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U.S. farm indicators

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This page contains data on milk production and farms indicators in the United States of America.

Milk production and number of dairy cows in the 50 states are recorded quarterly and organized by region (Northeast, Southeast, Midwest, South Central, Southwest, Northwest, Alaska, Hawaii) according to the USDA classification. For some States it is possible to consult the monthly detail.

An overview of the milk production per cow (pounds) allows the monthly monitoring of productivity in many of the U.S. states.

Farm indicators are displayed both with reference to the five-year censuses and on an annual basis, with details by the number of dairy farms, total and per farm agricultural area.

Analysis on Costs and Income of U.S. Dairy Farms »


2019
MILK PRODUCTION (quarterly and monthly) 2020 - Tons
Regions and States Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec Tot. 2020 ± on
2019 *
MIDWEST U.S. 8.468.656 +1,6% 8.548.036 -0,1% 8.580.241 +2,4%   25.596.934 +1,3%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 5.708.519 +2,3% 5.624.603 +0,7% 5.433.185 +1,6%   16.766.307 +1,5%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 3.915.450 +7,4% 3.842.874 +1,6% 3.826.091 +3,7%   11.584.414 +4,2%
NORTHEAST U.S. 3.520.276 +2,3% 3.523.678 -0,5% 3.452.826 +0,9%   10.496.779 +0,9%
NORTHWEST U.S. 2.927.969 +5,6% 2.985.802 +2,6% 3.023.451 +1,8%   8.937.222 +3,3%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 918.988 +0,9% 874.535 -2,2% 780.187 -1,3%   2.573.710 -0,8%
OTHER STATES 680 -28,6% 590 +44,4% 454 +11,1%   1.724 -2,6%
National Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec Total
US 2020 25.460.537 25.400.118 25.096.435   75.957.090
Variation on 2019 +3,1% +0,5% +2,0%   +1,9%
US 2019 24.686.202 25.272.748 24.601.651 24.496.825 99.057.425
* % change from same period of previous year.
Other States includes Alaska and Hawaii.
Source: USDA
2019
MILK PRODUCTION / COW (monthly) 2020 - Pounds
Regions and States Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot.
2020
± on
2019 *
MIDWEST U.S. 2.038 1.924 2.074 2.002 2.059 2.026 2.054 2.063 1.987       18.227 +1,3%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 2.048 1.966 2.139 2.042 2.071 1.949 2.003 1.944 1.913       18.075 +2,0%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 2.139 2.007 2.174 2.087 2.073 2.024 2.070 2.087 2.036       18.697 +0,3%
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.949 1.843 1.999 1.939 1.953 1.916 1.946 1.927 1.864       17.335 +2,0%
NORTHWEST U.S. 2.041 1.922 2.081 2.040 2.116 2.049 2.146 2.119 2.012       18.526 +0,8%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 1.864 1.770 1.903 1.818 1.797 1.710 1.686 1.631 1.541       15.720 +1,0%
National Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot. 2020
US 2020 2.039 1.931 2.090 2.015 2.050 1.988 2.033 2.019 1.954 - - - 18.119,23
Variation on 2019 +1,1% +5,0% +2,2% +0,6% -1,0% +0,2% +1,3% +1,2% +1,9% - - - +1,3%
US 2019 2.017 1.839 2.046 2.004 2.071 1.984 2.007 1.995 1.918 1.971 1.901 1.994 23.748
* % change from same period of previous year.
Source: USDA
  = Min Production / Cow
  = Max Production / Cow
2019
NUMBER OF DAIRY COWS (quarterly and monthly) 2020
Regions and States Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec 2020 ± on 2019 *
MIDWEST U.S. 3.111.500 -19.000 3.114.500 -5.000 3.124.500 +11.500   3.124.500 +0,4% +11.500
SOUTHWEST U.S. 2.047.000 -14.000 2.046.000 -7.000 2.043.000 -7.000   2.043.000 -0,3% -7.000
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 1.416.000 +59.500 1.415.000 +45.000 1.418.500 +41.500   1.418.500 +3,0% +41.500
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.351.600 -23.100 1.350.000 -20.200 1.346.000 -12.500   1.346.000 -0,9% -12.500
NORTHWEST U.S. 1.071.500 +34.000 1.066.000 +28.500 1.066.500 +16.000   1.066.500 +1,5% +16.000
SOUTHEAST U.S. 375.500 -8.500 369.500 -10.000 361.700 -9.800   361.700 -2,6% -9.800
OTHER STATES 1.000 -300 900 -100 800 -200   800 -20,0% -200
National Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec 2020
US 2020 9.374.100 9.361.900 9.361.000   9.361.000
Difference n ° heads on 2019 +28.600 +31.200 +39.500   +39.500
US 2019 9.345.500 9.330.700 9.321.500 9.344.700 9.344.700
* % change from same period of previous year.
Other States includes Alaska and Hawaii.

Source: USDA
FARMS (census)
Regions and States 2002 2007 2012 2017 ± on 2012
MIDWEST U.S. 711.311 718.095 684.354 653.095 -4,6% (-31259 az.ag.)
SOUTHWEST U.S. 105.196 116.501 120.026 111.439 -7,2% (-8587 az.ag.)