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US: dairy sector

This page contains data regarding key components of the United States dairy industry over a given time period.


The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints:
    the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, imports, exports and domestic consumption;

  • on the other hand, it exemplifies the framework of a market that equates large domestic consumption figures (supported by import volumes) to large production figures.

US: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Farms ('000) 2.064 2.055 2.042 2.029
Number of cows ('000 head) 9.315 9.341 9.419 9.359 9.383 9.317 -0,7% Jan-Sep 2019
Cow's milk production 94.619 96.346 97.762 98.691 74.480 74.612 +0,2% Jan-Sep 2019
± % Over the same period of the previous year +1,8% +1,5% +1,0%
Farm-gate milk price € x 100 Kg ** 33,99 32,41 34,52 30,39 29,53 35,25 +19,4% Jan-Sep 2019
± % Over the same period of the previous year -4,7% +6,5% -12,0%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Liquid milk 22.697 22.543 22.058
Yogurt (plain and flavoured) 2.107 2.022 2.031 1.990
Fresh cheese (Curd, Lowfat and Creamed Cottage Cheese) 490 501 483 498
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 225 215 176 194
Butter 839 834 838 858 645 642 -0,5% Jan-Sep 2019
Cheese 5.367 5.526 5.733 5.908 4.383 4.431 +1,1% Jan-Sep 2019
WMP (whole milk powder) 49 45 56 65 56 57 +2,2% Jan-Sep 2019
NDM (skimmed milk powder) 827 795 832 804 624 638 +2,3% Jan-Sep 2019
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 202 254 240 257 193 169 -12,1% Jan-Sep 2019
Whey powder 443 433 470 453 349 331 -5,0% Jan-Sep 2019
Lactose 476 498 510 525 388 429 +10,8% Jan-Sep 2019
WPC (Whey Protein Concentrate) 224 212 222 233 176 165 -5,8% Jan-Sep 2019
EXPORT 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
89 74 91 69 81 +17,1% Jan-Sep 2019
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
9,5 28 31 24 17 18 +7,7% Jan-Sep 2019
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
21 17 17 17 12 13 +4,6% Jan-Sep 2019
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
26 29 34 52 38 25 -34,2% Jan-Sep 2019
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
6,1 11 10 24 16 8,5 -46,5% Jan-Sep 2019
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
318 289 342 350 267 278 +4,2% Jan-Sep 2019
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
558 594 608 715 556 495 -10,9% Jan-Sep 2019
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
34 32 27 48 38 29 -25,7% Jan-Sep 2019
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
441 493 540 541 425 330 -22,5% Jan-Sep 2019
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP importers
410 471 517 508 402 304 -24,3% Jan-Sep 2019
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP importers
0,8 1,9 1,3 1,9 1,4 1,4 -0,8% Jan-Sep 2019
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP importers
2,8 2,4 1,9 2,0 1,7 1,2 -29,2% Jan-Sep 2019
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
236 263 270 306 241 220 -8,7% Jan-Sep 2019
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP importers
124 99 92 87 70 65 -7,4% Jan-Sep 2019
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
34 32 33 34 26 26 -0,6% Jan-Sep 2019
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP importers
15 15 16 16 12 13 +6,6% Jan-Sep 2019
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP importers
194 181 195 169 127 121 -4,4% Jan-Sep 2019
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220)
TOP importers
37 35 36 43 32 33 +4,6% Jan-Sep 2019
IMPORT 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP exporters
4,1 8,4 7,9 5,2 7,5 +45,1% Jan-Sep 2019
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
6,9 9,7 14 27 21 11 -45,7% Jan-Sep 2019
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP exporters
30 32 34 37 26 23 -10,1% Jan-Sep 2019
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
41 47 44 58 40 52 +31,3% Jan-Sep 2019
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP exporters
17 19 13 20 13 16 +20,4% Jan-Sep 2019
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
