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Germany: Dairy sector

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This Country:
  • accounts for 20,5% of EU milk deliveries (year 2017),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME), for the 58,4% of the milk deliveries,
  • accounts for 23,7% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2017).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.


Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

GERMANY: DAIRY SECTOR
x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201420152016201720172018%Period
Cow's Milk
Number of cows ('000 head)4.2964.2854.2184.1994.1994.101-2,3%Jan-Dec 2018
Slaughtered cows ('000)1.2721.2321.3361.2431.1431.153+0,9%Jan-Nov 2018
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - 000' heads)75.02593.08698.230117.874103.82889.701-13,6%Jan-Nov 2018
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - 000' heads)1.0254331.5202.8982.1031.423-32,3%Jan-Nov 2018
Milk production32.39532.67132.67232.598
± % Over the same period of the previous year+0,9%0,0%-0,2%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)31.37531.87931.97331.93731.93732.485+1,7%Jan-Dec 2018
± % Over the same period of the previous year+1,6%+0,3%-0,1%
% Delivery on production ***96,9%97,6%97,9%98,0%
% Protein3,41%3,41%3,43%3,44%3,44%3,44% Jan-Dec 2018
% Fat4,08%4,09%4,12%4,09%4,09%4,06% Jan-Dec 2018
Farm-gate milk prices**** m.g. 4% p.p. prot. 3,4% p.p.(€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)1)37,5529,2926,7336,1971,7433,82-52,9%Jan-Dec 2018
± % Over the same period of the previous year-22,0%-8,7%+35,4%
Organic Milk Deliveries ('000 Ton)-7327959399391.118+19,0%Jan-Dec 2018
Organic cow milk prices*** (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)48,0547,4047,8048,7348,7347,89-1,7%Jan-Dec 2018
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Number of Buffaloes ('000)6,57,18,08,7
Number of Goats ('000)117110139140140146+4,3%Jan-Dec 2018
Number of Sheeps ('000)1.6011.5801.5741.5801.5801.573-0,4%Jan-Dec 2018
Deliveries of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk ('000 Ton)-1315151516+1,4%Jan-Dec 2018
Prices of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)626570676765-2,2%Jan-Dec 2018
DAIRY PRODUCTION201420152016201720172018%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)5.2514.9804.9934.7434.7434.593-3,2%Jan-Dec 2018
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)568567586578578552-4,5%Jan-Dec 2018
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)1.8851.9251.9461.8911.8911.879-0,6%Jan-Dec 2018
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)489517516497497484-2,6%Jan-Dec 2018
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)31404346
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)9,7111110
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)2.2762.2382.2342.217
I° Classification
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)130136152150
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)45535456
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)677677677689
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)188185173157
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)1.1781.1861.1771.165
2° Classification
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.2742.2362.2332.215
Cheese from cows'milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.2982.3202.2852.3042.3042.338+1,5%Jan-Dec 2018
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)174173172176
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)413412351373373333-10,7%Jan-Dec 2018
Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (WMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)202236256257257282(e)+9,8%Jan-Dec 2018
Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)357400436430430419-2,5%Jan-Dec 2018
Buttermilk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3130)21192021
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)497529551565
Whey (in powder or in block) (Cod. Eurostat D5300)388400360345
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
609607628655
EXPORT2014201520162017Jan - Novof which Extra EU
2017
2018
%
2017
2018
%
Bulk milk (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP importers1.5761.5051.6721.437
1.313
1.212
-7,6%
3,3
1,9
-44,2%
Whole (04012099) TOP importers1.1121.1051.3211.083
998
886
-11,2%
2,1
0,3
-84,6%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP importers120828390
82
76
-7,3%
0,9
1,4
+45,1%
Skimmed (04011090) TOP importers343318267265
233
250
+7,4%
0,3
0,2
-40,6%
Cheese (0406) TOP importers1.1621.1701.1681.210
1.113
1.130
+1,5%
113
121
+7,3%
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers832944910725
672
592
-12,0%
286
265
-7,1%
Whole (04012091) TOP importers361431450375
