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EU-28: Butter production

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This page contains the European Butter production data, both in tables and charts.

The table offers as well the possibility to:

  • consult the monthly volumes and changes, by clicking on the years in the column headers,
  • access to the DairySheets by clicking on the names of the Member States of the EU.

The charts display:

  • a breakdown of the Butter production by Member States
  • the monthly and average daily Butter production,
  • the year-over-year changes of Butter production in the major EU Players,
  • the yearly Butter production of the last seven years,
  • the Butter production with rolling year

The balance sheet of Butter completes the information.

From the Eurostat Handbook: definition of "Butter"

A product with a milk fat content of not less than 80 % and less than 90 %, a maximum water content of 16 % and a maximum dry non-fat milk-material content of 2 %. Includes also butter which contains small amounts of herbs, spices, aromatic substances, etc. on the condition that the product retains the characteristics of butter.

UE-28: Production of Butter (Tons)
COUNTRY 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 Var % Period
Austria 34.280 33.660 34.650 36.650 36.980 36.540 3.620 3.870 +6,9% Jan '20
Belgium 44.120 48.940 57.550 64.600 64.240 71.360 6.340 6.340 (e)

0,0% Jan '20
Bulgaria 1.030 990 870 1.010 1.110 1.060 90 90 (e)

0,0% Jan '20
Croatia 4.020 4.060 4.130 4.680 4.330 4.580 400 380 -5,0% Jan '20
Cyprus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 - Jan '20
Czech Republic 28.640 28.700 27.980 25.790 23.810 26.170 2.370 2.420 +2,1% Jan '20
Denmark 42.900 44.200 56.300 57.000 74.000 74.700 6.700 6.900 +3,0% Jan '20
Estonia 4.500 5.100 5.100 4.300 4.900 5.200 700 500 -28,6% Jan '20
Finland 57.460 63.230 64.180 61.770 59.900 60.900 5.480 5.300 -3,3% Jan '20
France 445.210 446.990 435.400 411.980 420.280 422.900 41.570 43.680 +5,1% Jan '20
Germany 489.180 517.300 516.100 496.780 484.041 497.104 45.749 44.590 -2,5% Jan '20
Greece 640 740 1.040 850 1.110 1.200 60 60 (e)

0,0% Jan '20
Hungary 9.740 9.490 8.240 9.020 9.370 10.620 1.140 1.150 +0,9% Jan '20
Ireland 166.380 187.480 198.700 223.670 237.840 251.070 8.180 8.180 (e)

0,0% Jan '20
Italy 100.500 95.900 95.400 91.220 95.580 96.700 8.280 8.280 (e)

0,0% Jan '20
Latvia 7.540 6.920 7.200 4.650 3.220 3.420 580 660 +13,8% Jan - Feb '20
Lithuania 17.470 14.880 17.680 14.950 14.160 14.170 1.290 1.610 +24,8% Jan '20
Luxembourg (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) - Jan '20
Malta (c) 0 0 0 0 0 - - -  
Netherlands 140.500 147.500 161.300 148.900 153.800 137.800 11.300 11.300 (e)

0,0% Jan '20
Poland 170.950 187.700 203.930 213.020 221.760 224.610 21.990 21.630 -1,6% Jan '20
Portugal 28.130 32.260 31.410 32.080 31.090 30.490 2.500 2.680 +7,2% Jan '20
Romania 10.600 11.180 11.920 12.140 10.880 10.670 980 920 -6,1% Jan '20
Slovakia 8.640 8.920 8.960 9.340 9.470 9.900 1.650 1.750 +6,1% Jan - Feb '20
Slovenia 2.330 2.260 2.390 2.740 2.620 2.560 240 190 -20,8% Jan '20
Spain 30.950 38.700 40.800 46.960 49.300 45.679 5.060 4.350 -14,0% Jan '20
Sweden 21.690 21.840 21.730 17.290 16.380 17.170 1.460 1.640 +12,3% Jan '20
United Kingdom 140.000 144.500 143.100 161.200 152.500 187.900 17.900 17.900 (e)

0,0% Jan '20
TOTAL EU-28 2.007.400 2.103.440 2.156.060 2.152.590 2.182.671 2.244.473 - - - -
y-o-y % +4,8% +2,5% -0,2% +1,4% +2,8%      
(e) estimated data
(c) confidential data
NOTE:The data for the higlighted countries are confidential. These countries are not considered in the calculation of the total production.

Source: Eurostat, BLE, ISTAT, Stimato CLAL

Rolling year: for each month the chart visualizes the production in that month plus the production of the previous 11 months. With this method is always considered the total production in a time window of 12 months, so it is possible to identify the trend without the effect of seasonality.

EU Balance Sheet: Butter
'000 tons 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Sep 2019
Opening Stocks (1st Jan) (SI) 31 25 11 20 51 25 0 0
Production [D6000] (P) 1.947 1.924 2.007 2.103 2.156 2.153 2.183 1.709
Production of other fat dairy products [D6900] (P2) 357(e) 339(e) 342(e) 331(e) 338(e) 329(e) n.d. n.d.
Imports (I) 44 42 50 24 21 15 20 13
Exports (E) 127 128 148 178 207 171 158 149
Final Stocks (SF) 25 11 20 51 25 0 0 0
   of which:
     - public 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
     - private 25 11 20 51 25 0 0 0
Apparent Domestic Consumption (SI + P + P2 + I - E - SF ) 2.227 2.191 2.242 2.250 2.334 2.350 2.045 1.573
NOTE: Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products [D6900] production data of some Member States are confidential and are NOT included in this table.
(e): estimated; n.a.: not available
Sources: Production: Eurostat; Import/Export: IHS;Stock (Public + Private): European Commission; Apparent Domestic Consumption: Processed by CLAL