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Germany: Dairy sector

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This Country:
  • accounts for 22,5% of EU milk deliveries (year 2020),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME), for the 58,0% of the milk deliveries (year 2020),
  • accounts for 24,0% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2020).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

GERMANY: DAIRY SECTOR
x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201720182019202020202021%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Live bovine animals ('000 Head)12.28111.94911.64011.302
of which
     Dairy Cows ('000 head)4.1994.1014.0123.9213.9693.892-2,0%May 2021
Slaughtered cows ('000 head)1.2431.2361.1861.106813810-0,4%Jan-Sep 2021
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)117.874105.02789.13675.46050.78941.210-18,9%Jan-Aug 2021
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)2.8981.7286221.8641.1561.487+28,6%Jan-Aug 2021
Milk production32.59833.08733.08033.165
± % Over the same period of the previous year+1,5%-0,0%+0,3%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)31.93732.49132.44232.54924.75824.361-1,6%Jan-Sep 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year+1,7%-0,1%+0,3%
% Delivery on production ***98,0%98,2%98,1%98,1%
% Protein3,44%3,44%3,47%3,47%3,44%3,44% Jan-Sep 2021
% Fat4,09%4,06%4,13%4,13%4,09%4,11% Jan-Sep 2021
Farm-gate milk prices**** m.g. 4% p.p. prot. 3,4% p.p.(€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)1)36,1934,3733,7032,8432,2734,90+8,2%Jan-Oct 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year-5,0%-1,9%-2,6%
Organic Milk Deliveries ('000 Ton)9391.1181.1851.234941967+2,7%Jan-Sep 2021
Organic cow milk prices*** (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)48,7347,8947,1047,7847,4849,33+3,9%Jan-Sep 2021
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Buffaloes ('000)8,79,61011
Goats ('000)140146141161
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A)16161616
Deliveries of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk ('000 Ton)151615161212-1,9%Jan-Sep 2021
Prices of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)676567696769+2,4%Jan-Sep 2021
Sheeps ('000)1.5801.5701.5571.484
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A)0,06,76,56,7
DAIRY PRODUCTION201720182019202020202021%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)4.7434.6464.5234.5663.4093.285-3,6%Jan-Sep 2021
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)578552554530400404+0,9%Jan-Sep 2021
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)1.8911.8791.8561.8241.3961.337-4,2%Jan-Sep 2021
of which
     Yoghurt products606639662673518496-4,4%Jan-Sep 2021
Buttermilk products1151161081048277-6,0%Jan-Sep 2021
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)497484497506379360-5,0%Jan-Sep 2021
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)46465152
Mixed fats514952896563-3,2%Jan-Sep 2021
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)109,57,98,0
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.3042.3392.3892.4491.8561.873+0,9%Jan-Sep 2021
Hard cheese192198189193146145-0,6%Jan-Sep 2021
Sour milk cheese252423231717-4,2%Jan-Sep 2021
Cut cheese707708739745559572+2,2%Jan-Sep 2021
Semi-hard cheese575656564242+0,3%Jan-Sep 2021
Soft cheese158161152167125128+2,2%Jan-Sep 2021
Pasta Filata cheese371390401425330342+3,4%Jan-Sep 2021
Cream cheese791797824835634625-1,4%Jan-Sep 2021
Cooked and whey cheese4,54,34,03,92,93,1+6,1%Jan-Sep 2021
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)2.2172.2462.2972.355
I° Classificazione
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)150154145160
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)56545555
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)689687719724
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)157161151154
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)1.1651.1901.2281.262
2° Classificazione
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.2152.2452.2962.354
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)373333325323244226-7,5%Jan-Sep 2021
WMP - Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)257288289256199219+9,8%Jan-Sep 2021
SMP - Skimmed milk powder (Cod. Eurostat D3113)430414393417314280-10,9%Jan-Sep 2021
Buttermilk powder212326251917-12,6%Jan-Sep 2021
Other powdered milk products121144155161120131+9,3%Jan-Sep 2021
Processed Cheese176186191193144149+3,9%Jan-Sep 2021
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)565578588585
Whey(Cod. Eurostat D5000)13.30313.41113.67013.956
of which
     Whey liquid (Cod. Eurostat D5100)1.7691.7841.8181.856
     Whey concentrated (Cod. Eurostat D5200)639464656670
     Whey (in powder or in block)345316310317236284+20,7%Jan-Sep 2021
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
655647647673
EXPORT2017201820192020Jan - Augof which Extra EU
2020
2021
%
2020
2021
%
Cheese (0406) TOP importers1.2101.2361.2761.318
895
907
+1,4%
152
146
-4,4%
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP importers1.4371.3341.4141.236
859
781
-9,0%
5,2
1,9
-63,1%
Whole (04012099) TOP importers1.0839721.087970
664
665
+0,1%
0,1
1,4
>1000%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP importers90826964
