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US: dairy sector

This page contains data regarding key components of the United States dairy industry over a given time period.


The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints:
    the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, imports, exports and domestic consumption;

  • on the other hand, it exemplifies the framework of a market that equates large domestic consumption figures (supported by import volumes) to large production figures.

US: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Farms ('000) 2.055 2.042 2.029 2.023
Number of cows ('000 head) 9.341 9.419 9.358 9.345 9.346 9.372 +0,3% Jan-Apr 2020
Cow's milk production 96.346 97.762 98.688 99.057 41.692 42.463 +1,8% Jan-May 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year +1,5% +0,9% +0,4%
Farm-gate milk price € x 100 Kg ** 32,41 34,52 30,41 36,71 33,84 33,95 +0,3% Jan-May 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year +6,5% -11,9% +20,7%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Liquid milk 22.549 22.067 21.623
Yogurt (plain and flavoured) 2.022 2.031 1.990
Fresh cheese (Curd, Lowfat and Creamed Cottage Cheese) 501 483 498
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 215 176 194
Butter 834 838 893 905 406 441 +8,8% Jan-May 2020
Cheese 5.526 5.733 5.914 5.959 2.465 2.462 -0,1% Jan-May 2020
WMP (whole milk powder) 45 56 65 64 35 27 -22,2% Jan-May 2020
NDM (skimmed milk powder) 795 832 806 840 378 390 +3,2% Jan-May 2020
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 254 240 254 260 87 94 +8,2% Jan-May 2020
Whey powder 433 470 453 443 177 185 +4,2% Jan-May 2020
Lactose 498 510 525 557 246 207 -15,8% Jan-May 2020
WPC (Whey Protein Concentrate) 212 222 233 223 94 89 -5,4% Jan-May 2020
EXPORT 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
89 74 91 106 44 41 -6,1% Jan-May 2020
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
28 31 24 25 10 9,9 -3,3% Jan-May 2020
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
17 17 17 18 6,6 4,6 -30,1% Jan-May 2020
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
29 34 52 33 14 11 -21,4% Jan-May 2020
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
11 10 24 11 5,2 3,6 -30,6% Jan-May 2020
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
289 342 349 361 164 156 -5,1% Jan-May 2020
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
594 608 715 704 286 336 +17,2% Jan-May 2020
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
32 27 48 39 12 17 +43,6% Jan-May 2020
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
493 540 541 439 180 209 +16,2% Jan-May 2020
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP importers
471 517 508 405 165 190 +14,7% Jan-May 2020
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP importers
1,9 1,3 1,9 1,9 0,8 0,9 +12,9% Jan-May 2020
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP importers
2,4 1,9 2,0 1,5 0,8 0,7 -18,5% Jan-May 2020
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
263 270 305 293 119 132 +11,1% Jan-May 2020
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP importers
99 92 87 85 34 35 +5,0% Jan-May 2020
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
32 33 34 34 15 15 -2,4% Jan-May 2020
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP importers
15 16 16 17 6,7 16 +143,5% Jan-May 2020
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP importers
181 195 167 165 70 72 +3,5% Jan-May 2020
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220)
TOP importers
35 36 43 47 19 24 +27,5% Jan-May 2020
IMPORT 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP exporters
4,1 8,4 7,9 12 3,8 9,1 +139,1% Jan-May 2020
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
9,7 14 27 18 6,0 14 +126,2% Jan-May 2020
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP exporters
32 34 37 30 16 10 -37,0% Jan-May 2020
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
47 44 58 68 27 27 -1,0% Jan-May 2020
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP exporters
19 13 20 24 8,8 11 +26,2% Jan-May 2020
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
205 183 176 180 67 63 -7,0% Jan-May 2020
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
0,6 1,3 1,2 0,5 0,4 0,3 -24,1% Jan-May 2020
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
17 22 8,8 14 4,7 12 +151,0% Jan-May 2020
