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EU-27: Dairy sector

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This page contains data with regard to some key indicators on the dairy sector over time.

The purpose of this table is twofold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the sector, where it is important the connection among many different elements: raw milk area, dairy productions, import, export, domestic consumption and self-sufficiency level,

  • on the other hand, it underlines the vibrancy of a market crossed by many trade routes of both semi-finished and finished products (from packaged milk to cheese and milk powders).

The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the

x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201720182019202020202021%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Live bovine animals ('000 Head)**79.01077.84077.16176.462
of which
     Cows ('000 Head)21.40921.02920.76620.562
Slaughtered cows ('000 head)6.9326.9766.5296.3715.2565.279+0,4%Jan-Oct 2021
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)270.732232.711213.532222.765182.008149.835-17,7%Jan-Nov 2021
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)60139658064457663-89,1%Jan-Nov 2021
Milk production149.884151.273152.560154.065
± % Over the same period of the previous year+0,9%+0,9%+1,0%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)140.554141.813142.550144.899133.374133.058(e)-0,2%Jan-Nov 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year+0,9%+0,5%+1,6%
% Delivery on production ***93,8%93,7%93,4%94,1%
% Protein3,40%3,39%3,42%3,43%3,42%3,42% Jan-Nov 2021
% Fat4,05%4,04%4,09%4,09%4,07%4,09% Jan-Nov 2021
Farm-gate milk price (€ per 100 Kg)35,1934,3134,7834,1434,1436,77(e)+7,7%Jan-Dec 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year-2,5%+1,4%-1,8%
Corn price (Bordeaux) (€\Ton)155160160166166229+37,9%Jan-Dec 2021
National Soybean price (Bologna) (€\Ton)400356338383383588+53,5%Jan-Dec 2021
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Buffaloes ('000)**447457459470
Buffalo's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1140A)**270(e)274(e)280(e)290(e)
Buffalo's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1140D)**216(e)220(e)224(e)235(e)
Goats ('000)**12.13811.74112.12611.878
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A)**2.300(e)2.348(e)2.454(e)2.490(e)
Goat's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1130D)**1.665(e)1.674(e)1.718(e)1.829(e)
Sheeps ('000)**62.19861.62762.45860.674
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A)**2.764(e)2.845(e)2.967(e)2.965(e)
Sheep's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1120D)**2.031(e)2.111(e)2.038(e)2.161(e)
DAIRY PRODUCTION201720182019202020202021%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)23.36322.74222.28023.10621.07220.860-1,0%Jan-Nov 2021
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)2.4702.4172.4582.4632.2492.306+2,5%Jan-Nov 2021
Raw cream delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1200D)**99120128143
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)7.7897.8407.6837.7357.1526.999-2,1%Jan-Nov 2021
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)1.9912.0302.0852.1371.9581.914-2,2%Jan-Nov 2021
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)**10197104101
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)**217209204210
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)9.7129.7889.95810.166
I° Classificazione
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)**1.2931.3081.3181.409
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)**681660641661
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)**2.6182.6662.7391.810
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)**1.5491.5381.6121.686
- Extra hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7115)**47326442
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)**3.4753.5173.5523.542
2° Classificazione
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)**8.9098.9539.1639.307
- Cheese from ewes milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7122)**232227232227
- Cheese from goats milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7123)**199220201213
- Others (cheese from buffalos'milk (pure) or mixed cheese) ( Cod. Eurostat D7129)**456474443463
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)9.0049.0719.1609.3818.6128.720(e)+1,3%Jan-Nov 2021
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)**584624629603
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)9398819131.035960943(e)-1,8%Jan-Nov 2021
WMP - Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)810792806794718695-3,2%Jan-Nov 2021
Partly Skimmed Milk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3112)**91525560
SMP - Skimmed milk powder (Cod. Eurostat D3113)1.5131.5201.5051.5301.4091.320(e)-6,3%Jan-Nov 2021
Buttermilk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3130)**84858581
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)**1.2441.7581.7251.632
Whey(Cod. Eurostat D5000)**50.01549.23253.73556.494
of which
     Whey liquid (Cod. Eurostat D5100)**7.5466.76416.13916.685
