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US: dairy sector

This page contains data regarding key components of the United States dairy industry over a given time period.

The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints:
    the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, imports, exports and domestic consumption;

  • on the other hand, it exemplifies the framework of a market that equates large domestic consumption figures (supported by import volumes) to large production figures.

US: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Farms ('000) 2.029 2.023 0 0
Number of cows ('000 head) 9.358 9.347 9.434 0,0
Cow's milk production 98.688 99.084 101.292 102.630 69.315 69.108 -0,3% Jan-Aug 2022
± % Over the same period of the previous year +0,4% +2,2% +1,3%
Farm-gate milk price € x 100 Kg ** 30,41 36,76 35,00 34,59 32,66 52,97 +62,2% Jan-Aug 2022
± % Over the same period of the previous year +20,9% -4,8% -1,2%
Corn price (North West Iowa, IA) (€\Ton) 109,6 130,3 116,8 194,4 195,5 267,5 (p) +36,9% Jan-Sep 2022
Soybeans price (Western Illinois, IL) (€\Ton) 291,3 295,5 320,0 450,1 459,4 582,3 (p) +26,7% Jan-Sep 2022
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Liquid milk 21.425 21.054 21.031 20.190
Butter 893 905 973 940 581 568 -2,2% Jan-Jul 2022
Cream Sour 636 646 663 0,0
Cheese 5.914 5.959 6.005 6.217 3.613 3.693 +2,2% Jan-Jul 2022
of which:
Cheddar 1.724 1.695 1.737 0,0
Mozzarella 1.981 2.039 2.016 0,0
Cheddar american 2.383 2.373 2.421 0,0
Cottage Cream 160 162 165 0,0
Cottage Curd 182 177 172 0,0
Cottage Lowfat 155 149 140 0,0
WMP (whole milk powder) 65 64 63 67 41 37 -10,2% Jan-Jul 2022
NDM (skimmed milk powder) 806 840 885 918 596 570 -4,4% Jan-Jul 2022
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 254 260 315 317 167 125 -24,9% Jan-Jul 2022
Whey powder 453 443 435 424 249 257 +3,1% Jan-Jul 2022
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 194 203 262 249
Lactose 525 556 508 522 300 315 +4,9% Jan-Jul 2022
WPC (Whey Protein Concentrate) 233 223 217 231 130 138 +6,2% Jan-Jul 2022
WPI 90 (Whey Protein Isolated) 55 54 51 0,0
Yogurt 2.020 1.986 2.046 0,0
Frozen Yogurt (Mio Litri) 208 215 133 0,0
Ice cream, regular, hard (Mio Litri) 2.749 2.685 2.903 0,0
Ice cream lowfat, total (Mio Litri) 1.742 1.794 1.752 0,0
of which:
Ice cream, lowfat, hard (Mio Litri) 770 902 949 0,0
Ice cream, lowfat, soft (Mio Litri) 971 892 803 0,0
Ice cream, nonfat, hard (Mio Litri) 29 26 21 0,0
EXPORT 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
91 106 105 120 68 76 +12,0% Jan-Jul 2022
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
24 25 24 26 15 18 +18,2% Jan-Jul 2022
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
17 18 11 16 7,7 12 +52,3% Jan-Jul 2022
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
52 29 27 58 32 46 +45,4% Jan-Jul 2022
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
24 7,0 5,1 13 4,4 10 +134,5% Jan-Jul 2022
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
349 361 358 405 234 268 +14,7% Jan-Jul 2022
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
715 704 816 882 537 493 -8,3% Jan-Jul 2022
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
48 39 39 39 25 25 -1,0% Jan-Jul 2022
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
541 439 546 593 359 373 +4,0% Jan-Jul 2022
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP importers
508 404 504 552 334 346 +3,8% Jan-Jul 2022
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP importers
1,9 1,9 1,9 1,8 0,9 1,4 +49,4% Jan-Jul 2022
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP importers
2,0 1,5 1,6 2,1 1,2 1,5 +31,9% Jan-Jul 2022
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
305 293 303 322 188 237 +26,3% Jan-Jul 2022
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP importers
87 85 76 69 42 24 -42,2% Jan-Jul 2022
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
34 34 32 28 16 18 +12,4% Jan-Jul 2022
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP importers
16 17 37 41 25 25 +2,8% Jan-Jul 2022
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP importers
167 163 177 162 102 102 +0,8% Jan-Jul 2022
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220)
TOP importers
43 48 59 65 40 38 -6,1% Jan-Jul 2022
IMPORT 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP exporters
7,9 12 33 35 23 15 -34,9% Jan-Jul 2022
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
27 18 25 19 10 15 +43,7% Jan-Jul 2022
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP exporters
37 30 26 23 13 21 +66,3% Jan-Jul 2022
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
58 68 69 63 35 40 +14,2% Jan-Jul 2022
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP exporters
