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EU-27: Dairy sector

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This page contains data with regard to some key indicators on the dairy sector over time.

The purpose of this table is twofold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the sector, where it is important the connection among many different elements: raw milk area, dairy productions, import, export, domestic consumption and self-sufficiency level,

  • on the other hand, it underlines the vibrancy of a market crossed by many trade routes of both semi-finished and finished products (from packaged milk to cheese and milk powders).

The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the

x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201820192020202120212022%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Live bovine animals ('000 Head)77.84077.16176.53475.648
of which
     Cows ('000 Head)21.02920.76620.53220.207
Slaughtered cows ('000 head)6.9766.5296.3716.5131.5761.576-0,0%Jan-Mar 2022
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)232.711213.532222.761164.07253.50249.240-8,0%Jan-Apr 2022
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)396580664624325-41,9%Jan-Apr 2022
Milk production151.273152.560154.065
± % Over the same period of the previous year+0,9%+1,0%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)141.813142.550144.915144.47548.51048.236(e)-0,6%Jan-Apr 2022
± % Over the same period of the previous year+0,5%+1,7%-0,3%
% Delivery on production ***93,7%93,4%94,1%
% Protein3,39%3,42%3,43%3,43%3,44%3,42% Jan-Apr 2022
% Fat4,04%4,09%4,09%4,10%4,16%4,14% Jan-Apr 2022
Farm-gate milk price (€ per 100 Kg)34,3134,7834,1436,8135,2644,22(e)+25,4%Jan-May 2022
± % Over the same period of the previous year+1,4%-1,8%+7,8%
Corn price (Bordeaux) (€\Ton)160160166229222307+38,1%Jan-Jun 2022
National Soybean price (Bologna) (€\Ton)356338383588588659+12,1%Jan-Jun 2022
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Buffaloes ('000)**457459473476
Buffalo's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1140A)**274(e)280(e)290(e)-
Buffalo's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1140D)**220(e)224(e)235(e)-
Goats ('000)**11.99212.12511.48910.937
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A)**2.348(e)2.454(e)2.490(e)-
Goat's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1130D)**1.674(e)1.718(e)1.829(e)-
Sheeps ('000)**61.93862.47059.86458.305
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A)**2.845(e)2.967(e)2.965(e)-
Sheep's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1120D)**2.111(e)2.038(e)2.161(e)-
DAIRY PRODUCTION201820192020202120212022%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)22.74222.28023.10622.7867.8277.804-0,3%Jan-Apr 2022
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)2.4172.4582.4632.529823851(e)+3,4%Jan-Apr 2022
Raw cream delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1200D)**120128143-
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)7.8407.6837.7357.5632.5672.531-1,4%Jan-Apr 2022
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)2.0302.0852.1372.075732704-3,9%Jan-Apr 2022
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)**97104101-
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)**209204210-
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)9.7889.95810.166-
I° Classificazione
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)**1.3081.3181.409-
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)**660641650-
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)**2.6662.7391.845-
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)**1.5381.6121.683-
- Extra hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7115)**326442-
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)**3.5173.5523.554-
2° Classificazione
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)**8.9539.1639.307-
- Cheese from ewes milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7122)**227232227-
- Cheese from goats milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7123)**220201213-
- Others (cheese from buffalos'milk (pure) or mixed cheese) ( Cod. Eurostat D7129)**474443463-
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)9.0719.1609.3899.5033.1823.138(e)-1,4%Jan-Apr 2022
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)**624629603-
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)8819131.0351.015340325-4,4%Jan-Apr 2022
WMP - Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)792806821751260242-6,8%Jan-Apr 2022
Partly Skimmed Milk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3112)**525560-
SMP - Skimmed milk powder (Cod. Eurostat D3113)1.5201.5051.5301.432501494-1,4%Jan-Apr 2022
Buttermilk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3130)**858581-
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)**1.7581.7251.632-
Whey(Cod. Eurostat D5000)**49.23253.73556.494-
of which
     Whey liquid (Cod. Eurostat D5100)**6.76416.13916.685-
     Whey concentrated (Cod. Eurostat D5200)**2.1202.3252.533-
