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Argentina: dairy sector

Argentina This page contains data regarding key components of the Argentinian dairy industry over a given time period.

The following report:

  • highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints: the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, transit trade and domestic consumption;

  • indicates how the export-import ratio is completely in favour of exports - of WMP in particular;

  • stresses the particular features of a traditional product that is prevalent in domestic consumption: the dulce de leche.
ARGENTINA: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: FAO) 1.720 1.596 1.615
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: Senasa) 1.720
Milk production (Mil Lt) 10.098 10.527 10.343 11.113 1.636 1.719 +5,1% Jan-Feb 2021
Milk delivery (Mil Lt) 9.386 9.785 9.614 10.329 1.538 1.616 +5,1% Jan-Feb 2021
% Delivery on production 93,0% 92,9% 92,9% 94,0%
Farm gate milk price (€ x 100 lt) 29,13 22,11 26,50 23,51 26,32 22,18 -15,7% Jan-Feb 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year -24,1% +19,9% -11,3%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Liquid milk (Mil Lt) 1.313 1.323 1.212 1.254 85 92 +9,4% Jan 2021
Butter 27 29 29 35 2,9 2,9 +0,8% Jan 2021
Cheese 408 444 429 421 35 38 +9,8% Jan 2021
Hard cheese 34 39 43 33 3,4 2,8 -17,3% Jan 2021
Semi-hard cheese 124 141 131 126 11 14 +24,7% Jan 2021
Soft cheese 164 174 172 174 12 14 +15,5% Jan 2021
Processed cheese 57 60 56 59 5,2 4,3 -17,4% Jan 2021
Other cheeses (grated, powdered, melted, etc.) 29 31 26 28 2,3 2,5 +7,6% Jan 2021
WMP (Whole milk powder) 149 192 188 213 17 22 +32,5% Jan 2021
SMP (Skimmed milk powder) 46 41 45 52 2,9 5,5 +89,0% Jan 2021
Cream 62 63 59 61 4,6 4,3 -7,1% Jan 2021
Dulce de leche 93 101 97 107 7,2 6,7 -7,6% Jan 2021
Milk chocolate (Mil Lt) 55 46 32 23 3,2 3,5 +7,1% Jan 2021
Dairy desserts and custards 42 41 29 27 2,1 2,1 +3,2% Jan 2021
Yogurt 418 394 354 356 34 35 +1,6% Jan 2021
EXPORT 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP importers 54 46 42 32 4,8 7,7 +58,6% Jan-Feb 2021
Butter (HS 0405) TOP importers 4,2 3,9 8,2 14 2,8 3,0 +8,6% Jan-Feb 2021
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP importers 44 43 39 44 7,1 9,4 +32,8% Jan-Feb 2021
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP importers 20 16 14 14 1,3 3,2 +148,0% Jan-Feb 2021
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229) TOP importers 71 118 85 126 21 25 +21,7% Jan-Feb 2021
Casein (HS 350110) TOP importers 4,0 0,1 0,0 0,0
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP importers 13 2,7 0,2 0,4 0,1 0,0 -54,2% Jan-Feb 2021
IMPORT 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299) TOP exporters 2,0 0,9 0,2 0,2 0,0 0,0 0,0% Jan-Feb 2021
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP exporters 0,7 1,0 1,0 0,8 0,1 0,1 -5,5% Jan-Feb 2021
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP exporters 4,4 3,7 2,2 1,1 0,2 0,3 +33,8% Jan-Feb 2021
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP exporters 1,4 1,4 1,4 1,6 0,2 0,3 +9,8% Jan-Feb 2021
STOCK (at 31 December) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Liquid milk (Mil Lt) 50,4 28,4 42,5 40,9 36,4 37,9 +4,0% Jan 2021
Butter 3,1 3,6 4,4 4,6 4,2 4,7 +10,2% Jan 2021
Cheese 44,3 44,2 47,4 47,8 46,7 45,7 -2,1% Jan 2021
Hard cheese 15,2 16,6 16,1 13,6 16,3 13,7 -16,1% Jan 2021
Semi-hard cheese 14,8 15,3 16,6 15,2 16,1 14,3 -10,7% Jan 2021
Soft cheese 8,2 8,6 11,1 15,0 10,6 13,8 +29,8% Jan 2021
Processed cheese 1,8 1,5 1,4 1,6 1,6 1,6 +0,6% Jan 2021
Other cheeses (grated, powdered, melted, etc.) 4,3 2,3 2,2 2,3 2,1 2,3 +7,9% Jan 2021
WMP (Whole milk powder) 29,4 20,5 25,1 22,3 25,3 22,3 -11,7% Jan 2021
SMP (Skimmed milk powder) 10,2 4,4 5,3 5,8 4,2 4,9 +18,5% Jan 2021
Cream 1,3 1,5 1,7 1,5 1,6 2,0 +21,6% Jan 2021
Dulce de leche 4,9 5,0 4,9 5,5 5,2 5,4 +3,4% Jan 2021
Milk chocolate (Mil Lt) 4,7 2,1 2,3 2,4 2,1 2,9 +38,5% Jan 2021
Dairy desserts and custards 1,7 0,7 0,6 0,5 0,6 0,5 -11,1% Jan 2021
Yogurt 7,2 6,4 7,4 7,0 9,9 7,8 -21,5% Jan 2021
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Cheese 485 380 430 441 441 473 +7,3% Jan-Dec 2021
Butter 28 21 15 17 17 18 +5,9% Jan-Dec 2021
SMP 20 24 20 22 22 22 0,0% Jan-Dec 2021
WMP 75 75 84 96 96 98 +2,1% Jan-Dec 2021
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Cheese 11,04 8,57 9,60 9,76
Butter 0,64 0,47 0,33 0,38
SMP 0,46 0,54 0,45 0,49
WMP 1,71 1,69 1,88 2,12
% Self-sufficiency 112,3% 115,5% 112,0% 115,7%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Population ('000) 43.937 44.361 44.781 45.196
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 12.906 (e) 13.241 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 11.425(e) 11.212(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw milk area: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria; Number of cows: FAO, National Animal Health and Agrifood Quality Service (SENASA);
Source Dairy production: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria, from 2015 data is collected by a panel of dairies according to "Relevamiento Coyuntural de la Resolución 230/16" and historical information of the "Resolución 7/14".
Source Export and Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Last update: 2021-04-10
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Argentina with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it