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US: dairy sector

This page contains data regarding key components of the United States dairy industry over a given time period.


The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints:
    the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, imports, exports and domestic consumption;

  • on the other hand, it exemplifies the framework of a market that equates large domestic consumption figures (supported by import volumes) to large production figures.

US: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Farms ('000) 2.042 2.029 2.023 2.019
Number of cows ('000 head) 9.419 9.358 9.347 9.429 9.378 9.458 +0,8% Jan-Mar 2021
Cow's milk production 97.762 98.688 99.084 101.252 25.480 25.739 +1,0% Jan-Mar 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year +0,9% +0,4% +2,2%
Farm-gate milk price € x 100 Kg ** 34,52 30,41 36,76 35,21 37,54 31,70 -15,5% Jan-Mar 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year -11,9% +20,9% -4,2%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Liquid milk 22.067 21.623
Butter 838 893 905 973 272 270 -0,8% Jan-Mar 2021
Cream Sour 629 636 647 663 154 162 +5,1% Jan-Mar 2021
Cheese 5.733 5.914 5.959 6.012 1.487 1.522 +2,3% Jan-Mar 2021
of which:
Cheddar 1.688 1.724 1.695 1.736 424 447 +5,6% Jan-Mar 2021
Mozzarella 1.887 1.981 2.039 2.019 510 506 -0,8% Jan-Mar 2021
Cheddar american 2.301 2.383 2.373 2.421 591 626 +5,9% Jan-Mar 2021
Cottage Cream 150 160 162 165 39 38 -1,9% Jan-Mar 2021
Cottage Curd 177 182 177 172 42 42 -0,2% Jan-Mar 2021
Cottage Lowfat 156 155 149 140 36 35 -2,8% Jan-Mar 2021
WMP (whole milk powder) 56 65 64 63 14 17 +17,0% Jan-Mar 2021
NDM (skimmed milk powder) 832 806 840 903 242 263 +8,9% Jan-Mar 2021
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 240 254 260 315 62 48 -22,0% Jan-Mar 2021
Whey powder 470 453 443 431 112 110 -1,0% Jan-Mar 2021
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 176 194 203
Lactose 510 525 556 500 120 124 +3,9% Jan-Mar 2021
WPC (Whey Protein Concentrate) 222 233 223 217 53 58 +8,9% Jan-Mar 2021
WPI 90 (Whey Protein Isolated) 53 55 54 53 13 15 +17,2% Jan-Mar 2021
Yogurt 2.031 2.020 1.985 2.050 533 547 +2,7% Jan-Mar 2021
Frozen Yogurt (Mio Litri) 238 208 235 134 37 42 +14,9% Jan-Mar 2021
Ice cream, regular, hard (Mio Litri) 2.768 2.749 2.685 2.872 659 688 +4,4% Jan-Mar 2021
Ice cream lowfat, total (Mio Litri) 1.747 1.742 1.759 1.826 433 406 -6,2% Jan-Mar 2021
of which:
Ice cream, lowfat, hard (Mio Litri) 681 770 902 947 223 238 +6,7% Jan-Mar 2021
Ice cream, lowfat, soft (Mio Litri) 1.065 971 858 880 210 168 -19,9% Jan-Mar 2021
Ice cream, nonfat, hard (Mio Litri) 27 29 26 21 5,4 6,2 +14,6% Jan-Mar 2021
EXPORT 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
74 91 106 105 22 26 +17,7% Jan-Mar 2021
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
31 24 25 24 6,1 6,4 +4,9% Jan-Mar 2021
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
17 17 18 11 3,1 2,6 -13,6% Jan-Mar 2021
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
34 52 33 29 6,6 12 +76,2% Jan-Mar 2021
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
10 24 11 6,7 1,7 1,2 -30,4% Jan-Mar 2021
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
342 349 361 359 93 93 -0,5% Jan-Mar 2021
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
608 715 704 819 188 221 +17,9% Jan-Mar 2021
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
27 48 39 39 9,5 10 +7,9% Jan-Mar 2021
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
540 541 439 544 123 150 +21,7% Jan-Mar 2021
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP importers
517 508 405 502 111 140 +26,7% Jan-Mar 2021
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP importers
1,3 1,9 1,9 1,9 0,5 0,4 -20,7% Jan-Mar 2021
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP importers
1,9 2,0 1,5 1,6 0,4 0,5 +34,3% Jan-Mar 2021
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
270 305 293 303 75 74 -1,3% Jan-Mar 2021
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP importers
92 87 85 76 23 14 -39,7% Jan-Mar 2021
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
33 34 34 33 8,3 7,3 -12,0% Jan-Mar 2021
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP importers
16 16 17 37 10 9,7 -4,7% Jan-Mar 2021
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP importers
195 167 165 181 43 42 -3,0% Jan-Mar 2021
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220)
TOP importers
36 43 47 59 15 16 +5,8% Jan-Mar 2021
IMPORT 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP exporters
8,4 7,9 12 33 5,1 8,8 +72,3% Jan-Mar 2021
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
14 27 18 25 8,1 4,2 -48,2% Jan-Mar 2021
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP exporters
34 37 30 26 6,1 7,0 +16,1% Jan-Mar 2021
