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EU-28: Dairy sector

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This page contains data with regard to some key indicators on the dairy sector over time.

The purpose of this table is twofold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the sector, where it is important the connection among many different elements: raw milk area, dairy productions, import, export, domestic consumption and self-sufficiency level,

  • on the other hand, it underlines the vibrancy of a market crossed by many trade routes of both semi-finished and finished products (from packaged milk to cheese and milk powders).

The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the

x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201420152016201720172018%Period
Cow's Milk
Number of cows ('000 head)23.56623.59323.52423.312
Slaughtered cows ('000)7.1277.3317.6937.5756.9417.082+2,0%Jan-Nov 2018
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - 000' heads)115.330148.283171.973255.733255.733221.074-13,6%Jan-Dec 2018
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - 000' heads)111523819819887-56,1%Jan-Dec 2018
Milk production159.869162.824163.432165.250
± % Over the same period of the previous year+1,8%+0,4%+1,1%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)148.471152.333153.171156.067156.067157.391(e)+0,8%Jan-Dec 2018
± % Over the same period of the previous year+2,6%+0,6%+1,9%
% Delivery on production ***92,9%93,6%93,7%94,4%
% Protein3,35%3,36%3,38%3,40%3,39%3,39% Jan-Nov 2018
% Fat4,01%4,03%4,09%4,06%4,05%4,04% Jan-Nov 2018
Farm-gate milk prices (€ x 100 kg, escl. VAT)37,2630,8428,4334,8634,8634,11-2,1%Jan-Dec 2018
± % Over the same period of the previous year-17,2%-7,8%+22,6%
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Number of Buffaloes ('000)**411416432(e)447(e)
Number of Goats ('000)**12.423(e)12.49912.378(e)12.243(e)12.24312.027-1,8%Jan-Dec 2018
Number of Sheeps ('000)**84.075(e)86.08985.805(e)85.508(e)85.50884.458-1,2%Jan-Dec 2018
Buffalo's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1140D)**199199203216
Goat's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1130D)**1.3421.5031.5411.665
Sheep's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1120D)**1.7501.8701.9912.030
DAIRY PRODUCTION201420152016201720172018%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)31.13430.55530.21330.27930.27929.458(e)-2,7%Jan-Dec 2018
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)2.6682.8002.7772.8142.8142.772(e)-1,5%Jan-Dec 2018
Raw cream delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1200D)**72659699
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)7.8517.9458.1048.1128.1128.151(e)+0,5%Jan-Dec 2018
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)2.0072.1022.1542.1532.1532.158(e)+0,2%Jan-Dec 2018
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)**94999998
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)**259204225217
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)**9.4649.86510.07910.150
I° Classification
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)**1.1781.2071.2821.288
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)**706710723746
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)**2.3572.4542.6272.646
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)**1.6351.5741.7801.904
- Extra hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7115)**29813847
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)**3.3753.4453.4713.475
2° Classification
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)**8.8529.0259.2369.348
- Cheese from ewes milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7122)**201217220232
- Cheese from goats milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7123)**167192192199
- Others (cheese from buffalos'milk (pure) or mixed cheese) ( Cod. Eurostat D7129)**362431429455
Cheese from cows'milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)8.9219.1309.2049.4609.4609.486(e)+0,3%Jan-Dec 2018
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)**620557580584
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)1.0891.086926939939880(e)-6,3%Jan-Dec 2018
Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (WMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)760744789810810790(e)-2,5%Jan-Dec 2018
Partly Skimmed Milk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3112)**87818489
Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)1.3281.3901.4241.3931.3931.393(e)-0,0%Jan-Dec 2018
Buttermilk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3130)**55557984
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)**1.5271.6181.6641.244
Whey (in powder or in block) (Cod. Eurostat D5300)**1.6181.6191.7241.867
