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Argentina: dairy sector

Argentina This page contains data regarding key components of the Argentinian dairy industry over a given time period.

The following report:

  • highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints: the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, transit trade and domestic consumption;

  • indicates how the export-import ratio is completely in favour of exports - of WMP in particular;

  • stresses the particular features of a traditional product that is prevalent in domestic consumption: the dulce de leche.
ARGENTINA: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: FAO) 3.448 3.500 3.365
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: Senasa) 1.770 1.773 1.720
Milk production (Mil Lt) 12.061 10.292 10.098 10.527 10.527 10.343 -1,7% Jan-Dec 2019
Milk delivery (Mil Lt) 11.210 9.569 9.386 9.785 9.785 9.614 -1,8% Jan-Dec 2019
% Delivery on production 93,0% 92,9% 93,0% 92,9%
Farm gate milk price (€ x 100 lt) 29,35 23,49 29,13 22,11 22,11 26,50 +19,9% Jan-Dec 2019
± % Over the same period of the previous year -20,0% +24,0% -24,1%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Liquid milk (Mil Lt) 1.549 1.456 1.271 1.323 1.126 1.041 -7,6% Jan-Oct 2019
Butter 41 33 27 29 23 23 +1,4% Jan-Oct 2019
Cheese 388 394 414 444 373 365 -2,3% Jan-Oct 2019
Hard cheese 40 32 37 39 32 37 +14,8% Jan-Oct 2019
Semi-hard cheese 132 128 123 141 116 109 -6,1% Jan-Oct 2019
Soft cheese 153 163 163 174 149 148 -0,4% Jan-Oct 2019
Processed cheese 16 33 61 60 50 48 -4,8% Jan-Oct 2019
Other cheeses (grated, powdered, melted, etc.) 47 38 30 31 26 23 -13,8% Jan-Oct 2019
WMP (Whole milk powder) 245 157 155 192 151 145 -4,1% Jan-Oct 2019
SMP (Skimmed milk powder) 27 34 46 41 33 35 +4,8% Jan-Oct 2019
Cream 44 53 60 63 52 49 -5,4% Jan-Oct 2019
Dulce de leche 91 99 92 101 86 84 -2,3% Jan-Oct 2019
Milk chocolate (Mil Lt) 60 52 49 46 38 26 -32,2% Jan-Oct 2019
Dairy desserts and custards 54 44 44 41 35 24 -30,7% Jan-Oct 2019
Yogurt 446 431 412 394 323 285 -12,0% Jan-Oct 2019
EXPORT 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP importers 64 67 54 46 40 37 -7,7% Jan-Nov 2019
Butter (HS 0405) TOP importers 8,6 5,6 4,2 3,9 3,3 7,2 +117,7% Jan-Nov 2019
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP importers 43 53 44 43 38 35 -7,8% Jan-Nov 2019
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP importers 24 26 20 16 14 11 -20,1% Jan-Nov 2019
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229) TOP importers 138 110 71 118 104 70 -32,8% Jan-Nov 2019
Casein (HS 350110) TOP importers 8,2 3,3 4,0 0,1
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP importers 25 20 13 2,7 2,6 0,2 -93,9% Jan-Nov 2019
IMPORT 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299) TOP exporters 1,5 1,6 2,0 0,9 0,8 0,1 -87,4% Jan-Oct 2019
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP exporters 0,4 0,6 0,7 1,0 1,0 0,9 -6,9% Jan-Nov 2019
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP exporters 1,2 2,8 4,4 3,7 3,6 2,1 -42,3% Jan-Nov 2019
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP exporters 1,0 1,3 1,4 1,4 1,4 1,3 -9,9% Jan-Nov 2019
STOCK (at 31 December) 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Liquid milk (Mil Lt) 40,2 49,6 50,4 28,4 28,1 41,6 +48,3% Nov 2019
Butter 5,6 2,8 3,1 3,6 5,2 4,0 -22,1% Nov 2019
Cheese 54,8 48,8 44,3 44,2 48,3 48,1 -0,4% Nov 2019
Hard cheese 19,7 16,4 15,2 16,6 16,9 16,3 -3,6% Nov 2019
Semi-hard cheese 16,5 16,8 14,8 15,3 15,9 16,8 +5,4% Nov 2019
Soft cheese 9,4 10,4 8,2 8,6 11,6 11,3 -2,1% Nov 2019
Processed cheese 1,1 2,6 1,8 1,5 1,5 1,4 -7,8% Nov 2019
Other cheeses (grated, powdered, melted, etc.) 8,1 2,6 4,3 2,3 2,3 2,3 -2,9% Nov 2019
WMP (Whole milk powder) 66,1 30,1 29,4 20,5 19,9 24,8 +24,4% Nov 2019
SMP (Skimmed milk powder) 14,9 10,1 10,2 4,4 4,0 5,8 +45,8% Nov 2019
Cream 1,2 1,7 1,3 1,5 1,8 1,8 -2,1% Nov 2019
Dulce de leche 5,6 5,7 4,9 5,0 5,1 4,9 -5,6% Nov 2019
Milk chocolate (Mil Lt) 2,9 2,8 4,7 2,1 2,2 2,4 +10,6% Nov 2019
Dairy desserts and custards 1,4 1,5 1,7 0,7 0,9 0,6 -33,1% Nov 2019
Yogurt 11,0 10,1 7,2 6,4 7,2 7,2 +0,0% Nov 2019
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Cheese 524 508 485 381 381 380 -0,3% Jan-Dec 2019
Butter 37 32 28 21 21 16 -23,8% Jan-Dec 2019
SMP 17 10 20 21 21 21 0,0% Jan-Dec 2019
WMP 114 102 68 75 75 79 +5,3% Jan-Dec 2019
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Cheese 12,07 11,59 10,96 8,53
Butter 0,85 0,73 0,63 0,47
SMP 0,39 0,23 0,45 0,47
WMP 2,63 2,33 1,54 1,68
% Self-sufficiency 116,4% 117,9% 112,3% 115,5%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
Population ('000) 43.418 43.847 44.271 44.689
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 12.350 (e) 12.626 (e) 12.906 (e) 13.241 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 11.131(e) 11.407(e) 11.425(e) 11.212(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw milk area: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria; Number of cows: FAO, National Animal Health and Agrifood Quality Service (SENASA);
Source Dairy production: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria, from 2015 data is collected by a panel of dairies according to "Relevamiento Coyuntural de la Resolución 230/16" and historical information of the "Resolución 7/14".
Source Export and Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Last update: 2020-01-21
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Argentina with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it