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Feed composition analysis

This page considers the cost of the protein component in dairy cow feed rations and allows to analyze the cost of protein contained in different protein-rich animal feed sources.
Goal of the page is to promote an economic analysis of the protein component in the feed so as to allow the selection of the best possible protein source, bearing of course in mind that any change of ingredients in the feed ration implies synergic reactions which must be carefully assessed.

The first chart exhibits the monthly market value of 100 kg of the Simulated Feed Ration.
The Simulated Feed Ration is a theoretical feed model exclusively based on the use of corn and soybean extraction meal 44%; this has been taken as a model since the two constituent ingredients are price drivers for all the raw materials available on the market. This feed ration can therefore be used as an indication for the cost trend of concentrated feed.
Composition of the Simulated Feed Ration is as follows:
Corn meal70%
Soybean extraction meal 44% protein30%
Raw protein as fed19%
Value in MFU1,05
The Simulated Feed Ration, fed in amounts varying between 11 and 13 kilograms, with the addition of forages of corn silage and hay (for the production of liquid milk and Grana Padano) or of only hay (for the production of Parmigiano Reggiano), allows to cover the theoretical production requirements of a multiparous cow producing 30 kg of milk with a 4% fat content. The monthly price of the products corresponds to the average monthly quotation of the Commodities Exchange of the Milan Chamber of Commerce.

The second chart shows the weight (in percentage) of the price of each of the two components on the total cost of the Simulated Feed Ration as well as the price percentage variation compared to the previous month.

The third chart compares the Simulated Feed Ration Cost and the Farm-gate Milk Price in Lombardy (Italy).

The fourth chart exhibits the "Milk:Feed Ratio", defined as the price of 100kg of Farm-gate Milk in Lombardy (Italy) / the cost of 100kg of Simulated Feed Ration The Milk:Feed Ratio represents how many kg of Simulated Feed Ration could be purchased with the gross revenue from 1kg of milk at the stated price.

The fifth chart shows the cost of protein obtained from different animal feeds. The calculation is as follows: market value of the feed / protein titre (as fed) The protein titre for each product is included in the table.
The market value considered corresponds to the monthly average of the weekly quotations of the Commodities Exchange of the Milan Chamber of Commerce. Source of the protein titre used is INEA - Istituto Nazionale di Economia Agraria.

Page compiled with the contribution of Dr. Roberto Preti, Veterinary Physician.

Chart 1.

Chart 2.

Show/Hide the historical trend of the average monthly price
of Italian Corn


€/ton
2007 2012 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 % on prev. month % on 2021
January 169 198 178 177 187 174 207 279 +0,12% +34,78%
February 166 206 180 177 185 176 227 283 +1,25% +24,72%
March 165 207 182 179 182 179 226 381 +34,94% +68,52%
April 163 214 182 185 181 183 236 377 -1,04% +59,85%
May 167 212 183 190 180 179 269 381 +0,99% +41,64%
June 171 202 185 191 184 181 267
July 188 238 190 189 182 183 262
August 222 277 185 195 179 185 267
September 237 268 178 185 176 174 253
October 227 247 176 182 173 179 278
November 217 256 178 181 172 189 279
December 228 256 178 183 172 189 279
Jan - May 166 207 181 181 183 178 233 342
Change (1) +22,49% +24,55% -12,43% +0,19% +0,82% -2,56% +30,53% +47,08%
Jan - Dec 193 229 181 184 179 181 254
Change (1) +40,24% +18,46% -20,92% +1,54% -2,39% +0,60% +40,49%
Milan Chamber of Commerce
The average monthly price is calculated on the weekly quotes.
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for years 2007, 2012, 2017, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
  = min price
= max price
Show/Hide the historical trend of the average monthly price
of Italian Soybean extraction meal 44%


€/ton
2007 2012 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 % on prev. month % on 2021
January 239 329 387 346 349 358 505 517 +7,63% +2,48%
February 243 347 388 386 339 361 515 545 +5,46% +5,98%
March 236 366 369 406 336 399 471 607 +11,36% +28,97%
April 232 396 355 431 338 395 458 591 -2,71% +28,98%
May 242 439 346 451 332 353 448 551 -6,73% +22,99%
June 248 451 334 391 352 334 419
July 259 527 339 371 335 332 424
August 266 562 318 362 328 338 416
September 290 531 319 349 328 357 433
October 332 489 329 358 333 404 441
November 347 485 327 355 336 443 444
December 353 481 343 355 347 446 480
Jan - May 238 373 369 404 339 374 479 564
Change (1) -0,88% +56,65% -1,20% +9,55% -16,14% +10,49% +27,94% +17,88%
Jan - Dec 274 445 346 381 338 378 454
Change (1) +19,72% +62,40% -22,14% +9,94% -11,27% +11,94% +20,07%
Milan Chamber of Commerce
The average monthly price is calculated on the weekly quotes.
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for years 2007, 2012, 2017, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
  = min price
= max price

Chart 3.


Show/Hide the comparison between the Simulated Feed Ration Cost and
the Farm-gate Milk Price in Lombardy (Italy) since 2012



Show/Hide the comparison between the Simulated Feed Ration Cost and
the Farm-gate Milk Price in Lombardy (Italy), Germany and France


Chart 4.

The following chart represents how many kg of Simulated Feed Ration could be purchased with the gross revenue from 1kg of milk.

Chart 5.

The values presented in the following chart show the cost of 1000 g (1kg) of protein obtained from the raw materials considered.

Example: the value of Italian soybean extraction meal 44% on January 2013 was equal to 1.02. This means that the price of 1000 g of protein provided by Italian soybean extraction meal 44% was in that month of €1,02.
Feed Protein Content
% as fed
Rapeseed extraction meal 34.4
Whole grain sunflower extraction meal 24.0
Decorticated sunflower extraction meal 33.6
Foreign soybean extraction meal 44% 43.4
Italian soybean extraction meal 44% 43.4
Foreign decorticated soybean extraction meal 49.0
Italian decorticated soybean extraction meal 49.0

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