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US: dairy sector

This page contains data regarding key components of the United States dairy industry over a given time period.


The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints:
    the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, imports, exports and domestic consumption;

  • on the other hand, it exemplifies the framework of a market that equates large domestic consumption figures (supported by import volumes) to large production figures.

US: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Number of cows ('000 head) 9.315 9.341 9.419 0,0 7.782 8.280 +6,4% Jan-Feb 2019
Cow's milk production 94.619 96.346 97.762 98.691 16.062 16.152 +0,6% Jan-Feb 2019
± % Over the same period of the previous year +1,8% +1,5% +1,0%
Farm-gate milk price € x 100 Kg ** 33,99 32,41 34,52 30,23 28,21 32,34 +14,7% Jan-Feb 2019
± % Over the same period of the previous year -4,7% +6,5% -12,4%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Liquid milk 22.697 22.543 22.058
Yogurt (plain and flavoured) 2.107 2.022 2.031
Fresh cheese (Curd, Lowfat and Creamed Cottage Cheese) 490 501 483
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 225 215 176
Butter 839 834 838 855 160 161 +0,8% Jan-Feb 2019
Cheese 5.367 5.526 5.742 5.865 945 948 +0,3% Jan-Feb 2019
WMP (whole milk powder) 49 45 56 66 13 9,9 -26,2% Jan-Feb 2019
NDM (skimmed milk powder) 827 795 832 791 144 148 +2,6% Jan-Feb 2019
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 202 254 240 247 38 34 -9,3% Jan-Feb 2019
Whey powder 443 433 470 457 82 71 -13,2% Jan-Feb 2019
Lactose 476 498 510 512 82 95 +16,2% Jan-Feb 2019
WPC (Whey Protein Concentrate) 224 212 220 226 38 37 -0,8% Jan-Feb 2019
EXPORT 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
96 89 74 91 12 16 +30,1% Jan-Feb 2019
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
9,5 28 31 24 3,6 3,8 +4,1% Jan-Feb 2019
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
21 17 17 17 1,9 2,1 +10,9% Jan-Feb 2019
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
26 29 34 52 5,2 6,2 +19,1% Jan-Feb 2019
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
6,1 11 10 24 1,3 1,7 +29,6% Jan-Feb 2019
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
318 289 343 350 55 61 +11,0% Jan-Feb 2019
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
558 594 608 716 117 105 -10,4% Jan-Feb 2019
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
34 32 28 48 3,7 5,2 +42,4% Jan-Feb 2019
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
441 493 540 540 94 66 -29,8% Jan-Feb 2019
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP importers
410 471 517 507 89 61 -31,6% Jan-Feb 2019
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP importers
0,8 1,9 1,3 1,8 0,2 0,3 +75,4% Jan-Feb 2019
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP importers
2,8 2,4 1,9 2,0 0,4 0,3 -15,1% Jan-Feb 2019
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
236 263 270 305 48 43 -11,4% Jan-Feb 2019
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP importers
124 99 92 88 16 13 -17,8% Jan-Feb 2019
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
34 32 33 34 6,0 6,3 +5,1% Jan-Feb 2019
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP importers
15 15 16 16 2,3 2,7 +16,0% Jan-Feb 2019
IMPORT 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP exporters
3,3 4,1 8,4 8,0 0,9 1,6 +79,0% Jan-Feb 2019
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
6,9 9,7 14 28 5,7 2,5 -56,2% Jan-Feb 2019
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP exporters
30 32 33 37 5,8 7,2 +23,6% Jan-Feb 2019
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
41 47 44 58 6,7 9,6 +43,9% Jan-Feb 2019
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP exporters
17 19 13 20 1,7 3,3 +96,6% Jan-Feb 2019
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
