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EU-27: Dairy sector

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This page contains data with regard to some key indicators on the dairy sector over time.

The purpose of this table is twofold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the sector, where it is important the connection among many different elements: raw milk area, dairy productions, import, export, domestic consumption and self-sufficiency level,

  • on the other hand, it underlines the vibrancy of a market crossed by many trade routes of both semi-finished and finished products (from packaged milk to cheese and milk powders).

The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the

x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201720182019202020202021%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Live bovine animals ('000 Head)**79.01077.84077.16176.462
of which
     Cows ('000 Head)21.40921.02920.76620.562
Slaughtered cows ('000 head)6.9326.9766.5296.3712.0522.060+0,4%Jan-Apr 2021
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)270.732232.666213.860223.16573.51866.191-10,0%Jan-May 2021
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)60139658049721045-78,6%Jan-May 2021
Milk production149.934151.322152.485
± % Over the same period of the previous year+0,9%+0,8%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)140.554141.813142.550144.89862.05761.937(e)-0,2%Jan-May 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year+0,9%+0,5%+1,6%
% Delivery on production ***93,7%93,7%93,5%
% Protein3,40%3,39%--
% Fat4,05%4,04%--
Farm-gate milk price (€ per 100 Kg)** 35,1934,3134,7834,1433,9935,37(e)+4,1%Jan-Jun 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year-2,5%+1,4%-1,8%
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Buffaloes ('000)**447457459470
Buffalo's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1140A)**270(e)274(e)280(e)-
Buffalo's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1140D)**216(e)220(e)224(e)235(e)
Goats ('000)**12.13811.74112.11711.878
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A)**2.300(e)2.348(e)2.451(e)12(e)
Goat's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1130D)**1.665(e)1.674(e)1.718(e)1.381(e)
Sheeps ('000)**62.19861.62762.45860.674
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A)**2.764(e)2.845(e)2.966(e)0,7(e)
Sheep's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1120D)**2.031(e)2.111(e)2.040(e)1.574(e)
DAIRY PRODUCTION201720182019202020202021%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)23.36322.74222.28023.0289.8219.758(e)-0,6%Jan-May 2021
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)2.4702.4172.4582.4601.0051.039(e)+3,4%Jan-May 2021
Raw cream delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1200D)**99120128143
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)7.7897.8407.6837.7173.2953.216(e)-2,4%Jan-May 2021
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)1.9912.0302.0852.138938926(e)-1,3%Jan-May 2021
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)**10197104104
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)**217209204210
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)9.7129.78810.0689.672
I° Classificazione
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)**1.2931.3081.3251.288
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)**681660698627
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)**2.6182.6662.7361.678
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)**1.5491.5381.6161.554
- Extra hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7115)**47326428
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)**3.4753.5173.5963.466
2° Classificazione
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)**8.9098.9539.2689.131
- Cheese from ewes milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7122)**232227232156
- Cheese from goats milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7123)**199220206151
- Others (cheese from buffalos'milk (pure) or mixed cheese) ( Cod. Eurostat D7129)**456474444316
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)9.0049.0719.1609.3183.8793.989(e)+2,8%Jan-May 2021
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)**584624629550
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)939881913971409435+6,5%Jan-May 2021
WMP - Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)810792806794363330(e)-9,1%Jan-May 2021
Partly Skimmed Milk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3112)**91525560
SMP - Skimmed milk powder (Cod. Eurostat D3113)1.5131.5201.5051.532684655(e)-4,2%Jan-May 2021
Buttermilk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3130)**84858591
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)**1.2441.7581.7251.256
Whey (in powder or in block) (Cod. Eurostat D5300)**1.8671.9432.0411.943
Caseins and caseinates (Cod. Eurostat D9300)**121126128121
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
Cheese (0406) TOP importers1.2751.2791.3481.400548552+0,7%Jan-May 2021
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers1.0171.0321.1661.185503509+1,3%Jan-May 2021
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers8147809391.049408483+18,5%Jan-May 2021
Whole (04012091) TOP importers537502623677266345+29,8%Jan-May 2021
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers1871851982018671-17,8%Jan-May 2021
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers89931181715667+20,1%Jan-May 2021
SMP (040210) TOP importers794826946831355346-2,5%Jan-May 2021
Whey (0404) TOP importers715771783812341352+3,4%Jan-May 2021
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP importers609642647694284308+8,7%Jan-May 2021
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP importers595632616601259213-17,5%Jan-May 2021
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers518503523531235229-2,5%Jan-May 2021
WMP (040221+040229) TOP importers404346315345138125-9,2%Jan-May 2021
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers371331332338134143+7,1%Jan-May 2021
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers253243297312145106-26,9%Jan-May 2021
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers353544382014-29,4%Jan-May 2021
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers191228223273112101-10,0%Jan-May 2021
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers21021020922789123+38,3%Jan-May 2021
Other Product 14013536135916593-43,6%Jan-May 2021
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)839063602720-24,7%Jan-May 2021
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
93130203311116168+44,0%Jan-May 2021
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
1451731591365638-31,4%Jan-May 2021
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters0,00,0636577253249-1,8%Jan-May 2021
Whole (04012099) TOP exporters0,00,0599562248246-1,1%Jan-May 2021
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters11125,22,91,32,2+70,0%Jan-May 2021
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters6,44,032123,91,2-68,8%Jan-May 2021
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters1911972122238471-15,9%Jan-May 2021
Whey (0404) TOP exporters1511191141134936-26,1%Jan-May 2021
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP exporters1501151111074636-22,7%Jan-May 2021
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters718097953521-41,3%Jan-May 2021
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters384736411510-32,8%Jan-May 2021
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters29292934147,7-44,1%Jan-May 2021
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters3,53,631206,12,7-56,4%Jan-May 2021
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters99131139873830-21,1%Jan-May 2021
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters465866592619-25,2%Jan-May 2021
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters576973492420-17,8%Jan-May 2021
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters242822188,38,2-0,8%Jan-May 2021
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters30404645188,9-51,5%Jan-May 2021
SMP (040210) TOP exporters55465639198,2-56,2%Jan-May 2021
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters202342331817-4,0%Jan-May 2021
WMP (040221+040229) TOP exporters34434228133,4-74,1%Jan-May 2021
Other Product 707068623021-30,2%Jan-May 2021
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)211517114,13,5-12,9%Jan-May 2021
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
202816166,210+65,7%Jan-May 2021
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
151513115,02,5-49,7%Jan-May 2021
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION EU-28 (Source: FAS-USDA)201720182019202020202021%Period
Cheese9.2979.3869.3949.4609.4609.670+2,2%Jan-Dec 2021
Butter2.2072.2072.1742.1672.1672.202+1,6%Jan-Dec 2021
SMP9851.127979993993954-3,9%Jan-Dec 2021
WMP369400447419419432+3,1%Jan-Dec 2021
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201720182019202020202021%Period
% Self-sufficiency rate117,4%116,4%119,1%118,2%113,4%Jan-May 2021
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
** Only the production of the EU countries that officially declared the data are considered.

Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk price: Milk Market Observatory; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm)
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 31-07-2021
NOTA: Access to Dairy World Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the EU-27 with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it