< >

World: Milk production and population

This page provides, in a given period of time, with the comparison between the quantities of milk produced in the world and the distribution of the population.

The reference countries are grouped according to the geographical logic of the continents and their internal divisions.

The first graph compares, by geographical area, the population share and the milk production share. The population and milk production data are then organized into tables, with the possibility of expanding the regions and consulting the data of the individual countries, and displayed in histograms.

N.B.: It is interesting to note that both the volumes of cow milk production and population have increased. The general growth of cow milk production (thanks also to the technology developments, sanitary controls, genetic research, nutrition...) goes along with a wealthier population.

The different proportion between milk output and population gives the opportunity to make some further remarks.

Examining the following chart it is possible to notice that:
  • There are geographical areas with a good standard of living (as for example the EU-28, Oceania, North America...) where production exceeds needed domestic demand, thus offering a wide range of dairy products for exports;
  • There are geographical areas that evidence shortage of milk and dairy products (such as Asia, Africa...), compared to population;
  • There are geographical areas showing an important production (for example Extra EU-28, South America) compared to population. However, the domestic income does not allow an adequate consumption of milk and dairy products.
Cow milk production in the World
(Tons x 1000)
Country 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 ±% on 2019
Asia 110.153 118.101 124.782 132.615 138.375 147.117 157.217 159.294 157.682 -1,01%
European Union 136.704 138.313 143.284 146.201 147.709 148.814 151.273 152.581 154.400 +1,19%
North America 98.974 99.084 101.277 102.779 104.807 106.730 107.906 108.294 110.582 +2,11%
South Central America and Caribbean 79.540 80.968 82.148 82.625 79.737 80.354 82.583 82.931 85.170 +2,70%
Europe (Others - extra EU) 74.754 73.675 74.933 75.117 73.358 74.569 74.628 75.086 75.879 +1,06%
Asia - South East 51.732 49.595 51.737 46.844 45.764 45.489 45.734 47.166 49.677 +5,32%
Africa 36.217 35.781 35.685 35.676 36.408 36.332 36.643 38.976 39.462 +1,25%
Oceania 28.632 29.014 30.889 31.450 31.219 30.815 31.258 30.601 30.690 +0,29%
Asia - Middle East 13.231 13.912 14.539 11.999 12.334 12.989 12.973 13.336 14.496 +8,70%
World 629.937 638.443 659.273 665.307 669.711 683.209 700.216 708.264 718.038
± % on the previous year   +1,35 +3,26 +0,92 +0,66 +2,02 +2,49 +1,15 +1,38
Last update: 04-01-2022
Source: FAO
World population
(People x 1000)
Country 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 ±% on 2019
Asia - South East 2.230.361 2.246.035 2.261.473 2.276.490 2.291.044 2.305.115 2.318.601 2.331.397 2.343.431 +0,52%
Asia 1.833.238 1.857.710 1.882.052 1.906.312 1.930.513 1.954.619 1.978.531 2.002.120 2.025.284 +1,16%
Africa 1.094.345 1.123.048 1.152.435 1.182.436 1.213.040 1.244.223 1.275.918 1.308.065 1.340.599 +2,49%
South Central America and Caribbean 604.853 611.399 617.854 624.194 630.407 636.497 642.485 648.391 654.238 +0,90%
European Union 440.553 441.258 442.884 443.667 444.803 445.534 446.209 446.446 447.320 +0,20%
North America 349.102 351.834 354.473 357.041 359.534 361.952 364.307 366.612 368.880 +0,62%
Europe (Others - extra EU) 308.670 309.497 310.302 311.064 311.769 312.401 312.942 313.357 313.646 +0,09%