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U.S. farm indicators

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This page contains data on milk production and farms indicators in the United States of America.

Milk production and number of dairy cows in the 50 states are recorded quarterly and organized by region (Northeast, Southeast, Midwest, South Central, Southwest, Northwest, Alaska, Hawaii) according to the USDA classification. For some States it is possible to consult the monthly detail.

An overview of the milk production per cow (pounds) allows the monthly monitoring of productivity in many of the U.S. states.

Farm indicators are displayed both with reference to the five-year censuses and on an annual basis, with details by the number of dairy farms, total and per farm agricultural area.

Analysis on Costs and Income of U.S. Dairy Farms »


2016 2018
MILK PRODUCTION (quarterly and monthly) 2017 - Tons
Regions and States Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec Tot. 2017 ± on
2016 *
MIDWEST U.S. 8.279.506 +1,2% 8.560.283 +1,7% 8.367.958 +2,1% 8.295.836 +1,8% 33.503.583 +1,7%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 5.450.875 -2,1% 5.588.769 -0,2% 5.273.973 -0,1% 5.347.909 -0,1% 21.661.526 -0,6%
NORTHEAST U.S. 3.547.537 +1,7% 3.664.883 +1,6% 3.510.206 +0,1% 3.459.448 -0,8% 14.182.074 +0,7%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 3.394.720 +10,4% 3.515.377 +9,1% 3.387.009 +7,7% 3.385.195 +4,8% 13.682.301 +8,0%
NORTHWEST U.S. 2.624.875 -2,7% 2.789.531 -0,1% 2.827.588 -0,4% 2.698.403 -0,4% 10.940.397 -0,9%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 1.008.800 -0,4% 999.728 -0,1% 867.731 +0,1% 897.215 0,0% 3.773.474 -0,1%
OTHER STATES 4.672 +10,8% 5.171 +7,5% 4.717 +13,0% 4.400 +4,3% 18.960 +8,9%
National Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec Total
US 2017 24.310.986 25.123.741 24.239.182 24.088.406 97.762.315
Variation on 2016 +1,2% +1,9% +1,7% +1,1% +1,5%
US 2016 24.029.937 24.646.920 23.842.194 23.827.134 96.346.185
* % change from same period of previous year.
Other States includes Alaska and Hawaii.
Source: USDA
2016 2018
MILK PRODUCTION / COW (monthly) 2017 - Pounds
Regions and States Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot.
2017
± on
2016 *
MIDWEST U.S. 1.965 1.807 2.022 1.977 2.049 1.962 1.991 1.986 1.890 1.957 1.888 1.963 23.457 +1,2%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 1.957 1.802 2.021 1.983 2.025 1.901 1.934 1.875 1.770 1.880 1.840 1.946 22.935 -0,9%
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.907 1.750 1.952 1.931 1.988 1.882 1.903 1.877 1.797 1.845 1.781 1.849 22.462 +0,9%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 2.035 1.894 2.144 2.065 2.114 2.023 2.056 2.014 1.917 1.954 1.933 2.030 24.176 +1,8%
NORTHWEST U.S. 1.952 1.772 1.996 1.967 2.080 2.035 2.093 2.083 1.972 1.995 1.904 1.974 23.823 -1,1%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 1.791 1.673 1.874 1.804 1.829 1.685 1.629 1.578 1.480 1.535 1.556 1.677 20.109 +0,9%
National Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot. 2017
US 2017 1.959 1.803 2.023 1.979 2.042 1.948 1.980 1.953 1.856 1.919 1.863 1.948 23.273,14
Variation on 2016 +1,6% -2,1% +1,0% +1,3% +0,8% +0,7% +1,1% +1,0% -0,0% +0,3% -0,1% +0,4% +0,5%
US 2016 1.927 1.841 2.002 1.954 2.027 1.936 1.959 1.935 1.856 1.914 1.865 1.941 23.156
* % change from same period of previous year.
Source: USDA
  = Min Production / Cow
  = Max Production / Cow
2016 2018
NUMBER OF DAIRY COWS (quarterly and monthly) 2017
Regions and States Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec 2017 ± on 2016 *
MIDWEST U.S. 3.172.500 +15.500 3.176.000 +13.000 3.175.000 +10.000 3.173.000 +7.000 3.173.000 +0,2% +7.000
SOUTHWEST U.S. 2.084.000 -2.000 2.087.000 +6.000 2.084.000 +8.000 2.081.000 +6.000 2.081.000 +0,3% +6.000
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.408.800 -6.500 1.411.300 -4.000 1.411.300 -1.000 1.410.800 +3.500 1.410.800 +0,2% +3.500
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 1.280.000 +78.500 1.297.000 +81.000 1.309.000 +72.000 1.317.000 +63.000 1.317.000 +5,0% +63.000
NORTHWEST U.S. 1.014.500 +2.500 1.015.500 +2.500 1.019.500 +500 1.017.000 -1.000 1.017.000 -0,1% -1.000
SOUTHEAST U.S. 418.500 -15.500 418.500 -10.500 415.000 -2.000 418.000 +500 418.000 +0,1% +500
OTHER STATES 2.700 0 2.600 -200 2.500 -200 2.400 -300 2.400 -11,1% -300
National Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec 2017
US 2017 9.383.700 9.410.500 9.418.800 9.421.600 9.421.600
Difference n ° heads on 2016 +72.500 +87.600 +87.100 +78.400 +78.400
US 2016 9.311.200 9.322.900 9.331.700 9.343.200 9.343.200
* % change from same period of previous year.
Other States includes Alaska and Hawaii.

Source: USDA
FARMS (census)
Regions and States 2002 2007 2012 2017 ± on 2012
MIDWEST U.S. 711.311 718.095 684.354 653.095 -4,6% (-31259 az.ag.)