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France: Dairy sector

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This Country:
  • accounts for 15,5% of EU milk deliveries (year 2019),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME), for the 40,6% of the milk deliveries (year 2020),
  • accounts for 12,5% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2019).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

FRANCE: DAIRY SECTOR
x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201620172018201920192020%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Dairy Cows ('000 head)3.6303.5953.5503.4863.4863.434-1,5%Jan-Dec 2020
Slaughtered cows ('000)1.6591.6591.6911.6501.5061.496-0,7%Jan-Nov 2020
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)34.83042.38338.55052.26652.26645.740-12,5%Jan-Dec 2020
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)4124327039391.893>1000%Jan-Dec 2020
Milk production25.13925.05525.05524.931
± % Over the same period of the previous year-0,3%-0,0%-0,5%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)24.45324.63024.54324.52624.52624.660+0,5%Jan-Dec 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year+0,7%-0,4%-0,1%
% Delivery on production ***97,3%98,3%98,0%98,4%
% Protein3,22%3,25%3,22%3,26%3,26%3,27% Jan-Dec 2020
% Fat4,01%4,01%4,01%4,06%4,06%4,07% Jan-Dec 2020
Sheep milk production (x 1.000 liters)311304
Goat milk production (x 1.000 liters)616632
Farm-gate milk prices** m.g. 3,8% p.v. prot. 3,2% p.v.(€ per 100 lt, + IVA)29,4233,4433,8535,0935,0934,76-0,9%Jan-Dec 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year+13,7%+1,2%+3,7%
Organic Milk Deliveries ('000 Ton)5796568691.0231.0231.143+11,7%Jan-Dec 2020
Organic cow milk prices*** (€ per 100 lt, + IVA)43,6145,6145,6046,2746,2746,23-0,1%Jan-Dec 2020
Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Goats ('000)1.2041.2131.2521.2421.2421.452+16,9%Jan-Dec 2020
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A)616637648657
Goat Milk Deliveries ('000 Ton)483482492498498517+3,9%Jan-Dec 2020
Goat Milk Prices (€ per 100 lt, + IVA)71,1772,2072,2573,7273,7276,15+3,3%Jan-Dec 2020
Sheeps ('000)7.1576.8777.1667.1057.1057.244+2,0%Jan-Dec 2020
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A)311315319321
Sheep Milk Deliveries ('000 Ton)293295299300300306+1,9%Jan-Dec 2020
DAIRY PRODUCTION201620172018201920192020%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)3.2943.2303.1033.0083.0083.060+1,7%Jan-Dec 2020
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)479503503514514520+1,2%Jan-Dec 2020
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)1.5241.4231.4541.3701.3701.410+2,9%Jan-Dec 2020
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)435412420414414413-0,3%Jan-Dec 2020
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)50484546
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)24232321
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)1.9191.9201.9081.939
I° Classification
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)506504541561
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)432432391405
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)328338337344
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)652645637629
2° Classification
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)1.7441.7451.7281.763
- Cheese from ewes milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7122)63636364
- Cheese from goats milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7123)104104108102
- Others (cheese from buffalos'milk (pure) or mixed cheese) ( Cod. Eurostat D7129)8,17,88,98,9
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)1.7321.7231.7041.6961.6961.665-1,8%Jan-Dec 2020
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)139140134135
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)6062666565105+62,8%Jan-Dec 2020
Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (WMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)133147116109109130+19,4%Jan-Dec 2020
Partly Skimmed Milk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3112)49532631
Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)427409389416416407-2,1%Jan-Dec 2020
Buttermilk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3130)30312926
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)6264129138
Whey (in powder or in block) (Cod. Eurostat D5300)540566544506
Caseins and caseinates (Cod. Eurostat D9300)37474949
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
703698722724
EXPORT2016201720182019Jan - Decof which Extra EU
2019
2020
%
2019
2020
%
Cheese (0406) TOP importers671679677680
680
657
-3,5%
117
110
-5,4%
Bulk milk (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP importers599456506419
419
476
+13,5%
23
24
+4,9%
Whole (04012099) TOP importers474351398295
295
352
+19,4%
22
24
+5,4%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP importers1216117,8
7,8
0,6
-92,5%
0,2
0,3
+54,1%
Skimmed (04011090) TOP importers1138996116
