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EU-28: Dairy sector

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This page contains data with regard to some key indicators on the dairy sector over time.

The purpose of this table is twofold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the sector, where it is important the connection among many different elements: raw milk area, dairy productions, import, export, domestic consumption and self-sufficiency level,

  • on the other hand, it underlines the vibrancy of a market crossed by many trade routes of both semi-finished and finished products (from packaged milk to cheese and milk powders).

The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the

x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201720182019202020202021%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Dairy Cows ('000 head)23.31222.90622.62720.546
Slaughtered cows ('000)7.5757.6537.1976.450
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)255.733221.613201.121208.125
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)19887317244
Milk production165.377166.810
± % Over the same period of the previous year+0,9%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)156.086157.415157.875160.39325.84025.257(e)-2,3%Jan-Feb 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year+0,9%+0,3%+1,6%
% Delivery on production ***94,4%94,4%
% Protein3,40%3,39%--
% Fat4,06%4,06%--
Farm-gate milk prices (€ x 100 kg, escl. VAT)34,8634,1134,5233,85
± % Over the same period of the previous year-2,1%+1,2%-2,0%
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Buffaloes ('000)**447(e)457(e)459(e)470(e)
Buffalo's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1140A)**270(e)274(e)280(e)-
Buffalo's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1140D)**216(e)220(e)224(e)-
Goats ('000)**12.243(e)11.849(e)12.237-
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A)**2.300(e)2.348(e)2.451(e)-
Goat's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1130D)**1.665(e)1.674(e)1.717(e)-
Sheeps ('000)**85.437(e)83.910(e)85.21460.420(e)
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A)**2.764(e)2.845(e)2.966(e)-
Sheep's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1120D)**2.031(e)2.111(e)2.035(e)-
DAIRY PRODUCTION201720182019202020202021%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)30.27429.52628.61329.3864.8644.937(e)+1,5%Jan-Feb 2021
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)2.7772.7022.7642.780454443(e)-2,4%Jan-Feb 2021
Raw cream delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1200D)**99120128-
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)8.1288.1908.1208.1971.3471.309(e)-2,8%Jan-Feb 2021
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)2.1532.1832.2732.321382365(e)-4,5%Jan-Feb 2021
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)**10197104-
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)**217209204-
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)**10.16910.25310.454-
I° Classification
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)**1.2931.3081.323-
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)**747729743-
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)**2.6462.6932.760-
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)**1.9031.8991.967-
- Extra hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7115)**473264-
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)**3.4753.5173.551-
2° Classification
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)**9.3669.4189.658-
- Cheese from ewes milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7122)**232227231-
- Cheese from goats milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7123)**199220203-
- Others (cheese from buffalos'milk (pure) or mixed cheese) ( Cod. Eurostat D7129)**456474444-
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)9.4609.5369.6319.7931.5671.566(e)-0,1%Jan-Feb 2021
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)**584624628-
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)939881913993158171+7,9%Jan-Feb 2021
Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (WMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)810792806795141142(e)+0,8%Jan-Feb 2021
Partly Skimmed Milk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3112)**915258-
Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)1.5131.5201.5051.556248227(e)-8,6%Jan-Feb 2021
Buttermilk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3130)**848585-
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)**1.2441.7581.792-
Whey (in powder or in block) (Cod. Eurostat D5300)**1.8671.9432.019-
Caseins and caseinates (Cod. Eurostat D9300)**121126128-
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers1.0001.0101.1361.1410,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers7527278911.008157182+15,3%Jan- 2021
Whole (04012091) TOP importers510477603662110131+18,6%Jan- 2021
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers1581621711792829+3,3%Jan- 2021
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers84881171671921+13,9%Jan- 2021
Cheese (0406) TOP importers8288338799430,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
SMP (040210) TOP importers780816962829132130-1,8%Jan- 2021
Whey (0404) TOP importers6486947037560,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP importers5696016016510,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP importers5415875725550,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
WMP (040221+040229) TOP importers3933342983325052+5,7%Jan- 2021
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers3202762762790,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers1902292202710,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers1711582152460,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers282526250,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers1861922092090,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Bulk milk (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP importers645640497,18,2+15,8%Jan- 2021
Whole (04012099) TOP importers373128375,65,5-2,0%Jan- 2021
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP importers3,43,24,43,60,81,0+26,5%Jan- 2021
Skimmed (04011090) TOP importers24216,98,10,71,8+140,0%Jan- 2021
Other Product 3092913153360,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)40443839
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters7295108540,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters605963630,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Whey (0404) TOP exporters896461620,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP exporters886360590,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Casein (350110) TOP exporters171515140,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters1521133,80,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters5,78,16,82,40,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP exporters7,38,69,95,20,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters5,66,16,87,10,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (350220) TOP exporters4,75,26,19,70,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP exporters5,26,15,96,50,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Caseinates (350190) TOP exporters5,42,93,22,70,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters4,03,42,42,00,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters1,00,81,10,80,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Lactose edible (170219) TOP exporters0,50,10,10,10,00,00,0%Jan- 2021
Other Product 201421142,7133>1000%Jan- 2021
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)27233118
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA)201720182019202020202021(f)%Period
Cheese9.2979.3869.3949.4829.4829.560+0,8%Jan-Dec 2021
Butter2.2072.2072.1732.1692.1692.195+1,2%Jan-Dec 2021
SMP9851.127979978978988+1,0%Jan-Dec 2021
WMP369400447421421431+2,4%Jan-Dec 2021
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201720182019202020202021%Period
% Self-sufficiency rate113,7%112,9%115,5%114,7%99,38%Jan-Dec 2021
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 2,93% 2,13% 1,57% -6,38% 4,01% Jan-Dic 2021
CPI (consumer price index) 1,56% 1,79% 1,42% 0,69% 1,66% Jan-Dic 2021
Population ('000) 511.379 512.482 513.094 514.345
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
** Only the production of the EU countries that officially declared the data are considered.

Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk price: Milk Market Observatory; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm)
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 16-04-2021
NOTA: Access to Dairy World Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the EU-28 with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it