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EU-28: Dairy sector

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This page contains data with regard to some key indicators on the dairy sector over time.


The purpose of this table is twofold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the sector, where it is important the connection among many different elements: raw milk area, dairy productions, import, export, domestic consumption and self-sufficiency level,

  • on the other hand, it underlines the vibrancy of a market crossed by many trade routes of both semi-finished and finished products (from packaged milk to cheese and milk powders).

The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.


Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

EU-28: DAIRY SECTOR
x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201520162017201820182019%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Dairy Cows ('000 head)23.59323.52423.31222.906
Slaughtered cows ('000)7.3317.6937.5757.6534.9704.652-6,4%Jan-Aug 2019
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)148.283171.973222.509221.188163.232134.493-17,6%Jan-Sep 2019
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)52381688736300+733,3%Jan-Sep 2019
Milk production162.824163.432165.298166.744
± % Over the same period of the previous year+0,4%+1,1%+0,9%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)152.334153.174156.086157.407120.086120.533+0,4%Jan-Sep 2019
± % Over the same period of the previous year+0,6%+1,9%+0,8%
% Delivery on production ***93,6%93,7%94,4%94,4%
% Protein3,36%3,38%3,40%3,39%3,36%3,39% Jan-Sep 2019
% Fat4,03%4,09%4,06%4,06%4,01%4,05% Jan-Sep 2019
Farm-gate milk prices (€ x 100 kg, escl. VAT)30,8428,4334,8634,1133,9834,31+1,0%Jan-Nov 2019
± % Over the same period of the previous year-7,8%+22,6%-2,1%
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Buffaloes ('000)**416432(e)447(e)-
Goats ('000)**12.49912.378(e)12.243(e)11.849(e)
Sheeps ('000)**86.08985.805(e)85.437(e)84.127(e)
Buffalo's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1140D)**199203216220
Goat's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1130D)**1.5031.5411.6651.676
Sheep's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1120D)**1.8701.9912.0312.110
DAIRY PRODUCTION201520162017201820182019%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)30.61330.18230.27429.55822.09121.406(e)-3,1%Jan-Sep 2019
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)2.7592.7772.7772.7062.0002.055(e)+2,8%Jan-Sep 2019
Raw cream delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1200D)**659699120
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)8.0178.1498.1288.1906.2486.228(e)-0,3%Jan-Sep 2019
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)2.1032.1562.1532.1691.6411.700(e)+3,7%Jan-Sep 2019
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)**999910196
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)**204225217209
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)**9.86510.07910.16910.253
I° Classification
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)**1.2071.2821.2931.269
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)**710723747769
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)**2.4542.6272.6462.693
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)**1.5741.7801.9031.896
- Extra hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7115)**81384732
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)**3.4453.4713.4753.518
2° Classification
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)**9.0259.2369.3669.417
- Cheese from ewes milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7122)**217220232228
- Cheese from goats milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7123)**192192199219
- Others (cheese from buffalos'milk (pure) or mixed cheese) ( Cod. Eurostat D7129)**431429456474
Cheese from cows'milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)9.2069.3039.4609.5387.1947.214(e)+0,3%Jan-Sep 2019
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)**557580584625
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)1.086926939882649684+5,5%Jan-Sep 2019
Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (WMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)744789810792598604(e)+1,0%Jan-Sep 2019
Partly Skimmed Milk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3112)**81849153
Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)1.4811.5411.5131.5251.1811.173-0,7%Jan-Sep 2019
Buttermilk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3130)**55798485
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)**1.6181.6641.2441.693
Whey (in powder or in block) (Cod. Eurostat D5300)**1.6191.7241.8671.829
Caseins and caseinates (Cod. Eurostat D9300)**119102121126
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
**
2.4752.3332.2702.067
EXPORT201520162017201820182019%Period
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers8528941.0001.010759854+12,6%Jan-Sep 2019