350
312
-10,9%
216
192
-11,1%
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers405434378266
245
201
-17,9%
35
31
-11,6%
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers66798384
77
79
+2,1%
36
43
+21,3%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers629667685668
620
590
-4,8%
62
58
-5,7%
Whey (0404) TOP importers615533520492
453
450
-0,7%
71
85
+19,7%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP importers538485470435
400
395
-1,1%
68
81
+19,3%
SMP (040210) TOP importers333358358399
368
381
+3,5%
157
149
-4,8%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers369307290323
297
273
-8,4%
60
45
-24,9%
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers199203214228
209
216
+3,3%
87
89
+2,8%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers181159176197
177
190
+7,8%
19
18
-5,3%
Butter (0405) TOP importers150156150149
137
130
-5,0%
13
10
-19,0%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers18161820
19
22
+18,4%
0,8
1,0
+20,4%
Other Product 171184186191
176
170
-3,3%
75
75
0,0%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)n.a.n.a.2412
12
11
-1,4%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
n.a.n.a.4453
49
48
-3,0%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
n.a.728684
79
76
-3,5%
-
-
-
IMPORT2014201520162017Jan - Novof which Extra EU
2017
2018
%
2017
2018
%
Bulk milk (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters1.7681.9172.1592.694
2.374
2.083
-12,3%
2,0
2,1
+6,3%
Whole (04012099) TOP exporters1.6701.8022.0402.534
2.229
1.971
-11,6%
2,0
2,1
+3,4%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters1,95,85,622
20
18
-11,6%
0,0
0,1
0,0%
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters96109113138
125
95
-24,4%
-
-
-
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters731759824821
752
731
-2,7%
32
29
-9,6%
Whey (0404) TOP exporters814734728765
694
611
-12,0%
4,1
4,3
+3,9%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP exporters750674639659
602
521
-13,5%
4,0
4,0
-1,1%
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters108210186225
210
168
-20,2%
-
-
-
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters30717591
86
54
-37,1%
-
-
-
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters69125107131
122
113
-7,4%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters9,2144,02,7
2,6
1,2
-54,6%
-
-
-
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters195199184189
169
153
-9,4%
1,0
0,4
-61,0%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters147153157176
162
150
-7,5%
1,0
1,2
+16,5%
Butter (0405) TOP exporters133150146166
154
155
+0,2%
-
-
-
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters16161722
21
21
+1,4%
-
-
-
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP exporters43768295
87
65
-25,4%
0,2
0,3
+25,0%
Other Product 219233258233
212
222
+4,9%
11
7,0
-34,3%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)n.a.n.a.4342
39
44
+11,3%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
n.a.n.a.3747
44
54
+23,9%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
n.a.353828
27
20
-25,8%
-
-
-
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201420152016201720172018%Period
Cheese24,224,625,024,1
of which
Fresh cheeses6,48,17,87,0
Butter5,76,16,15,9
Cream5,85,86,05,8
Condensed Milk1,52,01,71,6
SMP and Buttermilk powder0,71,71,11,4
% Self-sufficiency rate137,0%135,0%130,5%130,5%130,1%Jan-Nov 2018
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017 2018(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 1,42% 1,97% 1,93% 2,50% 1,84% Jan-Dic 2018
CPI (consumer price index) 0,78% 0,13% 0,38% 1,70% 1,87% Jan-Dic 2018
Population ('000) 80.767 81.198 82.176 82.522
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 44.870 (e) 45.814 (e) 46.824 (e) 47.847 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 33.775(e) 41.292(e) 42.302(e) 43.549(e)
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate

**** Weighted average annual price, except for 2018 when the average price is arithmetic. Since January 2010 Fat content, to which farm-gate milk price refers, has increased from 3,70 % to 4,00 %.
1) The price is ex farm.
*** Milk price "ab Hof", 4% fat content and 3,4% protein content.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Farm-gate milk conventional and organic prices: ZMB, BLE, estimates made by AMI ; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm) , Eurostat+BLE
Export: IHS
Import: IHS
Per capita consumption: BLE
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

*** MILK DELIVERIES AND MILK PRODUCTION
  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).


Last update: 21-02-2019
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Germany with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it