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Argentina: dairy sector

Argentina This page contains data regarding key components of the Argentinian dairy industry over a given time period.

The following report:

  • highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints: the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, transit trade and domestic consumption;

  • indicates how the export-import ratio is completely in favour of exports - of WMP in particular;

  • stresses the particular features of a traditional product that is prevalent in domestic consumption: the dulce de leche.
ARGENTINA: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: FAO) 3.448 3.500 3.365
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: Senasa) 1.770 1.773 1.720
Milk production (Mil Lt) 12.061 10.292 10.098 10.527 6.688 6.428 -3,9% Jan-Aug 2019
Milk delivery (Mil Lt) 11.210 9.569 9.386 9.785 6.222 5.980 -3,9% Jan-Aug 2019
% Delivery on production 93,0% 92,9% 93,0% 93,0%
Farm gate milk price (€ x 100 lt) 29,35 23,49 29,13 22,11 22,50 26,98 +19,9% Jan-Sep 2019
± % Over the same period of the previous year -20,0% +24,0% -24,1%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Liquid milk (Mil Lt) 1.549 1.456 1.271 1.323 891 846 -5,1% Jan-Aug 2019
Butter 41 33 27 29 18 17 -3,0% Jan-Aug 2019
Cheese 388 394 414 444 296 291 -1,7% Jan-Aug 2019
Hard cheese 40 32 37 39 25 29 +13,5% Jan-Aug 2019
Semi-hard cheese 132 128 123 141 91 86 -5,0% Jan-Aug 2019
Soft cheese 153 163 163 174 119 120 +0,7% Jan-Aug 2019
Processed cheese 16 33 61 60 40 39 -4,8% Jan-Aug 2019
Other cheeses (grated, powdered, melted, etc.) 47 38 30 31 21 18 -15,4% Jan-Aug 2019
WMP (Whole milk powder) 245 157 155 192 109 101 -6,8% Jan-Aug 2019
SMP (Skimmed milk powder) 27 34 46 41 24 25 +3,3% Jan-Aug 2019
Cream 44 53 60 63 41 39 -5,1% Jan-Aug 2019
Dulce de leche 91 99 92 101 69 68 -1,3% Jan-Aug 2019
Milk chocolate (Mil Lt) 60 52 49 46 32 21 -33,0% Jan-Aug 2019
Dairy desserts and custards 54 44 44 41 29 20 -33,5% Jan-Aug 2019
Yogurt 446 431 412 394 257 222 -13,7% Jan-Aug 2019
EXPORT 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP importers 64 67 54 46 32 30 -5,7% Jan-Sep 2019
Butter (HS 0405) TOP importers 8,6 5,6 4,2 3,9 1,9 4,0 +117,4% Jan-Sep 2019
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP importers 43 53 44 43 29 27 -8,0% Jan-Sep 2019
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP importers 24 26 20 16 9,3 7,6 -18,7% Jan-Sep 2019
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229) TOP importers 138 110 71 118 72 41 -43,6% Jan-Sep 2019
Casein (HS 350110) TOP importers 8,2 3,3 4,0 0,1
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP importers 25 20 13 2,7 2,5 0,1 -95,1% Jan-May 2019
IMPORT 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299) TOP exporters 1,5 1,6 2,0 0,9 0,7 0,1 -89,2% Jan-Jul 2019
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP exporters 0,4 0,6 0,7 1,0 0,6 0,7 +11,1% Jan-Sep 2019
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP exporters 1,2 2,8 4,4 3,7 3,2 1,8 -43,2% Jan-Sep 2019
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP exporters 1,0 1,3 1,4 1,4 1,2 1,1 -11,8% Jan-Sep 2019
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
Cheese 524 508 485 507 507 509 +0,4% Jan-Dec 2019
Butter 37 32 28 37 37 43 +16,2% Jan-Dec 2019
SMP 17 10 20 21 21 23 +9,5% Jan-Dec 2019
WMP 114 102 68 80 80 85 +6,3% Jan-Dec 2019
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
Cheese 12,07 11,59 10,96 11,35
Butter 0,85 0,73 0,63 0,83
SMP 0,39 0,23 0,45 0,47
WMP 2,63 2,33 1,54 1,79
% Self-sufficiency 116,4% 117,9% 112,3% 115,5%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
Population ('000) 43.418 43.847 44.271 44.689
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 12.350 (e) 12.626 (e) 12.906 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 11.131(e) 11.407(e) 11.747(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw milk area: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria; Number of cows: FAO, National Animal Health and Agrifood Quality Service (SENASA);
Source Dairy production: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria, from 2015 data is collected by a panel of dairies according to "Relevamiento Coyuntural de la Resolución 230/16" and historical information of the "Resolución 7/14".
Source Export and Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Last update: 2019-11-15
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Argentina with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it