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Argentina: dairy sector

This page contains data regarding key components of the Argentinian dairy industry over a given time period.

The following report:

  • highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints: the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, transit trade and domestic consumption;
  • indicates how the export-import ratio is completely in favour of exports - of WMP in particular;
  • stresses the particular features of a traditional product that is prevalent in domestic consumption: the dulce de leche.
ARGENTINA: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: FAO) 1.720 1.596 1.615 1.644
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: Senasa) 1.720
Milk production (Mil Lt) 10.098 10.527 10.343 11.113 10.101 10.507 +4,0% Jan-Nov 2021
Milk delivery (Mil Lt) 9.386 9.785 9.614 10.329 9.391 9.768 +4,0% Jan-Nov 2021
% Delivery on production 93,0% 92,9% 92,9% 93,0%
Farm gate milk price (€ x 100 lt) 29,13 22,11 26,50 23,51 23,71 26,44 +11,5% Jan-Nov 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year -24,1% +19,9% -11,3%
Corn price (Rosario) (€\Ton) 129,1 131,3 125,2 131,4 0,0 170,0 (p) 0,0% Jan-Dec 2021
Soybeans price (Rosario) (€\Ton) 222,9 231,7 209,3 225,6 0,0 286,5 (p) 0,0% Jan-Dec 2021
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Liquid milk (Mil Lt) 1.313 1.323 1.212 1.254 1.060 1.011 -4,6% Jan-Oct 2021
Butter 27 29 29 35 30 34 +12,3% Jan-Oct 2021
Cheese 408 444 429 421 347 386 +11,0% Jan-Oct 2021
Hard cheese 34 39 43 33 28 32 +14,0% Jan-Oct 2021
Semi-hard cheese 124 141 131 126 101 124 +23,6% Jan-Oct 2021
Soft cheese 164 174 172 174 146 153 +4,7% Jan-Oct 2021
Processed cheese 57 60 56 59 49 49 +0,2% Jan-Oct 2021
Other cheeses (grated, powdered, melted, etc.) 29 31 26 28 23 26 +15,5% Jan-Oct 2021
WMP (Whole milk powder) 149 192 188 213 175 193 +10,1% Jan-Oct 2021
SMP (Skimmed milk powder) 46 41 45 52 41 41 -0,7% Jan-Oct 2021
Cream 62 63 59 61 49 50 +2,6% Jan-Oct 2021
Dulce de leche 93 101 97 107 91 83 -8,6% Jan-Oct 2021
Milk chocolate (Mil Lt) 55 46 32 23 18 29 +59,7% Jan-Oct 2021
Dairy desserts and custards 42 41 29 27 23 23 -0,5% Jan-Oct 2021
Yogurt 418 394 354 356 287 264 -7,8% Jan-Oct 2021
EXPORT 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP importers 54 46 42 32 30 37 +20,5% Jan-Nov 2021
Butter (HS 0405) TOP importers 4,2 3,9 8,2 14 12 14 +16,5% Jan-Nov 2021
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP importers 44 43 39 44 40 49 +20,6% Jan-Nov 2021
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP importers 20 16 14 14 12 10 -17,2% Jan-Nov 2021
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229) TOP importers 71 118 85 126 120 114 -4,6% Jan-Nov 2021
Casein (HS 350110) TOP importers 4,0 0,1
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP importers 13 2,7 0,2 0,4 0,4 0,1 -59,4% Jan-Sep 2021
IMPORT 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299) TOP exporters 2,0 0,9 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,4 +104,9% Jan-Nov 2021
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP exporters 0,7 1,0 1,0 0,8 0,8 1,0 +34,4% Jan-Nov 2021
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP exporters 4,4 3,7 2,2 1,1 1,0 2,4 +146,9% Jan-Nov 2021
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP exporters 1,4 1,4 1,4 1,6 1,5 1,8 +16,4% Jan-Nov 2021
STOCK (at 31 December) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Liquid milk (Mil Lt) 50,4 28,4 42,5 40,9 52,5 50,8 -3,3% Oct 2021
Butter 3,1 3,6 4,4 4,6 3,6 4,1 +13,0% Oct 2021
Cheese 44,3 44,2 47,4 47,8 45,9 48,4 +5,4% Oct 2021
Hard cheese 15,2 16,6 16,1 13,6 13,0 13,0 +0,1% Oct 2021
Semi-hard cheese 14,8 15,3 16,6 15,2 15,0 18,2 +21,2% Oct 2021
Soft cheese 8,2 8,6 11,1 15,0 14,3 12,1 -15,1% Oct 2021
Processed cheese 1,8 1,5 1,4 1,6 1,5 2,8 +89,8% Oct 2021
Other cheeses (grated, powdered, melted, etc.) 4,3 2,3 2,2 2,3 2,1 2,2 +4,2% Oct 2021
WMP (Whole milk powder) 29,4 20,5 25,1 22,3 18,9 30,9 +63,6% Oct 2021
SMP (Skimmed milk powder) 10,2 4,4 5,3 5,8 6,1 8,4 +38,1% Oct 2021
Cream 1,3 1,5 1,7 1,5 2,3 2,1 -10,1% Oct 2021
Dulce de leche 4,9 5,0 4,9 5,5 6,1 5,2 -15,6% Oct 2021
Milk chocolate (Mil Lt) 4,7 2,1 2,3 2,4 1,8 5,8 +213,5% Oct 2021
Dairy desserts and custards 1,7 0,7 0,6 0,5 0,6 1,4 +124,1% Oct 2021
Yogurt 7,2 6,4 7,4 7,0 7,1 5,2 -27,0% Oct 2021
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Cheese 485 380 461 420 420 452 +7,6% Jan-Dec 2021
Butter 28 21 19 14 14 21 +50,0% Jan-Dec 2021
SMP 20 24 20 23 23 26 +13,0% Jan-Dec 2021
WMP 75 75 84 80 80 81 +1,3% Jan-Dec 2021
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Cheese 11,04 8,57 10,29 9,29 9,29 9,91 +6,7% Jan-Dec 2021
Butter 0,64 0,47 0,42 0,31 0,31 0,46 +48,7% Jan-Dec 2021
SMP 0,46 0,54 0,45 0,51 0,51 0,57 +12,0% Jan-Dec 2021
WMP 1,71 1,69 1,88 1,77 1,77 1,78 +0,3% Jan-Dec 2021
% Self-sufficiency 112,3% 115,5% 112,0% 115,7%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Population ('000) 43.937 44.361 44.781 45.196 45.196 45.606 +0,9% Jan-Dic 2021
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 14.618 11.625 9.890 (e) 8.555 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 12.940 9.844 8.834(e) 7.485(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(p): partial data
(f): forecast
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw milk area: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria; Number of cows: FAO, National Animal Health and Agrifood Quality Service (SENASA);
Source Dairy production: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria, from 2015 data is collected by a panel of dairies according to "Relevamiento Coyuntural de la Resolución 230/16" and historical information of the "Resolución 7/14".
Source Export and Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Last update: 2022-01-22
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Argentina with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it