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New Zealand: dairy sector

The purpose of this report is two-fold:

  • on the one hand, it describes the products that the industry produces, including commodities and various derivatives (butter, concentrated butter, cheese, milk powder, whey powder, casein, etc.);

  • on the other hand, it shows the overall exports of processed products - due to surplus production in relation to the population.

Home to a major exports cooperative, the Fonterra Cooperative Group, New Zealand is able to trade its dairy products on the international market.

NEW ZEALAND: DAIRY SECTOR
  '000 Ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
(Dairy Season)1) (2018/19) (2019/20) (2020/21) (2021/22)
Dairy cows ('000 head)1) 4.946 4.922 4.904
± % from previous dairy season -0,5% -0,4%
Average litres per cow 1) 4.290 4.296 4.426
± % from previous dairy season +0,1% +3,0%
Milk production (Source: DCANZ) 21.947 21.787 21.871 21.884 16.397 15.629 -4,7% Jan-Oct 2022
Milkfat (%) a) 1) 4,72 4,74 4,75
Protein (%) a) 1) 3,84 3,87 3,87
Farm-gate prices of raw milk (€ x 100 kg, VAT not included)
m.g. 4.2%, prot. 3.4%
30,29 29,98 30,33 36,65 35,16 43,41 +23,5% Jan-Sep 2022
± % Over the same period of the previous year -1,0% +1,2% +20,8%
$/Kg milksolids ** 1) 6,35 7,20 7,75
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
Liquid milk (Source: FAS-USDA) 515 520 525 530 530 535 +0,9% Jan-Dec 2022
Cheese (Source: FAS-USDA) 370 365 350 380 380 375 -1,3% Jan-Dec 2022
Butter (Source: FAS-USDA) 550 525 500 470 470 480 +2,1% Jan-Dec 2022
SMP (Source: FAS-USDA) 410 375 362 330 330 350 +6,1% Jan-Dec 2022
WMP (Source: FAS-USDA) 1.450 1.490 1.570 1.600 1.600 1.530 -4,4% Jan-Dec 2022
EXPORT 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Bulk and packed milk (HS 040110+040120)
TOP importers
238 260 243 269 221 227 +2,5% Jan-Oct 2022
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP importers
97 127 136 170 132 125 -5,6% Jan-Oct 2022
Yogurt e buttermilk (HS 0403)
TOP importers
40 36 36 35 29 28 -4,5% Jan-Oct 2022
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
456 464 425 398 318 361 +13,4% Jan-Oct 2022
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
191 191 190 163 136 158 +15,5% Jan-Oct 2022
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
322 335 327 358 297 272 -8,1% Jan-Oct 2022
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
1.369 1.536 1.533 1.617 1.227 1.049 -14,6% Jan-Oct 2022
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
358 373 356 326 255 266 +4,4% Jan-Oct 2022
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
94 91 87 97 78 67 -13,8% Jan-Oct 2022
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP importers
57 57 50 63 52 50 -3,2% Jan-Oct 2022
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP importers
30 30 36 33 27 26 -4,1% Jan-Oct 2022
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
23 22 26 24 21 23 +11,9% Jan-Oct 2022
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
97 117 101 88 71 74 +4,0% Jan-Oct 2022
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190)
TOP importers
53 59 74 59 51 51 +0,6% Jan-Oct 2022
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220)
TOP importers
21 19 21 27 21 17 -17,1% Jan-Oct 2022
IMPORT 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022 % Period
Whey powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
36 27 22 12 11 8,5 -19,8% Jan-Oct 2022
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP exporters
86 118 122 104 80 80 -0,8% Jan-Oct 2022
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
12 13 10 11 9,5 8,1 -14,5% Jan-Oct 2022
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
Cheese 38 38 38 38 38 39 +2,6% Jan-Dec 2022
Butter 29 29 30 31 31 34 +9,7% Jan-Dec 2022
SMP 5,0 7,0 14 15 15 15 0,0% Jan-Dec 2022
WMP 20 20 18 18 18 18 0,0% Jan-Dec 2022
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
Cheese 8,01 7,94 7,88 7,82
Butter 6,11 6,06 6,22 6,38
SMP 1,05 1,46 2,90 3,09
WMP 4,22 4,18 3,73 3,70
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
Population ('000) 4.743 4.783 4.822 4.861
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 42.777 42.329 41.428 48.424 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 36.222 37.810 36.246 40.942(e)
NOTE
1) Dairy Season: June 1st - May 31th
a) Average excludes Northland, Taranaki and Wellington/Hawkes Bay
(f): forecast
** Average Dairy Company total payout. From 2009/10 average dairy co-operative payout is from Fonterra, Tatua, and Westland. This includes Fonterra dividend payments.
- Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate

Source:
Raw material area: Milk production: Dcanz; Number of cows, Average litres per cow, milksolids, milkfat and protein: Lic ; Farm-gate milk prices: LTO NEDERLAND
Dairy production: FAS-USDA
Import/Export: Stat.nz
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: FAO

Last update: 2021-12-02
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the New Zealand with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it