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Argentina: dairy sector

Argentina This page contains data regarding key components of the Argentinian dairy industry over a given time period.

The following report:

  • highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints: the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, transit trade and domestic consumption;

  • indicates how the export-import ratio is completely in favour of exports - of WMP in particular;

  • stresses the particular features of a traditional product that is prevalent in domestic consumption: the dulce de leche.
ARGENTINA: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: FAO) 1.773 1.720 1.596
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: Senasa) 1.773 1.720
Milk production (Mil Lt) 10.292 10.098 10.527 10.343 3.756 4.094 +9,0% Jan-May 2020
Milk delivery (Mil Lt) 9.569 9.386 9.785 9.614 3.495 3.810 +9,0% Jan-May 2020
% Delivery on production 92,9% 93,0% 92,9% 93,1%
Farm gate milk price (€ x 100 lt) 23,49 29,13 22,11 26,50 26,48 25,37 -4,2% Jan-Jun 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year +24,0% -24,1% +19,9%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Liquid milk (Mil Lt) 1.456 1.313 1.323 1.212 514 512 -0,4% Jan-May 2020
Butter 33 27 29 29 9,5 13 +40,5% Jan-May 2020
Cheese 394 408 444 429 177 164 -7,2% Jan-May 2020
Hard cheese 32 34 39 43 16 13 -14,6% Jan-May 2020
Semi-hard cheese 128 124 141 131 55 47 -14,8% Jan-May 2020
Soft cheese 163 164 174 172 72 70 -3,7% Jan-May 2020
Processed cheese 33 57 60 56 24 24 +2,9% Jan-May 2020
Other cheeses (grated, powdered, melted, etc.) 38 29 31 26 11 11 -3,9% Jan-May 2020
WMP (Whole milk powder) 157 149 192 188 58 69 +18,9% Jan-May 2020
SMP (Skimmed milk powder) 34 46 41 45 15 14 -4,8% Jan-May 2020
Cream 53 62 63 59 23 22 -4,1% Jan-May 2020
Dulce de leche 99 93 101 97 40 42 +6,3% Jan-May 2020
Milk chocolate (Mil Lt) 52 55 46 32 15 11 -29,1% Jan-May 2020
Dairy desserts and custards 44 42 41 29 12 11 -12,3% Jan-May 2020
Yogurt 431 418 394 354 157 154 -2,1% Jan-May 2020
EXPORT 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP importers 67 54 46 42 19 13 -33,5% Jan-Jun 2020
Butter (HS 0405) TOP importers 5,6 4,2 3,9 8,2 1,9 5,5 +183,8% Jan-Jun 2020
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP importers 53 44 43 39 19 16 -17,6% Jan-Jun 2020
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP importers 26 20 16 14 4,4 3,0 -31,7% Jan-Jun 2020
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229) TOP importers 110 71 0,0 85 23 42 +84,0% Jan-Jun 2020
Casein (HS 350110) TOP importers 3,3 4,0 0,1 0,0
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP importers 20 13 2,7 0,2 0,1 0,3 +128,9% Jan-Jun 2020
IMPORT 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299) TOP exporters 1,6 2,0 0,9 0,2 0,0 0,1 +193,7% Jan-Jun 2020
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP exporters 0,6 0,7 1,0 1,0 0,4 0,3 -35,8% Jan-Jun 2020
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP exporters 2,8 4,4 3,7 2,2 1,2 0,5 -60,4% Jan-Jun 2020
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP exporters 1,3 1,4 1,4 1,4 0,5 0,8 +61,9% Jan-Jun 2020
STOCK (at 31 December) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Liquid milk (Mil Lt) 49,6 50,4 28,4 42,5 32,9 47,5 +44,0% May 2020
Butter 2,8 3,1 3,6 4,4 2,6 4,1 +57,2% May 2020
Cheese 48,8 44,3 44,2 47,4 41,4 49,4 +19,3% May 2020
Hard cheese 16,4 15,2 16,6 16,1 13,9 14,7 +5,7% May 2020
Semi-hard cheese 16,8 14,8 15,3 16,6 14,2 17,6 +23,9% May 2020
Soft cheese 10,4 8,2 8,6 11,1 9,3 13,1 +41,1% May 2020
Processed cheese 2,6 1,8 1,5 1,4 1,7 1,6 -1,8% May 2020
Other cheeses (grated, powdered, melted, etc.) 2,6 4,3 2,3 2,2 2,4 2,4 +1,0% May 2020
WMP (Whole milk powder) 30,1 29,4 20,5 25,1 10,6 22,3 +110,2% May 2020
SMP (Skimmed milk powder) 10,1 10,2 4,4 5,3 3,0 3,6 +20,4% May 2020
Cream 1,7 1,3 1,5 1,7 1,6 2,1 +27,9% May 2020
Dulce de leche 5,7 4,9 5,0 4,9 5,5 4,8 -13,3% May 2020
Milk chocolate (Mil Lt) 2,8 4,7 2,1 2,3 2,1 2,4 +13,9% May 2020
Dairy desserts and custards 1,5 1,7 0,7 0,6 0,7 0,6 -16,6% May 2020
Yogurt 10,1 7,2 6,4 7,4 6,5 9,2 +41,4% May 2020
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
Cheese 508 485 380 367 367 360 -1,9% Jan-Dec 2020
Butter 32 28 21 16 16 18 +12,5% Jan-Dec 2020
SMP 10 20 24 20 20 20 0,0% Jan-Dec 2020
WMP 102 75 75 84 84 80 -4,8% Jan-Dec 2020
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
Cheese 11,68 11,04 8,57 8,20
Butter 0,74 0,64 0,47 0,36
SMP 0,23 0,46 0,54 0,45
WMP 2,34 1,71 1,69 1,88
% Self-sufficiency 117,9% 112,3% 104,9% 112,0%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
Population ('000) 43.508 43.937 44.361 44.781
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 12.626 (e) 12.906 (e) 13.241 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 11.407(e) 11.425(e) 11.212(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw milk area: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria; Number of cows: FAO, National Animal Health and Agrifood Quality Service (SENASA);
Source Dairy production: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria, from 2015 data is collected by a panel of dairies according to "Relevamiento Coyuntural de la Resolución 230/16" and historical information of the "Resolución 7/14".
Source Export and Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Last update: 2020-08-12
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Argentina with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it