< >

U.S. farm indicators

+ Add to Favorites

This page contains data on milk production and farms indicators in the United States of America.

Milk production and number of dairy cows in the 50 states are recorded quarterly and organized by region (Northeast, Southeast, Midwest, South Central, Southwest, Northwest, Alaska, Hawaii) according to the USDA classification. For some States it is possible to consult the monthly detail.

An overview of the milk production per cow (pounds) allows the monthly monitoring of productivity in many of the U.S. states.

Farm indicators are displayed both with reference to the five-year censuses and on an annual basis, with details by the number of dairy farms, total and per farm agricultural area.

Analysis on Costs and Income of U.S. Dairy Farms »


2017 2019
MILK PRODUCTION (quarterly and monthly) 2018 - Tons
Regions and States Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec Tot. 2018 ± on
2017 *
MIDWEST U.S. 8.308.990 +0,4% 8.582.963 +0,3% 8.389.731 +0,3% 8.262.270 -0,4% 33.543.954 +0,1%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 5.610.542 +2,9% 5.614.624 +0,5% 5.324.322 +1,0% 5.419.577 +1,3% 21.969.065 +1,4%
NORTHEAST U.S. 3.490.474 -1,6% 3.619.296 -1,2% 3.490.928 -0,5% 3.395.491 -1,8% 13.996.190 -1,3%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 3.555.293 +4,7% 3.697.723 +5,2% 3.569.809 +5,4% 3.490.429 +3,1% 14.313.254 +4,6%
NORTHWEST U.S. 2.721.945 +3,7% 2.854.849 +2,3% 2.879.797 +1,8% 2.805.860 +4,0% 11.262.451 +2,9%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 981.130 -2,7% 948.471 -5,1% 823.732 -5,1% 833.258 -7,1% 3.586.592 -5,0%
OTHER STATES 4.944 +5,8% 5.126 -0,9% 3.901 -17,3% 2.676 -39,2% 16.647 -12,2%
National Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec Total
US 2018 24.673.319 25.323.052 24.482.219 24.209.562 98.688.152
Variation on 2017 +1,5% +0,8% +1,0% +0,5% +0,9%
US 2017 24.310.986 25.123.741 24.239.182 24.088.406 97.762.315
* % change from same period of previous year.
Other States includes Alaska and Hawaii.
Source: USDA
2017 2019
MILK PRODUCTION / COW (monthly) 2018 - Pounds
Regions and States Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot.
2018
± on
2017 *
MIDWEST U.S. 1.980 1.812 2.028 1.973 2.068 1.992 2.012 2.010 1.913 1.965 1.902 1.994 23.649 +0,8%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 2.011 1.866 2.075 2.004 2.046 1.919 1.905 1.903 1.857 1.915 1.881 1.982 23.364 +1,9%
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.862 1.720 1.925 1.881 1.973 1.903 1.912 1.898 1.803 1.850 1.778 1.861 22.366 -0,4%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 2.059 1.901 2.149 2.097 2.145 2.062 2.091 2.072 1.970 1.999 1.938 2.037 24.521 +1,4%
NORTHWEST U.S. 2.008 1.835 2.046 2.009 2.107 2.047 2.114 2.102 1.995 2.046 1.943 2.016 24.267 +1,9%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 1.745 1.649 1.844 1.764 1.802 1.649 1.592 1.545 1.440 1.507 1.546 1.641 19.723 -1,9%
National Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot. 2018
US 2018 1.981 1.824 2.041 1.985 2.060 1.973 1.990 1.982 1.895 1.944 1.884 1.975 23.534,12
Variation on 2017 +1,1% +1,2% +0,9% +0,3% +0,8% +1,3% +0,5% +1,5% +2,1% +1,3% +1,1% +1,4% +1,1%
US 2017 1.959 1.803 2.023 1.979 2.042 1.948 1.980 1.953 1.856 1.919 1.863 1.948 23.273
* % change from same period of previous year.
Source: USDA
  = Min Production / Cow
  = Max Production / Cow
2017 2019
NUMBER OF DAIRY COWS (quarterly and monthly) 2018
Regions and States Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec 2018 ± on 2017 *
MIDWEST U.S. 3.167.500 -5.000 3.160.500 -15.500 3.147.500 -27.500 3.134.000 -39.000 3.134.000 -1,2% -39.000
SOUTHWEST U.S. 2.081.000 -3.000 2.075.000 -12.000 2.072.000 -12.000 2.069.000 -12.000 2.069.000 -0,6% -12.000
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.408.800 0 1.404.100 -7.200 1.395.600 -15.700 1.383.700 -27.100 1.383.700 -1,9% -27.100
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 1.334.000 +54.000 1.342.500 +45.500 1.343.500 +34.500 1.343.000 +26.000 1.343.000 +2,0% +26.000
NORTHWEST U.S. 1.022.500 +8.000 1.025.500 +10.000 1.027.000 +7.500 1.035.000 +18.000 1.035.000 +1,8% +18.000
SOUTHEAST U.S. 416.500 -2.000 406.000 -12.500 395.500 -19.500 391.000 -27.000 391.000 -6,5% -27.000
OTHER STATES 2.400 -300 2.400 -200 2.300 -200 1.900 -500 1.900 -20,8% -500
National Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec 2018
US 2018 9.435.100 9.418.400 9.385.700 9.359.500 9.359.500
Difference n ° heads on 2017 +51.400 +7.900 -33.100 -62.100 -62.100
US 2017 9.383.700 9.410.500 9.418.800 9.421.600 9.421.600
* % change from same period of previous year.
Other States includes Alaska and Hawaii.

Source: USDA
FARMS (census)
Regions and States 2002 2007 2012 2017 ± on 2012
MIDWEST U.S. 711.311 718.095 684.354 653.095 -4,6% (-31259 az.ag.)