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U.S. farm indicators

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This page contains data on milk production and farms indicators in the United States of America.

Milk production and number of dairy cows in the 50 states are recorded quarterly and organized by region (Northeast, Southeast, Midwest, South Central, Southwest, Northwest, Alaska, Hawaii) according to the USDA classification. For some States it is possible to consult the monthly detail.

An overview of the milk production per cow (pounds) allows the monthly monitoring of productivity in many of the U.S. states.

Farm indicators are displayed both with reference to the five-year censuses and on an annual basis, with details by the number of dairy farms, total and per farm agricultural area.

Analysis on Costs and Income of U.S. Dairy Farms »


2018
MILK PRODUCTION (quarterly and monthly) 2019 - Tons
Regions and States Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec Tot. 2019 ± on
2018 *
MIDWEST U.S. 8.328.495 +0,2% 8.531.706 -0,6% 8.376.123 -0,1%   25.236.324 -0,2%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 5.611.902 +0,0% 5.654.541 +0,7% 5.372.403 +0,9%   16.638.846 +0,5%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 3.640.116 +2,4% 3.778.463 +2,2% 3.689.558 +3,4%   11.108.138 +2,6%
NORTHEAST U.S. 3.440.624 -1,4% 3.533.521 -2,4% 3.422.798 -2,0%   10.396.943 -1,9%
NORTHWEST U.S. 2.766.896 +1,7% 2.908.237 +1,8% 2.966.071 +3,0%   8.641.205 +2,2%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 909.462 -7,3% 893.586 -5,8% 788.352 -4,3%   2.591.400 -5,9%
HAWAII 771 -83,3% 363 -92,5% 272 -92,3%   1.406 -89,2%
ALASKA 227 -28,6% 227 -28,6% 272 -25,0%   726 -27,3%
National Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec Total
US 2019 24.698.494 25.300.644 24.615.849   74.614.987
Variation on 2018 +0,1% -0,1% +0,6%   +0,2%
US 2018 24.675.179 25.324.912 24.479.951 24.210.968 98.691.010
* % change from same period of previous year.
Source: USDA
2018
MILK PRODUCTION / COW (monthly) 2019 - Pounds
Regions and States Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot.
2019
± on
2018 *
MIDWEST U.S. 2.029 1.839 2.039 1.987 2.079 2.017 2.017 2.032 1.941 1.997     19.978 +1,2%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 2.032 1.873 2.094 2.052 2.075 1.942 1.953 1.935 1.887 1.967     19.810 +1,6%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 2.092 1.922 2.138 2.102 2.151 2.068 2.100 2.067 2.016 2.033     20.688 +0,7%
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.897 1.738 1.938 1.898 1.973 1.898 1.908 1.905 1.832 1.882     18.869 +0,8%
NORTHWEST U.S. 2.036 1.829 2.044 2.027 2.120 2.060 2.132 2.118 2.008 2.030     20.404 +0,5%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 1.817 1.692 1.889 1.802 1.830 1.719 1.682 1.605 1.527 1.592     17.155 +1,2%
National Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot. 2019
US 2019 2.016 1.840 2.049 2.007 2.072 1.989 2.006 1.998 1.924 1.974 - - 19.875,28
Variation on 2018 +1,8% +1,0% +0,4% +1,2% +0,6% +0,9% +0,9% +0,9% +1,7% +1,7% - - +1,1%
US 2018 1.979 1.823 2.040 1.983 2.059 1.971 1.988 1.980 1.892 1.941 1.885 1.972 23.514
* % change from same period of previous year.
Source: USDA
  = Min Production / Cow
  = Max Production / Cow
2018
NUMBER OF DAIRY COWS (quarterly and monthly) 2019
Regions and States Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec 2019 ± on 2018 *
MIDWEST U.S. 3.129.500 -40.000 3.115.500 -46.000 3.111.500 -36.000   3.111.500 -1,1% -36.000
SOUTHWEST U.S. 2.064.000 -17.000 2.056.000 -19.000 2.052.000 -20.000   2.052.000 -1,0% -20.000
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 1.356.000 +22.000 1.368.500 +26.000 1.374.000 +30.500   1.374.000 +2,3% +30.500
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.374.700 -34.100 1.370.200 -34.900 1.358.400 -38.200   1.358.400 -2,7% -38.200
NORTHWEST U.S. 1.034.500 +12.000 1.036.500 +11.000 1.048.500 +21.500   1.048.500 +2,1% +21.500
SOUTHEAST U.S. 384.000 -32.500 379.500 -26.500 371.500 -23.000   371.500 -5,8% -23.000
HAWAII 1.100 -1.000 800 -1.300 800 -1.200   800 -60,0% -1.200
ALASKA 200 -100 200 -100 200 -100   200 -33,3% -100
National Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec 2019
US 2019 9.344.000 9.327.200 9.316.900   9.316.900
Difference n ° heads on 2018 -90.700 -90.800 -66.500   -66.500
US 2018 9.434.700 9.418.000 9.383.400 9.358.600 9.358.600
* % change from same period of previous year.
Source: USDA
FARMS (census)
Regions and States 2002 2007 2012 2017 ± on 2012
MIDWEST U.S. 711.311 718.095 684.354 653.095 -4,6% (-31259 farms)