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Argentina: dairy sector

Argentina This page contains data regarding key components of the Argentinian dairy industry over a given time period.

The following report:

  • highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints: the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, transit trade and domestic consumption;

  • indicates how the export-import ratio is completely in favour of exports - of WMP in particular;

  • stresses the particular features of a traditional product that is prevalent in domestic consumption: the dulce de leche.
ARGENTINA: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: FAO) 3.448 3.500 3.365
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: Senasa) 1.770 1.773 1.720
Milk production (Mil Lt) 12.061 10.292 10.098 10.527 3.212 2.971 -7,5% Jan-Apr 2019
Milk delivery (Mil Lt) 11.210 9.569 9.386 9.785 2.994 2.769 -7,5% Jan-Apr 2019
% Delivery on production 93,0% 92,9% 93,0% 93,2%
Farm gate milk price (€ x 100 lt) 29,35 23,49 29,13 22,11 23,88 25,66 +7,5% Jan-May 2019
± % Over the same period of the previous year -20,0% +24,0% -24,1%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Liquid milk (Mil Lt) 1.549 1.456 1.271 1.323 108 102 -5,3% Jan 2019
Butter 41 33 27 29 2,6 2,0 -21,9% Jan 2019
Cheese 388 394 414 444 36 35 -2,4% Jan 2019
Hard cheese 40 32 37 39 2,7 3,3 +21,2% Jan 2019
Semi-hard cheese 132 128 123 141 14 12 -11,9% Jan 2019
Soft cheese 153 163 163 174 12 13 +6,7% Jan 2019
Processed cheese 16 33 61 60 4,8 4,3 -11,0% Jan 2019
Other cheeses (grated, powdered, melted, etc.) 47 38 30 31 2,3 2,2 -2,6% Jan 2019
WMP (Whole milk powder) 245 157 155 192 20 16 -19,6% Jan 2019
SMP (Skimmed milk powder) 27 34 46 41 4,4 2,9 -33,8% Jan 2019
Cream 44 53 60 63 5,2 5,1 -0,6% Jan 2019
Dulce de leche 91 99 92 101 5,7 5,7 +0,4% Jan 2019
Milk chocolate (Mil Lt) 60 52 49 46 4,9 4,0 -19,4% Jan 2019
Dairy desserts and custards 54 44 44 41 3,8 2,6 -31,3% Jan 2019
Yogurt 446 431 412 394 45 39 -14,0% Jan 2019
EXPORT 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP importers 64 67 54 46 17 12 -28,0% Jan-Apr 2019
Butter (HS 0405) TOP importers 8,6 5,6 4,2 3,9 1,5 1,0 -36,8% Jan-Apr 2019
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP importers 43 53 44 43 13 13 -0,4% Jan-Apr 2019
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP importers 24 26 20 16 4,4 3,6 -18,3% Jan-Apr 2019
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229) TOP importers 138 110 71 118 29 21 -26,1% Jan-Apr 2019
Casein (HS 350110) TOP importers 8,2 3,3 4,0 0,1
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP importers 25 20 13 2,7 2,4 0,1 -97,5% Jan-Mar 2019
IMPORT 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299) TOP exporters 1,5 1,6 2,0 0,9 0,4 0,0 -92,3% Jan-Apr 2019
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP exporters 0,4 0,6 0,7 1,0 0,1 0,3 +112,5% Jan-Apr 2019
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP exporters 1,2 2,8 4,4 3,7 1,4 0,8 -46,7% Jan-Apr 2019
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP exporters 1,0 1,3 1,4 1,4 0,6 0,2 -71,1% Jan-Apr 2019
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
Cheese 524 508 485 510 510 522 +2,4% Jan-Dec 2019
Butter 41 42 43 46 46 48 +4,3% Jan-Dec 2019
SMP 17 10 20 22 22 22 0,0% Jan-Dec 2019
WMP 114 102 68 80 80 85 +6,3% Jan-Dec 2019
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
Cheese 12,07 11,59 10,96 11,41
Butter 0,94 0,96 0,97 1,03
SMP 0,39 0,23 0,45 0,49
WMP 2,63 2,33 1,54 1,79
% Self-sufficiency 116,4% 117,9% 112,3% 115,5%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
Population ('000) 43.418 43.847 44.271 44.689
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 12.350 (e) 12.626 (e) 12.906 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 11.131(e) 11.407(e) 11.747(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw milk area: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria; Number of cows: FAO, National Animal Health and Agrifood Quality Service (SENASA);
Source Dairy production: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria, from 2015 data is collected by a panel of dairies according to "Relevamiento Coyuntural de la Resolución 230/16" and historical information of the "Resolución 7/14".
Source Export and Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO
Note: The Self-sufficiency rate at the moment does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190, milk powder that has a fat content similar to whole milk powder, but instead of butterfat contains vegetable fats.

Last update: 2019-06-13
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Argentina with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it