< >

US: dairy sector

This page contains data regarding key components of the United States dairy industry over a given time period.


The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints:
    the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, imports, exports and domestic consumption;

  • on the other hand, it exemplifies the framework of a market that equates large domestic consumption figures (supported by import volumes) to large production figures.

US: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Farms ('000) 2.042 2.029 2.023 2.019
Number of cows ('000 head) 9.419 9.358 9.347 9.429 9.364 9.505 +1,5% Jan-Aug 2021
Cow's milk production 97.762 98.688 99.084 101.252 67.873 69.345 +2,2% Jan-Aug 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year +0,9% +0,4% +2,2%
Farm-gate milk price € x 100 Kg ** 34,52 30,41 36,76 35,21 34,93 33,00 -5,5% Jan-Aug 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year -11,9% +20,9% -4,2%
Corn price (North West Iowa, IA) (€\Ton) 111,0 109,6 130,3 116,8 113,4 193,3 (p) +70,4% Jan-Oct 2021
Soybeans price (Western Illinois, IL) (€\Ton) 328,5 291,3 295,5 320,0 309,0 454,1 (p) +46,9% Jan-Oct 2021
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Liquid milk 21.894 21.425 21.050 21.027
Butter 838 893 905 973 659 645 -2,0% Jan-Aug 2021
Cream Sour 629 636 646 663 426 440 +3,3% Jan-Aug 2021
Cheese 5.733 5.914 5.959 6.012 3.971 4.106 +3,4% Jan-Aug 2021
of which:
Cheddar 1.688 1.724 1.695 1.736 1.147 1.193 +4,0% Jan-Aug 2021
Mozzarella 1.887 1.981 2.039 2.019 1.345 1.357 +0,9% Jan-Aug 2021
Cheddar american 2.301 2.383 2.373 2.421 1.597 1.678 +5,1% Jan-Aug 2021
Cottage Cream 150 160 162 165 109 104 -4,4% Jan-Aug 2021
Cottage Curd 177 182 177 172 115 111 -3,2% Jan-Aug 2021
Cottage Lowfat 156 155 149 140 95 92 -2,4% Jan-Aug 2021
WMP (whole milk powder) 56 65 64 63 41 46 +12,4% Jan-Aug 2021
NDM (skimmed milk powder) 832 806 840 903 617 657 +6,4% Jan-Aug 2021
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 240 254 260 315 197 157 -20,7% Jan-Aug 2021
Whey powder 470 453 443 431 294 281 -4,5% Jan-Aug 2021
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 176 194 203 262
Lactose 510 525 556 500 337 337 +0,1% Jan-Aug 2021
WPC (Whey Protein Concentrate) 222 233 223 217 142 146 +2,4% Jan-Aug 2021
WPI 90 (Whey Protein Isolated) 53 55 54 53 36 38 +8,3% Jan-Aug 2021
Yogurt 2.031 2.020 1.986 2.050 1.386 1.448 +4,4% Jan-Aug 2021
Frozen Yogurt (Mio Litri) 238 208 215 134 95 96 +0,8% Jan-Aug 2021
Ice cream, regular, hard (Mio Litri) 2.768 2.749 2.685 2.872 1.965 1.919 -2,3% Jan-Aug 2021
Ice cream lowfat, total (Mio Litri) 1.747 1.742 1.794 1.826 1.276 1.230 -3,6% Jan-Aug 2021
of which:
Ice cream, lowfat, hard (Mio Litri) 681 770 902 947 651 640 -1,7% Jan-Aug 2021
Ice cream, lowfat, soft (Mio Litri) 1.065 971 892 880 625 590 -5,6% Jan-Aug 2021
Ice cream, nonfat, hard (Mio Litri) 27 29 26 21 15 17 +18,5% Jan-Aug 2021
EXPORT 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
74 91 106 105 73 80 +8,9% Jan-Aug 2021
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
31 24 25 24 15 18 +14,3% Jan-Aug 2021
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
17 17 18 11 7,3 9,5 +29,6% Jan-Aug 2021
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
34 52 29 27 17 37 +116,3% Jan-Aug 2021
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
10 24 7,0 5,1 3,3 6,1 +83,8% Jan-Aug 2021
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
342 349 361 358 254 272 +6,9% Jan-Aug 2021
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
608 715 704 816 555 623 +12,1% Jan-Aug 2021
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
27 48 39 39 26 28 +9,6% Jan-Aug 2021
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
540 541 439 546 347 410 +17,9% Jan-Aug 2021
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP importers
517 508 404 504 317 382 +20,5% Jan-Aug 2021
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP importers
1,3 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,4 1,1 -16,4% Jan-Aug 2021
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP importers
1,9 2,0 1,5 1,6 1,0 1,5 +51,3% Jan-Aug 2021
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
270 305 293 303 210 214 +2,0% Jan-Aug 2021
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP importers
92 87 85 76 53 47 -10,7% Jan-Aug 2021
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
33 34 34 32 23 20 -14,5% Jan-Aug 2021
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP importers
16 16 17 37 26 29 +8,6% Jan-Aug 2021
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP importers
195 167 163 177 114 121 +6,2% Jan-Aug 2021
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220)
TOP importers
36 43 48 59 39 47 +19,9% Jan-Aug 2021
IMPORT 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP exporters
8,4 7,9 12 33 22 25 +17,6% Jan-Aug 2021
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
14 27 18 25 18 12 -32,4% Jan-Aug 2021