Cheese (0406) TOP importers719799828832623649+4,3%Jan-Sep 2019
SMP (040210) TOP importers695579780816596762+27,9%Jan-Sep 2019
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers603737752727534676+26,5%Jan-Sep 2019
Whole (04012091) TOP importers410519510477360464+28,9%Jan-Sep 2019
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers135144158162112124+10,5%Jan-Sep 2019
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers597384886288+42,0%Jan-Sep 2019
Whey (0404) TOP importers605633648694516517+0,3%Jan-Sep 2019
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP importers540556569601448442-1,4%Jan-Sep 2019
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP importers425474541587442435-1,7%Jan-Sep 2019
WMP (040221+040229) TOP importers401382393334267226-15,3%Jan-Sep 2019
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers356283320276195210+7,8%Jan-Sep 2019
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers161166190229162164+1,2%Jan-Sep 2019
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers163169186192147159+8,0%Jan-Sep 2019
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers124153183179135140+3,8%Jan-Sep 2019
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers178207171158123149+21,1%Jan-Sep 2019
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers373928252120-4,5%Jan-Sep 2019
Other Product 214283190168126128+1,1%Jan-Sep 2019
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)n.a.5740443428-15,8%Jan-Sep 2019
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
n.a.2230423045+48,5%Jan-Sep 2019
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
414842503742+13,3%Jan-Sep 2019
IMPORT201520162017201820182019%Period
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters343472957666-13,5%Jan-Sep 2019
Whey (0404) TOP exporters958489645147-8,5%Jan-Sep 2019
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP exporters958488635146-10,3%Jan-Sep 2019
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters617160594245+6,0%Jan-Sep 2019
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters242115201313-2,6%Jan-Sep 2019
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters15135,78,15,96,6+11,5%Jan-Sep 2019
Casein (350110) TOP exporters181917151213+9,7%Jan-Sep 2019
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP exporters4,05,77,38,66,67,8+18,2%Jan-Sep 2019
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP exporters7,35,25,26,25,24,4-15,6%Jan-Sep 2019
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters5,45,85,66,14,55,3+17,4%Jan-Sep 2019
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (350220) TOP exporters4,65,14,75,23,94,8+23,0%Jan-Sep 2019
Bulk milk (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters2,03,56,14,94,33,8-11,0%Jan-Sep 2019
Whole (04012099) TOP exporters1,92,55,34,84,23,4-17,3%Jan-Sep 2019
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters0,00,10,50,10,10,0-12,3%Jan-Sep 2019
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters0,11,00,30,10,10,3+326,6%Jan-Sep 2019
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters0,61,2104,13,43,8+12,1%Jan-Sep 2019
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters0,00,20,10,10,10,1+165,4%Jan-Sep 2019
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters0,61,0104,13,33,7+9,8%Jan-Sep 2019
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters0,00,00,00,00,00,0+374,8%Jan-Sep 2019
Other Product 172215129,415+57,0%Jan-Sep 2019
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)n.a.5127241724+41,7%Jan-Sep 2019
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
n.a.2,12,12,41,81,5-16,3%Jan-Sep 2019
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
1214141310,08,8-11,8%Jan-Sep 2019
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA)201520162017201820182019(f)%Period
Cheese9.0879.0939.2969.3879.3879.520+1,4%Jan-Dec 2019
Butter2.1502.1812.2072.2062.2062.232+1,2%Jan-Dec 2019
SMP9788039851.1221.1221.008-10,2%Jan-Dec 2019
WMP313344369398398424+6,5%Jan-Dec 2019
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201520162017201820182019%Period
Cheese18181818
Butter4,24,34,34,3
SMP1,91,61,92,2
WMP0,60,70,70,8
% Self-sufficiency rate113,2%112,1%113,8%113,2%114,8%Jan-Sep 2019
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 2,25% 1,98% 2,59% 2,00% 1,37% Jan-Dic 2019
CPI (consumer price index) 0,10% 0,24% 1,71% 1,89% 1,52% Jan-Dic 2019
Population ('000) 508.520 510.182 511.373 512.379
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
** Only the production of the EU countries that officially declared the data are considered.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Farm-gate milk price: Milk Market Observatory; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm)
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

*** MILK DELIVERIES AND MILK PRODUCTION
  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 06-12-2019
NOTA: L'accesso all'area Dairy World Trade, contenente anche le elaborazioni di Import / Export della UE-28 con aggiornamento MENSILE, è riservato ai Sostenitori di CLAL.it