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Australia: dairy sector


This page contains data regarding key components of the Australian dairy industry over a given time period.


The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it describes the products that this industry produces, including commodities and various derivatives (butter, concentrated butter, cheese, milk powder, whey powder, casein, etc.);

  • on the other hand, it shows the overall exports of processed products - due to surplus production in relation to the population.

AUSTRALIA: DAIRY SECTOR
  '000 Ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Dairy cows ('000 head) 1.428 1.411
(Dairy Season)1) (2018/19) (2019/20)
Milk production (Million liters) 9.176 8.588 8.834 8.756 2.632 2.474 -6,0% Jan-Apr 2022
± % Over the same period of the previous year -6,4% +2,9% -0,9%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Liquid milk
(Dairy Season)1)
Butter 52 40 46 49
Butteroil 11 8,4 8,3 12
Cheese 367 364 379 437
WMP (whole milk powder) 63 38 47 55
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 201 159 155 147
BMP (butter milk powder) 6,2 4,3 4,8 5,2
Whey powder 50 49 55 64
EXPORT 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Bulk and packed milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
212 238 253 331 81 128 +57,6% Jan-Apr 2022
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
8,3 7,8 8,9 15 4,2 4,8 +14,0% Jan-Apr 2022
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
16 17 16 24 9,1 8,8 -2,9% Jan-Apr 2022
di cui:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
5,6 5,7 3,8 5,2 2,0 2,7 +32,6% Jan-Apr 2022
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
172 160 153 157 53 52 -0,5% Jan-Apr 2022
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
55 42 37 51 16 23 +45,2% Jan-Apr 2022
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
37 50 50 52 14 16 +14,4% Jan-Apr 2022
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
155 128 129 156 62 69 +10,8% Jan-Apr 2022
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
40 30 35 32 13 9,9 -26,7% Jan-Apr 2022
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
5,9 3,2 7,7 4,8 1,1 0,3 -67,3% Jan-Apr 2022
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
45 50 30 23 6,5 6,7 +3,7% Jan-Apr 2022
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP importers
80 71 58 48 17 9,5 -43,3% Jan-Apr 2022
IMPORT 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
3,2 3,4 2,9 3,2 0,9 1,1 +14,5% Jan-Apr 2022
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
40 39 41 36 12 11 -9,7% Jan-Apr 2022
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
98 97 98 97 35 30 -13,1% Jan-Apr 2022
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
28 37 43 37 12 14 +16,8% Jan-Apr 2022
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
13 15 16 14 4,0 3,8 -6,8% Jan-Apr 2022
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
16 15 13 11 4,7 3,3 -30,4% Jan-Apr 2022
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
10 6,0 8,4 5,3 1,1 1,5 +35,9% Jan-Apr 2022
Lactose edible (HS 170219)
TOP exporters
14 8,6 6,5 6,5 2,3 2,9 +30,1% Jan-Apr 2022
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
36 36 32 18 5,9 7,8 +33,2% Jan-Apr 2022
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP exporters
23 22 25 29 9,5 9,1 -3,8% Jan-Apr 2022
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
Cheese 293 297 305 305 305 310 +1,6% Jan-Dec 2022
Butter 117 104 105 105 105 105 0,0% Jan-Dec 2022
SMP 48 45 43 40 40 45 +12,5% Jan-Dec 2022
WMP 35 33 40 42 42 44 +4,8% Jan-Dec 2022
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
Cheese 11,77 11,78 11,96 11,83
Butter 4,70 4,13 4,12 4,07
SMP 1,93 1,79 1,69 1,55
WMP 1,41 1,31 1,57 1,63
% Self-sufficiency 140,3% 132,7% 128,7% 141,4%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
Population ('000) 24.898 25.203 25.500 25.788
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 56.465 54.464 (e) 52.825 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 47.813 48.649(e) 46.218(e)
1) Dairy Season: July 1st - June 30th

(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
(s): estimated
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw material area: ABARES; Dairy Australia
Source Dairy production: ABARES; Australian Bureau of Statistics; Dairy Australia
Source Export: IHS;
Source Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Last update: 2022-06-24
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Australia with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it