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U.S. farm indicators

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This page contains data on milk production and farms indicators in the United States of America.

Milk production and number of dairy cows in the 50 states are recorded quarterly and organized by region (Northeast, Southeast, Midwest, South Central, Southwest, Northwest, Alaska, Hawaii) according to the USDA classification. For some States it is possible to consult the monthly detail.

An overview of the milk production per cow (pounds) allows the monthly monitoring of productivity in many of the U.S. states.

Farm indicators are displayed both with reference to the five-year censuses and on an annual basis, with details by the number of dairy farms, total and per farm agricultural area.

Analysis on Costs and Income of U.S. Dairy Farms »


2018 2020
MILK PRODUCTION (quarterly and monthly) 2019 - Tons
Regions and States Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec Tot. 2019 ± on
2018 *
MIDWEST U.S. 8.336.206 +0,3% 8.556.201 -0,3% 8.381.566 -0,1% 8.264.991 +0,0% 33.538.964 -0,0%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 5.580.604 -0,5% 5.587.408 -0,5% 5.346.095 +0,4% 5.420.484 +0,0% 21.934.591 -0,2%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 3.644.652 +2,5% 3.783.453 +2,3% 3.690.465 +3,4% 3.712.238 +6,4% 14.830.808 +3,6%
NORTHEAST U.S. 3.440.171 -1,4% 3.540.733 -2,2% 3.423.251 -1,9% 3.398.939 +0,1% 13.803.094 -1,4%
NORTHWEST U.S. 2.773.247 +1,9% 2.910.052 +1,9% 2.969.246 +3,1% 2.874.081 +2,4% 11.526.626 +2,3%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 910.369 -7,2% 894.493 -5,7% 790.620 -4,0% 825.547 -0,9% 3.421.029 -4,6%
OTHER STATES 953 -80,7% 408 -92,0% 408 -89,5% 544 -79,7% 2.313 -86,1%
National Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec Total
US 2019 24.686.202 25.272.748 24.601.651 24.496.825 99.057.425
Variation on 2018 +0,1% -0,2% +0,5% +1,2% +0,4%
US 2018 24.673.319 25.323.052 24.482.219 24.209.562 98.688.152
* % change from same period of previous year.
Other States includes Alaska and Hawaii.
Source: USDA
2018 2020
MILK PRODUCTION / COW (monthly) 2019 - Pounds
Regions and States Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot.
2019
± on
2018 *
MIDWEST U.S. 2.032 1.841 2.039 1.990 2.082 2.022 2.016 2.032 1.944 1.991 1.905 2.003 23.896 +1,0%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 2.032 1.866 2.077 2.032 2.064 1.909 1.965 1.922 1.860 1.945 1.903 1.985 23.560 +0,8%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 2.094 1.924 2.141 2.105 2.149 2.067 2.093 2.063 2.012 2.049 1.975 2.087 24.758 +1,0%
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.897 1.736 1.940 1.901 1.976 1.902 1.908 1.905 1.835 1.882 1.820 1.903 22.605 +1,1%
NORTHWEST U.S. 2.036 1.829 2.044 2.027 2.120 2.060 2.132 2.118 2.008 2.040 1.944 2.022 24.382 +0,5%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 1.820 1.692 1.890 1.801 1.830 1.720 1.683 1.609 1.526 1.607 1.640 1.772 20.589 +1,8%
National Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot. 2019
US 2019 2.017 1.839 2.046 2.004 2.071 1.984 2.007 1.995 1.918 1.971 1.901 1.994 23.747,88
Variation on 2018 +1,9% +0,9% +0,3% +1,0% +0,6% +0,7% +1,0% +0,8% +1,4% +1,5% +1,0% +1,0% +1,0%
US 2018 1.980 1.823 2.040 1.984 2.058 1.971 1.988 1.980 1.892 1.942 1.882 1.974 23.516
* % change from same period of previous year.
Source: USDA
  = Min Production / Cow
  = Max Production / Cow
2018 2020
NUMBER OF DAIRY COWS (quarterly and monthly) 2019
Regions and States Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec 2019 ± on 2018 *
MIDWEST U.S. 3.130.500 -37.000 3.119.500 -41.000 3.113.000 -34.500 3.112.000 -22.000 3.112.000 -0,7% -22.000
SOUTHWEST U.S. 2.061.000 -20.000 2.053.000 -22.000 2.050.000 -22.000 2.050.000 -19.000 2.050.000 -0,9% -19.000
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 1.356.500 +22.500 1.370.000 +27.500 1.377.000 +33.500 1.395.000 +52.000 1.395.000 +3,9% +52.000
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.374.700 -34.100 1.370.200 -33.900 1.358.500 -37.100 1.353.600 -30.100 1.353.600 -2,2% -30.100
NORTHWEST U.S. 1.037.500 +15.000 1.037.500 +12.000 1.050.500 +23.500 1.060.000 +25.000 1.060.000 +2,4% +25.000
SOUTHEAST U.S. 384.000 -32.500 379.500 -26.500 371.500 -24.000 373.000 -18.000 373.000 -4,6% -18.000
OTHER STATES 1.300 -1.100 1.000 -1.400 1.000 -1.300 1.100 -800 1.100 -42,1% -800
National Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec 2019
US 2019 9.345.500 9.330.700 9.321.500 9.344.700 9.344.700
Difference n ° heads on 2018 -89.600 -87.700 -64.200 -14.800 -14.800
US 2018 9.435.100 9.418.400 9.385.700 9.359.500 9.359.500
* % change from same period of previous year.
Other States includes Alaska and Hawaii.

Source: USDA
FARMS (census)
Regions and States 2002 2007 2012 2017 ± on 2012
MIDWEST U.S. 711.311 718.095 684.354 653.095 -4,6% (-31259 az.ag.)