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EU-27: Dairy sector

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This page contains data with regard to some key indicators on the dairy sector over time.

The purpose of this table is twofold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the sector, where it is important the connection among many different elements: raw milk area, dairy productions, import, export, domestic consumption and self-sufficiency level,

  • on the other hand, it underlines the vibrancy of a market crossed by many trade routes of both semi-finished and finished products (from packaged milk to cheese and milk powders).

The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the

x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201920202021202220222023%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Live bovine animals ('000 Head)77.16176.55175.70574.80874.80866.012-11,8%Jan-Dec 2023
of which
     Cows ('000 Head)20.76620.52220.21320.07420.07418.731-6,7%Jan-Dec 2023
Slaughtered cows ('000 head)6.5296.3716.5136.4045.8655.665-3,4%Jan-Nov 2023
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)213.532222.761164.442150.601150.601189.975+26,1%Jan-Dec 2023
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)5806646228728744-84,7%Jan-Dec 2023
Milk production152.560154.161153.994152.270
± % Over the same period of the previous year+1,0%-0,1%-1,1%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)142.566144.902144.489144.639144.639144.684(e)0,0%Jan-Dec 2023
± % Over the same period of the previous year+1,6%-0,3%+0,1%
% Delivery on production ***93,4%94,0%93,8%95,0%
% Protein3,42%3,43%3,43%3,42%3,42%3,44% Jan-Dec 2023
% Fat4,09%4,09%4,10%4,09%4,09%4,11% Jan-Dec 2023
Farm-gate milk price (€ per 100 Kg)34,7834,1436,8150,2150,2146,98(e)-6,4%Jan-Dec 2023
± % Over the same period of the previous year-1,8%+7,8%+36,4%
Corn price (Bordeaux) (€\Ton)160166229313313232-25,8%Jan-Dec 2023
National Soybean price (Bologna) (€\Ton)338383588632632485-23,3%Jan-Dec 2023
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Buffaloes ('000)**4594734764804804800,0%Jan-Dec 2023
Buffalo's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1140A)**280(e)290(e)292(e)289(e)
Buffalo's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1140D)**224(e)235(e)239(e)239(e)
Goats ('000)**12.12511.75011.49111.263
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A)**2.454(e)2.521(e)2.482(e)2.474(e)
Goat's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1130D)**1.718(e)1.828(e)1.812(e)1.792(e)
Sheeps ('000)**62.47060.09759.13159.01059.01053.487-9,4%Jan-Dec 2023
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A)**2.967(e)2.984(e)2.980(e)2.933(e)
Sheep's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1120D)**2.038(e)2.161(e)2.124(e)2.217(e)
DAIRY PRODUCTION201920202021202220222023%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)22.28023.10522.84022.67622.67622.743(e)+0,3%Jan-Dec 2023
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)2.4582.4632.5302.5252.5252.603(e)+3,1%Jan-Dec 2023
Raw cream delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1200D)**128143143180
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)7.6837.7357.5717.5487.5487.681+1,8%Jan-Dec 2023
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)2.0852.1372.0752.0732.0732.119+2,2%Jan-Dec 2023
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)**104101105111
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)**204210182211
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)9.95810.16410.32810.330
I° Classificazione
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)**1.3181.3721.4031.474
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)**641679682646
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)**2.7391.8451.9061.884
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)**1.6121.6831.7021.681
- Extra hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7115)**64424532
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)**3.5523.5593.6373.633
2° Classificazione
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)**9.1639.2949.4449.486
- Cheese from ewes milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7122)**232231234236
- Cheese from goats milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7123)**201204200194
- Others (cheese from buffalos'milk (pure) or mixed cheese) ( Cod. Eurostat D7129)**443479525494
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)9.1609.3899.5049.4789.4789.611(e)+1,4%Jan-Dec 2023
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)**629603604620
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)9131.035993904904959+6,1%Jan-Dec 2023
WMP - Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)806821751715715726(e)+1,6%Jan-Dec 2023
Partly Skimmed Milk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3112)**55605256
SMP - Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)1.3491.3791.2921.3071.3071.243-4,9%Jan-Dec 2023
Buttermilk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3130)**85815151
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)**1.7251.6321.7461.689
Whey(Cod. Eurostat D5000)**53.73556.37555.54743.655
of which
     Whey liquid (Cod. Eurostat D5100)**16.13916.68516.4287.030
     Whey concentrated (Cod. Eurostat D5200)**2.3252.5332.5752.273
     Whey (in powder or in block) (Cod. Eurostat D5300)**2.0411.9522.0381.829
Caseins and caseinates (Cod. Eurostat D9300)**128113114146
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
Cheese (0406) TOP importers1.3481.4021.3861.3341.3341.383+3,6%Jan-Dec 2023