     Whey concentrated (Cod. Eurostat D5200)**2.3212.1202.3252.533
     Whey (in powder or in block) (Cod. Eurostat D5300)**1.8671.9432.0411.969
Caseins and caseinates (Cod. Eurostat D9300)**121126128121
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
Cheese (0406) TOP importers1.2751.2791.3221.4021.2781.276-0,2%Jan-Nov 2021
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers1.0171.0321.1411.1841.0801.087+0,7%Jan-Nov 2021
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers8147819011.0509571.016+6,2%Jan-Nov 2021
Whole (04012091) TOP importers537502592677615719+16,9%Jan-Nov 2021
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers187186194201185160-13,7%Jan-Nov 2021
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers8993116172156136-12,6%Jan-Nov 2021
SMP (040210) TOP importers794826921831768738-3,9%Jan-Nov 2021
Whey (0404) TOP importers715771757812742765+3,1%Jan-Nov 2021
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP importers609642624695633663+4,7%Jan-Nov 2021
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP importers595632611601557466-16,4%Jan-Nov 2021
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers518504514534493501+1,5%Jan-Nov 2021
WMP (040221+040229) TOP importers404347313345319278-12,8%Jan-Nov 2021
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers371331329338306308+0,8%Jan-Nov 2021
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers253244296312286243-15,2%Jan-Nov 2021
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers353544383628-22,0%Jan-Nov 2021
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers191228219273251239-5,0%Jan-Nov 2021
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers210211208227207248+19,7%Jan-Nov 2021
Other Product 300311359365341284-16,7%Jan-Nov 2021
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)839062585347-11,4%Jan-Nov 2021
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
93130202315279387+38,5%Jan-Nov 2021
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
14517315913712489-28,0%Jan-Nov 2021
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters669720636578519490-5,6%Jan-Nov 2021
Whole (04012099) TOP exporters651704599563506481-4,8%Jan-Nov 2021
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters11125,22,92,76,1+125,5%Jan-Nov 2021
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters6,44,03213112,6-76,2%Jan-Nov 2021
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters191197211223197179-8,7%Jan-Nov 2021
Whey (0404) TOP exporters15111911311210381-20,7%Jan-Nov 2021
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP exporters1501151101079780-17,8%Jan-Nov 2021
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters718096958446-45,2%Jan-Nov 2021
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters384736403623-36,7%Jan-Nov 2021
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters292929343019-38,1%Jan-Nov 2021
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters3,53,63120195,1-72,7%Jan-Nov 2021
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters99131138877971-11,0%Jan-Nov 2021
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters465865595648-14,1%Jan-Nov 2021
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters576973484444+0,5%Jan-Nov 2021
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters242822181618+10,8%Jan-Nov 2021
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters304045454224-42,5%Jan-Nov 2021
SMP (040210) TOP exporters554655363429-15,6%Jan-Nov 2021
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters202342343232+1,2%Jan-Nov 2021
WMP (040221+040229) TOP exporters344442272610-61,0%Jan-Nov 2021
Other Product 707066625756-1,4%Jan-Nov 2021
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)211517119,67,3-23,3%Jan-Nov 2021
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
202816161422+53,1%Jan-Nov 2021
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
15151311105,8-44,1%Jan-Nov 2021
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA)201720182019202020202021%Period
Cheese8.7278.7909.0199.0529.0529.135+0,9%Jan-Dec 2021
Butter1.8621.8981.9011.8891.8891.939+2,6%Jan-Dec 2021
SMP854992834795795755-5,0%Jan-Dec 2021
WMP363381424390390330-15,4%Jan-Dec 2021
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201720182019202020202021%Period
% Self-sufficiency rate117,4%116,4%119,0%118,3%115,9%Jan-Nov 2021
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 2,94% 2,05% 1,83% -6,06% 4,95% Jan-Dic 2021
CPI (consumer price index) 1,56% 1,79% 1,42% 0,69% 2,85% Jan-Dic 2021
Population ('000) 445.534 446.209 446.446 447.320 447.320 447.008 -0,1% Jan-Dic 2021
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
** Only the production of the EU countries that officially declared the data are considered.

Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk price: Milk Market Observatory; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm)
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 25-01-2022
NOTA: Access to Dairy World Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the EU-27 with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it