20 24 27 14 9,2 12 +32,1% Jan-Jul 2022
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
176 181 165 188 102 103 +0,4% Jan-Jul 2022
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
1,2 0,5 0,7 0,4 0,2 0,4 +90,7% Jan-Jul 2022
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
8,8 14 23 12 7,5 8,4 +12,7% Jan-Jul 2022
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
86 91 84 84 51 50 -3,0% Jan-Jul 2022
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP exporters
47 48 41 44 24 26 +6,7% Jan-Jul 2022
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP exporters
46 49 46 53 31 39 +24,5% Jan-Jul 2022
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP exporters
20 20 21 22 14 13 -4,8% Jan-Jul 2022
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
2,3 3,2 2,7 2,9 1,9 1,8 -1,7% Jan-Jul 2022
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP exporters
0,4 0,3 0,5 0,4 0,3 0,3 +25,9% Jan-Jul 2022
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
6,0 3,3 9,4 17 10 20 +98,3% Jan-Jul 2022
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP exporters
17 26 25 27 15 20 +34,8% Jan-Jul 2022
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP exporters
155 181 199 230 132 149 +12,8% Jan-Jul 2022
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220)
TOP exporters
13 14 8,5 14 8,2 7,0 -15,5% Jan-Jul 2022
STOCK (al 31 December) 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Butter 81 86 124 90 165 128 -22,1% Aug 2022
Cheese (no fresh cheese) 610 600 633 654 650 673 +3,6% Aug 2022
SMP Human Use 125 112 131 115 142 153 +7,3% Jul 2022
SMP Animal Use 7,3 5,7 3,9 2,7 4,1 3,7 -9,6% Jul 2022
WMP (Whole Milk Powder) 7,1 5,5 7,7 11 9,0 7,4 -17,5% Jul 2022
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 19 16 16 21
Whey Powder Human Use 32 32 29 26 30 31 +4,3% Jul 2022
Whey Powder Animal Use 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,3 0,8 0,5 -30,6% Jul 2022
WPC 30 30 29 32 29 34 +18,9% Jul 2022
I° Classification
- WPC Human Use 29 30 28 31 28 34 +21,4% Jul 2022
- WPC Animal Use 0,5 0,3 0,4 0,7 1,0 0,5 -50,9% Jul 2022
2° Classification
- WPC 25-49.9% s.s. 11 12 12 11 12 11 -9,5% Jul 2022
- WPC 50-89.9% s.s. 18 18 16 21 17 24 +38,2% Jul 2022
Lactose 48 50 56 74 60 77 +28,9% Jul 2022
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
Cheese 5.675 5.751 5.745 5.939 5.939 6.034 +1,6% Jan-Dec 2022
Butter 898 940 978 975 975 1.003 +2,9% Jan-Dec 2022
SMP 369 422 384 375 375 321 -14,4% Jan-Dec 2022
WMP 31 36 34 34 34 34 0,0% Jan-Dec 2022
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
Cheese 17,35 17,48 17,36 17,84
Butter 2,75 2,86 2,95 2,93
SMP 1,13 1,28 1,16 1,13
WMP 0,09 0,11 0,10 0,10
% Self-sufficiency 110,6% 110,4% 111,6% 112,7%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 2,92% 2,29% -3,40% 5,67% 5,67% 1,81% Jan-Dic 2022
CPI (consumer price index) 2,44% 1,81% 1,23% 4,70% 4,70% 7,93% Jan-Dic 2022
Population ('000) 327.096 329.065 331.003 332.915
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 62.770 65.052 63.079 69.231 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 53.152 58.106 55.189 58.535(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(p): partial data
(f): forecast
** Fluid Grade
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Vedi Metric Conversion Factors
METRIC CONVERSION FACTORS
1 Hectare = 2.4710 Acres; 1 Kilogram = 2.2046 Pounds
1 Metric Ton:=Domestic Unit*Factor
Wheat & Soybeans:=bushels*0.027216
Rice:=cwt*0.045359
Rapeseed & Sunflowerseed:=cwt*0.045359
Corn, Sorghum & Rye:=bushels*0.025401
Barley:=bushels*0.021772
Oats:=bushels*0.014515
Sugar:=short tons*0.907185
Cotton:=480-lb bales*0.217720
UK cwt: in UK CWT is "long hundred weight" (long is equivalent to gross) = 112 lbs, that equals to 50.8024 Kg.
USA cwt : in USA CWT is "short hundred weight" (short is equivalent to net)=100 lbs, that equals to 45.3592 Kg.

Source:
Raw material area: USDA, ERS; Cow's milk production: National Agricultural Statistics Service
Dairy production: National Agricultural Statistics Service and USDA
Export and Import: Census Bureau
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 2022-09-30
US: Export on Production
Product 2019 2020 2021 Jul 2022 Jan-Jul 2022
Butter 3,2% 2,8% 6,1% 10,9% 8,1%
Cheese 6,1% 6,0% 6,5% 7,1% 7,3%
WMP 61,7% 61,6% 58,4% 57,7% 67,0%
SMP 73,0% 80,8% 84,6% 66,0% 70,9%
Whey 58,6% 74,3% 77,4% 73,1% 66,6%
Lactose 68,0% 74,5% 74,9% 86,4% 82,9%
NOTE:
SMP
: SMP+NDM Production, SMP (040210) Export Code
Whey: Whey + WPC (25% - 50%) Production, Whey (0404) Export Code
Lactose: Lactose Production, Lactose edible + pharmaceutical (170211+170219) Export Code
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the United States with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it