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Argentina: dairy sector

Argentina This page contains data regarding key components of the Argentinian dairy industry over a given time period.

The following report:

  • highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints: the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, transit trade and domestic consumption;

  • indicates how the export-import ratio is completely in favour of exports - of WMP in particular;

  • stresses the particular features of a traditional product that is prevalent in domestic consumption: the dulce de leche.
ARGENTINA: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: FAO) 1.773 1.720 1.596
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: Senasa) 1.773 1.720
Milk production (Mil Lt) 10.292 10.098 10.527 10.343 8.435 9.070 +7,5% Jan-Oct 2020
Milk delivery (Mil Lt) 9.569 9.386 9.785 9.614 7.845 8.435 +7,5% Jan-Oct 2020
% Delivery on production 92,9% 93,0% 92,9% 93,0%
Farm gate milk price (€ x 100 lt) 23,49 29,13 22,11 26,50 26,61 23,71 -10,9% Jan-Nov 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year +24,0% -24,1% +19,9%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Liquid milk (Mil Lt) 1.456 1.313 1.323 1.212 1.041 1.060 +1,9% Jan-Oct 2020
Butter 33 27 29 29 23 30 +29,8% Jan-Oct 2020
Cheese 394 408 444 429 365 347 -4,8% Jan-Oct 2020
Hard cheese 32 34 39 43 37 28 -23,4% Jan-Oct 2020
Semi-hard cheese 128 124 141 131 109 101 -8,0% Jan-Oct 2020
Soft cheese 163 164 174 172 148 146 -1,1% Jan-Oct 2020
Processed cheese 33 57 60 56 48 49 +2,7% Jan-Oct 2020
Other cheeses (grated, powdered, melted, etc.) 38 29 31 26 23 23 +1,2% Jan-Oct 2020
WMP (Whole milk powder) 157 149 192 188 145 175 +21,0% Jan-Oct 2020
SMP (Skimmed milk powder) 34 46 41 45 35 41 +18,9% Jan-Oct 2020
Cream 53 62 63 59 49 49 -0,9% Jan-Oct 2020
Dulce de leche 99 93 101 97 84 91 +8,9% Jan-Oct 2020
Milk chocolate (Mil Lt) 52 55 46 32 26 18 -29,8% Jan-Oct 2020
Dairy desserts and custards 44 42 41 29 24 23 -6,8% Jan-Oct 2020
Yogurt 431 418 394 354 285 287 +0,7% Jan-Oct 2020
EXPORT 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP importers 67 54 46 42 37 30 -19,4% Jan-Nov 2020
Butter (HS 0405) TOP importers 5,6 4,2 3,9 8,2 7,2 12 +71,6% Jan-Nov 2020
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP importers 53 44 43 39 35 40 +13,4% Jan-Nov 2020
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP importers 26 20 16 14 11 12 +13,0% Jan-Nov 2020
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229) TOP importers 110 71 118 85 70 119 +70,2% Jan-Nov 2020
Casein (HS 350110) TOP importers 3,3 4,0 0,1 0,0
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP importers 20 13 2,7 0,2 0,2 0,4 +128,4% Jan-Sep 2020
IMPORT 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299) TOP exporters 1,6 2,0 0,9 0,2 0,1 0,2 +89,5% Jan-Nov 2020
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP exporters 0,6 0,7 1,0 1,0 0,9 0,8 -16,4% Jan-Nov 2020
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP exporters 2,8 4,4 3,7 2,2 2,1 1,0 -53,1% Jan-Nov 2020
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP exporters 1,3 1,4 1,4 1,4 1,3 1,5 +21,1% Jan-Nov 2020
STOCK (at 31 December) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Liquid milk (Mil Lt) 49,6 50,4 28,4 42,5 48,5 52,5 +8,4% Oct 2020
Butter 2,8 3,1 3,6 4,4 3,1 3,6 +15,3% Oct 2020
Cheese 48,8 44,3 44,2 47,4 47,7 45,9 -3,7% Oct 2020
Hard cheese 16,4 15,2 16,6 16,1 16,3 13,0 -20,2% Oct 2020
Semi-hard cheese 16,8 14,8 15,3 16,6 16,8 15,0 -10,5% Oct 2020
Soft cheese 10,4 8,2 8,6 11,1 10,9 14,3 +31,6% Oct 2020
Processed cheese 2,6 1,8 1,5 1,4 1,5 1,5 -1,3% Oct 2020
Other cheeses (grated, powdered, melted, etc.) 2,6 4,3 2,3 2,2 2,3 2,1 -5,4% Oct 2020
WMP (Whole milk powder) 30,1 29,4 20,5 25,1 27,0 18,9 -30,0% Oct 2020
SMP (Skimmed milk powder) 10,1 10,2 4,4 5,3 7,1 6,1 -14,8% Oct 2020
Cream 1,7 1,3 1,5 1,7 1,7 2,3 +33,7% Oct 2020
Dulce de leche 5,7 4,9 5,0 4,9 4,9 6,1 +24,9% Oct 2020
Milk chocolate (Mil Lt) 2,8 4,7 2,1 2,3 1,9 1,8 -5,0% Oct 2020
Dairy desserts and custards 1,5 1,7 0,7 0,6 0,7 0,6 -7,9% Oct 2020
Yogurt 10,1 7,2 6,4 7,4 6,9 7,1 +3,1% Oct 2020
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Cheese 508 485 380 430 430 441 +2,6% Jan-Dec 2020
Butter 32 28 21 15 15 17 +13,3% Jan-Dec 2020
SMP 10 20 24 20 20 22 +10,0% Jan-Dec 2020
WMP 102 75 75 84 84 96 +14,3% Jan-Dec 2020
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Cheese 11,68 11,04 8,57 9,60
Butter 0,74 0,64 0,47 0,33
SMP 0,23 0,46 0,54 0,45
WMP 2,34 1,71 1,69 1,88
% Self-sufficiency 117,9% 112,3% 115,5% 112,0%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
Population ('000) 43.508 43.937 44.361 44.781
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 12.626 (e) 12.906 (e) 13.241 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 11.407(e) 11.425(e) 11.212(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw milk area: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria; Number of cows: FAO, National Animal Health and Agrifood Quality Service (SENASA);
Source Dairy production: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria, from 2015 data is collected by a panel of dairies according to "Relevamiento Coyuntural de la Resolución 230/16" and historical information of the "Resolución 7/14".
Source Export and Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Last update: 2021-01-15
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Argentina with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it