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
77 85 86 91 38 41 +7,9% Jan-May 2020
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP exporters
33 43 47 48 20 20 -1,7% Jan-May 2020
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP exporters
56 50 46 49 21 19 -9,7% Jan-May 2020
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP exporters
24 24 20 20 7,1 9,5 +34,1% Jan-May 2020
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
3,6 3,2 2,3 3,2 1,4 0,7 -54,9% Jan-May 2020
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP exporters
0,2 0,7 0,4 0,3 0,1 0,2 +57,1% Jan-Apr 2020
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
3,7 5,9 6,0 3,3 1,2 1,5 +23,1% Jan-May 2020
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP exporters
12 17 17 26 10 11 +5,9% Jan-May 2020
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP exporters
136 144 161 183 74 75 +1,4% Jan-May 2020
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220)
TOP exporters
13 8,4 12 14 6,0 3,7 -37,6% Jan-May 2020
STOCK (al 31 December) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Butter 75 77 81 86 142 172 +21,2% May 2020
Cheese (no fresh cheese) 544 581 610 600 629 660 +5,0% May 2020
SMP Human Use 102 145 125 112 132 156 +18,8% May 2020
SMP Animal Use 0,9 0,8 7,3 5,7 0,9 5,2 +509,1% May 2020
WMP (Whole Milk Powder) 6,1 14 7,1 5,5 19 7,5 -60,3% May 2020
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 19 17 19 16
Whey Powder Human Use 29 44 32 32 29 38 +29,3% May 2020
Whey Powder Animal Use 0,8 0,8 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,4 -17,3% May 2020
WPC 28 38 30 30 27 30 +12,4% May 2020
I° Classification
- WPC Human Use 28 38 29 30 27 30 +11,4% May 2020
- WPC Animal Use 0,3 0,3 0,5 0,3 0,2 0,5 +127,9% May 2020
2° Classification
- WPC 25-49.9% s.s. 10 11 11 12 11 12 +8,3% May 2020
- WPC 50-89.9% s.s. 18 27 18 18 16 19 +15,2% May 2020
Lactose 50 61 48 50 57 45 -21,1% May 2020
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
Cheese 5.379 5.494 5.668 5.744 5.744 5.855 +1,9% Jan-Dec 2020
Butter 849 848 864 902 902 925 +2,5% Jan-Dec 2020
SMP 447 425 371 409 409 495 +21,0% Jan-Dec 2020
WMP 40 51 51 69 69 66 -4,3% Jan-Dec 2020
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
Cheese 16,65 16,90 17,33 17,46
Butter 2,63 2,61 2,64 2,74
SMP 1,38 1,31 1,13 1,24
WMP 0,12 0,16 0,16 0,21
% Self-sufficiency 108,1% 108,8% 110,6% 110,4%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 1,64% 2,37% 2,93% 2,33% -4,67% Jan-Dic 2020
CPI (consumer price index) 1,26% 2,13% 2,44% 1,81% 0,84% Jan-Dic 2020
Population ('000) 323.016 325.085 327.096 329.065
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 58.436 (e) 61.134 (e) 63.676 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 52.793(e) 54.116(e) 53.919(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
** Fluid Grade
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Vedi Metric Conversion Factors
METRIC CONVERSION FACTORS
1 Hectare = 2.4710 Acres; 1 Kilogram = 2.2046 Pounds
1 Metric Ton:=Domestic Unit*Factor
Wheat & Soybeans:=bushels*0.027216
Rice:=cwt*0.045359
Rapeseed & Sunflowerseed:=cwt*0.045359
Corn, Sorghum & Rye:=bushels*0.025401
Barley:=bushels*0.021772
Oats:=bushels*0.014515
Sugar:=short tons*0.907185
Cotton:=480-lb bales*0.217720
UK cwt: in UK CWT is "long hundred weight" (long is equivalent to gross) = 112 lbs, that equals to 50.8024 Kg.
USA cwt : in USA CWT is "short hundred weight" (short is equivalent to net)=100 lbs, that equals to 45.3592 Kg.

Source:
Raw material area: USDA, ERS; Cow's milk production: National Agricultural Statistics Service
Dairy production: National Agricultural Statistics Service and USDA
Export and Import: Census Bureau
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 2020-07-08
US: Export on Production
Product 2017 2018 2019 May 2020 Jan-May 2020
Butter 4,1% 5,8% 3,6% 3,3% 2,5%
Cheese 6,0% 5,9% 6,1% 7,2% 6,3%
WMP 49,3% 74,0% 61,7% 75,2% 63,3%
SMP 65,6% 79,4% 75,5% 85,7% 69,3%
Whey 80,2% 77,4% 65,0% 56,3% 55,0%
Lactose 71,1% 74,8% 68,0% 86,4% 80,6%
NOTE:
SMP
: SMP+NDM Production, SMP (040210) Export Code
Whey: Whey + WPC (25% - 50%) Production, Whey (0404) Export Code
Lactose: Lactose Production, Lactose edible + pharmaceutical (170211+170219) Export Code
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the United States with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it