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Argentina: dairy sector

Argentina This page contains data regarding key components of the Argentinian dairy industry over a given time period.

The following report:

  • highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints: the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, transit trade and domestic consumption;

  • indicates how the export-import ratio is completely in favour of exports - of WMP in particular;

  • stresses the particular features of a traditional product that is prevalent in domestic consumption: the dulce de leche.
ARGENTINA: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: FAO) 1.773 1.720 1.596
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: Senasa) 1.773 1.720
Milk production (Mil Lt) 10.292 10.098 10.527 10.343 6.428 6.969 +8,4% Jan-Aug 2020
Milk delivery (Mil Lt) 9.569 9.386 9.785 9.614 5.980 6.483 +8,4% Jan-Aug 2020
% Delivery on production 92,9% 93,0% 92,9% 93,0%
Farm gate milk price (€ x 100 lt) 23,49 29,13 22,11 26,50 26,98 24,19 -10,3% Jan-Sep 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year +24,0% -24,1% +19,9%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Liquid milk (Mil Lt) 1.456 1.313 1.323 1.212 846 865 +2,3% Jan-Aug 2020
Butter 33 27 29 29 17 23 +34,2% Jan-Aug 2020
Cheese 394 408 444 429 291 271 -7,1% Jan-Aug 2020
Hard cheese 32 34 39 43 29 22 -24,9% Jan-Aug 2020
Semi-hard cheese 128 124 141 131 86 76 -11,3% Jan-Aug 2020
Soft cheese 163 164 174 172 120 115 -3,5% Jan-Aug 2020
Processed cheese 33 57 60 56 39 39 +0,7% Jan-Aug 2020
Other cheeses (grated, powdered, melted, etc.) 38 29 31 26 18 18 +1,4% Jan-Aug 2020
WMP (Whole milk powder) 157 149 192 188 101 129 +27,2% Jan-Aug 2020
SMP (Skimmed milk powder) 34 46 41 45 25 28 +13,3% Jan-Aug 2020
Cream 53 62 63 59 39 38 -1,3% Jan-Aug 2020
Dulce de leche 99 93 101 97 68 73 +7,9% Jan-Aug 2020
Milk chocolate (Mil Lt) 52 55 46 32 21 13 -37,4% Jan-Aug 2020
Dairy desserts and custards 44 42 41 29 20 18 -8,5% Jan-Aug 2020
Yogurt 431 418 394 354 222 223 +0,5% Jan-Aug 2020
EXPORT 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP importers 67 54 46 42 30 22 -28,9% Jan-Sep 2020
Butter (HS 0405) TOP importers 5,6 4,2 3,9 8,2 4,0 8,3 +107,0% Jan-Sep 2020
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP importers 53 44 43 39 27 30 +11,4% Jan-Sep 2020
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP importers 26 20 16 14 7,6 8,2 +8,1% Jan-Sep 2020
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229) TOP importers 110 71 118 85 41 87 +114,1% Jan-Sep 2020
Casein (HS 350110) TOP importers 3,3 4,0 0,1 0,0
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP importers 20 13 2,7 0,2 0,1 0,4 +196,7% Jan-Sep 2020
IMPORT 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299) TOP exporters 1,6 2,0 0,9 0,2 0,1 0,2 +134,5% Jan-Sep 2020
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP exporters 0,6 0,7 1,0 1,0 0,7 0,6 -11,9% Jan-Sep 2020
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP exporters 2,8 4,4 3,7 2,2 1,8 0,8 -54,1% Jan-Sep 2020
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP exporters 1,3 1,4 1,4 1,4 1,1 1,3 +18,8% Jan-Sep 2020
STOCK (at 31 December) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Liquid milk (Mil Lt) 49,6 50,4 28,4 42,5 42,3 55,9 +32,4% Aug 2020
Butter 2,8 3,1 3,6 4,4 1,8 4,7 +162,1% Aug 2020
Cheese 48,8 44,3 44,2 47,4 46,0 47,8 +3,8% Aug 2020
Hard cheese 16,4 15,2 16,6 16,1 15,9 14,5 -8,9% Aug 2020
Semi-hard cheese 16,8 14,8 15,3 16,6 15,8 15,8 +0,2% Aug 2020
Soft cheese 10,4 8,2 8,6 11,1 10,8 13,8 +27,5% Aug 2020
Processed cheese 2,6 1,8 1,5 1,4 1,3 1,2 -9,2% Aug 2020
Other cheeses (grated, powdered, melted, etc.) 2,6 4,3 2,3 2,2 2,3 2,6 +11,6% Aug 2020
WMP (Whole milk powder) 30,1 29,4 20,5 25,1 20,2 20,5 +1,9% Aug 2020
SMP (Skimmed milk powder) 10,1 10,2 4,4 5,3 5,4 5,4 -0,1% Aug 2020
Cream 1,7 1,3 1,5 1,7 1,8 2,2 +24,0% Aug 2020
Dulce de leche 5,7 4,9 5,0 4,9 5,8 5,9 +1,6% Aug 2020
Milk chocolate (Mil Lt) 2,8 4,7 2,1 2,3 1,8 1,3 -28,3% Aug 2020
Dairy desserts and custards 1,5 1,7 0,7 0,6 0,7 0,6 -9,5% Aug 2020
Yogurt 10,1 7,2 6,4 7,4 5,3 6,9 +29,7% Aug 2020
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
Cheese 508 485 380 367 367 360 -1,9% Jan-Dec 2020
Butter 32 28 21 16 16 18 +12,5% Jan-Dec 2020
SMP 10 20 24 20 20 20 0,0% Jan-Dec 2020
WMP 102 75 75 84 84 80 -4,8% Jan-Dec 2020
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
Cheese 11,68 11,04 8,57 8,20
Butter 0,74 0,64 0,47 0,36
SMP 0,23 0,46 0,54 0,45
WMP 2,34 1,71 1,69 1,88
% Self-sufficiency 117,9% 112,3% 115,5% 112,0%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
Population ('000) 43.508 43.937 44.361 44.781
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 12.626 (e) 12.906 (e) 13.241 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 11.407(e) 11.425(e) 11.212(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw milk area: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria; Number of cows: FAO, National Animal Health and Agrifood Quality Service (SENASA);
Source Dairy production: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria, from 2015 data is collected by a panel of dairies according to "Relevamiento Coyuntural de la Resolución 230/16" and historical information of the "Resolución 7/14".
Source Export and Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Last update: 2020-10-27
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Argentina with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it