< >

EU-27: Dairy sector

+ Add to Favorites

This page contains data with regard to some key indicators on the dairy sector over time.

The purpose of this table is twofold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the sector, where it is important the connection among many different elements: raw milk area, dairy productions, import, export, domestic consumption and self-sufficiency level,

  • on the other hand, it underlines the vibrancy of a market crossed by many trade routes of both semi-finished and finished products (from packaged milk to cheese and milk powders).

The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the

x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA202020212022202320232024%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Live bovine animals ('000 Head)76.55175.70574.80873.841
of which
     Cows ('000 Head)20.52220.21320.07419.729
Slaughtered cows ('000 head)6.3716.5136.4046.2012.0062.105+5,0%Jan-Apr 2024
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)222.761164.442150.601189.77159.52156.687-4,8%Jan-Apr 2024
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)664622874413228>1000%Jan-Apr 2024
Milk production154.161153.994152.270
± % Over the same period of the previous year-0,1%-1,1%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)144.902144.489144.638144.70248.75149.283+1,1%Jan-Apr 2024
± % Over the same period of the previous year-0,3%+0,1%0,0%
% Delivery on production ***94,0%93,8%95,0%
% Protein3,43%3,43%3,42%3,44%3,44%3,45% Jan-Apr 2024
% Fat4,09%4,10%4,09%4,11%4,18%4,16% Jan-Apr 2024
Farm-gate milk price (€ per 100 Kg)34,1436,8150,2146,9849,4446,20(e)-6,6%Jan-Jun 2024
± % Over the same period of the previous year+7,8%+36,4%-6,4%
Corn price (Bordeaux) (€\Ton)166229313232260181-30,2%Jan-May 2024
National Soybean price (Bologna) (€\Ton)383588632485503468-6,9%Jan-Jul 2024
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Buffaloes ('000)**473476480481
Buffalo's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1140A)**290(e)292(e)289(e)-
Buffalo's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1140D)**235(e)239(e)239(e)-
Goats ('000)**11.75011.49111.26310.173
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A)**2.521(e)2.482(e)2.499(e)-
Goat's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1130D)**1.828(e)1.812(e)1.791(e)-
Sheeps ('000)**60.09759.13159.01055.907
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A)**2.984(e)2.980(e)2.932(e)-
Sheep's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1120D)**2.161(e)2.124(e)2.215(e)-
DAIRY PRODUCTION202020212022202320232024%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)23.10522.84022.67622.5677.5837.714+1,7%Jan-Apr 2024
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)2.4632.5302.5252.589853899+5,4%Jan-Apr 2024
Raw cream delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1200D)**143143138-
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)7.7357.5717.5487.6852.5242.652+5,1%Jan-Apr 2024
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)2.1372.0752.0732.111743724-2,6%Jan-Apr 2024
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)**101105111-
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)**210182211-
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)10.16410.32810.337-
I° Classificazione
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)**1.3721.4031.474-
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)**679682649-
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)**1.8451.9061.884-
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)**1.6831.7021.681-
- Extra hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7115)**424532-
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)**3.5593.6373.636-
2° Classificazione
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)**9.2949.4449.492-
- Cheese from ewes milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7122)**231234236-
- Cheese from goats milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7123)**204200194-
- Others (cheese from buffalos'milk (pure) or mixed cheese) ( Cod. Eurostat D7129)**479525494-
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)9.3899.5049.4789.6143.1573.291(e)+4,2%Jan-Apr 2024
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)**603604583-
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)1.035993904959316331+4,8%Jan-Apr 2024
WMP - Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)821751715701248249(e)+0,2%Jan-Apr 2024
Partly Skimmed Milk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3112)**605258-
SMP - Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)1.3791.2921.3071.231466454-2,6%Jan-Apr 2024
Buttermilk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3130)**815151-
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)**1.6321.7461.689-
Whey (in powder or in block)***2.1192.1772.1872.2142.2142.231+0,8%Jan-Dec 2024
Caseins and caseinates (Cod. Eurostat D9300)**113114146-
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
Cheese (0406) TOP importers1.4021.3861.3341.380429437+1,8%Jan-Apr 2024
