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Germany: Dairy sector

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This Country:
  • accounts for 20,5% of EU milk deliveries (year 2019),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME), for the 57,5% of the milk deliveries (year 2018),
  • accounts for 22,7% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2019).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

GERMANY: DAIRY SECTOR
x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201620172018201920192020%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Dairy Cows ('000 head)4.2184.1994.1014.0124.0673.969-2,4%May 2020
Slaughtered cows ('000)1.3361.2431.2361.186487469-3,7%Jan-May 2020
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)98.230117.874105.02787.44829.71627.378-7,9%Jan-Apr 2020
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)1.5202.8981.72859545248-89,4%Jan-Apr 2020
Milk production32.67232.59833.087
± % Over the same period of the previous year-0,2%+1,5%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)31.97331.93732.49132.44213.76913.925+1,1%Jan-May 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year-0,1%+1,7%-0,1%
% Delivery on production ***97,9%98,0%98,2%
% Protein3,43%3,44%3,44%3,47%3,48%3,47% Jan-May 2020
% Fat4,12%4,09%4,06%4,13%4,16%4,16% Jan-May 2020
Farm-gate milk prices**** m.g. 4% p.p. prot. 3,4% p.p.(€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)1)26,7336,1934,3733,7033,3532,50-2,5%Jan-Jun 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year+35,4%-5,0%-1,9%
Organic Milk Deliveries ('000 Ton)7959391.1181.185502524+4,4%Jan-May 2020
Organic cow milk prices*** (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)47,8048,7347,8947,1047,4347,53+0,2%Jan-May 2020
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Buffaloes ('000)8,08,79,610
Goats ('000)139140146141
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A)151616-
Deliveries of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk ('000 Ton)151516156,26,3+1,0%Jan-May 2020
Prices of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)706765652424+2,7%Jan-Feb 2020
Sheeps ('000)1.5741.5801.5701.557
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A)0,00,06,7-
DAIRY PRODUCTION201620172018201920192020%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)4.9934.7434.6464.5231.9461.933-0,7%Jan-May 2020
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)586578552554231215-6,8%Jan-May 2020
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)1.9461.8911.8791.856800787-1,6%Jan-May 2020
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)516497484497222228+2,4%Jan-May 2020
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)43464651
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)11109,57,9
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)2.2342.2172.2462.297
I° Classification
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)152150154145
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)54565455
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)677689687719
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)173157161151
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)1.1771.1651.1901.228
2° Classification
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.2332.2152.2452.296
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.2852.3042.3392.3891.0041.029+2,5%Jan-May 2020
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)172176186191
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)351373333325148134-9,3%Jan-May 2020
Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (WMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)256257288289122125+2,6%Jan-May 2020
Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)436430414393174181+4,3%Jan-May 2020
Buttermilk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3130)20212326
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)551565578588
Whey (in powder or in block) (Cod. Eurostat D5300)360345316310
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
628655647647
EXPORT2016201720182019Jan - Aprof which Extra EU
2019
2020
%
2019
2020
%
Bulk milk (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP importers1.6721.4371.3341.406
439
398
-9,4%
0,4
1,0
+166,0%
Whole (04012099) TOP importers1.3211.0839721.080
343
310
-9,7%
-
-
-
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP importers83908269
15
24
+62,4%
0,3
1,0
+177,1%
Skimmed (04011090) TOP importers267265279257
81
64
-20,7%
-
-
-
Cheese (0406) TOP importers1.1681.2101.2361.275
414
417
+0,9%
45
52
+15,4%
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers910725643704
232
207
-10,9%
122
133
+9,4%
Whole (04012091) TOP importers450375338384
125
113
-9,6%
86
89
+4,1%
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers378266220194
72
56
