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US: dairy sector

This page contains data regarding key components of the United States dairy industry over a given time period.

The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints:
    the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, imports, exports and domestic consumption;

  • on the other hand, it exemplifies the framework of a market that equates large domestic consumption figures (supported by import volumes) to large production figures.

US: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Farms ('000) 2.029 2.023 2.019 2.012
Number of cows ('000 head) 9.358 9.347 9.434 9.381 9.466 9.381 -0,9% Jan-Apr 2022
Cow's milk production 98.688 99.084 101.292 102.630 34.563 34.218 -1,0% Jan-Apr 2022
± % Over the same period of the previous year +0,4% +2,2% +1,3%
Farm-gate milk price € x 100 Kg ** 30,41 36,76 35,00 34,59 31,15 49,00 +57,3% Jan-Mar 2022
± % Over the same period of the previous year +20,9% -4,8% -1,2%
Corn price (North West Iowa, IA) (€\Ton) 109,6 130,3 116,8 194,4 185,3 252,1 (p) +36,0% Jan-May 2022
Soybeans price (Western Illinois, IL) (€\Ton) 291,3 295,5 320,0 450,1 463,9 564,6 (p) +21,7% Jan-May 2022
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Liquid milk 21.425 21.050 21.027
Butter 893 905 973 940 277 263 -5,0% Jan-Mar 2022
Cream Sour 636 646 663 678 164 167 +1,5% Jan-Mar 2022
Cheese 5.914 5.959 6.005 6.217 1.531 1.576 +3,0% Jan-Mar 2022
of which:
Cheddar 1.724 1.695 1.737 1.784 449 439 -2,3% Jan-Mar 2022
Mozzarella 1.981 2.039 2.019 2.036 505 526 +4,2% Jan-Mar 2022
Cheddar american 2.383 2.373 2.421 2.525 629 630 +0,1% Jan-Mar 2022
Cottage Cream 160 162 165 154 39 39 -0,1% Jan-Mar 2022
Cottage Curd 182 177 172 163 42 42 -1,9% Jan-Mar 2022
Cottage Lowfat 155 149 140 138 36 35 -1,9% Jan-Mar 2022
WMP (whole milk powder) 65 64 63 67 17 16 -1,5% Jan-Mar 2022
NDM (skimmed milk powder) 806 840 885 918 268 241 -10,0% Jan-Mar 2022
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 254 260 315 317 66 48 -26,7% Jan-Mar 2022
Whey powder 453 443 435 424 108 106 -2,1% Jan-Mar 2022
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 194 203 262
Lactose 525 556 508 522 124 131 +5,6% Jan-Mar 2022
WPC (Whey Protein Concentrate) 233 223 217 231 54 59 +9,6% Jan-Mar 2022
WPI 90 (Whey Protein Isolated) 55 54 53 59 15 16 +4,9% Jan-Mar 2022
Yogurt 2.020 1.986 2.050 2.151 549 536 -2,5% Jan-Mar 2022
Frozen Yogurt (Mio Litri) 208 215 134 176 41 45 +10,8% Jan-Mar 2022
Ice cream, regular, hard (Mio Litri) 2.749 2.685 2.872 2.736 699 656 -6,3% Jan-Mar 2022
Ice cream lowfat, total (Mio Litri) 1.742 1.794 1.826 1.744 446 380 -14,9% Jan-Mar 2022
of which:
Ice cream, lowfat, hard (Mio Litri) 770 902 947 870 235 203 -13,9% Jan-Mar 2022
Ice cream, lowfat, soft (Mio Litri) 971 892 880 874 211 177 -16,1% Jan-Mar 2022
Ice cream, nonfat, hard (Mio Litri) 29 26 21 25 5,8 6,6 +13,3% Jan-Mar 2022
EXPORT 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
91 106 105 121 26 28 +7,7% Jan-Mar 2022
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
24 25 24 26 6,4 6,7 +5,7% Jan-Mar 2022
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
17 18 11 16 2,6 4,8 +79,6% Jan-Mar 2022
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
52 29 27 58 12 19 +62,3% Jan-Mar 2022
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
24 7,0 5,1 13 1,2 4,2 +255,4% Jan-Mar 2022
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
349 361 358 407 93 105 +12,7% Jan-Mar 2022
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
715 704 816 894 221 203 -8,3% Jan-Mar 2022
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
48 39 39 40 10 9,1 -11,4% Jan-Mar 2022
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
541 439 546 593 150 141 -6,0% Jan-Mar 2022
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP importers
508 404 504 552 140 132 -6,1% Jan-Mar 2022
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP importers
1,9 1,9 1,9 1,8 0,4 0,5 +34,4% Jan-Mar 2022
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP importers
2,0 1,5 1,6 2,1 0,5 0,7 +24,6% Jan-Mar 2022
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
305 293 303 325 74 81 +9,6% Jan-Mar 2022
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP importers
87 85 76 69 14 12 -15,4% Jan-Mar 2022
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
34 34 32 28 7,3 9,3 +27,0% Jan-Mar 2022
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP importers
16 17 37 42 9,7 9,4 -2,4% Jan-Mar 2022
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP importers
167 163 177 170 42 39 -7,1% Jan-Mar 2022
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220)
TOP importers
43 48 59 65 16 15 -7,8% Jan-Mar 2022
IMPORT 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP exporters
7,9 12 33 35 8,8 7,6 -13,7% Jan-Mar 2022
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
27 18 25 19 4,2 3,9 -7,0% Jan-Mar 2022
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP exporters
