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Germany: Dairy sector

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This Country:
  • accounts for 22,1% of EU milk deliveries (year 2021),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME), for the 58,0% of the milk deliveries (year 2020),
  • accounts for 23,3% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2021).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

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MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

GERMANY: DAIRY SECTOR
x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201820192020202120212022%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Live bovine animals ('000 Head)11.94911.64011.30211.040
of which
     Dairy Cows ('000 head)4.1014.0123.9213.833
Slaughtered cows ('000 head)1.2361.1861.1061.119448406-9,4%Jan-May 2022
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)105.02789.13675.46061.54330.21713.778-54,4%Jan-May 2022
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)1.7286221.8641.5301.476173-88,3%Jan-May 2022
Milk production33.08733.08033.165
± % Over the same period of the previous year-0,0%+0,3%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)32.49132.44232.54931.94216.39316.153-1,5%Jan-Jun 2022
± % Over the same period of the previous year-0,1%+0,3%-1,9%
% Delivery on production ***98,2%98,1%98,1%
% Protein3,44%3,47%3,47%3,46%3,47%3,42% Jan-Jun 2022
% Fat4,06%4,13%4,13%4,15%4,16%4,09% Jan-Jun 2022
Farm-gate milk prices**** m.g. 4% p.p. prot. 3,4% p.p.(€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)1)34,3733,7032,8436,2733,9046,43+36,9%Jan-Jun 2022
± % Over the same period of the previous year-1,9%-2,6%+10,4%
Organic Milk Deliveries ('000 Ton)1.1181.1851.2341.266537553+3,1%Jan-May 2022
Organic cow milk prices*** (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)47,8947,1047,7849,8149,1954,19+10,2%Jan-Jun 2022
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Buffaloes ('000)9,6101111
Buffalo's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1140A)--1,0-
Goats ('000)146141161164
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A)161616-
Deliveries of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk ('000 Ton)161516157,77,5-2,5%Jan-Jun 2022
Prices of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)656769707072+3,0%Jan-Jun 2022
Sheeps ('000)1.5701.5571.4841.508
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A)6,76,56,7-
DAIRY PRODUCTION201820192020202120212022%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)4.6464.5234.5664.3802.2392.053-8,3%Jan-Jun 2022
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)552554530544267267+0,1%Jan-Jun 2022
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)1.8791.8561.8241.751911796-12,6%Jan-Jun 2022
of which
     Yoghurt products639662673643338323-4,4%Jan-Jun 2022
Buttermilk products116108104985247-10,2%Jan-Jun 2022
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)484497506471255246-3,7%Jan-Jun 2022
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)46515258
Mixed fats495289844237-12,0%Jan-Jun 2022
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)9,57,98,07,7
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.3392.3892.4492.4611.2631.238-1,9%Jan-Jun 2022
Hard cheese (Hartkäse)1981891931899895-3,2%Jan-Jun 2022
Sour milk cheese (Sauermilchquarkerzeugnisse)242323221110-8,7%Jan-Jun 2022
Cut cheese (Schnittkäse)708739745759387384-0,9%Jan-Jun 2022
Semi-hard cheese (Halbfester Schnittkäse)565656572829+2,9%Jan-Jun 2022
Soft cheese (Weichkäse)1611521671688682-4,9%Jan-Jun 2022
Pasta Filata cheese (Pasta Filata Käse)390401425447224228+2,0%Jan-Jun 2022
Cream cheese (Frischkäse)797824835816426409-4,2%Jan-Jun 2022
Cooked and whey cheese (Koch- und Molkenkäse)4,34,03,94,22,12,1+1,7%Jan-Jun 2022
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)2.2462.2972.3552.361
I° Classificazione
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)154145160160
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)54555555
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)687719724733
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)161151154149
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)1.1901.2281.2621.265
2° Classificazione
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.2452.2962.3542.359
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)333325323305150143-4,6%Jan-Jun 2022
WMP - Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)288289283292149145(e)-2,9%Jan-Jun 2022
SMP - Skimmed milk powder (Cod. Eurostat D3113)414393417353199179-10,4%Jan-Jun 2022
Buttermilk powder232625221213+4,3%Jan-Jun 2022
Other powdered milk products14415516117589100+12,3%Jan-Jun 2022
Processed Cheese18619119320498103+5,0%Jan-Jun 2022
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)578588585643
Whey(Cod. Eurostat D5000)13.41113.67016.38016.453
of which
     Whey liquid (Cod. Eurostat D5100)1.7841.8182.1792.188
     Whey concentrated (Cod. Eurostat D5200)464656786790
     Whey (in powder or in block)316310317370191189-0,6%Jan-Jun 2022
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
647647673696
EXPORT2018201920202021Jan - Mayof which Extra EU
2021
2022
%
2021
2022
%
Cheese (0406) TOP importers1.2361.2761.3181.363
552
538
-2,5%
90
84
-6,8%
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP importers1.3341.4141.2361.099
