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US: dairy sector

This page contains data regarding key components of the United States dairy industry over a given time period.

The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints:
    the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, imports, exports and domestic consumption;

  • on the other hand, it exemplifies the framework of a market that equates large domestic consumption figures (supported by import volumes) to large production figures.

US: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Farms ('000) 2.029 2.023 2.019 2.012
Number of cows ('000 head) 9.358 9.347 9.434 9.381 9.381 9.408 +0,3% Jan-Dec 2022
Cow's milk production 98.688 99.084 101.292 102.630 102.630 102.794 +0,2% Jan-Dec 2022
± % Over the same period of the previous year +0,4% +2,2% +1,3%
Farm-gate milk price € x 100 Kg ** 30,41 36,76 35,00 34,59 33,89 53,78 +58,7% Jan-Nov 2022
± % Over the same period of the previous year +20,9% -4,8% -1,2%
Corn price (North West Iowa, IA) (€\Ton) 109,6 130,3 116,8 194,4 194,4 267,0 +37,4% Jan-Dec 2022
Soybeans price (Western Illinois, IL) (€\Ton) 291,3 295,5 320,0 450,1 450,1 571,4 +27,0% Jan-Dec 2022
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Liquid milk 21.425 21.054 21.031 20.190
Butter 893 905 973 940 858 848 -1,2% Jan-Nov 2022
Cream Sour 636 646 663 678 616 620 +0,6% Jan-Nov 2022
Cheese 5.914 5.959 6.005 6.217 5.684 5.781 +1,7% Jan-Nov 2022
of which:
Cheddar 1.724 1.695 1.737 1.784 1.633 1.615 -1,1% Jan-Nov 2022
Mozzarella 1.981 2.039 2.016 2.036 1.859 1.927 +3,7% Jan-Nov 2022
Cheddar american 2.383 2.373 2.421 2.525 2.312 2.308 -0,2% Jan-Nov 2022
Cottage Cream 160 162 165 154 141 142 +0,8% Jan-Nov 2022
Cottage Curd 182 177 172 163 149 151 +1,4% Jan-Nov 2022
Cottage Lowfat 155 149 140 138 127 125 -1,8% Jan-Nov 2022
WMP (whole milk powder) 65 64 63 67 60 58 -2,7% Jan-Nov 2022
NDM (skimmed milk powder) 806 840 885 918 842 815 -3,2% Jan-Nov 2022
SMP (skimmed milk powder) 254 260 315 317 295 221 -25,1% Jan-Nov 2022
Whey powder 453 443 435 424 389 397 +2,0% Jan-Nov 2022
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 194 203 262 249
Lactose 525 556 508 522 475 490 +3,0% Jan-Nov 2022
WPC (Whey Protein Concentrate) 233 223 217 231 210 220 +5,2% Jan-Nov 2022
WPI 90 (Whey Protein Isolated) 55 54 51 59 54 60 +12,4% Jan-Nov 2022
Yogurt 2.020 1.986 2.046 2.151 1.983 1.929 -2,7% Jan-Nov 2022
Frozen Yogurt (Mio Litri) 208 215 133 176 161 164 +2,0% Jan-Nov 2022
Ice cream, regular, hard (Mio Litri) 2.749 2.685 2.903 2.736 2.538 2.508 -1,2% Jan-Nov 2022
Ice cream lowfat, total (Mio Litri) 1.742 1.794 1.752 1.744 1.635 1.507 -7,9% Jan-Nov 2022
of which:
Ice cream, lowfat, hard (Mio Litri) 770 902 949 870 816 781 -4,3% Jan-Nov 2022
Ice cream, lowfat, soft (Mio Litri) 971 892 803 874 819 726 -11,4% Jan-Nov 2022
Ice cream, nonfat, hard (Mio Litri) 29 26 21 25 22 25 +10,6% Jan-Nov 2022
EXPORT 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
91 106 105 120 112 111 -0,5% Jan-Nov 2022
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
24 25 24 26 24 26 +8,0% Jan-Nov 2022
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
17 18 11 16 15 19 +25,2% Jan-Nov 2022
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
52 29 27 58 53 78 +47,3% Jan-Nov 2022
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
24 7,0 5,1 13 12 15 +30,1% Jan-Nov 2022
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
349 361 358 405 374 418 +11,8% Jan-Nov 2022
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
715 704 816 882 824 767 -6,9% Jan-Nov 2022
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
48 39 39 39 35 35 +0,9% Jan-Nov 2022
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
541 439 546 593 553 605 +9,3% Jan-Nov 2022
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP importers
508 404 504 552 515 562 +8,9% Jan-Nov 2022
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP importers
1,9 1,9 1,9 1,8 1,5 1,9 +23,6% Jan-Nov 2022
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP importers
2,0 1,5 1,6 2,1 1,9 2,3 +16,2% Jan-Nov 2022
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
305 293 303 322 299 379 +27,0% Jan-Nov 2022
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP importers
87 85 76 69 63 37 -41,6% Jan-Nov 2022
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
34 34 32 28 26 27 +4,8% Jan-Nov 2022
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP importers
16 17 37 41 38 38 -1,2% Jan-Nov 2022
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP importers
167 163 177 162 149 167 +11,8% Jan-Nov 2022
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220)
TOP importers
43 48 59 65 61 59 -2,2% Jan-Nov 2022
IMPORT 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Bulk and pack. milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP exporters
7,9 12 33 35 32 24 -25,0% Jan-Nov 2022
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
27 18 25 19 16 30 +82,0% Jan-Nov 2022
