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Germany: Dairy sector

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This Country:
  • accounts for 20,5% of EU milk deliveries (year 2019),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME), for the 59,1% of the milk deliveries (year 2019),
  • accounts for 22,7% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2019).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

GERMANY: DAIRY SECTOR
x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201620172018201920192020%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Dairy Cows ('000 head)4.2184.1994.1014.0124.0123.921-2,3%Nov 2020
Slaughtered cows ('000)1.3361.2431.2361.1861.0951.042-4,8%Jan-Nov 2020
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)98.230117.874105.02789.13678.16863.002-19,4%Jan-Nov 2020
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)1.5202.8981.728622584104-82,2%Jan-Nov 2020
Milk production32.67232.59833.08733.080
± % Over the same period of the previous year-0,2%+1,5%-0,0%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)31.97331.93732.49132.44232.44232.549+0,3%Jan-Dec 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year-0,1%+1,7%-0,1%
% Delivery on production ***97,9%98,0%98,2%98,1%
% Protein3,43%3,44%3,44%3,47%3,47%3,47% Jan-Dec 2020
% Fat4,12%4,09%4,06%4,13%4,13%4,13% Jan-Dec 2020
Farm-gate milk prices**** m.g. 4% p.p. prot. 3,4% p.p.(€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)1)26,7336,1934,3733,7033,7032,36-2,3%Jan-Dec 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year+35,4%-5,0%-1,9%
Organic Milk Deliveries ('000 Ton)7959391.1181.1851.1851.234+4,2%Jan-Dec 2020
Organic cow milk prices*** (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)47,8048,7347,8947,1047,1047,78+1,4%Jan-Dec 2020
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Buffaloes ('000)8,08,79,610
Goats ('000)139140146141141139-1,4%Jan-Dec 2020
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A)15161616
Deliveries of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk ('000 Ton)151516151516+3,5%Jan-Dec 2020
Prices of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)706765656769+2,5%Jan-Dec 2020
Sheeps ('000)1.5741.5801.5701.5571.5571.479-5,0%Jan-Dec 2020
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A)0,00,06,76,5
DAIRY PRODUCTION201620172018201920192020%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)4.9934.7434.6464.5234.5234.567+1,0%Jan-Dec 2020
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)586578552554554530-4,3%Jan-Dec 2020
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)1.9461.8911.8791.8561.8561.824-1,8%Jan-Dec 2020
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)516497484497497507+1,9%Jan-Dec 2020
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)43464651
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)11109,57,9
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)2.2342.2172.2462.297
I° Classification
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)152150154145
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)54565455
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)677689687719
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)173157161151
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)1.1771.1651.1901.228
2° Classification
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.2332.2152.2452.296
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.2852.3042.3392.3892.3892.449+2,5%Jan-Dec 2020
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)172176186191
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)351373333325325323-0,5%Jan-Dec 2020
Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (WMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)256257288289289256-11,5%Jan-Dec 2020
Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)436430414393393415+5,8%Jan-Dec 2020
Buttermilk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3130)20212326
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)551565578588
Whey (in powder or in block) (Cod. Eurostat D5300)360345316310
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
628655647647
EXPORT2016201720182019Jan - Novof which Extra EU
2019
2020
%
2019
2020
%
Bulk milk (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP importers1.6721.4371.3341.414
1.282
1.101
-14,1%
2,6
1,5
-42,4%
Whole (04012099) TOP importers1.3211.0839721.087
988
860
-13,0%
-
-
-
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP importers83908269
58
61
+5,2%
2,2
1,5
-32,6%
Skimmed (04011090) TOP importers267265279258
236
180
-23,7%
-
-
-
Cheese (0406) TOP importers1.1681.2101.2361.276
1.184
1.203
+1,7%
126
140
+11,5%
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers910725643705
660
627
-5,1%
349
419
+20,2%
Whole (04012091) TOP importers450375338384
361
349
-3,4%
239
267
+11,4%
