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EU-28: Dairy sector

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This page contains data with regard to some key indicators on the dairy sector over time.

The purpose of this table is twofold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the sector, where it is important the connection among many different elements: raw milk area, dairy productions, import, export, domestic consumption and self-sufficiency level,

  • on the other hand, it underlines the vibrancy of a market crossed by many trade routes of both semi-finished and finished products (from packaged milk to cheese and milk powders).

The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the

x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201620172018201920192020%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Dairy Cows ('000 head)23.52423.31222.90619.142
Slaughtered cows ('000)7.6937.5757.6537.237
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)171.973255.733221.613201.1228.72612.332+41,3%Jan 2020
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)38198873171,05+400,0%Jan 2020
Milk production163.432165.298166.744
± % Over the same period of the previous year+1,1%+0,9%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)153.177156.086157.415158.22912.90613.111(e)+1,6%Jan 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year+1,9%+0,9%+0,5%
% Delivery on production ***93,7%94,4%94,4%
% Protein3,38%3,40%3,39%3,42%
% Fat4,09%4,06%4,06%4,10%
Farm-gate milk prices (€ x 100 kg, escl. VAT)28,4334,8634,1134,4334,9835,00+0,1%Jan-Feb 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year+22,6%-2,1%+0,9%
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Buffaloes ('000)**432(e)447(e)--
Goats ('000)**12.378(e)12.243(e)11.849(e)11.715(e)
Sheeps ('000)**85.805(e)85.437(e)84.133(e)82.544(e)
Buffalo's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1140D)**203216220-
Goat's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1130D)**1.5421.6651.676-
Sheep's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1120D)**1.9902.0312.110-
DAIRY PRODUCTION201620172018201920192020%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)30.18030.27429.52628.6142.4992.533(e)+1,4%Jan 2020
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)2.7782.7772.7022.799234243(e)+3,8%Jan 2020
Raw cream delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1200D)**9699120-
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)8.1498.1288.1908.175711687(e)-3,4%Jan 2020
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)2.1562.1532.1832.244195195(e)+0,3%Jan 2020
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)**9910196-
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)**225217209-
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)**10.07910.16910.253-
I° Classification
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)**1.2821.2931.269-
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)**723747769-
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)**2.6272.6462.693-
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)**1.7801.9031.896-
- Extra hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7115)**384732-
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)**3.4713.4753.518-
2° Classification
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)**9.2369.3669.417-
- Cheese from ewes milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7122)**220232228-
- Cheese from goats milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7123)**192199219-
- Others (cheese from buffalos'milk (pure) or mixed cheese) ( Cod. Eurostat D7129)**429456474-
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)9.3039.4609.5369.582793805(e)+1,4%Jan 2020
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)**580584625-
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)9269398819058276(e)-7,3%Jan 2020
Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (WMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)7898107928086768(e)+2,1%Jan 2020
Partly Skimmed Milk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3112)**849153-
Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)1.5411.5131.5201.513131134(e)+2,1%Jan 2020
Buttermilk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3130)**798485-
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)**1.6661.2441.693-
Whey (in powder or in block) (Cod. Eurostat D5300)**1.7241.8671.829-
Caseins and caseinates (Cod. Eurostat D9300)**102121126-
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers8941.0001.0101.13691101+11,7%Jan 2020
SMP (040210) TOP importers5797808169628761-29,1%Jan 2020
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers7377527278927186+22,0%Jan 2020
Whole (04012091) TOP importers5195104776044661+33,5%Jan 2020
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers1441581621711615-1,4%Jan 2020
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers7384881179,610+5,9%Jan 2020
Cheese (0406) TOP importers7998288338806881+18,9%Jan 2020
Whey (0404) TOP importers6336486947026159-3,3%Jan 2020
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP importers5565696016015248-6,5%Jan 2020
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP importers4745415875734345+3,6%Jan 2020
WMP (040221+040229) TOP importers3823933342972729+5,5%Jan 2020
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers2833202762763424-30,6%Jan 2020
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers1661902292202121-1,2%Jan 2020
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers2071711582161322+73,6%Jan 2020
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers392825261,83,8+109,3%Jan 2020
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers1691861922091717-0,1%Jan 2020
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers1531831791861416+11,3%Jan 2020
Other Product 2831901681751515+0,1%Jan 2020
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)494044383,21,1-67,0%Jan 2020
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
183042664,70,8-83,3%Jan 2020
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
464250584,51,1-75,2%Jan 2020
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters34729592117,3-34,3%Jan 2020
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters716059634,85,0+3,6%Jan 2020
Whey (0404) TOP exporters848964614,24,7+11,3%Jan 2020
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP exporters848863604,04,4+8,9%Jan 2020
Casein (350110) TOP exporters191715151,20,8-32,3%Jan 2020
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters211520141,60,2-85,4%Jan 2020
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters135,78,17,21,10,1-91,6%Jan 2020
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP exporters5,77,38,69,90,60,7+22,0%Jan 2020
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters5,85,66,16,80,80,5-30,8%Jan 2020
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (350220) TOP exporters5,14,75,26,10,40,7+64,7%Jan 2020
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP exporters5,25,26,25,90,50,6+29,8%Jan 2020
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters1,2104,15,80,20,8+288,3%Jan 2020
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters0,20,10,10,20,00,0>1000%Jan 2020
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters1,0104,15,60,20,8+273,5%Jan 2020
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters0,00,00,00,00,00,0-100,0%Jan 2020
SMP (040210) TOP exporters3,72,53,55,60,20,2-13,1%Jan 2020
WMP (040221+040229) TOP exporters5,81,61,75,11,00,1-92,2%Jan 2020
Other Product 161712121,00,8-20,6%Jan 2020
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)492724311,72,1+23,0%Jan 2020
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
2,02,12,42,00,20,1-71,8%Jan 2020
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
141413111,10,1-86,6%Jan 2020
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA)201620172018201920192020(f)%Period
Cheese9.0949.2979.3879.4589.4589.513+0,6%Jan-Dec 2020
Butter2.1822.2072.2062.2352.2352.240+0,2%Jan-Dec 2020
SMP8049851.122931931855-8,2%Jan-Dec 2020
WMP344369398442442426-3,6%Jan-Dec 2020
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201620172018201920192020%Period
% Self-sufficiency rate112,1%113,8%113,0%115,1%103,4%Jan 2020
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 2,02% 2,69% 2,00% 1,40% 1,01% Jan-Dic 2020
CPI (consumer price index) 0,24% 1,71% 1,89% 1,46% 1,37% Jan-Dic 2020
Population ('000) 510.182 511.379 512.372 513.472
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
** Only the production of the EU countries that officially declared the data are considered.

Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Farm-gate milk price: Milk Market Observatory; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm)
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 27-03-2020
NOTA: L'accesso all'area Dairy World Trade, contenente anche le elaborazioni di Import / Export della UE-28 con aggiornamento MENSILE, è riservato ai Sostenitori di CLAL.it