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EU-28: Butter production

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This page contains the European Butter production data, both in tables and charts.

The table offers as well the possibility to:

  • consult the monthly volumes and changes, by clicking on the years in the column headers,
  • access to the DairySheets by clicking on the names of the Member States of the EU.

The charts display:

  • a breakdown of the Butter production by Member States
  • the monthly and average daily Butter production,
  • the year-over-year changes of Butter production in the major EU Players,
  • the yearly Butter production of the last seven years,
  • the Butter production with rolling year

The balance sheet of Butter completes the information.

From the Eurostat Handbook: definition of "Butter"

A product with a milk fat content of not less than 80 % and less than 90 %, a maximum water content of 16 % and a maximum dry non-fat milk-material content of 2 %. Includes also butter which contains small amounts of herbs, spices, aromatic substances, etc. on the condition that the product retains the characteristics of butter.

UE-28: Production of Butter (Tons)
COUNTRY 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 Var % Period
Austria 34.280 33.660 34.650 36.650 36.980 36.540 13.600 14.660 +7,8% Jan - Apr '20
Belgium 44.120 48.940 57.550 64.600 64.240 111.960 39.030 23.530 -39,7% Jan - Apr '20
Bulgaria 1.030 990 870 1.010 1.110 1.060 360 360 0,0% Jan - Apr '20
Croatia 4.020 4.060 4.130 4.680 4.330 4.580 1.640 1.650 +0,6% Jan - Apr '20
Cyprus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 - Jan - Apr '20
Czech Republic 28.640 28.700 27.980 25.790 23.810 26.170 11.050 11.420 +3,3% Jan - May '20
Denmark 42.900 44.200 56.300 57.000 74.000 74.700 35.800 31.800 -11,2% Jan - May '20
Estonia 4.500 5.100 5.100 4.300 4.900 5.200 2.100 1.800 -14,3% Jan - Apr '20
Finland 57.460 63.230 64.180 61.770 59.900 60.900 26.610 27.300 +2,6% Jan - May '20
France 445.210 446.990 435.400 411.980 420.280 419.580 157.920 160.280 +1,5% Jan - Apr '20
Germany 489.180 517.300 516.100 496.780 484.041 497.104 176.928 184.115 +4,1% Jan - Apr '20
Greece 640 740 1.040 850 1.110 1.200 340 490 +44,1% Jan - Apr '20
Hungary 9.740 9.490 8.240 9.020 9.370 8.630 4.000 5.490 +37,3% Jan - May '20
Ireland 166.380 187.480 198.700 223.670 237.840 251.070 69.400 70.270 +1,3% Jan - Apr '20
Italy 100.500 95.900 95.400 91.220 95.580 96.700 32.470 32.650 +0,6% Jan - Apr '20
Latvia 7.540 6.920 7.200 4.650 3.220 3.420 1.350 1.680 +24,4% Jan - May '20
Lithuania 17.470 14.880 17.680 14.950 14.160 14.170 5.640 7.700 +36,5% Jan - May '20
Luxembourg (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) - Jan - Apr '20
Malta (c) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 - Jan - May '20
Netherlands 140.500 147.500 161.300 148.900 153.800 137.800 47.900 45.700 -4,6% Jan - Apr '20
Poland 170.950 187.700 203.930 213.020 221.760 224.610 78.390 85.090 +8,5% Jan - Apr '20
Portugal 28.130 32.260 31.410 32.080 31.090 30.490 10.540 11.380 +8,0% Jan - Apr '20
Romania 10.600 11.180 11.920 12.140 10.880 10.670 3.730 4.360 +16,9% Jan - Apr '20
Slovakia 8.640 8.920 8.960 9.340 9.470 9.900 4.030 4.670 +15,9% Jan - May '20
Slovenia 2.330 2.260 2.390 2.740 2.620 2.560 830 870 +4,8% Jan - Apr '20
Spain 30.950 38.700 40.800 46.960 49.300 45.679 19.079 17.100 -10,4% Jan - Apr '20
Sweden 21.690 21.840 21.730 17.290 16.380 17.170 5.710 7.150 +25,2% Jan - Apr '20
United Kingdom 140.000 144.500 143.100 161.200 152.500 187.900 67.700 67.400 -0,4% Jan - Apr '20
TOTAL EU-28 2.007.400 2.103.440 2.156.060 2.152.590 2.182.671 2.279.763 796.607 800.175 +0,4% Jan - Apr '20
y-o-y % +4,8% +2,5% -0,2% +1,4% +4,4%      
(c) confidential data
NOTE:The data for the higlighted countries are confidential. These countries are not considered in the calculation of the total production.

Source: Eurostat, BLE, ISTAT, Stimato CLAL

Rolling year: for each month the chart visualizes the production in that month plus the production of the previous 11 months. With this method is always considered the total production in a time window of 12 months, so it is possible to identify the trend without the effect of seasonality.

EU Balance Sheet: Butter
'000 tons 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Apr 2020
Opening Stocks (1st Jan) (SI) 25 11 20 51 25 0 0 0
Production [D6000] (P) 1.924 2.007 2.103 2.156 2.153 2.183 2.280 800
Production of other fat dairy products [D6900] (P2) 339(e) 342(e) 331(e) 338(e) 329(e) n.d. n.d. n.d.
Imports (I) 42 50 24 21 15 20 14 1
Exports (E) 128 148 178 207 171 158 215 95
Final Stocks (SF) 11 20 51 25 0 0 0 0
   of which:
     - public 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
     - private 11 20 51 25 0 0 0 0
Apparent Domestic Consumption (SI + P + P2 + I - E - SF ) 2.191 2.242 2.250 2.334 2.350 2.045 2.078 706
NOTE: Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products [D6900] production data of some Member States are confidential and are NOT included in this table.
(e): estimated; n.a.: not available
Sources: Production: Eurostat; Import/Export: IHS;Stock (Public + Private): European Commission; Apparent Domestic Consumption: Processed by CLAL
UK trade data for the period Jan - Apr 2020 are provisional