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Germany: Dairy sector

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This Country:
  • accounts for 22,1% of EU milk deliveries (year 2021),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME), for the 58,0% of the milk deliveries (year 2020),
  • accounts for 23,3% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2021).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

GERMANY: DAIRY SECTOR
x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201820192020202120212022%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Live bovine animals ('000 Head)11.94911.64011.30211.040
of which
     Dairy Cows ('000 head)4.1014.0123.9213.833
Slaughtered cows ('000 head)1.2361.1861.1061.119372332-10,7%Jan-Apr 2022
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)105.02789.13675.46061.54314.8608.824-40,6%Jan-Mar 2022
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)1.7286221.8641.5301.03454-94,8%Jan-Mar 2022
Milk production33.08733.08033.165
± % Over the same period of the previous year-0,0%+0,3%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)32.49132.44232.54931.94210.80610.623-1,7%Jan-Apr 2022
± % Over the same period of the previous year-0,1%+0,3%-1,9%
% Delivery on production ***98,2%98,1%98,1%
% Protein3,44%3,47%3,47%3,46%3,50%3,45% Jan-Apr 2022
% Fat4,06%4,13%4,13%4,15%4,22%4,16% Jan-Apr 2022
Farm-gate milk prices**** m.g. 4% p.p. prot. 3,4% p.p.(€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)1)34,3733,7032,8436,2733,2444,21+33,0%Jan-Apr 2022
± % Over the same period of the previous year-1,9%-2,6%+10,4%
Organic Milk Deliveries ('000 Ton)1.1181.1851.2341.266310319+2,9%Jan-Mar 2022
Organic cow milk prices*** (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)47,8947,1047,7849,8149,1053,37+8,7%Jan-Apr 2022
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Buffaloes ('000)9,6101111
Buffalo's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1140A)--1,0-
Goats ('000)146141161164
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A)161616-
Deliveries of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk ('000 Ton)161516153,53,3-5,6%Jan-Mar 2022
Prices of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)656769707375+3,1%Jan-Apr 2022
Sheeps ('000)1.5701.5571.4841.508
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A)6,76,56,7-
DAIRY PRODUCTION201820192020202120212022%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)4.6464.5234.5664.3241.5091.386-8,1%Jan-Apr 2022
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)552554530544174179+2,5%Jan-Apr 2022
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)1.8791.8561.8241.751606575-5,0%Jan-Apr 2022
of which
     Yoghurt products639662673643221212-4,4%Jan-Apr 2022
Buttermilk products116108104983229-9,1%Jan-Apr 2022
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)484497506471173166-4,1%Jan-Apr 2022
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)465152-
Mixed fats495289842926-12,7%Jan-Apr 2022
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)9,57,98,0-
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.3392.3892.4492.461835819-1,9%Jan-Apr 2022
Hard cheese (Hartkäse)1981891931896563-3,0%Jan-Apr 2022
Sour milk cheese (Sauermilchquarkerzeugnisse)242323227,77,1-7,8%Jan-Apr 2022
Cut cheese (Schnittkäse)708739745759259258-0,3%Jan-Apr 2022
Semi-hard cheese (Halbfester Schnittkäse)565656571919+3,3%Jan-Apr 2022
Soft cheese (Weichkäse)1611521671685753-6,5%Jan-Apr 2022
Pasta Filata cheese (Pasta Filata Käse)390401425447143146+2,3%Jan-Apr 2022
Cream cheese (Frischkäse)797824835816284271-4,4%Jan-Apr 2022
Cooked and whey cheese (Koch- und Molkenkäse)4,34,03,94,21,41,4-1,4%Jan-Apr 2022
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)2.2462.2972.355-
I° Classificazione
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)154145160-
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)545555-
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)687719724-
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)161151154-
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)1.1901.2281.262-
2° Classificazione
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.2452.2962.354-
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)33332532330510299-3,0%Jan-Apr 2022
WMP - Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)2882892832929994-4,3%Jan-Apr 2022
SMP - Skimmed milk powder (Cod. Eurostat D3113)414393417353135116-14,4%Jan-Apr 2022
Buttermilk powder232625228,69,1+5,0%Jan-Apr 2022
Other powdered milk products1441551611755765+14,4%Jan-Apr 2022
Processed Cheese1861911932046569+4,9%Jan-Apr 2022
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)578588585-
Whey(Cod. Eurostat D5000)13.41113.67016.380-
of which
     Whey liquid (Cod. Eurostat D5100)1.7841.8182.179-
     Whey concentrated (Cod. Eurostat D5200)464656786-
     Whey (in powder or in block)316310317370124124+0,2%Jan-Apr 2022
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
647647673-
EXPORT2018201920202021Jan - Marof which Extra EU
2021
2022
%
2021
2022
%
Cheese (0406) TOP importers1.2361.2761.3181.363
335
315
-5,8%
56
51
-9,5%
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP importers1.3341.4141.2361.099
278
207
-25,6%
0,3
1,1
+326,1%
Whole (04012099) TOP importers9721.087970942
