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World: Milk production and population

This page provides, in a given period of time, with the comparison between the quantities of milk produced in the world and the distribution of the population.

The reference countries are grouped according to the geographical logic of the continents and their internal divisions.

The first graph compares, by geographical area, the population share and the milk production share. The population and milk production data are then organized into tables, with the possibility of expanding the regions and consulting the data of the individual countries, and displayed in histograms.

N.B.: It is interesting to note that both the volumes of cow milk production and population have increased. The general growth of cow milk production (thanks also to the technology developments, sanitary controls, genetic research, nutrition...) goes along with a wealthier population.

The different proportion between milk output and population gives the opportunity to make some further remarks.

Examining the following chart it is possible to notice that:
  • There are geographical areas with a good standard of living (as for example the EU-28, Oceania, North America...) where production exceeds needed domestic demand, thus offering a wide range of dairy products for exports;
  • There are geographical areas that evidence shortage of milk and dairy products (such as Asia, Africa...), compared to population;
  • There are geographical areas showing an important production (for example Extra EU-28, South America) compared to population. However, the domestic income does not allow an adequate consumption of milk and dairy products.
Cow milk production in the World
(Tons x 1000)
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 ±% on 2018
Asia 114.627 121.181 129.565 135.473 147.124 155.809 158.130 +1,49%
European Union 138.313 143.284 146.201 147.709 148.814 151.322 152.505 +0,78%
North America 99.084 101.277 102.779 104.807 106.730 107.906 108.267 +0,33%
South Central America and Caribbean 79.941 81.029 81.522 78.675 92.448 97.024 96.245 -0,80%
Europe (Others - extra EU) 73.675 74.933 75.117 73.358 74.569 74.866 75.330 +0,62%
Asia - South East 49.595 51.737 46.844 45.764 45.488 45.734 47.219 +3,25%
Africa 35.918 35.872 35.596 36.312 36.330 37.360 36.352 -2,70%
Oceania 29.015 30.889 31.451 31.716 30.727 30.704 28.757 -6,34%
Asia - Middle East 13.912 14.540 11.994 12.329 12.990 12.989 13.096 +0,83%
World 634.078 654.740 661.069 666.142 695.220 713.713 715.902
± % on the previous year   +3,26 +0,97 +0,77 +4,37 +2,66 +0,31
Last update: 15-09-2021
Source: FAO
World population
(People x 1000)
Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 ±% on 2018
Asia - South East 2.246.035 2.261.473 2.276.490 2.291.044 2.305.115 2.318.601 2.331.397 +0,55%
Asia 1.857.710 1.882.052 1.906.312 1.930.513 1.954.619 1.978.531 2.002.120 +1,19%
Africa 1.168.230 1.197.618 1.227.620 1.258.225 1.289.409 1.321.105 1.353.253 +2,43%
South Central America and Caribbean 611.399 617.854 624.194 630.407 636.497 642.485 648.391 +0,92%
European Union 441.258 442.884 443.667 444.803 445.534 446.209 446.446 +0,05%
North America 351.834 354.473 357.041 359.534 361.952 364.307 366.612 +0,63%
Europe (Others - extra EU) 309.497 310.302 311.064 311.769 312.401 312.942 313.357 +0,13%
Asia - Middle East 231.058 235.519 239.888 244.142 248.283 252.398 256.609 +1,67%
Oceania 38.697 39.278 39.861 40.436 41.007 41.572 42.128 +1,34%
World 7.255.718 7.341.453 7.426.137 7.510.873 7.594.817 7.678.150 7.760.313
±% on the previous year   +1,18 +1,15 +1,14 +1,12 +1,10 +1,07
Last update: 15-09-2021
Source: FAO, Eurostat
Processed by CLAL