200 205 183 176 25 25 -2,7% Jan-Feb 2019
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
2,7 0,6 1,3 1,2 0,2 0,3 +101,1% Jan-Feb 2019
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
12 17 22 8,8 1,0 1,9 +98,6% Jan-Feb 2019
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
74 77 85 86 17 15 -12,1% Jan-Feb 2019
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP exporters
28 33 43 47 7,6 8,2 +8,0% Jan-Feb 2019
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP exporters
60 56 50 46 7,7 9,9 +27,6% Jan-Feb 2019
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP exporters
25 24 24 20 3,3 2,2 -32,1% Jan-Feb 2019
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
5,1 3,6 3,2 2,3 0,3 0,4 +27,1% Jan-Feb 2019
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP exporters
0,6 0,2 0,7 0,4 0,0 0,0 -59,5% Jan-Feb 2019
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
3,2 3,7 5,9 6,0 0,7 0,5 -29,7% Jan-Feb 2019
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP exporters
5,8 12 17 17 2,7 3,4 +26,2% Jan-Feb 2019
STOCK (al 31 December) 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019 % Period
Butter 70 75 77 81 121 110 -8,7% Feb 2019
Cheese (no fresh cheese) 520 544 581 610 598 621 +4,0% Feb 2019
SMP Human Use 93 102 145 125 135 140 +3,5% Feb 2019
SMP Animal Use 0,7 0,9 0,8 1,8 1,3 1,7 +26,8% Feb 2019
WMP (Whole Milk Powder) 5,2 6,1 14 7,6 17 8,2 -51,3% Feb 2019
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 20 19 17
Whey Powder Human Use 32 29 44 30 39 39 -1,1% Feb 2019
Whey Powder Animal Use 1,0 0,8 0,8 0,5 0,7 0,3 -51,0% Feb 2019
WPC 33 28 38 30 37 28 -22,8% Feb 2019
I° Classification
- WPC Human Use 33 28 38 29 36 28 -23,3% Feb 2019
- WPC Animal Use 0,4 0,3 0,3 0,5 0,3 0,4 +31,0% Feb 2019
2° Classification
- WPC 25-49.9% s.s. 12 10 11 11 12 12 +3,2% Feb 2019
- WPC 50-89.9% s.s. 21 18 27 18 25 16 -35,0% Feb 2019
Lactose 47 50 61 48 53 48 -9,8% Feb 2019
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
Cheese 5.149 5.379 5.501 5.630 5.630 5.831 +3,6% Jan-Dec 2019
Butter 830 849 849 851 851 871 +2,4% Jan-Dec 2019
SMP 489 447 425 337 337 383 +13,6% Jan-Dec 2019
WMP 49 40 50 66 66 48 -27,3% Jan-Dec 2019
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
Cheese 16,09 16,70 16,95 17,23
Butter 2,59 2,64 2,62 2,60
SMP 1,53 1,39 1,31 1,03
WMP 0,15 0,12 0,15 0,20
% Self-sufficiency 108,3% 108,1% 108,8% 110,6%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 2,88% 1,57% 2,22% 2,88% 2,50% Jan-Dic 2019
CPI (consumer price index) 0,12% 1,26% 2,13% 2,44% 1,67% Jan-Dic 2019
Population ('000) 319.929 322.180 324.459 326.767
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 55.837 (e) 58.436 (e) 61.134 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 50.326(e) 52.793(e) 55.642(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
** Fluid Grade
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Vedi Metric Conversion Factors
METRIC CONVERSION FACTORS
1 Hectare = 2.4710 Acres; 1 Kilogram = 2.2046 Pounds
1 Metric Ton:=Domestic Unit*Factor
Wheat & Soybeans:=bushels*0.027216
Rice:=cwt*0.045359
Rapeseed & Sunflowerseed:=cwt*0.045359
Corn, Sorghum & Rye:=bushels*0.025401
Barley:=bushels*0.021772
Oats:=bushels*0.014515
Sugar:=short tons*0.907185
Cotton:=480-lb bales*0.217720
UK cwt: in UK CWT is "long hundred weight" (long is equivalent to gross) = 112 lbs, that equals to 50.8024 Kg.
USA cwt : in USA CWT is "short hundred weight" (short is equivalent to net)=100 lbs, that equals to 45.3592 Kg.

Source Raw material area: USDA, ERS; Cow's milk production: National Agricultural Statistics Service
Source Dairy production: National Agricultural Statistics Service and USDA
Source Export and Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO

Last update: 2019-04-18
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the United States with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it