235
192
-18,6%
0,0
0,6
>1000%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP importers82696450
7,3
3,9
-47,3%
0,2
0,5
+109,5%
Skimmed (04011090) TOP importers279258202106
35
11
-68,0%
-
-
-
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers643705694733
188
144
-23,4%
126
95
-24,1%
Whole (04012091) TOP importers338384388454
118
78
-33,3%
90
62
-30,5%
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers220194160149
39
40
+3,9%
8,7
11
+31,0%
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers85127146130
32
25
-20,1%
27
22
-20,9%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers649666669639
163
142
-12,7%
31
32
+2,1%
Whey (0404) TOP importers483496542613
153
124
-19,2%
37
34
-8,7%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP importers424434478548
137
109
-20,7%
34
32
-6,5%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers396397393402
106
94
-11,3%
26
27
+4,3%
SMP (040210) TOP importers410406370324
87
72
-17,7%
30
20
-33,6%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers303305303294
69
67
-2,9%
11
13
+18,1%
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers233234236244
56
56
+1,0%
24
29
+19,3%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers210211221238
55
56
+2,4%
8,0
7,5
-6,1%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers143160156156
44
39
-11,6%
4,5
4,1
-8,6%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers24222124
6,2
6,1
-1,2%
0,3
0,2
-23,8%
Other Product 217208201199
46
57
+23,2%
22
28
+29,9%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)121110,09,5
3,1
2,3
-26,9%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
5777108108
32
18
-42,2%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
81797779
20
21
+5,6%
-
-
-
IMPORT2018201920202021Jan - Marof which Extra EU
2021
2022
%
2021
2022
%
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters2.2761.9792.3562.408
593
575
-3,1%
0,5
0,5
+4,4%
Whole (04012099)Revision Data TOP exporters2.1501.8412.2182.263
553
533
-3,8%
0,5
0,5
+4,5%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters19211522
5,7
1,4
-75,8%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters106118123123
34
41
+19,8%
-
-
-
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters831870894910
227
204
-10,0%
10
9,5
-5,6%
Whey (0404) TOP exporters671662602653
163
162
-0,2%
0,7
0,1
-85,9%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP exporters573581535560
140
135
-3,8%
-
-
-
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters166166192204
45
25
-44,0%
0,0
0,1
+187,3%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters22212120
5,1
4,3
-15,3%
0,0
0,1
+277,3%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters171177195200
50
43
-14,1%
0,1
0,1
+28,5%
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters185223215195
49
50
+2,6%
-
-
-
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters60656267
14
21
+52,2%
-
-
-
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters124158153128
35
29
-16,3%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters1,30,80,60,7
0,2
0,1
-67,1%
-
-
-
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters164167175192
46
51
+10,6%
0,4
0,3
-15,7%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters62113114108
23
26
+14,6%
-
-
-
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters979898107
25
27
+7,1%
3,2
3,5
+8,6%
Other Product 265253246220
53
55
+4,5%
1,1
1,5
+36,5%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)48505490
23
22
-3,3%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
6292154206
50
44
-13,0%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
23211813
2,8
4,1
+45,6%
-
-
-
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201820192020202120212022%Period
Cheese24,425,125,4n.d.
di cui
Fresh cheeses6,87,07,1n.d.
Butter5,95,86,3n.d.
Cream5,75,75,3n.d.
Condensed Milk1,11,61,6n.d.
SMP and Buttermilk powder1,61,01,0n.d.
% Self-sufficiency rate132,1%133,5%128,5%128,0%117,0%Jan-Mar 2022
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 2022(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 1,81% 1,60% -6,49% 5,34% 2,96% Jan-Dic 2022
CPI (consumer price index) 1,94% 1,35% 0,37% 3,21% 7,55% Jan-Dic 2022
Population ('000) 82.792 83.019 83.167 83.155
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 47.832 46.473 45.733 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 40.503 41.511 40.013(e)
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate

**** Weighted average annual price, except for 2022 when the average price is arithmetic. Since January 2010 Fat content, to which farm-gate milk price refers, has increased from 3,70 % to 4,00 %.
1) The price is ex farm.
*** Milk price "ab Hof", 4% fat content and 3,4% protein content.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk conventional and organic prices: ZMB, BLE, estimates made by AMI ; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm) , Eurostat+BLE
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Per capita consumption: BLE
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

*** MILK DELIVERIES AND MILK PRODUCTION
  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 30-06-2022
NOTA: Access to Dairy World Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Germany with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it