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Argentina: dairy sector

Argentina This page contains data regarding key components of the Argentinian dairy industry over a given time period.

The following report:

  • highlights the complexity of the industry, which should be considered from several viewpoints: the commodities area, the variety of dairy derivatives, transit trade and domestic consumption;

  • indicates how the export-import ratio is completely in favour of exports - of WMP in particular;

  • stresses the particular features of a traditional product that is prevalent in domestic consumption: the dulce de leche.
ARGENTINA: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: FAO) 1.773 1.720 1.596 1.615
Number of dairy cows ('000) (Source: Senasa) 1.773 1.720
Milk production (Mil Lt) 10.292 10.098 10.527 10.343 10.343 11.113 +7,4% Jan-Dec 2020
Milk delivery (Mil Lt) 9.569 9.386 9.785 9.614 9.614 10.329 +7,4% Jan-Dec 2020
% Delivery on production 92,9% 93,0% 92,9% 92,9%
Farm gate milk price (€ x 100 lt) 23,49 29,13 22,11 26,50 26,50 23,51 -11,3% Jan-Dec 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year +24,0% -24,1% +19,9%
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Liquid milk (Mil Lt) 1.456 1.313 1.323 1.212 1.212 1.254 +3,5% Jan-Dec 2020
Butter 33 27 29 29 29 35 +20,8% Jan-Dec 2020
Cheese 394 408 444 429 429 421 -2,0% Jan-Dec 2020
Hard cheese 32 34 39 43 43 33 -22,3% Jan-Dec 2020
Semi-hard cheese 128 124 141 131 131 126 -3,7% Jan-Dec 2020
Soft cheese 163 164 174 172 172 174 +1,1% Jan-Dec 2020
Processed cheese 33 57 60 56 56 59 +4,3% Jan-Dec 2020
Other cheeses (grated, powdered, melted, etc.) 38 29 31 26 26 28 +5,4% Jan-Dec 2020
WMP (Whole milk powder) 157 149 192 188 188 213 +13,6% Jan-Dec 2020
SMP (Skimmed milk powder) 34 46 41 45 45 52 +16,3% Jan-Dec 2020
Cream 53 62 63 59 59 61 +2,8% Jan-Dec 2020
Dulce de leche 99 93 101 97 97 107 +10,0% Jan-Dec 2020
Milk chocolate (Mil Lt) 52 55 46 32 32 23 -25,7% Jan-Dec 2020
Dairy desserts and custards 44 42 41 29 29 27 -4,1% Jan-Dec 2020
Yogurt 431 418 394 354 354 356 +0,4% Jan-Dec 2020
EXPORT 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP importers 67 54 46 42 42 32 -22,0% Jan-Dec 2020
Butter (HS 0405) TOP importers 5,6 4,2 3,9 8,2 8,2 14 +69,6% Jan-Dec 2020
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP importers 53 44 43 39 39 44 +12,8% Jan-Dec 2020
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP importers 26 20 16 14 14 14 +2,1% Jan-Dec 2020
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229) TOP importers 110 71 118 85 85 126 +48,1% Jan-Dec 2020
Casein (HS 350110) TOP importers 3,3 4,0 0,1 0,0
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP importers 20 13 2,7 0,2 0,2 0,4 +128,4% Jan-Sep 2020
IMPORT 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299) TOP exporters 1,6 2,0 0,9 0,2 0,2 0,2 +38,9% Jan-Dec 2020
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP exporters 0,6 0,7 1,0 1,0 1,0 0,8 -13,5% Jan-Dec 2020
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP exporters 2,8 4,4 3,7 2,2 2,2 1,1 -51,8% Jan-Dec 2020
Infant milk formula (HS 190110) TOP exporters 1,3 1,4 1,4 1,4 1,4 1,6 +20,5% Jan-Dec 2020
STOCK (at 31 December) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Liquid milk (Mil Lt) 49,6 50,4 28,4 42,5 42,5 40,9 -3,7% Dec 2020
Butter 2,8 3,1 3,6 4,4 4,4 4,6 +5,2% Dec 2020
Cheese 48,8 44,3 44,2 47,4 47,4 47,8 +0,9% Dec 2020
Hard cheese 16,4 15,2 16,6 16,1 16,1 13,6 -15,3% Dec 2020
Semi-hard cheese 16,8 14,8 15,3 16,6 16,6 15,2 -8,5% Dec 2020
Soft cheese 10,4 8,2 8,6 11,1 11,1 15,0 +34,6% Dec 2020
Processed cheese 2,6 1,8 1,5 1,4 1,4 1,6 +18,2% Dec 2020
Other cheeses (grated, powdered, melted, etc.) 2,6 4,3 2,3 2,2 2,2 2,3 +8,3% Dec 2020
WMP (Whole milk powder) 30,1 29,4 20,5 25,1 25,1 22,3 -11,0% Dec 2020
SMP (Skimmed milk powder) 10,1 10,2 4,4 5,3 5,3 5,8 +8,1% Dec 2020
Cream 1,7 1,3 1,5 1,7 1,7 1,5 -11,4% Dec 2020
Dulce de leche 5,7 4,9 5,0 4,9 4,9 5,5 +13,2% Dec 2020
Milk chocolate (Mil Lt) 2,8 4,7 2,1 2,3 2,3 2,4 +5,5% Dec 2020
Dairy desserts and custards 1,5 1,7 0,7 0,6 0,6 0,5 -12,2% Dec 2020
Yogurt 10,1 7,2 6,4 7,4 7,4 7,0 -5,4% Dec 2020
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Cheese 508 485 380 430 430 441 +2,6% Jan-Dec 2020
Butter 32 28 21 15 15 17 +13,3% Jan-Dec 2020
SMP 10 20 24 20 20 22 +10,0% Jan-Dec 2020
WMP 102 75 75 84 84 96 +14,3% Jan-Dec 2020
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Cheese 11,68 11,04 8,57 9,60 9,60 9,76 +1,6% Jan-Dec 2020
Butter 0,74 0,64 0,47 0,33 0,33 0,38 +12,3% Jan-Dec 2020
SMP 0,23 0,46 0,54 0,45 0,45 0,49 +9,0% Jan-Dec 2020
WMP 2,34 1,71 1,69 1,88 1,88 2,12 +13,2% Jan-Dec 2020
% Self-sufficiency 117,9% 112,3% 115,5% 112,0%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
Population ('000) 43.508 43.937 44.361 44.781 44.781 45.196 +0,9% Jan-Dic 2020
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 12.626 (e) 12.906 (e) 13.241 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 11.407(e) 11.425(e) 11.212(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
(f): forecast
NOTE:Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)

Source Raw milk area: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria; Number of cows: FAO, National Animal Health and Agrifood Quality Service (SENASA);
Source Dairy production: Subsecretaría de Lechería - Ministerio de Agroindustria, from 2015 data is collected by a panel of dairies according to "Relevamiento Coyuntural de la Resolución 230/16" and historical information of the "Resolución 7/14".
Source Export and Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Source Population: FAO
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Last update: 2021-02-26
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Argentina with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it