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP exporters
37 30 26 23 20 35 +74,3% Jan-Nov 2022
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
58 68 69 63 57 65 +14,4% Jan-Nov 2022
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP exporters
20 24 27 14 13 19 +43,8% Jan-Nov 2022
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
176 181 165 188 173 175 +0,7% Jan-Nov 2022
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP exporters
1,2 0,5 0,7 0,4 0,4 0,6 +65,9% Jan-Nov 2022
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP exporters
8,8 14 23 12 11 14 +28,7% Jan-Nov 2022
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
86 91 84 84 78 71 -9,0% Jan-Nov 2022
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP exporters
47 48 41 44 39 39 +0,8% Jan-Nov 2022
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP exporters
46 49 46 53 49 66 +36,4% Jan-Nov 2022
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP exporters
20 20 21 22 21 22 +5,7% Jan-Nov 2022
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
2,3 3,2 2,7 2,9 2,8 2,9 +5,7% Jan-Nov 2022
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP exporters
0,4 0,3 0,5 0,4 0,4 0,5 +34,7% Jan-Nov 2022
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP exporters
6,0 3,3 9,4 17 15 38 +157,7% Jan-Nov 2022
Yogurt e latticello (HS 0403)
TOP exporters
17 26 25 27 25 32 +28,8% Jan-Nov 2022
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP exporters
155 181 199 230 210 234 +11,6% Jan-Nov 2022
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220)
TOP exporters
13 14 8,5 14 13 10 -17,7% Jan-Nov 2022
STOCK (al 31 December) 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Butter 81 86 124 90 90 98 +8,7% Dec 2022
Cheese (no fresh cheese) 610 600 633 654 657 657 -0,0% Oct 2022
SMP Human Use 125 112 131 115 103 116 +12,9% Nov 2022
SMP Animal Use 7,3 5,7 3,9 2,7 3,5 3,3 -5,5% Nov 2022
WMP (Whole Milk Powder) 7,1 5,5 7,7 11 8,2 6,5 -20,3% Nov 2022
Condensed milk (Whole and Skimmed Canned Milk) 19 16 16 21
Whey Powder Human Use 32 32 29 26 26 32 +23,7% Nov 2022
Whey Powder Animal Use 0,4 0,4 0,3 0,3 0,8 0,6 -29,7% Nov 2022
WPC 30 30 29 32 31 35 +11,8% Nov 2022
I° Classification
- WPC Human Use 29 30 28 31 31 35 +12,6% Nov 2022
- WPC Animal Use 0,5 0,3 0,4 0,7 0,6 0,5 -26,6% Nov 2022
2° Classification
- WPC 25-49.9% s.s. 11 12 12 11 11 12 +9,1% Nov 2022
- WPC 50-89.9% s.s. 18 18 16 21 21 23 +13,2% Nov 2022
Lactose 48 50 56 74 68 77 +13,1% Nov 2022
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Cheese 5.675 5.751 5.745 5.939 5.939 6.029 +1,5% Jan-Dec 2022
Butter 898 940 978 985 985 935 -5,1% Jan-Dec 2022
SMP 369 422 384 363 363 326 -10,2% Jan-Dec 2022
WMP 31 36 34 34 34 61 +79,4% Jan-Dec 2022
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Cheese 17,09 17,20 17,10 17,62
Butter 2,70 2,81 2,91 2,92
SMP 1,11 1,26 1,14 1,08
WMP 0,09 0,11 0,10 0,10
% Self-sufficiency 100,1% 100,1% 100,1% 100,1%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 2,95% 2,29% -2,77% 5,95% 5,95% 1,99% Jan-Dic 2022
CPI (consumer price index) 2,44% 1,81% 1,23% 4,70% 4,70% 8,03% Jan-Dic 2022
Population ('000) 332.140 334.320 335.942 336.998
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 62.770 65.052 63.079 69.231 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 53.152 58.106 55.189 58.535(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(p): partial data
(f): forecast
** Fluid Grade
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Vedi Metric Conversion Factors
METRIC CONVERSION FACTORS
1 Hectare = 2.4710 Acres; 1 Kilogram = 2.2046 Pounds
1 Metric Ton:=Domestic Unit*Factor
Wheat & Soybeans:=bushels*0.027216
Rice:=cwt*0.045359
Rapeseed & Sunflowerseed:=cwt*0.045359
Corn, Sorghum & Rye:=bushels*0.025401
Barley:=bushels*0.021772
Oats:=bushels*0.014515
Sugar:=short tons*0.907185
Cotton:=480-lb bales*0.217720
UK cwt: in UK CWT is "long hundred weight" (long is equivalent to gross) = 112 lbs, that equals to 50.8024 Kg.
USA cwt : in USA CWT is "short hundred weight" (short is equivalent to net)=100 lbs, that equals to 45.3592 Kg.

Source:
Raw material area: USDA, ERS; Cow's milk production: National Agricultural Statistics Service
Dairy production: National Agricultural Statistics Service and USDA
Export and Import: Census Bureau
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 2023-01-26
US: Export on Production
Product 2019 2020 2021 Nov 2022 Jan-Nov 2022
Butter 3,2% 2,8% 6,1% 12,3% 9,2%
Cheese 6,1% 6,0% 6,5% 7,3% 7,2%
WMP 61,7% 61,6% 58,4% 61,5% 61,0%
SMP 66,4% 73,8% 77,5% 79,5% 74,1%
Whey 49,4% 62,4% 65,4% 67,2% 68,5%
Lactose 68,0% 74,5% 74,9% 92,3% 85,0%
NOTE:
SMP
: SMP+NDM Production, SMP (040210) Export Code
Whey: Whey + WPC (25% - 50%) Production, Whey (0404) Export Code
Lactose: Lactose Production, Lactose edible + pharmaceutical (170211+170219) Export Code
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the United States with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it