     Whey (in powder or in block) (Cod. Eurostat D5300)**1.9432.0411.969-
Caseins and caseinates (Cod. Eurostat D9300)**126128121-
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
Cheese (0406) TOP importers1.2791.3221.4021.386436436-0,0%Jan-Apr 2022
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers1.0321.1411.1841.190414403-2,7%Jan-Apr 2022
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers7819011.0501.097396308-22,1%Jan-Apr 2022
Whole (04012091) TOP importers502592677773283206-27,3%Jan-Apr 2022
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers1861942011755959-0,7%Jan-Apr 2022
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers931161721495344-18,2%Jan-Apr 2022
Whey (0404) TOP importers771757812831284250-11,7%Jan-Apr 2022
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP importers642624695717249213-14,6%Jan-Apr 2022
SMP (040210) TOP importers826921831789275216-21,5%Jan-Apr 2022
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers504514534545182177-2,9%Jan-Apr 2022
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP importers632611601507171183+6,9%Jan-Apr 2022
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers33132933834111498-14,1%Jan-Apr 2022
WMP (040221+040229) TOP importers34731334529810184-16,8%Jan-Apr 2022
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers2112082272669790-6,9%Jan-Apr 2022
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers2442963122638689+3,8%Jan-Apr 2022
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers354438301110-9,0%Jan-Apr 2022
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers2282192732628188+7,8%Jan-Apr 2022
Other Product 311359365364121142+16,9%Jan-Apr 2022
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)906258521620+21,8%Jan-Apr 2022
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
130202314426135133-1,8%Jan-Apr 2022
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
173159137963133+6,9%Jan-Apr 2022
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters720636578514230228-0,8%Jan-Apr 2022
Whole (04012099) TOP exporters704599563504227225-1,1%Jan-Apr 2022
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters125,22,96,71,62,8+73,3%Jan-Apr 2022
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters4,032132,71,20,7-40,7%Jan-Apr 2022
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters1972112231975659+5,8%Jan-Apr 2022
Whey (0404) TOP exporters119113112902827-4,8%Jan-Apr 2022
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP exporters115110107882827-4,6%Jan-Apr 2022
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters13113887772427+14,5%Jan-Apr 2022
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters586559511552+238,8%Jan-Apr 2022
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters809695501616-3,3%Jan-Apr 2022
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters473640258,38,7+5,4%Jan-Apr 2022
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters292934205,84,4-24,6%Jan-Apr 2022
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters3,631205,62,12,5+22,1%Jan-Apr 2022
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters697348481716-4,0%Jan-Apr 2022
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters282218197,35,9-19,2%Jan-Apr 2022
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters234234369,514+42,9%Jan-Apr 2022
SMP (040210) TOP exporters465536326,18,0+29,8%Jan-Apr 2022
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters404545265,97,1+21,3%Jan-Apr 2022
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (350220) TOP exporters181612246,17,7+27,0%Jan-Apr 2022
Other Product 969277521519+31,2%Jan-Apr 2022
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)1517118,62,83,4+19,7%Jan-Apr 2022
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
281616278,69,8+14,5%Jan-Apr 2022
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
1513116,42,12,0-2,7%Jan-Apr 2022
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA)201820192020202120212022%Period
Cheese8.7909.0199.0529.1359.1359.180+0,5%Jan-Dec 2022
Butter1.8981.9011.8891.9391.9391.935-0,2%Jan-Dec 2022
SMP9928347957557557550,0%Jan-Dec 2022
WMP381424390330330315-4,5%Jan-Dec 2022
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201820192020202120212022%Period
% Self-sufficiency rate116,4%119,0%118,3%116,8%110,3%Jan-Apr 2022
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 2,06% 1,84% -6,05% 5,33% 2,93% Jan-Dic 2022
CPI (consumer price index) 1,79% 1,42% 0,69% 2,90% 6,66% Jan-Dic 2022
Population ('000) 446.209 446.446 447.320 447.207
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
** Only the production of the EU countries that officially declared the data are considered.

Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk price: Milk Market Observatory; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm)
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 24-06-2022
NOTA: Access to Dairy World Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the EU-27 with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it