38 36 36 32 5,5 2,3 -57,8% Jan-Feb 2021
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP exporters
19 23 22 25 3,4 3,9 +14,1% Jan-Feb 2021
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Cheese 291 293 297 305 305 315 +3,3% Jan-Dec 2021
Butter 115 117 104 107 107 110 +2,8% Jan-Dec 2021
SMP 46 48 45 44 44 45 +2,3% Jan-Dec 2021
WMP 32 35 33 40 40 40 0,0% Jan-Dec 2021
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Cheese 11,84 11,77 11,78 11,96
Butter 4,68 4,70 4,13 4,20
SMP 1,87 1,93 1,79 1,73
WMP 1,30 1,41 1,31 1,57
% Self-sufficiency 138,4% 140,3% 132,7% 128,7%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Population ('000) 24.585 24.898 25.203 25.500
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 73.189 (e) 74.635 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 64.788(e) 63.199(e)
1) Dairy Season: July 1st - June 30th

(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
(s): estimated
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw material area: ABARES; Dairy Australia
Source Dairy production: ABARES; Australian Bureau of Statistics; Dairy Australia
Source Export: IHS;
Source Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Last update: 2021-04-16
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Australia with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it