116
123
+5,8%
0,3
0,1
-66,7%
Whey (0404) TOP importers431405390374
374
368
-1,6%
160
160
0,0%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP importers347323319312
312
307
-1,6%
153
152
-0,8%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers417392388343
343
339
-1,2%
18
20
+9,1%
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers364353330321
321
278
-13,1%
64
56
-12,5%
Whole (04012091) TOP importers15113695112
112
101
-10,6%
23
19
-18,4%
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers177184200181
181
137
-24,7%
37
34
-7,9%
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers36343527
27
41
+55,3%
4,4
3,5
-20,1%
SMP (040210) TOP importers234229225272
272
264
-3,2%
170
156
-8,0%
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP importers148172185184
184
175
-4,9%
129
117
-9,6%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers170193188180
180
171
-5,1%
63
57
-10,6%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers201188164162
162
176
+8,3%
80
76
-4,8%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers97979092
92
90
-2,0%
42
43
+3,5%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers22221818
18
17
-6,9%
7,1
6,6
-7,1%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers73678979
79
110
+40,2%
1,4
1,2
-14,9%
Other Product 150149153156
156
174
+11,0%
73
87
+19,5%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)80789783
83
87
+4,2%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
49516278
78
112
+44,3%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
8,3101114
14
15
+10,4%
-
-
-
IMPORT2016201720182019Jan - Decof which Extra EU
2019
2020
%
2019
2020
%
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters332349364380
380
400
+5,4%
4,5
5,1
+13,3%
Whey (0404) TOP exporters415422345230
230
240
+4,2%
28
30
+8,5%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP exporters361370297174
174
183
+5,0%
28
30
+8,7%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters204214223221
221
200
-9,3%
2,1
1,1
-49,9%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters29262925
25
19
-21,9%
2,1
1,0
-49,9%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters161163166171
171
148
-13,5%
0,2
0,2
-3,5%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters83849297
97
96
-1,2%
0,6
0,5
-12,4%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters91949697
97
90
-7,4%
2,3
2,6
+14,1%
Bulk milk (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters1151086986
86
71
-18,1%
-
-
-
Whole (04012099) TOP exporters88794868
68
57
-17,0%
-
-
-
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters16191614
14
9,8
-29,7%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters119,35,44,1
4,1
4,2
+3,7%
-
-
-
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters17512810075
75
64
-14,3%
-
-
-
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters18171511
11
11
+3,2%
-
-
-
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters133927159
59
48
-17,6%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters2419155,4
5,4
4,6
-14,4%
-
-
-
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters66655253
53
47
-11,7%
-
-
-
WMP (040221+040229) TOP exporters36363945
45
37
-19,4%
-
-
-
SMP (040210) TOP exporters34303742
42
35
-16,7%
0,0
0,1
+302,1%
Other Product 80788375
75
83
+10,8%
2,2
2,6
+19,7%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)33172113
13
13
+4,7%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
31454652
52
60
+16,5%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
29292825
25
24
-2,5%
-
-
-
% Self-sufficiency rate136,0%133,7%132,4%133,1%131,9%Jan-Dec 2020
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 1,03% 2,43% 1,81% 1,49% -9,14% Jan-Dic 2020
CPI (consumer price index) 0,30% 1,16% 2,10% 1,30% 0,52% Jan-Dic 2020
Population ('000) 66.638 66.810 67.026 67.178 67.178 67.320 +0,2% Jan-Dic 2020
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 45.350 (e) 46.444 (e) 47.636 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 40.970(e) 41.112(e) 40.337(e)
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate

** Prix toutes primes comprises, toutes qualités confondues, ramené à un lait standard (38g de MG / 32g de MP).
Ce prix est le prix payé aux producteurs au cours du mois, il peut inclure des avances.
*** Prix du lait bio à la production, toutes primes comprises, toutes qualités confondues, ramené à un un lait standard (38g de MG,32g de MP).

SOURCES
Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Production, Cow Delivery and % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk conventional and organic prices: FranceAgriMer, ; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm)
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

*** MILK DELIVERIES AND MILK PRODUCTION
  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 06-03-2021
NOTA: Access to Dairy World Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the France with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it