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Germany: Dairy sector

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This Country:
  • accounts for 20,6% of EU milk deliveries (year 2018),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME), for the 58,3% of the milk deliveries (year 2017),
  • accounts for 23,3% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2018).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

GERMANY: DAIRY SECTOR
x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201520162017201820182019%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Cows ('000 head)4.2854.2184.1994.101
Slaughtered cows ('000)1.2321.3361.2431.236500502+0,4%Jan-May 2019
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)93.08698.230117.874102.26429.03925.270-13,0%Jan-Apr 2019
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)4331.5202.8981.691348452+29,9%Jan-Apr 2019
Milk production32.67132.67232.598
± % Over the same period of the previous year0,0%-0,2%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)31.87931.97331.93732.49116.60316.477-0,8%Jan-Jun 2019
± % Over the same period of the previous year+0,3%-0,1%+1,7%
% Delivery on production ***97,6%97,9%98,0%
% Protein3,41%3,43%3,44%3,44%3,43%3,46% Jan-Jun 2019
% Fat4,09%4,12%4,09%4,06%4,06%4,14% Jan-Jun 2019
Farm-gate milk prices**** m.g. 4% p.p. prot. 3,4% p.p.(€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)1)29,2926,7336,1934,3733,1133,34+0,7%Jan-Jun 2019
± % Over the same period of the previous year-8,7%+35,4%-5,0%
Organic Milk Deliveries ('000 Ton)7327959391.118477500+4,8%Jan-May 2019
Organic cow milk prices*** (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)47,4047,8048,7347,8948,2747,32-2,0%Jan-Jun 2019
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Buffaloes ('000)7,18,08,7-
Goats ('000)110139140146
Sheeps ('000)1.5801.5741.5801.570
Deliveries of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk ('000 Ton)131515167,86,2-20,0%Jan-Jun 2019
Prices of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)657067656669+3,8%Jan-Jun 2019
DAIRY PRODUCTION201520162017201820182019%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)4.9804.9934.7434.6462.2982.292-0,3%Jan-Jun 2019
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)567586578552275275+0,2%Jan-Jun 2019
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)1.9251.9461.8911.879959952-0,8%Jan-Jun 2019
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)517516497484253262+3,3%Jan-Jun 2019
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)40434646
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)1111109,5
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)2.2382.2342.2172.246
I° Classification
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)136152150154
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)53545654
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)677677689687
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)185173157161
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)1.1861.1771.1651.190
2° Classification
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.2362.2332.2152.245
Cheese from cows'milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.3202.2852.3042.3391.1791.199+1,7%Jan-Jun 2019
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)173172176186
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)412351373333162172+5,7%Jan-Jun 2019
Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (WMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)236256257282142142(e)0,0%Jan-Jun 2019
Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)400436430414226204-9,6%Jan-Jun 2019
Buttermilk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3130)19202123
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)529551565578
Whey (in powder or in block) (Cod. Eurostat D5300)400360345316
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
607628655647
EXPORT2015201620172018Jan - Aprof which Extra EU
2018
2019
%
2018
2019
%
Bulk milk (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP importers1.5021.6721.4371.332
487
435
-10,6%
0,3
0,4
+9,3%
Whole (04012099) TOP importers1.1061.3211.083971
372
342
-8,0%
-
-
-
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP importers81839082
29
15
-49,7%
0,3
0,3
+24,8%
Skimmed (04011090) TOP importers316267265279
86
79
-8,8%
-
-
-
Cheese (0406) TOP importers1.1701.1681.2101.223
410
406
-1,0%
45
45
-0,1%
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers944910725642
216
232
+7,6%
89
122
+37,1%
Whole (04012091) TOP importers431450375337
113
124
+9,8%
67
86
+27,3%
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers495378266219
76
72
-5,7%
11
13
+16,1%
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers79838485
26
36
+36,9%
10
23
+122,2%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers668685668637
