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Argentina: dairy sector

Argentina This page contains data regarding key components of the Argentinian dairy industry over a given time period.

The following report:

  • highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints: the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, transit trade and domestic consumption;

  • indicates how the export-import ratio is completely in favour of exports - of WMP in particular;

  • stresses the particular features of a traditional product that is prevalent in domestic consumption: the dulce de leche.
ARGENTINA: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Number of cows('000) 1.950 2.202 2.244
Milk production (Mil Lt) 11.011 12.061 10.292 10.098 8.216 8.673 +5,6% Jan-Oct 2018
Milk delivery (Mil Lt) 10.236 11.210 9.569 9.386 7.641 8.067 +5,6% Jan-Oct 2018
% Delivery on production 92,9% 93,0% 92,9% 93,0%
Farm gate milk price (€ x 100 lt) 27,82 29,35 23,49 29,13 29,44 22,21 -24,5% Jan-Oct 2018
± % Over the same period of the previous year +5,5% -20,0% +24,0%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Liquid milk (Mil Lt) 1.725 1.549 1.456 1.271 954 1.012 +6,2% Jan-Sep 2018
Butter 48 41 33 27 20 20 +0,4% Jan-Sep 2018
Cheese 559 388 394 414 304 333 +9,5% Jan-Sep 2018
Hard cheese 67 40 32 37 27 29 +6,8% Jan-Sep 2018
Semi-hard cheese 208 132 128 123 89 103 +15,4% Jan-Sep 2018
Soft cheese 270 153 163 163 123 133 +8,0% Jan-Sep 2018
Processed cheese 13 16 33 61 44 45 +3,8% Jan-Sep 2018
Other cheeses (grated, powdered, melted, etc.) 47 38 30 21 24 +10,9% Jan-Sep 2018
WMP (Whole milk powder) 230 245 157 155 103 129 +26,1% Jan-Sep 2018
SMP (Skimmed milk powder) 42 27 34 46 33 29 -13,6% Jan-Sep 2018
Cream 42 44 53 60 44 46 +5,3% Jan-Sep 2018
Dulce de leche 131 91 99 92 69 77 +12,0% Jan-Sep 2018
Milk chocolate (Mil Lt) 95 60 52 49 36 35 -2,3% Jan-Sep 2018
Dairy desserts and custards 46 54 44 44 32 32 +0,7% Jan-Sep 2018
Yogurt 460 446 431 412 291 287 -1,5% Jan-Sep 2018
EXPORT 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP importers 68 64 67 54 45 36 -19,2% Jan-Oct 2018
Butter (HS 0405) TOP importers 13 8,6 5,6 4,2 3,3 2,4 -26,8% Jan-Oct 2018
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP importers 56 43 53 44 37 34 -8,8% Jan-Oct 2018
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP importers 22 24 26 20 17 11 -31,7% Jan-Oct 2018
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229) TOP importers 144 138 110 71 54 87 +59,7% Jan-Oct 2018
Casein (HS 350110) TOP importers 6,2 8,2 3,3 4,0 0,4 0,1 -83,5% Jan-Feb 2018
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP importers 32 25 20 13 10 2,6 -74,6% Jan-Oct 2018
IMPORT 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299) TOP exporters 1,7 1,5 1,6 2,0 0,2 0,3 +29,6% Jan-Feb 2018
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP exporters 3,5 0,4 0,6 0,7 0,5 0,1 -76,7% Jan-Feb 2018
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP exporters 2,8 1,2 2,8 4,4 3,5 1,4 -59,8% Jan-Oct 2018
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP exporters 0,7 1,0 1,3 1,4 1,2 0,2 -79,6% Jan-Feb 2018
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018(f) % Period
Cheese 510 506 431 397 397 437 +10,1% Jan-Dec 2018
Butter 38 41 42 43 43 45 +4,7% Jan-Dec 2018
SMP 15 17 7,0 24 24 25 +4,2% Jan-Dec 2018
WMP 105 114 102 88 88 85 -3,4% Jan-Dec 2018
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018(f) % Period
Cheese 11,87 11,65 9,83 8,97
Butter 0,88 0,94 0,96 0,97
SMP 0,35 0,39 0,16 0,54
WMP 2,44 2,63 2,33 1,99
% Self-sufficiency 119,7% 116,4% 117,9% 112,3%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018(f) % Period
Population ('000) 42.982 43.418 43.847 44.271
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 12.229 (e) 12.350 (e) 12.626 (e) 12.906 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 9.205(e) 11.131(e) 11.407(e) 11.747(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw milk area: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria; Number of cows: FAO;
Source Dairy production: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria, from 2015 data is collected by a panel of dairies according to "Relevamiento Coyuntural de la Resolución 230/16" and historical information of the "Resolución 7/14".
Source Export and Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO

Last update: 2018-12-07
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Argentina with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it