200 205 183 176 124 132 +6,4% Jan-Sep 2019
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
2,7 0,6 1,3 1,2 1,2 0,5 -59,3% Jan-Aug 2019
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
12 17 22 8,8 6,7 9,5 +41,7% Jan-Sep 2019
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
74 77 85 86 62 66 +7,0% Jan-Sep 2019
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP exporters
28 33 43 47 33 34 +3,0% Jan-Sep 2019
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP exporters
60 56 50 46 34 37 +9,8% Jan-Sep 2019
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP exporters
25 24 24 20 15 14 -7,9% Jan-Sep 2019
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
5,1 3,6 3,2 2,3 1,5 2,7 +87,4% Jan-Sep 2019
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP exporters
0,6 0,2 0,7 0,4 0,3 0,2 -25,8% Jan-Sep 2019
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
3,2 3,7 5,9 6,0 5,5 2,6 -52,0% Jan-Sep 2019
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP exporters
5,8 12 17 17 13 20 +51,5% Jan-Sep 2019
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP exporters
124 136 144 162 117 136 +16,1% Jan-Sep 2019
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220)
TOP exporters
9,5 13 8,4 12 9,5 12 +21,3% Jan-Sep 2019
STOCK (al 31 December) 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Butter 70 75 77 81 128 137 +7,0% Sep 2019
Cheese (no fresh cheese) 520 544 581 610 626 621 -0,8% Sep 2019
SMP Human Use 93 102 145 125 119 115 -2,9% Sep 2019
SMP Animal Use 0,7 0,9 0,8 7,3 1,6 1,5 -9,5% Sep 2019
WMP (Whole Milk Powder) 5,2 6,1 14 7,1 15 9,9 -33,0% Sep 2019
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 20 19 17 19
Whey Powder Human Use 32 29 44 32 31 35 +14,0% Sep 2019
Whey Powder Animal Use 1,0 0,8 0,8 0,4 0,8 0,9 +16,2% Sep 2019
WPC 33 28 38 30 28 29 +5,9% Sep 2019
I° Classification
- WPC Human Use 33 28 38 29 27 29 +5,0% Sep 2019
- WPC Animal Use 0,4 0,3 0,3 0,5 0,4 0,7 +63,2% Sep 2019
2° Classification
- WPC 25-49.9% s.s. 12 10 11 11 9,1 11 +15,4% Sep 2019
- WPC 50-89.9% s.s. 21 18 27 18 18 19 +1,2% Sep 2019
Lactose 47 50 61 48 37 51 +38,8% Sep 2019
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
Cheese 5.149 5.379 5.492 5.667 5.667 5.849 +3,2% Jan-Dec 2019
Butter 831 850 849 862 862 899 +4,3% Jan-Dec 2019
SMP 489 447 425 370 370 407 +10,0% Jan-Dec 2019
WMP 49 40 50 52 52 43 -17,3% Jan-Dec 2019
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
Cheese 16,09 16,70 16,93 17,34
Butter 2,60 2,64 2,62 2,64
SMP 1,53 1,39 1,31 1,13
WMP 0,15 0,12 0,15 0,16
% Self-sufficiency 108,2% 108,1% 108,8% 110,6%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 2,91% 1,64% 2,37% 2,93% 2,30% Jan-Dic 2019
CPI (consumer price index) 0,12% 1,26% 2,13% 2,44% 1,79% Jan-Dic 2019
Population ('000) 319.929 322.180 324.459 326.767
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 55.837 (e) 58.436 (e) 61.134 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 50.326(e) 52.793(e) 55.642(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
** Fluid Grade
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Vedi Metric Conversion Factors
METRIC CONVERSION FACTORS
1 Hectare = 2.4710 Acres; 1 Kilogram = 2.2046 Pounds
1 Metric Ton:=Domestic Unit*Factor
Wheat & Soybeans:=bushels*0.027216
Rice:=cwt*0.045359
Rapeseed & Sunflowerseed:=cwt*0.045359
Corn, Sorghum & Rye:=bushels*0.025401
Barley:=bushels*0.021772
Oats:=bushels*0.014515
Sugar:=short tons*0.907185
Cotton:=480-lb bales*0.217720
UK cwt: in UK CWT is "long hundred weight" (long is equivalent to gross) = 112 lbs, that equals to 50.8024 Kg.
USA cwt : in USA CWT is "short hundred weight" (short is equivalent to net)=100 lbs, that equals to 45.3592 Kg.

Source:
Raw material area: USDA, ERS; Cow's milk production: National Agricultural Statistics Service
Dairy production: National Agricultural Statistics Service and USDA
Export and Import: Census Bureau
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 2019-11-15
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the United States with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it