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EU-28: Dairy sector

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This page contains data with regard to some key indicators on the dairy sector over time.


The purpose of this table is twofold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the sector, where it is important the connection among many different elements: raw milk area, dairy productions, import, export, domestic consumption and self-sufficiency level,

  • on the other hand, it underlines the vibrancy of a market crossed by many trade routes of both semi-finished and finished products (from packaged milk to cheese and milk powders).

The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.


Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

EU-28: DAIRY SECTOR
x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201520162017201820182019%Period
Cow's Milk
Number of cows ('000 head)23.59323.52423.31222.937
Slaughtered cows ('000)7.3317.6937.5757.655
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - 000' heads)148.283171.973255.733195.39913.9516.237-55,3%Jan 2019
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - 000' heads)5238198703,01-66,7%Jan 2019
Milk production162.824163.432165.250
± % Over the same period of the previous year+0,4%+1,1%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)152.333153.171156.067157.43325.21125.021(e)-0,8%Jan-Feb 2019
± % Over the same period of the previous year+0,6%+1,9%+0,9%
% Delivery on production ***93,6%93,7%94,4%
% Protein3,36%3,38%3,40%3,39%3,42%3,44% Jan 2019
% Fat4,03%4,09%4,06%4,05%4,14%4,17% Jan 2019
Farm-gate milk prices (€ x 100 kg, escl. VAT)30,8428,4334,8634,1134,5134,94+1,2%Jan-Mar 2019
± % Over the same period of the previous year-7,8%+22,6%-2,1%
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Number of Buffaloes ('000)**416432(e)447(e)-
Number of Goats ('000)**12.49912.378(e)12.243(e)12.027(e)
Number of Sheeps ('000)**86.08985.805(e)85.508(e)84.454(e)
DAIRY PRODUCTION201520162017201820182019%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)30.55530.21330.27929.4894.9554.911(e)-0,9%Jan-Feb 2019
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)2.8002.7772.8142.772433434(e)+0,2%Jan-Feb 2019
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)7.9458.1048.1128.1531.3191.331(e)+1,0%Jan-Feb 2019
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)2.1022.1542.1532.162367366(e)-0,4%Jan-Feb 2019
Cheese from cows'milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)9.1309.2049.4609.4921.5121.505(e)-0,5%Jan-Feb 2019
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)1.086926939882142157(e)+10,0%Jan-Feb 2019
Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (WMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)744789810789136128(e)-5,6%Jan-Feb 2019
Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)1.3901.4241.3931.394254234(e)-8,1%Jan-Feb 2019
EXPORT201520162017201820182019%Period
Cheese (0406) TOP importers719799829832128137+7,2%Jan-Feb 2019
SMP (040210) TOP importers695580781822125171+37,1%Jan-Feb 2019
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers603737752727110135+22,4%Jan-Feb 2019
Whole (04012091) TOP importers4105195104777589+19,2%Jan-Feb 2019
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers1351441581622328+23,6%Jan-Feb 2019
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers597384881217+39,8%Jan-Feb 2019
Whey (0404) TOP importers605633648693116113-1,8%Jan-Feb 2019
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP importers54055656960110296-5,2%Jan-Feb 2019
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP importers4254745415889388-5,9%Jan-Feb 2019
WMP (040221+040229) TOP importers4013823943346349-22,3%Jan-Feb 2019
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers3562833202764759+25,8%Jan-Feb 2019
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers1611661902293138+25,8%Jan-Feb 2019
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers1631691861922934+16,9%Jan-Feb 2019
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers1241531831792828-0,1%Jan-Feb 2019
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers1782071711583326-21,1%Jan-Feb 2019
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers373928256,13,7-38,6%Jan-Feb 2019
Other Product 1972571661462323-0,3%Jan-Feb 2019
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)n.a.5740443,43,2-6,2%Jan 2019
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
n.a.2230423,24,7+47,3%Jan 2019
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
414642503,94,5+15,9%Jan 2019
IMPORT201520162017201820182019%Period
Whey (0404) TOP exporters95848964118,5-24,0%Jan-Feb 2019
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP exporters95848863118,2-25,7%Jan-Feb 2019
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters617160599,09,3+3,3%Jan-Feb 2019
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters242115201,63,3+105,6%Jan-Feb 2019
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters15135,78,10,52,1+367,0%Jan-Feb 2019
Casein (350110) TOP exporters181917151,82,3+28,2%Jan-Feb 2019
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP exporters4,05,77,38,41,11,3+11,6%Jan-Feb 2019
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP exporters7,35,25,26,21,30,9-30,1%Jan-Feb 2019
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters5,45,85,66,10,91,3+34,5%Jan-Feb 2019
Bulk milk (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters2,03,56,14,90,40,4+2,0%Jan-Feb 2019
Whole (04012099) TOP exporters1,92,55,34,80,40,4+7,5%Jan-Feb 2019
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters0,11,00,30,10,00,0+98,5%Jan-Feb 2019
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters0,61,2104,11,00,4-59,1%Jan-Feb 2019
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters0,00,20,10,10,00,0-27,7%Jan-Feb 2019
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters0,61,0104,11,00,4-59,4%Jan-Feb 2019
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters0,00,00,00,00,00,0-55,1%Jan-Feb 2019
SMP (040210) TOP exporters3,53,72,53,50,60,3-51,7%Jan-Feb 2019
Other Product 1419139,01,43,0+111,3%Jan-Feb 2019
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)n.a.5127241,91,7-7,6%Jan 2019
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
n.a.2,12,12,40,30,2-18,5%Jan 2019
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
121414131,21,1-8,7%Jan 2019
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA)201520162017201820182019%Period
Formaggio9.0879.0939.2959.3909.3909.455+0,7%Jan-Dec 2019
Burro2.1502.1812.2072.2402.2402.260+0,9%Jan-Dec 2019
SMP9788039841.1251.1251.142+1,5%Jan-Dec 2019
WMP313344368391391371-5,1%Jan-Dec 2019
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201520162017201820182019%Period
Formaggio18181818
Burro4,24,34,34,4
SMP1,91,61,92,2
WMP0,60,70,70,8
% Self-sufficiency rate113,2%112,3%113,8%113,5%116,3%Jan-Feb 2019
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 2,24% 2,01% 2,53% 1,94% 1,70% Jan-Dic 2019
CPI (consumer price index) -0,01% 0,25% 1,71% 1,88% 1,56% Jan-Dic 2019
Population ('000) 508.520 510.182 511.373 512.379
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
** Only the production of the EU countries that officially declared the data are considered.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Farm-gate milk price: Milk Market Observatory; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm)
Export: IHS
Import: IHS
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

*** MILK DELIVERIES AND MILK PRODUCTION
  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).


Last update: 18-04-2019
NOTA: L'accesso all'area Dairy World Trade, contenente anche le elaborazioni di Import / Export della UE-28 con aggiornamento MENSILE, è riservato ai Sostenitori di CLAL.it