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Argentina: dairy sector

Argentina This page contains data regarding key components of the Argentinian dairy industry over a given time period.

The following report:

  • highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints: the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, transit trade and domestic consumption;

  • indicates how the export-import ratio is completely in favour of exports - of WMP in particular;

  • stresses the particular features of a traditional product that is prevalent in domestic consumption: the dulce de leche.
ARGENTINA: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: FAO) 1.720 1.596 1.615
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: Senasa) 1.720
Milk production (Mil Lt) 10.098 10.527 10.343 11.113 2.430 2.547 +4,8% Jan-Mar 2021
Milk delivery (Mil Lt) 9.386 9.785 9.614 10.329 2.273 2.383 +4,8% Jan-Mar 2021
% Delivery on production 93,0% 92,9% 92,9% 93,6%
Farm gate milk price (€ x 100 lt) 29,13 22,11 26,50 23,51 26,03 23,45 -9,9% Jan-Apr 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year -24,1% +19,9% -11,3%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Liquid milk (Mil Lt) 1.313 1.323 1.212 1.254 268 268 +0,2% Jan-Mar 2021
Butter 27 29 29 35 7,3 9,3 +27,4% Jan-Mar 2021
Cheese 408 444 429 421 98 104 +6,3% Jan-Mar 2021
Hard cheese 34 39 43 33 8,3 8,4 +0,9% Jan-Mar 2021
Semi-hard cheese 124 141 131 126 32 33 +4,2% Jan-Mar 2021
Soft cheese 164 174 172 174 37 41 +12,8% Jan-Mar 2021
Processed cheese 57 60 56 59 14 13 -7,1% Jan-Mar 2021
Other cheeses (grated, powdered, melted, etc.) 29 31 26 28 6,9 7,9 +15,4% Jan-Mar 2021
WMP (Whole milk powder) 149 192 188 213 43 56 +28,0% Jan-Mar 2021
SMP (Skimmed milk powder) 46 41 45 52 9,1 12 +36,9% Jan-Mar 2021
Cream 62 63 59 61 13 14 +2,2% Jan-Mar 2021
Dulce de leche 93 101 97 107 23 23 -3,5% Jan-Mar 2021
Milk chocolate (Mil Lt) 55 46 32 23 8,0 9,5 +18,9% Jan-Mar 2021
Dairy desserts and custards 42 41 29 27 6,5 6,9 +6,1% Jan-Mar 2021
Yogurt 418 394 354 356 99 99 -0,4% Jan-Mar 2021
EXPORT 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP importers 54 46 42 32 9,3 13 +36,9% Jan-Apr 2021
Butter (HS 0405) TOP importers 4,2 3,9 8,2 14 3,7 4,0 +7,8% Jan-Apr 2021
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP importers 44 43 39 44 12 16 +35,6% Jan-Apr 2021
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP importers 20 16 14 14 2,2 4,2 +89,0% Jan-Apr 2021
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229) TOP importers 71 118 85 126 31 40 +28,4% Jan-Apr 2021
Casein (HS 350110) TOP importers 4,0 0,1 0,0 0,0
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP importers 13 2,7 0,2 0,4 0,2 0,1 -64,2% Jan-Mar 2021
IMPORT 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299) TOP exporters 2,0 0,9 0,2 0,2 0,1 0,2 +233,3% Jan-Apr 2021
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP exporters 0,7 1,0 1,0 0,8 0,2 0,2 -6,4% Jan-Apr 2021
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP exporters 4,4 3,7 2,2 1,1 0,3 0,8 +138,2% Jan-Apr 2021
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP exporters 1,4 1,4 1,4 1,6 0,6 0,6 +16,1% Jan-Apr 2021
STOCK (at 31 December) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Liquid milk (Mil Lt) 50,4 28,4 42,5 40,9 36,9 35,2 -4,7% Mar 2021
Butter 3,1 3,6 4,4 4,6 4,3 3,8 -13,1% Mar 2021
Cheese 44,3 44,2 47,4 47,8 46,0 48,8 +6,0% Mar 2021
Hard cheese 15,2 16,6 16,1 13,6 14,4 14,0 -2,4% Mar 2021
Semi-hard cheese 14,8 15,3 16,6 15,2 16,5 15,1 -8,1% Mar 2021
Soft cheese 8,2 8,6 11,1 15,0 11,4 15,7 +37,7% Mar 2021
Processed cheese 1,8 1,5 1,4 1,6 1,5 1,6 +6,7% Mar 2021
Other cheeses (grated, powdered, melted, etc.) 4,3 2,3 2,2 2,3 2,2 2,3 +0,9% Mar 2021
WMP (Whole milk powder) 29,4 20,5 25,1 22,3 17,7 17,4 -2,0% Mar 2021
SMP (Skimmed milk powder) 10,2 4,4 5,3 5,8 4,2 4,2 +1,1% Mar 2021
Cream 1,3 1,5 1,7 1,5 2,0 1,7 -14,6% Mar 2021
Dulce de leche 4,9 5,0 4,9 5,5 5,3 5,5 +3,9% Mar 2021
Milk chocolate (Mil Lt) 4,7 2,1 2,3 2,4 2,8 3,3 +17,2% Mar 2021
Dairy desserts and custards 1,7 0,7 0,6 0,5 0,5 0,5 +3,8% Mar 2021
Yogurt 7,2 6,4 7,4 7,0 9,2 8,6 -6,2% Mar 2021
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Cheese 485 380 430 441 441 473 +7,3% Jan-Dec 2021
Butter 28 21 15 17 17 18 +5,9% Jan-Dec 2021
SMP 20 24 20 22 22 22 0,0% Jan-Dec 2021
WMP 75 75 84 96 96 98 +2,1% Jan-Dec 2021
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Cheese 11,04 8,57 9,60 9,76
Butter 0,64 0,47 0,33 0,38
SMP 0,46 0,54 0,45 0,49
WMP 1,71 1,69 1,88 2,12
% Self-sufficiency 112,3% 115,5% 112,0% 115,7%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
Population ('000) 43.937 44.361 44.781 45.196
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 12.906 (e) 13.241 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 11.425(e) 11.212(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw milk area: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria; Number of cows: FAO, National Animal Health and Agrifood Quality Service (SENASA);
Source Dairy production: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria, from 2015 data is collected by a panel of dairies according to "Relevamiento Coyuntural de la Resolución 230/16" and historical information of the "Resolución 7/14".
Source Export and Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Last update: 2021-06-11
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Argentina with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it