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World: Milk production and population

This page provides, in a given period of time, with the comparison between the quantities of milk produced in the world and the distribution of the population.

The reference countries are grouped according to the geographical logic of the continents and their internal divisions.

The first graph compares, by geographical area, the population share and the milk production share. The population and milk production data are then organized into tables, with the possibility of expanding the regions and consulting the data of the individual countries, and displayed in histograms.

N.B.: It is interesting to note that both the volumes of cow milk production and population have increased. The general growth of cow milk production (thanks also to the technology developments, sanitary controls, genetic research, nutrition...) goes along with a wealthier population.

The different proportion between milk output and population gives the opportunity to make some further remarks.

Examining the following chart it is possible to notice that:
  • There are geographical areas with a good standard of living (as for example the EU-28, Oceania, North America...) where production exceeds needed domestic demand, thus offering a wide range of dairy products for exports;
  • There are geographical areas that evidence shortage of milk and dairy products (such as Asia, Africa...), compared to population;
  • There are geographical areas showing an important production (for example Extra EU-28, South America) compared to population. However, the domestic income does not allow an adequate consumption of milk and dairy products.
Cow milk production in the World
(Tons x 1000)
Country 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 ±% on 2017
European Union 150.547 152.248 158.334 161.525 162.371 164.472 163.101 -0,83%
Asia 110.155 114.627 120.582 129.565 135.473 144.103 152.644 +5,93%
North America 99.575 99.672 101.866 102.760 104.518 105.863 106.067 +0,19%
South Central America and Caribbean 78.579 79.950 81.124 81.541 78.359 78.543 78.237 -0,39%
Europe (Others - extra EU) 60.925 59.753 59.896 59.807 58.709 59.261 59.547 +0,48%
Asia - South East 51.775 49.637 51.785 46.693 45.721 44.992 44.910 -0,18%
Africa 36.777 36.518 36.305 36.238 36.321 36.493 34.628 -5,11%
Oceania 28.682 29.062 30.931 31.450 31.714 30.729 30.706 -0,07%
Asia - Middle East 13.231 13.912 14.423 11.852 12.411 13.216 13.376 +1,21%
World 630.245 635.379 655.246 661.431 665.597 677.671 683.217
± % on the previous year   +0,81 +3,13 +0,94 +0,63 +1,81 +0,82
Last update: 10-04-2020
Source: FAO
World population
(People x 1000)
Country 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 ±% on 2017
Asia - South East 2.230.361 2.246.034 2.261.473 2.276.490 2.291.044 2.305.115 2.318.600 +0,59%
Asia 1.833.238 1.857.710 1.882.052 1.906.312 1.930.513 1.954.619 1.978.531 +1,22%
Africa 1.094.344 1.123.048 1.152.435 1.182.436 1.213.040 1.244.221 1.275.918 +2,55%
South Central America and Caribbean 604.853 611.399 617.854 624.194 630.407 636.496 642.485 +0,94%
European Union 504.048 505.163 507.235 508.520 510.182 511.379 512.372 +0,19%
North America 349.093 351.824 354.463 357.031 359.524 361.942 364.297 +0,65%
Asia - Middle East 226.467 231.058 235.519 239.888 244.142 248.283 252.398 +1,66%
Europe (Others - extra EU) 243.983 244.350 244.715 245.039 245.304 245.505 245.628 +0,05%
Oceania 38.105 38.697 39.278 39.861 40.436 41.007 41.572 +1,38%
Rest of the World 0,00%
World 7.124.492 7.209.283 7.295.024 7.379.771 7.464.592 7.548.567 7.631.801
±% on the previous year   +1,19 +1,19 +1,16 +1,15 +1,12 +1,10
Last update: 10-04-2020
Source: FAO, Eurostat
Processed by CLAL