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Germany: Dairy sector

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This Country:
  • accounts for 22,5% of EU milk deliveries (year 2020),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME), for the 59,0% of the milk deliveries (year 2019),
  • accounts for 23,9% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2020).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

GERMANY: DAIRY SECTOR
x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201720182019202020202021%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Dairy Cows ('000 head)4.1994.1014.0123.921
Slaughtered cows ('000 head)1.2431.2361.1861.106293283-3,4%Jan-Mar 2021
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)117.874105.02789.13673.88915.8546.566-58,6%Jan-Feb 2021
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)2.8981.72862275448770>1000%Jan-Feb 2021
Milk production32.59833.08733.080
± % Over the same period of the previous year+1,5%-0,0%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)31.93732.49132.44232.5498.2788.047-2,8%Jan-Mar 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year+1,7%-0,1%+0,3%
% Delivery on production ***98,0%98,2%98,1%
% Protein3,44%3,44%3,47%3,47%3,49%3,51% Jan-Mar 2021
% Fat4,09%4,06%4,13%4,13%4,19%4,23% Jan-Mar 2021
Farm-gate milk prices**** m.g. 4% p.p. prot. 3,4% p.p.(€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)1)36,1934,3733,7032,8433,1433,18+0,1%Jan-Apr 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year-5,0%-1,9%-2,6%
Organic Milk Deliveries ('000 Ton)9391.1181.1851.234303310+2,2%Jan-Mar 2021
Organic cow milk prices*** (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)48,7347,8947,1047,7847,6749,14+3,1%Jan-Mar 2021
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Buffaloes ('000)8,79,61011
Goats ('000)140146141161
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A)161616-
Deliveries of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk ('000 Ton)151615163,53,5+1,7%Jan-Mar 2021
Prices of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)676567697073+3,5%Jan-Mar 2021
Sheeps ('000)1.5801.5701.5571.484
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A)0,06,76,5-
DAIRY PRODUCTION201720182019202020202021%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)4.7434.6464.5234.5661.1721.172(e)0,0%Jan-Mar 2021
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)578552554530137137(e)0,0%Jan-Mar 2021
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)1.8911.8791.8561.824476457-4,0%Jan-Mar 2021
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)497484497506134134(e)0,0%Jan-Mar 2021
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)464651-
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)109,57,9-
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)2.2172.2462.297-
I° Classificazione
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)150154145-
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)565455-
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)689687719-
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)157161151-
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)1.1651.1901.228-
2° Classificazione
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.2152.2452.296-
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.3042.3392.3892.449624624(e)0,0%Jan-Mar 2021
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)176186191-
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)3733333253238278-5,3%Jan-Mar 2021
Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (WMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)2572882892567575(e)0,0%Jan-Mar 2021
Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)430414393417105105(e)0,0%Jan-Mar 2021
Buttermilk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3130)212326-
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)565578588-
Whey (in powder or in block) (Cod. Eurostat D5300)345316310-
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
655647647-
EXPORT2017201820192020Jan - Febof which Extra EU
2020
2021
%
2020
2021
%
Cheese (0406) TOP importers1.2101.2361.2761.311
226
207
-8,4%
37
34
-10,1%
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP importers1.4371.3341.4141.204
224
175
-21,9%
1,2
0,1
-92,5%
Whole (04012099) TOP importers1.0839721.087941
173
146
-15,2%
-
-
-
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP importers90826964
15
4,0
-73,5%
1,2
0,1
-93,0%
Skimmed (04011090) TOP importers265279258199
36
24
-32,2%
-
-
-
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers725643705692
100
117
+16,6%
65
76
+16,0%
Whole (04012091) TOP importers375338384388
57
75
+31,8%
46
55
+20,5%
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers266220194159
26
24
-5,2%
5,8
5,9
+2,2%
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers8485127145
17
17
-1,1%
14
14
+6,4%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers668649666651
111
102
-8,3%
26
20
-24,3%
Whey (0404) TOP importers492483496538
89
96
+7,8%
20
24
+18,8%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP importers435424434475
75
86
+14,7%
19
22
+16,2%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers406396397391
71
66
-6,2%
19
16
-18,3%
SMP (040210) TOP importers399410406369
65
55
-15,1%
22
18
-20,0%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers323303305302
48
43
-9,8%
8,1
6,2
-23,9%
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers228233234235
42
33
-20,8%
19
15
-17,1%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers197210211221
36
35
-4,7%
3,5
4,9
+39,4%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers149143160155
32
27
-16,7%
2,4
2,4
+0,6%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers20242221
3,8
4,1
+6,5%
0,1
0,2
+120,9%
Other Product 222217208201
35
30
-13,2%
19
15
-22,3%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)12121110,0
1,6
1,8
+9,5%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
535777108
15
20
+28,9%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
84817976
14
12
-9,7%
-
-
-
IMPORT2017201820192020Jan - Febof which Extra EU
2020
2021
%
2020
2021
%
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters2.6942.2761.9792.353
384
385
+0,3%
0,5
0,3
-37,2%
Whole (04012099)Revision Data TOP exporters2.5342.1501.8412.215
356
361
+1,6%
0,4
0,3
-14,5%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters22192115
2,2
2,8
+24,7%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters138106118123
26
21
-19,5%
-
-
-
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters821831870890
141
135
-4,5%
8,2
6,0
-27,8%
Whey (0404) TOP exporters765671662597
116
92
-20,6%
0,8
0,4
-45,4%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP exporters659573581531
101
78
-22,1%
0,6
0,4
-34,9%
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters225185223214
35
30
-15,4%
-
-
-
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters91606561
8,8
7,6
-13,0%
-
-
-
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters131124158152
26
22
-16,3%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters2,71,30,80,6
0,1
0,1
+12,1%
-
-
-
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters189171177193
27
26
-2,8%
0,8
0,1
-90,7%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters166166166191
30
26
-13,5%
-
-
-
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters22222121
2,7
3,0
+7,7%
-
-
-
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters176164167171
29
28
-3,6%
0,2
0,2
-28,4%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters4862113114
21
13
-36,3%
-
-
-
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters97979897
16
14
-12,1%
2,8
2,0
-29,0%
Other Product 289265253243
43
33
-23,4%
2,5
0,6
-75,6%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)42485054
8,9
16
+76,8%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
476292152
19
29
+52,9%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
28232118
2,9
1,7
-40,7%
-
-
-
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201720182019202020202021%Period
Cheese23,924,425,1n.d.
di cui
Fresh cheeses7,06,86,9n.d.
Butter6,05,95,8n.d.
Cream5,95,75,7n.d.
Condensed Milk1,21,11,2n.d.
SMP and Buttermilk powder1,41,61,0n.d.
% Self-sufficiency rate130,5%132,1%133,5%128,3%117,1%Jan-Feb 2021
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 2,74% 1,88% 1,30% -6,76% 4,03% Jan-Dic 2021
CPI (consumer price index) 1,70% 1,94% 1,35% 0,37% 2,87% Jan-Dic 2021
Population ('000) 82.522 82.792 83.019 83.167
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 47.847 (e) 48.903 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 42.355(e) 41.410(e)
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate

**** Weighted average annual price, except for 2021 when the average price is arithmetic. Since January 2010 Fat content, to which farm-gate milk price refers, has increased from 3,70 % to 4,00 %.
1) The price is ex farm.
*** Milk price "ab Hof", 4% fat content and 3,4% protein content.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk conventional and organic prices: ZMB, BLE, estimates made by AMI ; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm) , Eurostat+BLE
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Per capita consumption: BLE
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

*** MILK DELIVERIES AND MILK PRODUCTION
  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 11-06-2021
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