37 30 26 23 7,0 8,3 +18,7% Jan-Mar 2022
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
58 68 69 63 13 13 +0,5% Jan-Mar 2022
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP exporters
20 24 27 14 3,3 3,1 -7,3% Jan-Mar 2022
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
176 181 165 188 39 41 +4,2% Jan-Mar 2022
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
1,2 0,5 0,7 0,4 0,1 0,2 +208,8% Jan-Mar 2022
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
8,8 14 23 12 3,3 3,5 +8,3% Jan-Mar 2022
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
86 91 84 84 22 22 -3,4% Jan-Mar 2022
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP exporters
47 48 41 44 10 11 +2,4% Jan-Mar 2022
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP exporters
46 49 46 53 13 18 +38,0% Jan-Mar 2022
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP exporters
20 20 21 22 5,1 4,7 -6,4% Jan-Mar 2022
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
2,3 3,2 2,7 2,9 0,8 0,8 -0,5% Jan-Mar 2022
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP exporters
0,4 0,3 0,5 0,4 0,1 0,1 +14,9% Jan-Mar 2022
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
6,0 3,3 9,4 17 3,3 5,4 +60,5% Jan-Mar 2022
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP exporters
17 26 25 27 6,2 7,7 +24,4% Jan-Mar 2022
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP exporters
155 181 199 230 55 61 +11,4% Jan-Mar 2022
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220)
TOP exporters
13 14 8,5 14 3,0 2,6 -12,8% Jan-Mar 2022
STOCK (al 31 December) 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Butter 81 86 124 90 161 128 -20,4% Mar 2022
Cheese (no fresh cheese) 610 600 633 654 666 661 -0,7% Mar 2022
SMP Human Use 125 112 131 115 142 131 -8,0% Mar 2022
SMP Animal Use 7,3 5,7 3,9 2,7 4,7 3,5 -25,5% Mar 2022
WMP (Whole Milk Powder) 7,1 5,5 7,7 11 7,0 11 +58,9% Mar 2022
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 19 16 16 21
Whey Powder Human Use 32 32 29 26 28 31 +7,5% Mar 2022
Whey Powder Animal Use 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,3 0,4 0,4 -15,3% Mar 2022
WPC 30 30 29 32 28 31 +9,2% Mar 2022
I° Classification
- WPC Human Use 29 30 28 31 27 30 +8,9% Mar 2022
- WPC Animal Use 0,5 0,3 0,4 0,7 0,7 0,8 +20,3% Mar 2022
2° Classification
- WPC 25-49.9% s.s. 11 12 12 11 11 10 -4,8% Mar 2022
- WPC 50-89.9% s.s. 18 18 16 21 17 21 +17,7% Mar 2022
Lactose 48 50 56 74 58 76 +32,3% Mar 2022
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
Cheese 5.675 5.751 5.750 5.956 5.956 6.080 +2,1% Jan-Dec 2022
Butter 898 940 978 985 985 1.011 +2,6% Jan-Dec 2022
SMP 362 414 393 309 309 315 +1,9% Jan-Dec 2022
WMP 31 36 34 37 37 28 -24,3% Jan-Dec 2022
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
Cheese 17,35 17,48 17,37 17,89
Butter 2,75 2,86 2,95 2,96
SMP 1,11 1,26 1,19 0,93
WMP 0,09 0,11 0,10 0,11
% Self-sufficiency 110,6% 110,4% 111,6% 112,9%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 2,92% 2,29% -3,40% 5,67% 5,67% 2,83% Jan-Dic 2022
CPI (consumer price index) 2,44% 1,81% 1,23% 4,70% 4,70% 6,78% Jan-Dic 2022
Population ('000) 327.096 329.065 331.003 332.915
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 63.056 65.254 (e) 63.416 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 53.394 58.286(e) 55.484(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(p): partial data
(f): forecast
** Fluid Grade
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Vedi Metric Conversion Factors
METRIC CONVERSION FACTORS
1 Hectare = 2.4710 Acres; 1 Kilogram = 2.2046 Pounds
1 Metric Ton:=Domestic Unit*Factor
Wheat & Soybeans:=bushels*0.027216
Rice:=cwt*0.045359
Rapeseed & Sunflowerseed:=cwt*0.045359
Corn, Sorghum & Rye:=bushels*0.025401
Barley:=bushels*0.021772
Oats:=bushels*0.014515
Sugar:=short tons*0.907185
Cotton:=480-lb bales*0.217720
UK cwt: in UK CWT is "long hundred weight" (long is equivalent to gross) = 112 lbs, that equals to 50.8024 Kg.
USA cwt : in USA CWT is "short hundred weight" (short is equivalent to net)=100 lbs, that equals to 45.3592 Kg.

Source:
Raw material area: USDA, ERS; Cow's milk production: National Agricultural Statistics Service
Dairy production: National Agricultural Statistics Service and USDA
Export and Import: Census Bureau
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 2022-05-20
US: Export on Production
Product 2019 2020 2021 Mar 2022 Jan-Mar 2022
Butter 3,2% 2,8% 6,2% 7,9% 7,2%
Cheese 6,1% 6,0% 6,5% 7,7% 6,6%
WMP 61,7% 61,6% 59,2% 71,7% 55,7%
SMP 79,3% 87,4% 92,5% 79,3% 70,2%
Whey 73,5% 93,5% 96,5% 71,6% 60,1%
Lactose 68,0% 74,5% 75,5% 79,2% 70,5%
NOTE:
SMP
: SMP+NDM Production, SMP (040210) Export Code
Whey: Whey + WPC (25% - 50%) Production, Whey (0404) Export Code
Lactose: Lactose Production, Lactose edible + pharmaceutical (170211+170219) Export Code
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the United States with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it