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Argentina: dairy sector

This page contains data regarding key components of the Argentinian dairy industry over a given time period.

The following report:

  • highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints: the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, transit trade and domestic consumption;
  • indicates how the export-import ratio is completely in favour of exports - of WMP in particular;
  • stresses the particular features of a traditional product that is prevalent in domestic consumption: the dulce de leche.
ARGENTINA: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: FAO) 1.720 1.596 1.615
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: Senasa) 1.720
Milk production (Mil Lt) 10.098 10.527 10.343 11.113 6.969 7.244 +3,9% Jan-Aug 2021
Milk delivery (Mil Lt) 9.386 9.785 9.614 10.329 6.483 6.739 +4,0% Jan-Aug 2021
% Delivery on production 93,0% 92,9% 92,9% 93,0%
Farm gate milk price (€ x 100 lt) 29,13 22,11 26,50 23,51 24,53 25,49 +3,9% Jan-Aug 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year -24,1% +19,9% -11,3%
Corn price (Rosario) (€\Ton) 129,1 131,3 125,2 131,4 125,1 167,3 (p) +33,7% Jan-Oct 2021
Soybeans price (Rosario) (€\Ton) 222,9 231,7 209,3 225,6 214,5 281,1 (p) +31,1% Jan-Oct 2021
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Liquid milk (Mil Lt) 1.313 1.323 1.212 1.254 753 694 -7,9% Jan-Jul 2021
Butter 27 29 29 35 20 22 +13,2% Jan-Jul 2021
Cheese 408 444 429 421 234 263 +12,5% Jan-Jul 2021
Hard cheese 34 39 43 33 18 22 +17,7% Jan-Jul 2021
Semi-hard cheese 124 141 131 126 65 82 +27,3% Jan-Jul 2021
Soft cheese 164 174 172 174 100 106 +6,1% Jan-Jul 2021
Processed cheese 57 60 56 59 34 34 -0,6% Jan-Jul 2021
Other cheeses (grated, powdered, melted, etc.) 29 31 26 28 16 18 +15,6% Jan-Jul 2021
WMP (Whole milk powder) 149 192 188 213 104 122 +17,0% Jan-Jul 2021
SMP (Skimmed milk powder) 46 41 45 52 21 25 +17,4% Jan-Jul 2021
Cream 62 63 59 61 33 33 -0,5% Jan-Jul 2021
Dulce de leche 93 101 97 107 64 57 -10,9% Jan-Jul 2021
Milk chocolate (Mil Lt) 55 46 32 23 12 17 +35,8% Jan-Jul 2021
Dairy desserts and custards 42 41 29 27 16 15 -6,0% Jan-Jul 2021
Yogurt 418 394 354 356 198 183 -7,5% Jan-Jul 2021
EXPORT 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP importers 54 46 42 32 22 29 +35,7% Jan-Sep 2021
Butter (HS 0405) TOP importers 4,2 3,9 8,2 14 8,4 10 +19,3% Jan-Sep 2021
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP importers 44 43 39 44 30 39 +28,6% Jan-Sep 2021
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP importers 20 16 14 14 8,2 7,9 -3,3% Jan-Sep 2021
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229) TOP importers 71 118 85 126 87 89 +1,9% Jan-Sep 2021
Casein (HS 350110) TOP importers 4,0 0,1
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP importers 13 2,7 0,2 0,4 0,4 0,1 -59,4% Jan-Sep 2021
IMPORT 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299) TOP exporters 2,0 0,9 0,2 0,2 0,2 0,4 +111,3% Jan-Sep 2021
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP exporters 0,7 1,0 1,0 0,8 0,6 0,8 +29,7% Jan-Sep 2021
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP exporters 4,4 3,7 2,2 1,1 0,8 1,8 +111,1% Jan-Sep 2021
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP exporters 1,4 1,4 1,4 1,6 1,3 1,5 +17,7% Jan-Sep 2021
STOCK (at 31 December) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Liquid milk (Mil Lt) 50,4 28,4 42,5 40,9 53,8 39,1 -27,3% Jul 2021
Butter 3,1 3,6 4,4 4,6 4,3 3,0 -31,0% Jul 2021
Cheese 44,3 44,2 47,4 47,8 47,2 40,9 -13,2% Jul 2021
Hard cheese 15,2 16,6 16,1 13,6 14,2 12,2 -14,1% Jul 2021
Semi-hard cheese 14,8 15,3 16,6 15,2 16,1 14,8 -7,7% Jul 2021
Soft cheese 8,2 8,6 11,1 15,0 12,9 9,6 -26,0% Jul 2021
Processed cheese 1,8 1,5 1,4 1,6 1,4 2,2 +53,6% Jul 2021
Other cheeses (grated, powdered, melted, etc.) 4,3 2,3 2,2 2,3 2,6 2,1 -16,4% Jul 2021
WMP (Whole milk powder) 29,4 20,5 25,1 22,3 17,6 18,8 +6,9% Jul 2021
SMP (Skimmed milk powder) 10,2 4,4 5,3 5,8 4,3 5,0 +16,2% Jul 2021
Cream 1,3 1,5 1,7 1,5 2,2 1,9 -12,0% Jul 2021
Dulce de leche 4,9 5,0 4,9 5,5 5,9 4,9 -17,1% Jul 2021
Milk chocolate (Mil Lt) 4,7 2,1 2,3 2,4 1,9 2,3 +20,8% Jul 2021
Dairy desserts and custards 1,7 0,7 0,6 0,5 0,7 0,6 -14,9% Jul 2021
Yogurt 7,2 6,4 7,4 7,0 8,0 5,6 -29,6% Jul 2021
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Cheese 485 380 461 420 420 460 +9,5% Jan-Dec 2021
Butter 28 21 19 19 19 21 +10,5% Jan-Dec 2021
SMP 20 24 20 24 24 25 +4,2% Jan-Dec 2021
WMP 75 75 84 80 80 83 +3,8% Jan-Dec 2021
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Cheese 11,04 8,57 10,29 9,29
Butter 0,64 0,47 0,42 0,42
SMP 0,46 0,54 0,45 0,53
WMP 1,71 1,69 1,88 1,77
% Self-sufficiency 112,3% 115,5% 112,0% 115,7%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Population ('000) 43.937 44.361 44.781 45.196
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 14.618 11.625 9.890 (e) 8.555 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 12.940 9.844 8.834(e) 7.485(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(p): partial data
(f): forecast
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw milk area: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria; Number of cows: FAO, National Animal Health and Agrifood Quality Service (SENASA);
Source Dairy production: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria, from 2015 data is collected by a panel of dairies according to "Relevamiento Coyuntural de la Resolución 230/16" and historical information of the "Resolución 7/14".
Source Export and Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Last update: 2021-10-25
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Argentina with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it