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers1.1661.1841.1881.1441.1441.109-3,1%Jan-Dec 2023
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers9401.0501.098828828806-2,7%Jan-Dec 2023
Whole (04012091) TOP importers623677773564564545-3,4%Jan-Dec 2023
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers199201175165165186+12,8%Jan-Dec 2023
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers118172149999974-24,5%Jan-Dec 2023
Whey (0404) TOP importers783813831780780789+1,1%Jan-Dec 2023
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP importers647695717662662691+4,4%Jan-Dec 2023
SMP (040210) TOP importers945831788707707780+10,3%Jan-Dec 2023
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP importers616601508577577488-15,5%Jan-Dec 2023
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers523534544511511497-2,7%Jan-Dec 2023
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers332338341295295319+8,1%Jan-Dec 2023
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers209227265262262253-3,5%Jan-Dec 2023
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers297312263255255291+14,2%Jan-Dec 2023
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers443830252527+8,9%Jan-Dec 2023
WMP (040221+040229) TOP importers315345298234234262+12,1%Jan-Dec 2023
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP importers211206223233233164-29,6%Jan-Dec 2023
Whole (04012099) TOP importers156171170169169130-22,8%Jan-Dec 2023
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP importers11124,013135,7-56,9%Jan-Dec 2023
Skimmed (04011090) TOP importers442349515128-44,9%Jan-Dec 2023
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers223273262228228232+1,7%Jan-Dec 2023
Other Product 150159163153153145-5,3%Jan-Dec 2023
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)625852525247-9,6%Jan-Dec 2023
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
203314427400400359-10,1%Jan-Dec 2023
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
159137969898101+2,9%Jan-Dec 2023
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters636578514596596666+11,8%Jan-Dec 2023
Whole (04012099) TOP exporters599563504586586657+12,3%Jan-Dec 2023
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters5,22,96,78,98,98,0-10,4%Jan-Dec 2023
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters32132,71,21,20,9-27,5%Jan-Dec 2023
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters212223197188188174-7,2%Jan-Dec 2023
Whey (0404) TOP exporters11411289939374-20,8%Jan-Dec 2023
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP exporters11110788929272-21,1%Jan-Dec 2023
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters665951878751-41,2%Jan-Dec 2023
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters1398777787871-9,7%Jan-Dec 2023
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters734847696953-23,2%Jan-Dec 2023
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters221819252523-11,5%Jan-Dec 2023
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters979550484848-0,2%Jan-Dec 2023
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters364025272726-1,7%Jan-Dec 2023
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters293420151518+17,0%Jan-Dec 2023
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters31205,66,36,34,1-35,3%Jan-Dec 2023
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters423437383840+4,6%Jan-Dec 2023
SMP (040210) TOP exporters563632373735-5,5%Jan-Dec 2023
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP exporters252218353549+39,7%Jan-Dec 2023
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (350220) TOP exporters161224323232+1,7%Jan-Dec 2023
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters464526313129-5,9%Jan-Dec 2023
Other Product 705534434334-20,3%Jan-Dec 2023
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)17118,710108,2-21,0%Jan-Dec 2023
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
161628262633+29,4%Jan-Dec 2023
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
13116,46,56,57,2+11,5%Jan-Dec 2023
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA)201920202021202220222023%Period
Cheese9.0199.1839.2129.1919.1919.200+0,1%Jan-Dec 2023
Butter1.9001.9091.9271.9101.9101.870-2,1%Jan-Dec 2023
SMP835795748845845740-12,4%Jan-Dec 2023
WMP424418376400400380-5,0%Jan-Dec 2023
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201920202021202220222023%Period
Cheese181821212121-0,4%Jan-Dec 2023
Butter3,73,74,34,34,34,2-2,5%Jan-Dec 2023
SMP1,61,51,71,91,91,6-12,8%Jan-Dec 2023
WMP0,80,80,80,90,90,8-5,4%Jan-Dec 2023
% Self-sufficiency rate119,0%118,1%117,1%114,5%115,2%Jan-Dec 2023
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 1,83% -5,79% 5,94% 3,48% 3,48% 0,42% Jan-Dic 2023
CPI (consumer price index) 1,42% 0,69% 2,90% 9,19% 9,19% 6,31% Jan-Dic 2023
Population ('000) 446.446 447.320 447.001 446.735 446.735 448.754 +0,5% Jan-Dic 2023
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
** Only the production of the EU countries that officially declared the data are considered.

Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk price: Milk Market Observatory; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS ; Organic Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: org_aprod);
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm)
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 28-02-2024
NOTA: Access to Dairy World Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the EU-27 with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it