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers378266220194
180
145
-19,6%
34
38
+12,5%
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers838485127
119
133
+11,9%
75
114
+51,8%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers685668649666
624
606
-2,8%
65
62
-5,0%
Whey (0404) TOP importers520492483496
456
494
+8,3%
102
100
-2,0%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP importers470435424434
397
436
+9,7%
97
94
-3,0%
SMP (040210) TOP importers358399410406
382
342
-10,3%
157
125
-20,5%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers359406396397
365
359
-1,8%
81
84
+4,3%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers290323303305
277
275
-1,0%
52
44
-14,9%
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers214228233234
217
217
-0,1%
97
109
+12,4%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers176197210211
191
203
+6,4%
18
22
+20,8%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers150149143160
144
143
-0,4%
16
14
-10,6%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers18202422
21
20
-5,8%
0,8
0,7
-7,3%
Other Product 214222217208
194
185
-4,3%
84
83
-1,5%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)24121211
10
8,0
-20,5%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
44535777
71
82
+16,0%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
86848179
74
69
-5,9%
-
-
-
IMPORT2016201720182019Jan - Novof which Extra EU
2019
2020
%
2019
2020
%
Bulk milk (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters2.1592.6942.2761.979
1.790
2.148
+20,0%
2,2
2,1
-2,4%
Whole (04012099) Revision Data TOP exporters2.0402.5342.1501.841
1.664
2.024
+21,7%
2,1
2,1
-1,1%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters5,6221921
19
13
-33,9%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters113138106118
107
111
+3,7%
-
-
-
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters824821831870
796
798
+0,2%
32
34
+4,9%
Whey (0404) TOP exporters728765671662
605
543
-10,2%
2,8
2,5
-10,0%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP exporters639659573581
534
482
-9,7%
2,0
2,3
+11,8%
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters186225185223
205
195
-5,1%
-
-
-
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters75916065
59
56
-5,7%
-
-
-
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters107131124158
145
139
-4,7%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters4,02,71,30,8
0,7
0,5
-26,5%
-
-
-
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters184189171177
161
176
+9,1%
0,4
0,5
+11,4%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters157176164167
155
155
0,0%
1,3
1,2
-10,4%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters146166166166
155
175
+13,0%
-
-
-
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters17222221
20
19
-1,0%
-
-
-
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters734862113
102
106
+3,8%
-
-
-
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters86979798
90
88
-2,2%
11
11
+4,8%
SMP (040210) TOP exporters64646267
63
63
+0,7%
0,2
0,1
-65,9%
Other Product 211226203186
170
161
-5,4%
8,6
6,2
-28,1%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)43424850
46
52
+12,9%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
37476292
84
141
+67,2%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
38282321
19
16
-14,6%
-
-
-
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201620172018201920192020%Period
Cheese25,024,1n.d.n.d.
of which
Fresh cheeses7,87,0n.d.n.d.
Butter6,15,9n.d.n.d.
Cream6,05,8n.d.n.d.
Condensed Milk1,71,6n.d.n.d.
SMP and Buttermilk powder1,11,4n.d.n.d.
% Self-sufficiency rate130,5%130,5%132,1%133,5%126,3%Jan-Nov 2020
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 1,83% 2,74% 1,90% 1,30% -7,07% Jan-Dic 2020
CPI (consumer price index) 0,37% 1,70% 1,94% 1,35% 0,37% Jan-Dic 2020
Population ('000) 82.176 82.522 82.792 83.019 83.019 83.167 +0,2% Jan-Dic 2020
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 46.824 (e) 47.847 (e) 48.903 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 42.302(e) 42.355(e) 41.410(e)
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate

**** Weighted average annual price, except for 2020 when the average price is arithmetic. Since January 2010 Fat content, to which farm-gate milk price refers, has increased from 3,70 % to 4,00 %.
1) The price is ex farm.
*** Milk price "ab Hof", 4% fat content and 3,4% protein content.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk conventional and organic prices: ZMB, BLE, estimates made by AMI ; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm) , Eurostat+BLE
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Per capita consumption: BLE
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

*** MILK DELIVERIES AND MILK PRODUCTION
  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 04-03-2021
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