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
44 58 68 69 14 13 -9,3% Jan-Mar 2021
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP exporters
13 20 24 27 7,2 3,3 -54,5% Jan-Mar 2021
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
183 176 180 165 40 39 -2,5% Jan-Mar 2021
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
1,3 1,2 0,5 0,7 0,1 0,1 -34,9% Jan-Mar 2021
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
22 8,8 14 23 4,9 3,3 -34,2% Jan-Mar 2021
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
85 86 91 84 27 22 -18,6% Jan-Mar 2021
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP exporters
43 47 48 41 13 10 -20,8% Jan-Mar 2021
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP exporters
50 46 49 46 10 13 +28,3% Jan-Mar 2021
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP exporters
24 20 20 21 5,6 5,1 -9,1% Jan-Mar 2021
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
3,2 2,3 3,2 2,7 0,4 0,8 +76,0% Jan-Mar 2021
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP exporters
0,7 0,4 0,3 0,5 0,1 0,1 +22,1% Jan-Mar 2021
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
5,9 6,0 3,3 9,2 0,5 3,3 +542,1% Jan-Mar 2021
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP exporters
17 17 26 25 6,1 6,2 +1,0% Jan-Mar 2021
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP exporters
144 161 183 199 45 55 +23,4% Jan-Mar 2021
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220)
TOP exporters
8,4 12 14 8,5 2,2 3,0 +36,8% Jan-Mar 2021
STOCK (al 31 December) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Butter 77 81 86 124 140 161 +14,5% Mar 2021
Cheese (no fresh cheese) 581 610 600 633 623 665 +6,7% Mar 2021
SMP Human Use 145 125 112 131 159 144 -9,8% Mar 2021
SMP Animal Use 0,8 7,3 5,7 3,9 5,1 4,7 -8,7% Mar 2021
WMP (Whole Milk Powder) 14 7,1 5,5 7,7 6,1 7,0 +14,3% Mar 2021
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 17 19 16 16
Whey Powder Human Use 44 32 32 29 33 29 -14,3% Mar 2021
Whey Powder Animal Use 0,8 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,3 0,4 +21,4% Mar 2021
WPC 38 30 30 29 30 29 -0,8% Mar 2021
I° Classification
- WPC Human Use 38 29 30 28 29 29 -1,8% Mar 2021
- WPC Animal Use 0,3 0,5 0,3 0,4 0,4 0,7 +73,3% Mar 2021
2° Classification
- WPC 25-49.9% s.s. 11 11 12 12 12 11 -6,7% Mar 2021
- WPC 50-89.9% s.s. 27 18 18 16 17 18 +3,3% Mar 2021
Lactose 61 48 50 56 46 57 +24,8% Mar 2021
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Cheese 5.494 5.674 5.751 5.766 5.766 5.950 +3,2% Jan-Dec 2021
Butter 849 898 940 988 988 1.038 +5,1% Jan-Dec 2021
SMP 430 369 422 316 316 349 +10,4% Jan-Dec 2021
WMP 51 51 46 49 49 45 -8,2% Jan-Dec 2021
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Cheese 16,90 17,35 17,48 17,42
Butter 2,61 2,75 2,86 2,98
SMP 1,32 1,13 1,28 0,95
WMP 0,16 0,16 0,14 0,15
% Self-sufficiency 108,8% 110,6% 110,4% 111,7%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 2,33% 3,00% 2,16% -3,50% 6,95% Jan-Dic 2021
CPI (consumer price index) 2,13% 2,44% 1,81% 1,23% 2,31% Jan-Dic 2021
Population ('000) 325.085 327.096 329.065 331.003
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 61.134 (e) 63.676 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 54.116(e) 53.919(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
** Fluid Grade
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Vedi Metric Conversion Factors
METRIC CONVERSION FACTORS
1 Hectare = 2.4710 Acres; 1 Kilogram = 2.2046 Pounds
1 Metric Ton:=Domestic Unit*Factor
Wheat & Soybeans:=bushels*0.027216
Rice:=cwt*0.045359
Rapeseed & Sunflowerseed:=cwt*0.045359
Corn, Sorghum & Rye:=bushels*0.025401
Barley:=bushels*0.021772
Oats:=bushels*0.014515
Sugar:=short tons*0.907185
Cotton:=480-lb bales*0.217720
UK cwt: in UK CWT is "long hundred weight" (long is equivalent to gross) = 112 lbs, that equals to 50.8024 Kg.
USA cwt : in USA CWT is "short hundred weight" (short is equivalent to net)=100 lbs, that equals to 45.3592 Kg.

Source:
Raw material area: USDA, ERS; Cow's milk production: National Agricultural Statistics Service
Dairy production: National Agricultural Statistics Service and USDA
Export and Import: Census Bureau
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 2021-05-05
US: Export on Production
Product 2018 2019 2020 Mar 2021 Jan-Mar 2021
Butter 5,8% 3,6% 2,9% 5,1% 4,3%
Cheese 5,9% 6,1% 6,0% 7,0% 6,1%
WMP 74,0% 61,7% 61,7% 66,3% 62,0%
SMP 83,7% 79,4% 86,1% 81,0% 71,2%
Whey 86,6% 73,1% 92,6% 66,5% 63,1%
Lactose 74,8% 68,0% 75,7% 78,8% 70,5%
NOTE:
SMP
: SMP+NDM Production, SMP (040210) Export Code
Whey: Whey + WPC (25% - 50%) Production, Whey (0404) Export Code
Lactose: Lactose Production, Lactose edible + pharmaceutical (170211+170219) Export Code
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the United States with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it