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Australia: dairy sector


This page contains data regarding key components of the Australian dairy industry over a given time period.


The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it describes the products that this industry produces, including commodities and various derivatives (butter, concentrated butter, cheese, milk powder, whey powder, casein, etc.);

  • on the other hand, it shows the overall exports of processed products - due to surplus production in relation to the population.

AUSTRALIA: DAIRY SECTOR
  '000 Ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Dairy cows ('000 head) 1.520 1.547 1.440
(Dairy Season)1) (2016/17) (2017/18) (2018/19)
Milk production (Million liters) 9.211 9.200 9.176 8.575 4.298 4.516 +5,1% Jan-Jul 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year -0,1% -0,3% -6,5%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Liquid milk 2.508 2.548
(Dairy Season)1) (2016/17) (2017/18)
Butter 74 57 52 40 15 17 +18,6% Jan-Jun 2020
Butteroil 13 9,6 11 8,1 4,3 3,5 -20,1% Jan-Jun 2020
Cheese 326 348 367 364 166 173 +4,2% Jan-Jun 2020
WMP (whole milk powder) 56 77 63 37 15 21 +42,3% Jan-Jun 2020
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 238 187 201 149 50 42 -15,9% Jan-Jun 2020
BMP (butter milk powder) 9,8 7,1 6,2 4,3 1,6 1,6 +4,3% Jan-Jun 2020
Whey powder 49 49 50 49 21 24 +16,4% Jan-Jun 2020
EXPORT 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Bulk and packed milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
176 199 212 238 135 135 +0,1% Jan-Jul 2020
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
9,8 8,7 8,3 7,8 4,3 4,1 -4,9% Jan-Jul 2020
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
31 16 16 17 13 7,2 -42,9% Jan-Jul 2020
di cui:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
8,4 4,6 5,6 5,7 4,2 2,1 -50,7% Jan-Jul 2020
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
167 171 172 160 92 89 -3,0% Jan-Jul 2020
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
70 55 55 42 26 20 -21,8% Jan-Jul 2020
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
31 39 37 50 27 26 -7,0% Jan-Jul 2020
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
163 157 155 128 83 74 -11,2% Jan-Jul 2020
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
44 33 40 30 20 21 +6,7% Jan-Jul 2020
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
5,8 4,1 5,9 3,2 2,5 3,0 +18,3% Jan-Jul 2020
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
22 28 45 50 32 22 -31,8% Jan-Jul 2020
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP importers
82 85 80 71 40 39 -4,2% Jan-Jul 2020
IMPORT 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
2,7 3,0 3,2 3,4 1,9 1,3 -29,0% Jan-Jul 2020
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
29 34 40 39 22 25 +12,8% Jan-Jul 2020
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
99 116 98 97 60 60 +0,0% Jan-Jul 2020
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
16 28 28 37 20 29 +46,2% Jan-Jul 2020
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
6,4 8,1 13 15 8,9 9,6 +8,3% Jan-Jul 2020
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
17 18 16 15 8,7 8,5 -2,0% Jan-Jul 2020
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
7,4 18 10 6,0 2,5 3,9 +55,8% Jan-Jul 2020
Lactose edible (HS 170219)
TOP exporters
10 5,5 14 8,6 4,9 4,4 -10,5% Jan-Jul 2020
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
33 38 36 36 21 22 +8,6% Jan-Jul 2020
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP exporters
14 19 23 22 13 13 -1,2% Jan-Jul 2020
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
Cheese 275 291 293 297 297 308 +3,7% Jan-Dec 2020
Butter 102 115 117 104 104 105 +1,0% Jan-Dec 2020
SMP 75 46 48 45 45 43 -4,4% Jan-Dec 2020
WMP 30 32 35 33 33 35 +6,1% Jan-Dec 2020
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
Cheese 11,33 11,84 11,77 11,78
Butter 4,20 4,68 4,70 4,13
SMP 3,09 1,87 1,93 1,79
WMP 1,24 1,30 1,41 1,31
% Self-sufficiency 146,2% 138,4% 140,3% 132,7%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
Population ('000) 24.263 24.585 24.898 25.203
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 71.837 (e) 73.189 (e) 74.635 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 64.899(e) 64.788(e) 63.199(e)
1) Dairy Season: July 1st - June 30th

(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
(s): estimated
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw material area: ABARES; Dairy Australia
Source Dairy production: ABARES; Australian Bureau of Statistics; Dairy Australia
Source Export: IHS;
Source Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Last update: 2020-09-28
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Australia with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it