46
28
-38,6%
5,1
0,4
-93,0%
Skimmed (04011090) TOP importers265279258202
148
88
-40,6%
0,0
0,2
>1000%
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers725643705694
435
488
+12,3%
296
339
+14,3%
Whole (04012091) TOP importers375338384388
231
309
+33,8%
185
243
+30,9%
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers266220194160
108
99
-8,7%
29
25
-13,5%
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers8485127146
96
81
-15,8%
82
70
-13,7%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers668649666669
466
435
-6,7%
103
86
-16,4%
Whey (0404) TOP importers492483496542
371
412
+11,0%
81
91
+11,9%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP importers435424434478
327
365
+11,7%
77
84
+9,7%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers406396397393
262
265
+1,0%
70
69
-2,5%
SMP (040210) TOP importers399410406370
256
219
-14,2%
97
83
-14,2%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers323303305303
199
185
-7,1%
42
31
-25,7%
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers228233234236
164
159
-2,9%
83
75
-9,9%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers197210211221
149
156
+4,7%
16
23
+44,7%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers149143160156
113
109
-3,8%
12
11
-1,1%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers20242221
15
16
+7,8%
0,6
0,9
+45,3%
Other Product 222217208201
136
127
-6,7%
73
60
-18,4%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)12121110,0
6,1
6,8
+10,7%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
535777108
70
76
+8,8%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
84817977
52
52
+1,1%
-
-
-
IMPORT2017201820192020Jan - Augof which Extra EU
2020
2021
%
2020
2021
%
Latte Sfuso (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters2.6942.2761.9792.356
1.598
1.618
+1,3%
1,8
1,5
-17,0%
Whole (04012099)Revision Data TOP exporters2.5342.1501.8412.218
1.505
1.524
+1,2%
1,6
1,5
-7,2%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters22192115
9,6
13
+32,1%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters138106118123
83
82
-1,2%
-
-
-
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters821831870894
579
576
-0,4%
32
26
-19,5%
Whey (0404) TOP exporters765671662602
413
433
+4,8%
4,3
1,9
-56,1%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) and WPC (040410) TOP exporters659573581535
366
376
+2,7%
4,1
1,6
-59,4%
Latte Confezionato (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters225185223215
144
130
-9,2%
-
-
-
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters91606562
41
40
-3,3%
-
-
-
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters131124158153
102
90
-11,6%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters2,71,30,80,6
0,5
0,5
+0,9%
-
-
-
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters189171177195
129
123
-4,7%
7,9
0,5
-93,9%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters166166166192
122
125
+2,6%
0,8
0,2
-69,6%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters22222121
13
13
-3,9%
-
-
-
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters176164167175
115
122
+6,1%
1,2
1,1
-6,9%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters4862113114
82
70
-15,4%
-
-
-
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters97979898
64
69
+7,9%
11
8,9
-15,9%
Other Product 289265253246
169
140
-17,2%
9,1
3,5
-61,0%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)42485054
37
56
+50,5%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
476292154
100
134
+34,1%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
28232118
12
8,1
-33,1%
-
-
-
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201720182019202020202021%Period
Cheese23,924,425,125,4
di cui
Fresh cheeses7,06,87,07,1
Butter6,05,95,86,3
Cream5,95,75,75,3
Condensed Milk1,21,11,61,6
SMP and Buttermilk powder1,41,61,01,0
% Self-sufficiency rate130,5%132,1%133,5%128,5%125,9%Jan-Aug 2021
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 2,76% 1,81% 1,58% -6,50% 4,99% Jan-Dic 2021
CPI (consumer price index) 1,70% 1,94% 1,35% 0,37% 3,22% Jan-Dic 2021
Population ('000) 82.522 82.792 83.019 83.167 83.167 83.155 -0,0% Jan-Dic 2021
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 44.537 47.832 46.473 45.733 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 39.425 40.503 41.511 40.013(e)
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate

**** Weighted average annual price, except for 2021 when the average price is arithmetic. Since January 2010 Fat content, to which farm-gate milk price refers, has increased from 3,70 % to 4,00 %.
1) The price is ex farm.
*** Milk price "ab Hof", 4% fat content and 3,4% protein content.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk conventional and organic prices: ZMB, BLE, estimates made by AMI ; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm) , Eurostat+BLE
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Per capita consumption: BLE
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

*** MILK DELIVERIES AND MILK PRODUCTION
  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 04-12-2021
NOTA: Access to Dairy World Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Germany with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it