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US: dairy sector

This page contains data regarding key components of the United States dairy industry over a given time period.


The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints:
    the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, imports, exports and domestic consumption;

  • on the other hand, it exemplifies the framework of a market that equates large domestic consumption figures (supported by import volumes) to large production figures.

US: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Number of cows ('000 head) 9.257 9.317 9.325 9.392
Cow's milk production 93.462 94.619 96.346 97.735 81.715 82.575 +1,1% Jan-Oct 2018
± % Over the same period of the previous year +1,2% +1,8% +1,4%
Farm-gate milk price € x 100 Kg ** 39,81 33,99 32,41 34,48 34,77 29,81 -14,3% Jan-Oct 2018
± % Over the same period of the previous year -14,6% -4,7% +6,4%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Liquid milk 22.971 22.641 22.483
Yogurt (plain and flavoured) 2.158 2.107 2.022 2.031
Fresh cheese (Curd, Lowfat and Creamed Cottage Cheese) 476 490 501 483
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 156 225 215 176
Butter 842 839 834 838 692 711 +2,7% Jan-Oct 2018
Cheese (no fresh cheese) 5.222 5.367 5.526 5.742 4.755 4.874 +2,5% Jan-Oct 2018
WMP (whole milk powder) 47 49 45 56 43 60 +37,8% Jan-Oct 2018
NDM (skimmed milk powder) 800 827 795 832 694 666 -4,0% Jan-Oct 2018
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 247 202 254 240 199 210 +5,8% Jan-Oct 2018
Whey powder 394 443 433 470 394 390 -1,2% Jan-Oct 2018
Lactose 514 476 498 510 427 419 -1,8% Jan-Oct 2018
WPC (Whey Protein Concentrate) 245 224 212 220 182 188 +3,3% Jan-Oct 2018
EXPORT 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
90 96 89 74 63 77 +21,2% Jan-Oct 2018
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
7,6 9,2 28 31 25 20 -22,1% Jan-Oct 2018
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
26 21 17 17 14 13 -0,8% Jan-Oct 2018
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
73 26 29 34 27 44 +63,0% Jan-Oct 2018
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
13 6,1 11 10 8,0 20 +150,9% Jan-Oct 2018
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
370 318 289 343 286 294 +2,9% Jan-Oct 2018
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
552 558 594 608 492 617 +25,4% Jan-Oct 2018
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
55 35 32 28 22 43 +96,8% Jan-Oct 2018
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
531 441 493 540 439 466 +6,2% Jan-Oct 2018
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP importers
479 410 471 517 419 439 +4,8% Jan-Oct 2018
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP importers
1,0 0,8 1,9 1,3 1,2 1,6 +35,3% Jan-Oct 2018
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP importers
2,3 2,8 2,4 1,9 1,5 1,7 +17,4% Jan-Oct 2018
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
216 236 263 270 221 264 +19,3% Jan-Oct 2018
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP importers
127 124 99 92 74 76 +1,6% Jan-Oct 2018
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
35 34 32 33 27 28 +2,5% Jan-Oct 2018
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP importers
16 15 15 16 14 13 -2,5% Jan-Oct 2018
IMPORT 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP exporters
4,0 3,3 4,1 8,4 7,1 5,9 -17,2% Jan-Oct 2018
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
5,8 6,9 9,7 14 12 23 +89,7% Jan-Oct 2018
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP exporters
29 30 32 33 26 29 +11,7% Jan-Oct 2018
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
23 41 47 44 36 46 +29,6% Jan-Oct 2018
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP exporters
9,3 17 19 13 9,0 15 +69,5% Jan-Oct 2018
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
