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Australia: dairy sector


This page contains data regarding key components of the Australian dairy industry over a given time period.


The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it describes the products that this industry produces, including commodities and various derivatives (butter, concentrated butter, cheese, milk powder, whey powder, casein, etc.);

  • on the other hand, it shows the overall exports of processed products - due to surplus production in relation to the population.

AUSTRALIA: DAIRY SECTOR
  '000 Ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Dairy cows ('000 head) 1.428 1.411
(Dairy Season)1) (2018/19) (2019/20)
Milk production (Million liters) 9.176 8.588 8.834 8.803 4.544 4.244 -6,6% Jan-Jul 2022
± % Over the same period of the previous year -6,4% +2,9% -0,3%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Liquid milk 2.476 2.477
(Dairy Season)1) (2018/19) (2019/20)
Butter 52 40 46 49 9,2 10 +9,3% Jan-Mar 2022
Butteroil 11 8,4 8,3 12 2,5 2,6 +2,1% Jan-Mar 2022
Cheese 367 364 380 438 89 122 +36,7% Jan-Mar 2022
WMP (whole milk powder) 63 38 47 55 14 7,7 -46,5% Jan-Mar 2022
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 201 159 155 147 28 29 +6,4% Jan-Mar 2022
BMP (butter milk powder) 6,2 4,3 4,8 5,2 1,1 0,9 -19,4% Jan-Mar 2022
Whey powder 50 49 55 64 12 12 -4,1% Jan-Mar 2022
EXPORT 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Bulk and packed milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
212 238 253 331 158 217 +37,5% Jan-Jul 2022
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
8,3 7,8 8,9 15 7,7 9,1 +18,8% Jan-Jul 2022
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
16 17 16 24 15 13 -12,0% Jan-Jul 2022
di cui:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
5,6 5,7 3,8 5,2 3,2 3,7 +16,4% Jan-Jul 2022
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
172 160 153 157 92 90 -2,2% Jan-Jul 2022
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
55 42 37 51 32 34 +7,0% Jan-Jul 2022
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
37 50 50 52 26 29 +12,2% Jan-Jul 2022
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
155 128 129 156 94 100 +6,2% Jan-Jul 2022
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
40 30 35 32 21 18 -13,5% Jan-Jul 2022
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
5,9 3,2 7,7 4,8 2,8 1,4 -51,7% Jan-Jul 2022
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
45 50 30 23 12 13 +11,1% Jan-Jul 2022
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP importers
80 71 58 48 30 20 -33,4% Jan-Jul 2022
IMPORT 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
3,2 3,4 2,9 3,2 2,0 1,9 -5,4% Jan-Jul 2022
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
40 39 41 36 22 20 -8,4% Jan-Jul 2022
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
98 97 98 97 59 54 -9,5% Jan-Jul 2022
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
28 37 43 37 22 23 +5,5% Jan-Jul 2022
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
13 15 16 14 8,7 7,8 -10,0% Jan-Jul 2022
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
16 15 13 11 7,6 7,2 -5,4% Jan-Jul 2022
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
10 6,0 8,4 5,3 2,7 3,7 +38,7% Jan-Jul 2022
Lactose edible (HS 170219)
TOP exporters
14 8,6 6,5 6,5 4,0 4,6 +13,2% Jan-Jul 2022
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
36 36 32 18 10 12 +14,3% Jan-Jul 2022
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP exporters
23 22 25 29 16 16 +0,3% Jan-Jul 2022
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
Cheese 293 297 305 305 305 321 +5,2% Jan-Dec 2022
Butter 117 104 106 95 95 91 -4,2% Jan-Dec 2022
SMP 48 45 43 40 40 28 -30,0% Jan-Dec 2022
WMP 35 33 40 40 40 40 0,0% Jan-Dec 2022
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
Cheese 11,77 11,78 11,96 11,83
Butter 4,70 4,13 4,16 3,68
SMP 1,93 1,79 1,69 1,55
WMP 1,41 1,31 1,57 1,55
% Self-sufficiency 140,3% 132,7% 128,7% 141,1%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
Population ('000) 24.898 25.203 25.500 25.788
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 56.293 54.255 52.848 (e) 63.529 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 47.668 48.462 46.238(e) 53.714(e)
1) Dairy Season: July 1st - June 30th

(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
(s): estimated
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw material area: ABARES; Dairy Australia
Source Dairy production: ABARES; Australian Bureau of Statistics; Dairy Australia
Source Export: IHS;
Source Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Last update: 2022-09-30
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Australia with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it