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US: dairy sector

This page contains data regarding key components of the United States dairy industry over a given time period.


The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints:
    the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, imports, exports and domestic consumption;

  • on the other hand, it exemplifies the framework of a market that equates large domestic consumption figures (supported by import volumes) to large production figures.

US: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Farms ('000) 2.055 2.042 2.029 2.023
Number of cows ('000 head) 9.341 9.419 9.358 9.347 8.803 8.837 +0,4% Jan-Dec 2020
Cow's milk production 96.346 97.762 98.688 99.084 99.084 101.252 +2,2% Jan-Dec 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year +1,5% +0,9% +0,4%
Farm-gate milk price € x 100 Kg ** 32,41 34,52 30,41 36,71 36,71 35,34 -3,7% Jan-Dec 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year +6,5% -11,9% +20,7%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Liquid milk 22.549 22.067 21.623
Butter 834 838 893 905 905 964 +6,6% Jan-Dec 2020
Cheese 5.526 5.733 5.914 5.959 5.959 5.983 +0,4% Jan-Dec 2020
Fresh cheese (Curd, Lowfat and Creamed Cottage Cheese) 501 483 498 488
WMP (whole milk powder) 45 56 65 64 64 63 -2,2% Jan-Dec 2020
NDM (skimmed milk powder) 795 832 806 840 840 882 +5,0% Jan-Dec 2020
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 254 240 254 260 260 274 +5,4% Jan-Dec 2020
Whey powder 433 470 453 443 443 434 -2,2% Jan-Dec 2020
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 215 176 194 203
Lactose 498 510 525 557 557 514 -7,7% Jan-Dec 2020
WPC (Whey Protein Concentrate) 212 222 233 223 223 216 -3,0% Jan-Dec 2020
WPI 90 (Whey Protein Isolated) 50 53 55 54 54 54 -1,4% Jan-Dec 2020
Yogurt (plain and flavoured) 2.022 2.031 2.020 1.985
Frozen Yogurt (Mio Litri) 253 238 190 235 235 224 -4,7% Jan-Dec 2020
Ice cream, regular, hard (Mio Litri) 2.957 2.768 2.749 2.685 2.685 2.804 +4,4% Jan-Dec 2020
Ice cream lowfat, total (Mio Litri) 1.650 1.747 1.742 1.759 1.759 1.723 -2,1% Jan-Dec 2020
of which:
Ice cream, lowfat, hard (Mio Litri) 770 681 770 902 902 942 +4,5% Jan-Dec 2020
Ice cream, lowfat, soft (Mio Litri) 880 1.065 971 858 858 781 -9,0% Jan-Dec 2020
Ice cream, nonfat, hard (Mio Litri) 28 27 29 26 26 22 -12,4% Jan-Dec 2020
EXPORT 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
89 74 91 106 106 105 -0,9% Jan-Dec 2020
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
28 31 24 25 25 24 -3,3% Jan-Dec 2020
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
17 17 17 18 18 11 -38,7% Jan-Dec 2020
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
29 34 52 33 33 29 -13,1% Jan-Dec 2020
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
11 10 24 11 11 6,7 -38,5% Jan-Dec 2020
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
289 342 349 361 361 359 -0,7% Jan-Dec 2020
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
594 608 715 704 704 819 +16,2% Jan-Dec 2020
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
32 27 48 39 39 39 -2,1% Jan-Dec 2020
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
493 540 541 439 439 544 +23,9% Jan-Dec 2020
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP importers
471 517 508 405 405 502 +24,2% Jan-Dec 2020
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP importers
1,9 1,3 1,9 1,9 1,9 1,9 +1,5% Jan-Dec 2020
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP importers
2,4 1,9 2,0 1,5 1,5 1,6 +6,4% Jan-Dec 2020
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
263 270 305 293 293 303 +3,4% Jan-Dec 2020
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP importers
99 92 87 85 85 76 -11,6% Jan-Dec 2020
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
32 33 34 34 34 33 -4,0% Jan-Dec 2020
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP importers
15 16 16 17 17 37 +122,9% Jan-Dec 2020
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP importers
181 195 167 165 165 181 +10,1% Jan-Dec 2020
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220)
TOP importers
35 36 43 47 47 59 +23,5% Jan-Dec 2020
IMPORT 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP exporters
4,1 8,4 7,9 12 12 33 +185,9% Jan-Dec 2020
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
9,7 14 27 18 18 25 +35,3% Jan-Dec 2020
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP exporters
32 34 37 30 30 26 -13,7% Jan-Dec 2020
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
47 44 58 68 68 69 +1,1% Jan-Dec 2020
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP exporters
19 13 20 24 24 27 +12,8% Jan-Dec 2020
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
