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EU-28: Dairy sector

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This page contains data with regard to some key indicators on the dairy sector over time.

The purpose of this table is twofold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the sector, where it is important the connection among many different elements: raw milk area, dairy productions, import, export, domestic consumption and self-sufficiency level,

  • on the other hand, it underlines the vibrancy of a market crossed by many trade routes of both semi-finished and finished products (from packaged milk to cheese and milk powders).

The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the

x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201620172018201920192020%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Dairy Cows ('000 head)23.52423.31222.90622.627
Slaughtered cows ('000)7.6937.5757.6537.1972.9282.772-5,3%Jan-May 2020
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)171.973255.733221.613201.089104.74198.794-5,7%Jan-Jul 2020
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)3819887317298142-52,3%Jan-Jul 2020
Milk production163.506165.377166.809
± % Over the same period of the previous year+1,1%+0,9%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)153.177156.086157.415158.25694.75296.595(e)+1,9%Jan-Jul 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year+1,9%+0,9%+0,5%
% Delivery on production ***93,7%94,4%94,4%
% Protein3,38%3,40%3,39%3,42%3,39%3,41% Jan-Jul 2020
% Fat4,09%4,06%4,06%4,10%4,06%4,07% Jan-Jul 2020
Farm-gate milk prices (€ x 100 kg, escl. VAT)28,4334,8634,1134,5234,3033,50-2,3%Jan-Jul 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year+22,6%-2,1%+1,2%
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Buffaloes ('000)**432(e)447(e)457(e)459(e)
Buffalo's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1140A)**265(e)270(e)274(e)252(e)
Buffalo's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1140D)**203(e)216(e)220(e)-
Goats ('000)**12.378(e)12.243(e)11.849(e)11.789(e)
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A)**2.277(e)2.300(e)2.339(e)558(e)
Goat's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1130D)**1.542(e)1.665(e)1.669(e)-
Sheeps ('000)**85.805(e)85.437(e)83.910(e)83.750(e)
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A)**2.811(e)2.764(e)2.844(e)587(e)
Sheep's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1120D)**1.990(e)2.031(e)2.111(e)-
DAIRY PRODUCTION201620172018201920192020%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)30.18030.27429.52628.61216.78217.262+2,9%Jan-Jul 2020
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)2.7782.7772.7022.7651.6051.613(e)+0,5%Jan-Jul 2020
Raw cream delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1200D)**9699120-
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)8.1498.1288.1908.1664.8704.913+0,9%Jan-Jul 2020
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)2.1562.1532.1832.2801.3891.407+1,3%Jan-Jul 2020
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)**9910196-
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)**225217209-
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)**10.07910.16910.251-
I° Classification
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)**1.2821.2931.308-
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)**723747727-
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)**2.6272.6462.693-
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)**1.7801.9031.897-
- Extra hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7115)**384732-
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)**3.4713.4753.517-
2° Classification
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)**9.2369.3669.416-
- Cheese from ewes milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7122)**220232227-
- Cheese from goats milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7123)**192199220-
- Others (cheese from buffalos'milk (pure) or mixed cheese) ( Cod. Eurostat D7129)**429456474-
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)9.3039.4609.5369.6175.6505.765(e)+2,0%Jan-Jul 2020
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)**580584624-
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)926939881905538542+0,7%Jan-Jul 2020
Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (WMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)789810792807469494+5,3%Jan-Jul 2020
Partly Skimmed Milk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3112)**849152-
Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)1.5411.5131.5201.513954975+2,2%Jan-Jul 2020
Buttermilk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3130)**798485-
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)**1.6661.2441.758-