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers1.1841.1881.1441.103367371+1,2%Jan-Apr 2024
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers1.0501.098828789252222-11,8%Jan-Apr 2024
Whole (04012091) TOP importers677773564546175158-10,1%Jan-Apr 2024
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers2011751651695145-11,6%Jan-Apr 2024
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers17214999742620-23,5%Jan-Apr 2024
Whey (0404) TOP importers813831780789252266+5,7%Jan-Apr 2024
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP importers695717662692221230+4,1%Jan-Apr 2024
SMP (040210) TOP importers831788707776277263-5,0%Jan-Apr 2024
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers535544511497166176+6,0%Jan-Apr 2024
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP importers601508577488186154-17,2%Jan-Apr 2024
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers339341295319106104-1,8%Jan-Apr 2024
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers3122632552889591-4,4%Jan-Apr 2024
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers383025278,97,1-19,5%Jan-Apr 2024
WMP (040221+040229) TOP importers3452982342617977-3,2%Jan-Apr 2024
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers2272652622538392+10,7%Jan-Apr 2024
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers2732622282308091+14,0%Jan-Apr 2024
Other Product 36538638633810089-10,7%Jan-Apr 2024
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)585252481714-17,7%Jan-Apr 2024
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
315427400360125116-6,9%Jan-Apr 2024
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
1379698983235+10,5%Jan-Apr 2024
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters578514596663256262+2,5%Jan-Apr 2024
Whole (04012099) TOP exporters563504586654253249-1,5%Jan-Apr 2024
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters2,96,78,98,02,72,7-1,9%Jan-Apr 2024
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters132,71,20,90,211>1000%Jan-Apr 2024
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters2231971881755662+10,6%Jan-Apr 2024
Whey (0404) TOP exporters1128993742727-0,4%Jan-Apr 2024
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP exporters1078892722726-2,6%Jan-Apr 2024
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters877778712324+5,4%Jan-Apr 2024
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters484769532310-55,5%Jan-Apr 2024
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters181925238,66,3-26,0%Jan-Apr 2024
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters595187511613-20,4%Jan-Apr 2024
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP exporters221835491920+6,2%Jan-Apr 2024
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters955048491722+31,1%Jan-Apr 2024
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters402527278,613+51,8%Jan-Apr 2024
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters342015185,35,5+3,9%Jan-Apr 2024
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters205,66,33,92,93,4+19,8%Jan-Apr 2024
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters343738401114+26,7%Jan-Apr 2024
SMP (040210) TOP exporters363237369,412+22,9%Jan-Apr 2024
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (350220) TOP exporters122432341112+14,8%Jan-Apr 2024
Other Product 1016074642218-19,5%Jan-Apr 2024
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)118,7108,22,32,8+25,4%Jan-Apr 2024
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
162826347,013+86,0%Jan-Apr 2024
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
116,46,57,22,42,1-13,8%Jan-Apr 2024
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA)202020212022202320232024%Period
Cheese9.1839.2129.1919.2009.2009.230+0,3%Jan-Dec 2024
Butter1.9091.9271.9101.8701.8701.8700,0%Jan-Dec 2024
SMP795748845740740710-4,1%Jan-Dec 2024
WMP4183764003803803800,0%Jan-Dec 2024
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)202020212022202320232024%Period
% Self-sufficiency rate117,5%116,4%114,7%116,3%110,2%Jan-Apr 2024
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2020 2021 2022 2023 2023 2024(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) -5,79% 5,94% 3,51% 0,54% 0,54% 0,90% Jan-Dic 2024
CPI (consumer price index) 0,69% 2,90% 9,19% 6,36% 6,36% 2,50% Jan-Dic 2024
Population ('000) 446.985 445.792 445.699 448.754
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
** Only the production of the EU countries that officially declared the data are considered.
*** source: agridata.ec.europa.eu

Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk price: Milk Market Observatory; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS ; Organic Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: org_aprod);
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm)
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 09-07-2024
NOTA: Access to Dairy World Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the EU-27 with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it