205 183 176 180 180 165 -8,2% Jan-Dec 2020
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
0,6 1,3 1,2 0,5 0,5 0,7 +31,6% Jan-Dec 2020
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
17 22 8,8 14 14 23 +61,4% Jan-Dec 2020
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
77 85 86 91 91 84 -6,9% Jan-Dec 2020
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP exporters
33 43 47 48 48 41 -13,2% Jan-Dec 2020
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP exporters
56 50 46 49 49 46 -6,9% Jan-Dec 2020
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP exporters
24 24 20 20 20 21 +5,2% Jan-Dec 2020
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
3,6 3,2 2,3 3,2 3,2 2,7 -14,5% Jan-Dec 2020
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP exporters
0,2 0,7 0,4 0,3 0,3 0,5 +76,1% Jan-Dec 2020
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
3,7 5,9 6,0 3,3 3,3 9,2 +177,3% Jan-Dec 2020
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP exporters
12 17 17 26 26 25 -4,2% Jan-Dec 2020
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP exporters
136 144 161 183 183 199 +8,5% Jan-Dec 2020
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220)
TOP exporters
13 8,4 12 14 14 8,5 -38,1% Jan-Dec 2020
STOCK (al 31 December) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Butter 75 77 81 86 86 124 +44,4% Dec 2020
Cheese (no fresh cheese) 544 581 610 600 600 633 +5,6% Dec 2020
SMP Human Use 102 145 125 112 112 129 +14,5% Dec 2020
SMP Animal Use 0,9 0,8 7,3 5,7 5,7 3,9 -31,3% Dec 2020
WMP (Whole Milk Powder) 6,1 14 7,1 5,5 5,5 7,7 +39,2% Dec 2020
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 19 17 19 16
Whey Powder Human Use 29 44 32 32 32 30 -7,8% Dec 2020
Whey Powder Animal Use 0,8 0,8 0,4 0,4 0,4 0,3 -27,7% Dec 2020
WPC 28 38 30 30 30 28 -5,6% Dec 2020
I° Classification
- WPC Human Use 28 38 29 30 30 28 -6,0% Dec 2020
- WPC Animal Use 0,3 0,3 0,5 0,3 0,3 0,4 +39,3% Dec 2020
2° Classification
- WPC 25-49.9% s.s. 10 11 11 12 12 13 +6,8% Dec 2020
- WPC 50-89.9% s.s. 18 27 18 18 18 16 -13,8% Dec 2020
Lactose 50 61 48 50 50 55 +10,6% Dec 2020
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Cheese 5.379 5.494 5.674 5.751 5.751 5.766 +0,3% Jan-Dec 2020
Butter 849 849 898 940 940 988 +5,1% Jan-Dec 2020
SMP 450 430 369 422 422 316 -25,1% Jan-Dec 2020
WMP 40 51 51 46 46 49 +6,5% Jan-Dec 2020
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Cheese 16,65 16,90 17,35 17,48 17,48 17,42 -0,3% Jan-Dec 2020
Butter 2,63 2,61 2,75 2,86 2,86 2,98 +4,5% Jan-Dec 2020
SMP 1,39 1,32 1,13 1,28 1,28 0,95 -25,6% Jan-Dec 2020
WMP 0,12 0,16 0,16 0,14 0,14 0,15 +5,9% Jan-Dec 2020
% Self-sufficiency 108,1% 108,8% 110,6% 110,4% 111,7% Jan-Dec 2020
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 1,71% 2,33% 3,00% 2,16% -3,38% Jan-Dic 2020
CPI (consumer price index) 1,26% 2,13% 2,44% 1,81% 1,23% Jan-Dic 2020
Population ('000) 323.016 325.085 327.096 329.065 329.065 331.003 +0,6% Jan-Dic 2020
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 58.436 (e) 61.134 (e) 63.676 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 52.793(e) 54.116(e) 53.919(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
** Fluid Grade
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Vedi Metric Conversion Factors
METRIC CONVERSION FACTORS
1 Hectare = 2.4710 Acres; 1 Kilogram = 2.2046 Pounds
1 Metric Ton:=Domestic Unit*Factor
Wheat & Soybeans:=bushels*0.027216
Rice:=cwt*0.045359
Rapeseed & Sunflowerseed:=cwt*0.045359
Corn, Sorghum & Rye:=bushels*0.025401
Barley:=bushels*0.021772
Oats:=bushels*0.014515
Sugar:=short tons*0.907185
Cotton:=480-lb bales*0.217720
UK cwt: in UK CWT is "long hundred weight" (long is equivalent to gross) = 112 lbs, that equals to 50.8024 Kg.
USA cwt : in USA CWT is "short hundred weight" (short is equivalent to net)=100 lbs, that equals to 45.3592 Kg.

Source:
Raw material area: USDA, ERS; Cow's milk production: National Agricultural Statistics Service
Dairy production: National Agricultural Statistics Service and USDA
Export and Import: Census Bureau
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 2021-02-26
US: Export on Production
Product 2017 2018 2019 Dec 2020 Jan-Dec 2020
Butter 4,1% 5,8% 3,6% 4,1% 3,0%
Cheese 6,0% 5,9% 6,1% 5,1% 6,0%
WMP 49,3% 74,0% 61,7% 56,6% 61,8%
SMP 55,0% 66,2% 63,3% 53,3% 70,8%
Whey 58,6% 57,1% 47,5% 61,0% 59,8%
Lactose 71,1% 74,8% 68,0% 61,1% 73,7%
NOTE:
SMP
: SMP+NDM Production, SMP (040210) Export Code
Whey: Whey + WPC (25% - 50%) Production, Whey (0404) Export Code
Lactose: Lactose Production, Lactose edible + pharmaceutical (170211+170219) Export Code
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the United States with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it