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Australia: dairy sector


This page contains data regarding key components of the Australian dairy industry over a given time period.


The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it describes the products that this industry produces, including commodities and various derivatives (butter, concentrated butter, cheese, milk powder, whey powder, casein, etc.);

  • on the other hand, it shows the overall exports of processed products - due to surplus production in relation to the population.

AUSTRALIA: DAIRY SECTOR
  '000 Ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Dairy cows ('000 head) 1.689 1.562 1.520 1.520 (s) 1.520 (s) 1.525 (f) +0,3%
(Dairy Season)1) (2014/15) (2015/16) (2016/17) (2017/18) (2017/18) (2018/19)
Milk production (Million liters) 9.631 9.841 9.211 9.194 7.310 7.270 -0,6% Jan-Oct 2018
± % Over the same period of the previous year +2,2% -6,4% -0,2%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Liquid milk 2.489 2.520 2.505
(Dairy Season)1) (2014/15) (2015/16) (2016/17)
Butter 83 83 74 57 24 26 +8,8% Jan-Jun 2018
Butteroil 13 16 13 9,6 4,3 5,1 +18,1% Jan-Jun 2018
Cheese 307 324 326 348 157 169 +7,6% Jan-Jun 2018
WMP (whole milk powder) 105 85 56 77 25 30 +23,2% Jan-Jun 2018
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 228 266 238 187 70 74 +5,7% Jan-Jun 2018
BMP (butter milk powder) 12 11 9,8 7,1 3,1 2,9 -6,4% Jan-Jun 2018
Whey powder 52 47 49 49 22 23 +2,3% Jan-Jun 2018
EXPORT 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Bulk and packed milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
135 152 176 199 160 171 +7,0% Jan-Oct 2018
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
15 9,8 9,8 8,7 7,3 7,3 +0,5% Jan-Oct 2018
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
43 34 31 16 13 13 -2,2% Jan-Oct 2018
di cui:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
7,7 10 8,4 4,6 3,7 4,7 +26,8% Jan-Oct 2018
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
151 171 167 171 136 140 +2,8% Jan-Oct 2018
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
81 65 70 55 44 48 +7,9% Jan-Oct 2018
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
17 20 31 39 32 30 -5,8% Jan-Oct 2018
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
164 201 163 157 130 126 -3,0% Jan-Oct 2018
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
33 28 44 33 28 33 +15,7% Jan-Oct 2018
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
8,0 5,6 5,8 4,1 3,9 5,0 +27,3% Jan-Oct 2018
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
3,7 10 22 28 23 32 +41,3% Jan-Oct 2018
IMPORT 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
2,2 2,6 2,7 3,0 2,4 2,6 +10,6% Jan-Oct 2018
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
23 21 29 34 27 33 +24,3% Jan-Oct 2018
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
80 89 99 116 96 83 -13,8% Jan-Oct 2018
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
9,2 11 16 28 22 23 +6,2% Jan-Oct 2018
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
6,3 9,5 6,4 8,1 7,0 11 +49,6% Jan-Oct 2018
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
17 13 17 18 14 14 -1,1% Jan-Oct 2018
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
12 21 7,4 18 13 8,1 -39,1% Jan-Oct 2018
Lactose edible (HS 170219)
TOP exporters
6,2 5,9 10 5,5 5,2 12 +140,0% Jan-Oct 2018
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
19 23 33 38 30 30 -0,1% Jan-Oct 2018
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018(f) % Period
Cheese 265 270 275 291 291 296 +1,7% Jan-Dec 2018
Butter 89 94 102 115 115 129 +12,2% Jan-Dec 2018
SMP 81 85 82 83 83 84 +1,2% Jan-Dec 2018
WMP 32 30 30 32 32 35 +9,4% Jan-Dec 2018
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018(f) % Period
Cheese 11,29 11,34 11,40 11,90
Butter 3,79 3,95 4,23 4,70
SMP 3,45 3,57 3,40 3,39
WMP 1,36 1,26 1,24 1,31
% Self-sufficiency 145,6% 151,8% 146,2% 138,4%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018(f) % Period
Population ('000) 23.475 23.800 24.126 24.451
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 69.674 (e) 70.605 (e) 71.837 (e) 73.189 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 52.446(e) 63.636(e) 64.899(e) 66.615(e)
1) Dairy Season: July 1st - June 30th

(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
(s): estimated
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw material area: ABARES; Dairy Australia
Source Dairy production: ABARES; Australian Bureau of Statistics; Dairy Australia
Source Export: IHS;
Source Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO

Last update: 2018-12-07
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Australia with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it