Whey (in powder or in block) (Cod. Eurostat D5300)**1.7241.8671.943-
Caseins and caseinates (Cod. Eurostat D9300)**102121126-
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers8941.0001.0101.136672671-0,1%Jan-Jul 2020
SMP (040210) TOP importers579780816962606519-14,3%Jan-Jul 2020
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers737752727891530572+7,8%Jan-Jul 2020
Whole (04012091) TOP importers519510477603367374+1,9%Jan-Jul 2020
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers14415816217196109+13,1%Jan-Jul 2020
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers7384881176788+32,2%Jan-Jul 2020
Cheese (0406) TOP importers799828833880497547+10,0%Jan-Jul 2020
Whey (0404) TOP importers633648694702401457+14,0%Jan-Jul 2020
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP importers556569601601339391+15,1%Jan-Jul 2020
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP importers474541587572346340-1,9%Jan-Jul 2020
WMP (040221+040229) TOP importers382393334298173204+18,3%Jan-Jul 2020
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers283320276276172160-7,0%Jan-Jul 2020
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers166190229220128166+30,0%Jan-Jul 2020
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers207171158215110168+52,5%Jan-Jul 2020
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers392825261519+26,9%Jan-Jul 2020
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers169186192209123126+2,3%Jan-Jul 2020
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers153183179185108114+5,4%Jan-Jul 2020
Other Product 283190168170100110+10,0%Jan-Jul 2020
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)494044382324+4,2%Jan-Jul 2020
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
183042663466+93,6%Jan-Jul 2020
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
464250583337+11,8%Jan-Jul 2020
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters3472951087133-53,6%Jan-Jul 2020
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters716059633534-3,8%Jan-Jul 2020
Whey (0404) TOP exporters848964613739+5,6%Jan-Jul 2020
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP exporters848863603637+2,5%Jan-Jul 2020
Casein (350110) TOP exporters191715159,79,8+0,8%Jan-Jul 2020
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters21152114102,1-79,8%Jan-Jul 2020
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters135,78,17,25,91,0-82,1%Jan-Jul 2020
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP exporters5,77,38,69,95,83,8-33,9%Jan-Jul 2020
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters5,85,66,16,84,34,0-5,4%Jan-Jul 2020
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (350220) TOP exporters5,14,75,26,14,15,6+36,0%Jan-Jul 2020
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP exporters5,25,26,15,93,53,9+10,5%Jan-Jul 2020
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters1,2104,15,82,56,9+176,5%Jan-Jul 2020
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters0,20,10,10,20,10,1+25,5%Jan-Jul 2020
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters1,0104,15,62,46,7+184,0%Jan-Jul 2020
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters0,00,00,00,00,00,0-96,1%Jan-Jul 2020
SMP (040210) TOP exporters3,72,53,55,74,11,6-62,2%Jan-Jul 2020
WMP (040221+040229) TOP exporters5,81,61,75,14,50,4-91,2%Jan-Jul 2020
Other Product 161712126,94,8-30,1%Jan-Jul 2020
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)492723311811-38,3%Jan-Jul 2020
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
2,02,12,42,01,21,4+12,1%Jan-Jul 2020
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
141413117,26,3-13,3%Jan-Jul 2020
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA)201620172018201920192020(f)%Period
Cheese9.0949.2979.3879.3939.3939.578+2,0%Jan-Dec 2020
Butter2.1822.2072.2062.1732.1732.148-1,2%Jan-Dec 2020
SMP8049851.127979979913-6,7%Jan-Dec 2020
WMP344369400447447476+6,5%Jan-Dec 2020
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201620172018201920192020%Period
% Self-sufficiency rate111,9%113,7%112,9%114,9%112,7%Jan-Jul 2020
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 1,99% 2,88% 2,14% 1,51% -7,47% Jan-Dic 2020
CPI (consumer price index) 0,18% 1,56% 1,79% 1,42% 0,78% Jan-Dic 2020
Population ('000) 510.182 511.379 512.372 513.472
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
** Only the production of the EU countries that officially declared the data are considered.

Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk price: Milk Market Observatory; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm)
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 25-09-2020
NOTA: L'accesso all'area Dairy World Trade, contenente anche le elaborazioni di Import / Export della UE-28 con aggiornamento MENSILE, è riservato ai Sostenitori di CLAL.it