481
361
-24,9%
0,3
3,2
+867,2%
Whole (04012099) TOP importers9721.087970942
412
332
-19,5%
0,0
0,8
>1000%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP importers82696450
16
6,6
-58,6%
0,3
2,4
+714,0%
Skimmed (04011090) TOP importers279258202106
53
23
-57,2%
-
-
-
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers643705694733
308
217
-29,7%
211
140
-33,5%
Whole (04012091) TOP importers338384388454
188
115
-38,6%
145
93
-36,2%
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers220194160149
63
67
+6,0%
15
18
+19,5%
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers85127146130
57
35
-39,4%
50
30
-41,5%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers649666669639
275
255
-7,3%
53
51
-4,5%
Whey (0404) TOP importers483496542597
259
219
-15,8%
60
57
-4,6%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP importers424434478532
231
193
-16,3%
55
53
-3,2%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers396397393402
172
162
-5,9%
43
47
+9,4%
SMP (040210) TOP importers410406370324
144
125
-13,0%
54
40
-26,4%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers303305303294
117
112
-3,8%
20
21
+7,5%
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers233234236244
96
98
+2,5%
41
49
+19,5%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers210211221238
96
94
-2,8%
14
12
-14,6%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers143160156156
73
63
-13,1%
7,6
5,8
-23,8%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers24222124
10,0
10
+1,5%
0,6
0,3
-44,3%
Other Product 217208201199
80
94
+18,0%
37
44
+19,3%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)121110,09,5
4,7
4,6
-2,2%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
5777108108
50
33
-33,7%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
81797779
32
34
+7,3%
-
-
-
IMPORT2018201920202021Jan - Mayof which Extra EU
2021
2022
%
2021
2022
%
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters2.2761.9792.3562.408
987
1.057
+7,1%
0,9
0,9
-1,5%
Whole (04012099)Revision Data TOP exporters2.1501.8412.2182.263
920
983
+6,9%
0,9
0,9
-1,3%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters19211522
10
2,2
-78,7%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters106118123123
57
72
+26,7%
-
-
-
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters831870894910
368
350
-4,8%
16
15
-5,8%
Whey (0404) TOP exporters671662602654
276
282
+2,1%
1,0
0,7
-31,1%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP exporters573581535561
239
237
-1,0%
1,0
0,5
-48,3%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters166166192204
76
51
-33,6%
0,0
0,1
+153,5%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters22212120
8,1
7,3
-10,0%
0,0
0,1
+224,7%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters171177195200
83
81
-2,2%
0,3
0,2
-34,4%
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters185223215195
80
82
+1,5%
-
-
-
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters60656267
23
35
+48,3%
-
-
-
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters124158153128
57
47
-17,3%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters1,30,80,60,7
0,4
0,1
-61,2%
-
-
-
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters164167175192
77
88
+14,5%
0,6
0,5
-25,2%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters62113114108
42
47
+11,6%
-
-
-
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters979898107
43
44
+2,3%
5,4
5,4
-0,6%
Other Product 265253246220
89
91
+1,7%
1,8
2,3
+28,2%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)48505490
37
35
-3,8%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
6292154206
83
68
-18,7%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
23211813
4,9
6,7
+37,2%
-
-
-
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201820192020202120212022%Period
Cheese24,425,125,4n.d.
di cui
Fresh cheeses6,87,07,1n.d.
Butter5,95,86,3n.d.
Cream5,75,75,3n.d.
Condensed Milk1,11,61,6n.d.
SMP and Buttermilk powder1,61,01,0n.d.
% Self-sufficiency rate132,1%133,5%128,5%128,0%118,8%Jan-May 2022
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 1,81% 1,60% -6,49% 5,34% 2,99% Jan-Dic 2022
CPI (consumer price index) 1,94% 1,35% 0,37% 3,21% 7,36% Jan-Dic 2022
Population ('000) 82.792 83.019 83.167 83.155
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 47.832 46.473 45.733 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 40.503 41.511 40.013(e)
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate

**** Weighted average annual price, except for 2022 when the average price is arithmetic. Since January 2010 Fat content, to which farm-gate milk price refers, has increased from 3,70 % to 4,00 %.
1) The price is ex farm.
*** Milk price "ab Hof", 4% fat content and 3,4% protein content.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk conventional and organic prices: ZMB, BLE, estimates made by AMI ; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm) , Eurostat+BLE
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Per capita consumption: BLE
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

*** MILK DELIVERIES AND MILK PRODUCTION
  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 17-08-2022
NOTA: Access to Dairy World Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Germany with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it