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US: dairy sector

This page contains data regarding key components of the United States dairy industry over a given time period.


The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints:
    the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, imports, exports and domestic consumption;

  • on the other hand, it exemplifies the framework of a market that equates large domestic consumption figures (supported by import volumes) to large production figures.

US: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Farms ('000) 2.042 2.029 2.023 2.019
Number of cows ('000 head) 9.419 9.358 9.347 9.429 9.364 9.505 +1,5% Jan-Jun 2021
Cow's milk production 97.762 98.688 99.084 101.252 50.914 52.126 +2,4% Jan-Jun 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year +0,9% +0,4% +2,2%
Farm-gate milk price € x 100 Kg ** 34,52 30,41 36,76 35,21 34,20 32,91 -3,8% Jan-Jun 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year -11,9% +20,9% -4,2%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Liquid milk 22.067 21.623
Butter 838 893 905 973 453 437 -3,5% Jan-May 2021
Cream Sour 629 636 646 663 266 273 +2,6% Jan-May 2021
Cheese 5.733 5.914 5.959 6.012 2.464 2.562 +4,0% Jan-May 2021
of which:
Cheddar 1.688 1.724 1.695 1.736 717 752 +5,0% Jan-May 2021
Mozzarella 1.887 1.981 2.039 2.019 842 847 +0,5% Jan-May 2021
Cheddar american 2.301 2.383 2.373 2.421 994 1.054 +6,0% Jan-May 2021
Cottage Cream 150 160 162 165 67 64 -5,2% Jan-May 2021
Cottage Curd 177 182 177 172 71 69 -3,9% Jan-May 2021
Cottage Lowfat 156 155 149 140 59 58 -2,9% Jan-May 2021
WMP (whole milk powder) 56 65 64 63 27 29 +7,9% Jan-May 2021
NDM (skimmed milk powder) 832 806 840 903 405 445 +9,9% Jan-May 2021
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 240 254 260 315 111 86 -22,2% Jan-May 2021
Whey powder 470 453 443 431 184 178 -3,6% Jan-May 2021
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 176 194 203
Lactose 510 525 556 500 201 208 +3,4% Jan-May 2021
WPC (Whey Protein Concentrate) 222 233 223 217 88 93 +6,0% Jan-May 2021
WPI 90 (Whey Protein Isolated) 53 55 54 53 22 24 +8,1% Jan-May 2021
Yogurt 2.031 2.020 1.986 2.050 866 913 +5,4% Jan-May 2021
Frozen Yogurt (Mio Litri) 238 208 215 134 56 60 +6,2% Jan-May 2021
Ice cream, regular, hard (Mio Litri) 2.768 2.749 2.685 2.872 1.144 1.180 +3,2% Jan-May 2021
Ice cream lowfat, total (Mio Litri) 1.747 1.742 1.794 1.826 753 738 -2,0% Jan-May 2021
of which:
Ice cream, lowfat, hard (Mio Litri) 681 770 902 947 387 403 +4,0% Jan-May 2021
Ice cream, lowfat, soft (Mio Litri) 1.065 971 892 880 366 335 -8,4% Jan-May 2021
Ice cream, nonfat, hard (Mio Litri) 27 29 26 21 8,7 12 +32,7% Jan-May 2021
EXPORT 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
74 91 106 105 41 48 +15,0% Jan-May 2021
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
31 24 25 24 9,9 11 +10,0% Jan-May 2021
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
17 17 18 11 4,6 5,3 +13,9% Jan-May 2021
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
34 52 29 27 9,7 23 +137,3% Jan-May 2021
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
10 24 7,0 5,1 2,0 2,8 +42,1% Jan-May 2021
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
342 349 361 358 155 164 +5,8% Jan-May 2021
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
608 715 704 816 335 389 +16,3% Jan-May 2021
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
27 48 39 39 17 19 +13,4% Jan-May 2021
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
540 541 439 546 210 258 +23,1% Jan-May 2021
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP importers
517 508 404 504 190 240 +26,5% Jan-May 2021
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP importers
1,3 1,9 1,9 1,9 0,9 0,6 -27,7% Jan-May 2021
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP importers
1,9 2,0 1,5 1,6 0,7 0,9 +28,8% Jan-May 2021
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
270 305 293 303 132 136 +2,9% Jan-May 2021
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP importers
92 87 85 76 35 28 -19,6% Jan-May 2021
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
33 34 34 32 15 12 -19,3% Jan-May 2021
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP importers
16 16 17 37 16 18 +9,2% Jan-May 2021
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP importers
195 167 163 177 70 77 +9,6% Jan-May 2021
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220)
TOP importers
36 43 48 59 24 28 +14,2% Jan-May 2021
IMPORT 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP exporters
8,4 7,9 12 33 9,1 17 +84,6% Jan-May 2021
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
14 27 18 25 14 7,3 -45,8% Jan-May 2021
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP exporters
34 37 30 26 10 10 +0,6% Jan-May 2021