220
227
+3,1%
20
25
+24,6%
Whey (0404) TOP importers543520492483
159
149
-6,3%
28
34
+22,5%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP importers494470435424
142
131
-8,2%
26
33
+23,8%
SMP (040210) TOP importers358358399409
145
150
+3,3%
57
67
+18,0%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers349359406396
134
132
-1,1%
23
25
+9,2%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers305290323301
101
113
+11,9%
15
28
+87,5%
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers203214228233
75
75
-0,4%
29
36
+25,2%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers159176197210
75
67
-10,8%
5,6
5,5
-2,6%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers155150149141
53
49
-8,7%
4,4
3,1
-28,9%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers16182024
7,3
7,4
+1,8%
0,3
0,3
-4,4%
Other Product 184186191181
62
60
-4,1%
31
24
-21,1%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)n.a.241212
3,6
3,5
-3,0%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
n.a.445354
22
24
+12,3%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
72868481
28
28
-1,7%
-
-
-
IMPORT2015201620172018Jan - Aprof which Extra EU
2018
2019
%
2018
2019
%
Bulk milk (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters1.9552.1592.6942.275
789
677
-14,3%
0,8
0,8
-6,7%
Whole (04012099) TOP exporters1.8402.0402.5342.150
747
628
-15,9%
0,8
0,7
-3,1%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters5,45,62219
5,4
8,8
+64,4%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters110113138105
37
39
+7,0%
-
-
-
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters764824821807
264
268
+1,6%
11
11
+3,2%
Whey (0404) TOP exporters737728765671
225
202
-10,2%
1,0
1,3
+31,2%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP exporters674639659573
186
180
-3,0%
0,8
1,0
+19,9%
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters178186225185
59
69
+17,2%
-
-
-
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters71759160
19
19
-0,5%
-
-
-
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters102107131124
40
50
+26,4%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters144,02,71,2
0,5
0,2
-52,8%
-
-
-
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters200184189169
55
52
-5,0%
0,1
0,1
+0,4%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters152146166165
49
55
+11,8%
-
-
-
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters16172222
6,9
6,4
-6,0%
-
-
-
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters153157176163
53
51
-4,7%
0,4
0,5
+16,1%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters87869796
32
32
+1,7%
3,5
3,8
+8,5%
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP exporters77829569
27
21
-24,6%
0,2
0,1
-38,7%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters61734862
16
32
+98,2%
-
-
-
Other Product 168185184182
57
58
+2,4%
2,9
3,2
+10,8%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)n.a.434248
16
17
+7,4%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
n.a.374759
18
21
+18,9%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
35382822
7,8
6,9
-10,8%
-
-
-
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201520162017201820182019%Period
Cheese24,625,024,1n.d.
of which
Fresh cheeses8,17,87,0n.d.
Butter6,16,15,9n.d.
Cream5,86,05,8n.d.
Condensed Milk2,01,71,6n.d.
SMP and Buttermilk powder1,71,11,4n.d.
% Self-sufficiency rate134,7%130,5%130,5%132,5%121,8%Jan-Apr 2019
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2019(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 1,98% 1,91% 2,54% 1,88% 1,10% Jan-Dic 2019
CPI (consumer price index) 0,68% 0,37% 1,70% 1,94% 1,33% Jan-Dic 2019
Population ('000) 81.198 82.176 82.522 82.792
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 45.814 (e) 46.824 (e) 47.847 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 41.292(e) 42.302(e) 43.549(e)
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate

**** Weighted average annual price, except for 2019 when the average price is arithmetic. Since January 2010 Fat content, to which farm-gate milk price refers, has increased from 3,70 % to 4,00 %.
1) The price is ex farm.
*** Milk price "ab Hof", 4% fat content and 3,4% protein content.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Farm-gate milk conventional and organic prices: ZMB, BLE, estimates made by AMI ; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm) , Eurostat+BLE
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Per capita consumption: BLE
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

*** MILK DELIVERIES AND MILK PRODUCTION
  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 16-08-2019
NOTA: L'accesso all'area Dairy World Trade, contenente anche le elaborazioni di Import / Export della Germania con aggiornamento MENSILE, è riservato ai Sostenitori di CLAL.it