-22,2%
13
12
-1,3%
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers838485126
36
38
+7,7%
23
31
+34,9%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers685668649665
227
230
+1,2%
25
24
-2,3%
Whey (0404) TOP importers520492483489
151
182
+20,6%
34
39
+13,9%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP importers470435424427
132
158
+19,8%
32
37
+14,3%
SMP (040210) TOP importers358399410405
151
124
-17,9%
67
42
-37,7%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers359406396397
134
137
+2,2%
25
33
+28,6%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers290323303305
114
95
-16,7%
28
13
-54,1%
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers214228233234
75
85
+14,5%
36
38
+5,2%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers176197210211
68
69
+2,2%
5,5
6,8
+24,9%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers150149143159
51
60
+16,1%
3,1
4,5
+45,7%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers18202422
7,4
7,5
+0,7%
0,3
0,2
-27,4%
Other Product 214222217208
71
69
-2,3%
30
34
+13,6%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)24121211
4,2
3,0
-29,7%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
44535776
27
32
+20,3%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
86848179
28
27
-2,5%
-
-
-
IMPORT2016201720182019Jan - Aprof which Extra EU
2019
2020
%
2019
2020
%
Bulk milk (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters2.1592.6942.2762.543
683
1.017
+49,1%
0,8
0,7
-1,5%
Whole (04012099) Revision Data TOP exporters2.0402.5342.1502.404
634
969
+52,9%
0,7
0,7
+0,2%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters5,6221921
9,2
4,6
-50,0%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters113138106118
40
43
+9,9%
-
-
-
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters824821831866
284
277
-2,6%
11
11
+2,7%
Whey (0404) TOP exporters728765671661
210
201
-3,9%
1,3
0,9
-33,3%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP exporters639659573581
188
177
-6,0%
1,0
0,7
-30,2%
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters186225185223
73
77
+4,8%
-
-
-
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters75916064
21
21
+0,5%
-
-
-
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters107131124158
52
56
+6,8%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters4,02,71,30,7
0,3
0,2
-40,5%
-
-
-
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters184189171176
55
63
+14,1%
0,1
0,2
+37,5%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters146166166166
55
57
+2,7%
-
-
-
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters17222221
6,5
5,9
-8,9%
-
-
-
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters157176164166
56
54
-3,7%
0,5
0,4
-3,3%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters734862112
38
43
+12,9%
-
-
-
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters86979797
34
32
-5,8%
3,8
4,1
+8,5%
Other Product 276289265263
96
85
-12,1%
3,9
2,8
-28,5%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)43424850
17
20
+18,8%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
37476292
29
43
+48,9%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
38282321
7,2
5,9
-17,6%
-
-
-
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201620172018201920192020%Period
Cheese25,024,1n.d.n.d.
of which
Fresh cheeses7,87,0n.d.n.d.
Butter6,15,9n.d.n.d.
Cream6,05,8n.d.n.d.
Condensed Milk1,71,6n.d.n.d.
SMP and Buttermilk powder1,11,4n.d.n.d.
% Self-sufficiency rate130,5%130,5%132,1%130,5%118,4%Jan-Apr 2020
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 1,90% 2,67% 1,90% 1,24% -8,28% Jan-Dic 2020
CPI (consumer price index) 0,37% 1,70% 1,94% 1,35% 0,24% Jan-Dic 2020
Population ('000) 82.176 82.522 82.792 83.019
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 46.824 (e) 47.847 (e) 48.903 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 42.302(e) 42.355(e) 41.410(e)
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate

**** Weighted average annual price, except for 2020 when the average price is arithmetic. Since January 2010 Fat content, to which farm-gate milk price refers, has increased from 3,70 % to 4,00 %.
1) The price is ex farm.
*** Milk price "ab Hof", 4% fat content and 3,4% protein content.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk conventional and organic prices: ZMB, BLE, estimates made by AMI ; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm) , Eurostat+BLE
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Per capita consumption: BLE
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

*** MILK DELIVERIES AND MILK PRODUCTION
  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 07-08-2020
NOTA: L'accesso all'area Dairy World Trade, contenente anche le elaborazioni di Import / Export della Germania con aggiornamento MENSILE, è riservato ai Sostenitori di CLAL.it