165 200 205 183 148 143 -3,8% Jan-Oct 2018
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
2,8 2,7 0,6 1,3 0,6 1,2 +85,8% Jan-Oct 2018
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
8,8 12 17 22 20 7,6 -62,0% Jan-Oct 2018
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
67 74 77 85 71 68 -4,5% Jan-Oct 2018
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP exporters
28 28 33 43 36 37 +4,9% Jan-Oct 2018
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP exporters
56 60 56 50 40 36 -9,8% Jan-Oct 2018
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP exporters
32 25 24 24 21 17 -18,6% Jan-Oct 2018
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
5,2 5,1 3,6 3,2 2,9 1,8 -39,5% Jan-Oct 2018
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP exporters
0,5 0,6 0,2 0,7 0,6 0,3 -52,0% Jan-Oct 2018
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
1,5 3,2 3,7 5,9 3,6 5,8 +61,5% Jan-Oct 2018
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP exporters
7,7 5,8 12 17 15 14 -1,6% Jan-Oct 2018
STOCK (al 31 December) 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018 % Period
Butter 48 70 75 77 99 105 +5,9% Oct 2018
Cheese (no fresh cheese) 462 520 544 581 575 623 +8,2% Oct 2018
SMP Human Use 109 93 102 145 144 115 -20,2% Oct 2018
SMP Animal Use 0,9 0,7 0,9 0,8 1,0 1,7 +61,5% Oct 2018
WMP (Whole Milk Powder) 11 5,2 6,1 14 10 8,5 -15,6% Oct 2018
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 15 20 19 17
Whey Powder Human Use 29 32 29 44 42 33 -21,5% Oct 2018
Whey Powder Animal Use 0,3 1,0 0,8 0,8 0,7 0,8 +4,9% Oct 2018
WPC Human Use 29 33 28 38 34 26 -24,6% Oct 2018
WPC Animal Use 0,5 0,4 0,3 0,3 0,4 0,4 +8,4% Oct 2018
WPC 25-49.9% s.s. 14 12 10 11 11 8,9 -17,9% Oct 2018
WPC 50-89.9% s.s. 15 21 18 27 24 17 -27,0% Oct 2018
Lactose 60 47 50 61 63 42 -34,3% Oct 2018
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018(f) % Period
Cheese 4.977 5.149 5.379 5.498 5.498 5.571 +1,3% Jan-Dec 2018
Butter 794 831 852 855 855 850 -0,6% Jan-Dec 2018
SMP 457 489 447 425 425 394 -7,3% Jan-Dec 2018
WMP 28 49 40 57 57 63 +10,5% Jan-Dec 2018
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018(f) % Period
Cheese 15,66 16,09 16,70 16,95
Butter 2,50 2,60 2,64 2,64
SMP 1,44 1,53 1,39 1,31
WMP 0,09 0,15 0,12 0,18
% Self-sufficiency 109,5% 108,3% 108,1% 108,8%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 2,45% 2,88% 1,57% 2,22% 2,89% Jan-Dic 2018
CPI (consumer price index) 1,62% 0,12% 1,26% 2,13% 2,49% Jan-Dic 2018
Population ('000) 317.719 319.929 322.180 324.459
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 53.328 (e) 55.837 (e) 58.436 (e) 61.134 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 40.142(e) 50.326(e) 52.793(e) 55.642(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
** Fluid Grade
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Vedi Metric Conversion Factors
METRIC CONVERSION FACTORS
1 Hectare = 2.4710 Acres; 1 Kilogram = 2.2046 Pounds
1 Metric Ton:=Domestic Unit*Factor
Wheat & Soybeans:=bushels*0.027216
Rice:=cwt*0.045359
Rapeseed & Sunflowerseed:=cwt*0.045359
Corn, Sorghum & Rye:=bushels*0.025401
Barley:=bushels*0.021772
Oats:=bushels*0.014515
Sugar:=short tons*0.907185
Cotton:=480-lb bales*0.217720
UK cwt: in UK CWT is "long hundred weight" (long is equivalent to gross) = 112 lbs, that equals to 50.8024 Kg.
USA cwt : in USA CWT is "short hundred weight" (short is equivalent to net)=100 lbs, that equals to 45.3592 Kg.

Source Raw material area: USDA, ERS; Cow's milk production: National Agricultural Statistics Service
Source Dairy production: National Agricultural Statistics Service and USDA
Source Export and Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO

Last update: 2018-12-07
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the United States with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it