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
44 58 68 69 27 23 -16,7% Jan-May 2021
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP exporters
13 20 24 27 11 5,2 -53,3% Jan-May 2021
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
183 176 181 165 62 67 +8,2% Jan-May 2021
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
1,3 1,2 0,5 0,7 0,3 0,1 -64,9% Jan-May 2021
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
22 8,8 14 23 12 5,8 -50,7% Jan-May 2021
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
85 86 91 84 41 38 -9,2% Jan-May 2021
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP exporters
43 47 48 41 20 17 -12,3% Jan-May 2021
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP exporters
50 46 49 46 19 21 +14,8% Jan-May 2021
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP exporters
24 20 20 21 9,5 8,4 -11,8% Jan-May 2021
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
3,2 2,3 3,2 2,7 0,7 1,4 +117,9% Jan-May 2021
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP exporters
0,7 0,4 0,3 0,5 0,2 0,2 -6,3% Jan-May 2021
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
5,9 6,0 3,3 9,4 1,5 6,2 +309,8% Jan-May 2021
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP exporters
17 17 26 25 11 11 -1,5% Jan-May 2021
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP exporters
144 155 181 199 75 93 +24,1% Jan-May 2021
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220)
TOP exporters
8,4 13 14 8,5 3,7 5,3 +41,6% Jan-May 2021
STOCK (al 31 December) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Butter 77 81 86 124 164 188 +14,4% Jun 2021
Cheese (no fresh cheese) 581 610 600 633 642 651 +1,3% Jun 2021
SMP Human Use 145 125 112 131 154 158 +2,7% May 2021
SMP Animal Use 0,8 7,3 5,7 3,9 5,1 4,5 -12,3% May 2021
WMP (Whole Milk Powder) 14 7,1 5,5 7,7 7,5 8,2 +9,3% May 2021
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 17 19 16 16
Whey Powder Human Use 44 32 32 29 39 30 -23,3% May 2021
Whey Powder Animal Use 0,8 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,4 0,5 +11,9% May 2021
WPC 38 30 30 29 30 29 -3,1% May 2021
I° Classification
- WPC Human Use 38 29 30 28 29 28 -4,2% May 2021
- WPC Animal Use 0,3 0,5 0,3 0,4 0,6 0,9 +48,8% May 2021
2° Classification
- WPC 25-49.9% s.s. 11 11 12 12 11 11 +1,9% May 2021
- WPC 50-89.9% s.s. 27 18 18 16 19 18 -6,1% May 2021
Lactose 61 48 50 56 44 59 +33,3% May 2021
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Cheese 5.494 5.675 5.751 5.750 5.750 5.934 +3,2% Jan-Dec 2021
Butter 849 898 940 978 978 995 +1,7% Jan-Dec 2021
SMP 430 369 422 402 402 378 -6,0% Jan-Dec 2021
WMP 52 53 51 44 44 39 -11,4% Jan-Dec 2021
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Cheese 16,90 17,35 17,48 17,37
Butter 2,61 2,75 2,86 2,95
SMP 1,32 1,13 1,28 1,21
WMP 0,16 0,16 0,15 0,13
% Self-sufficiency 108,8% 110,6% 110,4% 111,6%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 2,33% 3,00% 2,16% -3,49% 7,50% Jan-Dic 2021
CPI (consumer price index) 2,13% 2,44% 1,81% 1,23% 3,67% Jan-Dic 2021
Population ('000) 325.085 327.096 329.065 331.003
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 61.134 (e) 63.676 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 54.116(e) 53.919(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
** Fluid Grade
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Vedi Metric Conversion Factors
METRIC CONVERSION FACTORS
1 Hectare = 2.4710 Acres; 1 Kilogram = 2.2046 Pounds
1 Metric Ton:=Domestic Unit*Factor
Wheat & Soybeans:=bushels*0.027216
Rice:=cwt*0.045359
Rapeseed & Sunflowerseed:=cwt*0.045359
Corn, Sorghum & Rye:=bushels*0.025401
Barley:=bushels*0.021772
Oats:=bushels*0.014515
Sugar:=short tons*0.907185
Cotton:=480-lb bales*0.217720
UK cwt: in UK CWT is "long hundred weight" (long is equivalent to gross) = 112 lbs, that equals to 50.8024 Kg.
USA cwt : in USA CWT is "short hundred weight" (short is equivalent to net)=100 lbs, that equals to 45.3592 Kg.

Source:
Raw material area: USDA, ERS; Cow's milk production: National Agricultural Statistics Service
Dairy production: National Agricultural Statistics Service and USDA
Export and Import: Census Bureau
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 2021-07-31
US: Export on Production
Product 2018 2019 2020 May 2021 Jan-May 2021
Butter 5,8% 3,2% 2,8% 6,8% 5,2%
Cheese 5,9% 6,1% 6,0% 5,9% 6,4%
WMP 74,0% 61,7% 61,6% 67,3% 66,3%
SMP 80,1% 76,1% 82,5% 81,2% 73,3%
Whey 78,2% 65,6% 83,3% 70,4% 67,5%
Lactose 74,8% 68,0% 75,7% 88,0% 79,0%
NOTE:
SMP
: SMP+NDM Production, SMP (040210) Export Code
Whey: Whey + WPC (25% - 50%) Production, Whey (0404) Export Code
Lactose: Lactose Production, Lactose edible + pharmaceutical (170211+170219) Export Code
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the United States with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it