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP exporters
34 37 30 26 16 14 -14,1% Jan-Aug 2021
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
44 58 68 69 48 41 -15,3% Jan-Aug 2021
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP exporters
13 20 24 27 19 9,4 -49,6% Jan-Aug 2021
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
183 176 181 165 101 119 +17,4% Jan-Aug 2021
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
1,3 1,2 0,5 0,7 0,6 0,3 -55,7% Jan-Aug 2021
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
22 8,8 14 23 18 8,2 -54,5% Jan-Aug 2021
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
85 86 91 84 61 57 -7,8% Jan-Aug 2021
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP exporters
43 47 48 41 27 28 +1,4% Jan-Aug 2021
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP exporters
50 46 49 46 30 34 +14,4% Jan-Aug 2021
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP exporters
24 20 20 21 15 15 +1,8% Jan-Aug 2021
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
3,2 2,3 3,2 2,7 1,6 2,1 +30,9% Jan-Aug 2021
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP exporters
0,7 0,4 0,3 0,5 0,3 0,3 -5,7% Jan-Aug 2021
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
5,9 6,0 3,3 9,4 2,5 11 +350,0% Jan-Aug 2021
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP exporters
17 17 26 25 17 18 +1,6% Jan-Aug 2021
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP exporters
144 155 181 199 123 153 +23,9% Jan-Aug 2021
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220)
TOP exporters
8,4 13 14 8,5 6,1 9,2 +50,7% Jan-Aug 2021
STOCK (al 31 December) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Butter 77 81 86 124 169 166 -1,2% Aug 2021
Cheese (no fresh cheese) 581 610 600 633 623 648 +4,0% Aug 2021
SMP Human Use 145 125 112 131 126 129 +2,8% Aug 2021
SMP Animal Use 0,8 7,3 5,7 3,9 4,5 4,3 -4,7% Aug 2021
WMP (Whole Milk Powder) 14 7,1 5,5 7,7 5,0 9,4 +87,2% Aug 2021
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 17 19 16 16
Whey Powder Human Use 44 32 32 29 39 30 -23,5% Aug 2021
Whey Powder Animal Use 0,8 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,5 0,7 +57,0% Aug 2021
WPC 38 30 30 29 31 28 -7,0% Aug 2021
I° Classification
- WPC Human Use 38 29 30 28 30 28 -8,4% Aug 2021
- WPC Animal Use 0,3 0,5 0,3 0,4 0,3 0,7 +143,9% Aug 2021
2° Classification
- WPC 25-49.9% s.s. 11 11 12 12 11 11 -4,9% Aug 2021
- WPC 50-89.9% s.s. 27 18 18 16 19 18 -8,2% Aug 2021
Lactose 61 48 50 56 49 63 +29,3% Aug 2021
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Cheese 5.494 5.675 5.751 5.750 5.750 5.934 +3,2% Jan-Dec 2021
Butter 849 898 940 978 978 995 +1,7% Jan-Dec 2021
SMP 430 369 422 402 402 378 -6,0% Jan-Dec 2021
WMP 52 53 51 44 44 39 -11,4% Jan-Dec 2021
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Cheese 16,90 17,35 17,48 17,37
Butter 2,61 2,75 2,86 2,95
SMP 1,32 1,13 1,28 1,21
WMP 0,16 0,16 0,15 0,13
% Self-sufficiency 108,8% 110,6% 110,4% 111,6%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 2,26% 2,92% 2,29% -3,40% 6,10% Jan-Dic 2021
CPI (consumer price index) 2,13% 2,44% 1,81% 1,23% 4,26% Jan-Dic 2021
Population ('000) 325.085 327.096 329.065 331.003
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 60.106 63.056 65.254 (e) 63.416 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 53.206 53.394 58.286(e) 55.484(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(p): partial data
(f): forecast
** Fluid Grade
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Vedi Metric Conversion Factors
METRIC CONVERSION FACTORS
1 Hectare = 2.4710 Acres; 1 Kilogram = 2.2046 Pounds
1 Metric Ton:=Domestic Unit*Factor
Wheat & Soybeans:=bushels*0.027216
Rice:=cwt*0.045359
Rapeseed & Sunflowerseed:=cwt*0.045359
Corn, Sorghum & Rye:=bushels*0.025401
Barley:=bushels*0.021772
Oats:=bushels*0.014515
Sugar:=short tons*0.907185
Cotton:=480-lb bales*0.217720
UK cwt: in UK CWT is "long hundred weight" (long is equivalent to gross) = 112 lbs, that equals to 50.8024 Kg.
USA cwt : in USA CWT is "short hundred weight" (short is equivalent to net)=100 lbs, that equals to 45.3592 Kg.

Source:
Raw material area: USDA, ERS; Cow's milk production: National Agricultural Statistics Service
Dairy production: National Agricultural Statistics Service and USDA
Export and Import: Census Bureau
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 2021-10-16
US: Export on Production
Product 2018 2019 2020 Aug 2021 Jan-Aug 2021
Butter 5,8% 3,2% 2,8% 7,3% 5,7%
Cheese 5,9% 6,1% 6,0% 7,1% 6,6%
WMP 74,0% 61,7% 61,6% 55,1% 61,2%
SMP 74,3% 70,7% 77,0% 95,3% 76,6%
Whey 68,0% 56,8% 71,9% 70,5% 68,0%
Lactose 74,8% 68,0% 75,7% 75,1% 77,6%
NOTE:
SMP
: SMP+NDM Production, SMP (040210) Export Code
Whey: Whey + WPC (25% - 50%) Production, Whey (0404) Export Code
Lactose: Lactose Production, Lactose edible + pharmaceutical (170211+170219) Export Code
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the United States with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it