Caseins and caseinates (Cod. Eurostat D9300)**95119102121
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
Cheese (0406) TOP importers721719799829829833+0,5%Jan-Dec 2018
SMP (040210) TOP importers648695579780780834+7,0%Jan-Dec 2018
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers448603737752752727-3,3%Jan-Dec 2018
Whole (04012091) TOP importers275410519510510477-6,4%Jan-Dec 2018
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers125135144158158162+2,4%Jan-Dec 2018
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers485973848488+4,5%Jan-Dec 2018
Whey (0404) TOP importers569605633648648692+6,8%Jan-Dec 2018
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP importers505540556569569600+5,5%Jan-Dec 2018
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP importers403425474541541588+8,6%Jan-Dec 2018
WMP (040221+040229) TOP importers390401382393393334-15,1%Jan-Dec 2018
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers302356283320320276-13,6%Jan-Dec 2018
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers163161166190190226+18,8%Jan-Dec 2018
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers159163169186186192+3,2%Jan-Dec 2018
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers132124153183183179-2,3%Jan-Dec 2018
Butter (0405) TOP importers148178207171171158-7,6%Jan-Dec 2018
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers223739282825-11,9%Jan-Dec 2018
Other Product 202200257166166146-11,8%Jan-Dec 2018
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)n.a.n.a.57404044+8,8%Jan-Dec 2018
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
n.a.n.a.22303042+41,9%Jan-Dec 2018
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
n.a.4146424250+19,2%Jan-Dec 2018
Whey (0404) TOP exporters949584898964-28,5%Jan-Dec 2018
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP exporters949584888863-28,7%Jan-Dec 2018
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters776171606059-1,1%Jan-Dec 2018
Casein (350110) TOP exporters191819171715-10,9%Jan-Dec 2018
Butter (0405) TOP exporters502421151520+35,2%Jan-Dec 2018
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters1215135,75,78,1+41,3%Jan-Dec 2018
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters7,90,61,210104,1-59,5%Jan-Dec 2018
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters0,00,00,20,10,10,1-5,4%Jan-Dec 2018
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters7,80,61,010104,1-59,8%Jan-Dec 2018
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters0,00,00,00,00,00,0-95,0%Jan-Dec 2018
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP exporters5,24,05,77,37,38,4+14,6%Jan-Dec 2018
Bulk milk (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters2,12,03,56,16,14,9-18,7%Jan-Dec 2018
Whole (04012099) TOP exporters2,01,92,55,35,34,8-9,6%Jan-Dec 2018
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters0,00,00,10,50,50,1-89,0%Jan-Dec 2018
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters0,10,11,00,30,30,1-59,5%Jan-Dec 2018
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters6,65,45,85,65,66,1+8,7%Jan-Dec 2018
Caseinates (350190) TOP exporters5,14,55,55,45,42,9-45,9%Jan-Dec 2018
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP exporters6,17,35,25,25,26,2+19,8%Jan-Dec 2018
Other Product 7,213179,69,69,5-0,6%Jan-Dec 2018
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)n.a.n.a.51272724-11,0%Jan-Dec 2018
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
n.a.n.a.2,12,12,12,4+15,3%Jan-Dec 2018
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
n.a.1214141413-10,2%Jan-Dec 2018
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA)201420152016201720172018%Period
Formaggio8.8849.0879.0939.2959.2959.390+1,0%Jan-Dec 2018
Burro2.1622.1502.1812.2072.2072.240+1,5%Jan-Dec 2018
SMP8879788039849841.125+14,3%Jan-Dec 2018
WMP331313344368368391+6,3%Jan-Dec 2018
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201420152016201720172018%Period
% Self-sufficiency rate113,3%113,1%111,9%113,6%113,1%Jan-Dec 2018
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 1,81% 2,24% 2,01% 2,53% 1,94% Jan-Dic 2018
CPI (consumer price index) 0,55% -0,01% 0,25% 1,71% 1,88% Jan-Dic 2018
Population ('000) 507.011 508.540 510.277 511.523
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
** Only the production of the EU countries that officially declared the data are considered.

Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Farm-gate milk price: Milk Market Observatory; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm)
Export: IHS
Import: IHS
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Last update: 20-02-2019
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the EU-28 with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it