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U.S. farm indicators

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This page contains data on milk production and farms indicators in the United States of America.

Milk production and number of dairy cows in the 50 states are recorded quarterly and organized by region (Northeast, Southeast, Midwest, South Central, Southwest, Northwest, Alaska, Hawaii) according to the USDA classification. For some States it is possible to consult the monthly detail.

An overview of the milk production per cow (pounds) allows the monthly monitoring of productivity in many of the U.S. states.

Farm indicators are displayed both with reference to the five-year censuses and on an annual basis, with details by the number of dairy farms, total and per farm agricultural area.

Analysis on Costs and Income of U.S. Dairy Farms »


2020
MILK PRODUCTION (mensile) 2021 - Tons
Regions and States Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot. 2021 ± on
2020 *
MIDWEST U.S. 2.881.248 2.614.080                     5.495.328 +2,7%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 1.910.551 1.766.760                     3.677.311 -0,0%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 1.293.659 1.169.373                     2.463.032 +2,5%
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.088.633 994.738                     2.083.371 -1,2%
NORTHWEST U.S. 972.512 880.885                     1.853.397 -2,0%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 220.448 204.572                     425.020 -5,7%
National Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
US 2021 8.367.051 7.630.409 - - - - - - - - - - 15.997.460
Variation on 2020 +2,6% -1,3% - - - - - - - - - - +0,7%
US 2020 8.152.953 7.728.386 8.379.751 8.068.130 8.192.416 7.951.556 8.128.005 8.073.573 7.813.662 8.054.976 7.835.435 8.170.190 96.549.034
* % change from same period of previous year.
Source: USDA
2020
MILK PRODUCTION / COW (monthly) 2021 - Pounds
Regions and States Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot.
2021
± on
2020 *
MIDWEST U.S. 2.085 1.890                     3.975 +0,3%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 2.094 1.936                     4.030 +0,2%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 2.147 1.942                     4.089 -1,4%
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.976 1.804                     3.779 -0,3%
NORTHWEST U.S. 2.045 1.852                     3.897 -1,8%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 1.853 1.721                     3.574 -1,7%
National Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot. 2021
US 2021 2.071 1.888 - - - - - - - - - - 3.959,88
Variation on 2020 +1,5% -2,2% - - - - - - - - - - -0,3%
US 2020 2.041 1.932 2.092 2.015 2.051 1.992 2.033 2.021 1.950 2.005 1.945 2.025 24.101
* % change from same period of previous year.
Source: USDA
  = Min Production / Cow
  = Max Production / Cow
2020
NUMBER OF DAIRY COWS (monthly) 2021
Regions and States Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2021 ± on
2020 *
MIDWEST U.S. 3.059.000 3.060.000                     3.060.000 +2,4%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 2.012.000 2.013.000                     2.013.000 -0,2%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 1.329.000 1.328.000                     1.328.000 +3,8%
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.220.000 1.221.000                     1.221.000 -1,0%
NORTHWEST U.S. 1.051.000 1.051.000                     1.051.000 -0,3%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 263.000 263.000                     263.000 -4,0%
National Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2021
US 2021 8.934.000 8.936.000 - - - - - - - - - - 8.936.000
Difference n ° heads on 2020 +97.000 +88.000 - - - - - - - - - - +88.000
US 2020 8.837.000 8.848.000 8.861.000 8.855.000 8.838.000 8.834.000 8.854.000 8.857.000 8.877.000 8.897.000 8.914.000 8.923.000 8.923.000
* % change from same period of previous year.
Source: USDA
FARMS (census)
Regions and States 2002 2007 2012 2017 ± on 2012
MIDWEST U.S. 711.311 718.095 684.354 653.095 -4,6% (-31259 az.ag.)
SOUTHWEST U.S. 105.196 116.501 120.026 111.439 -7,2% (-8587 az.ag.)
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 604.872 644.794 624.063 614.784 -1,5% (-9279 az.ag.)
NORTHEAST U.S. 148.127 158.334 153.501 143.545 -6,5% (-9956 az.ag.)
NORTHWEST U.S. 138.281 143.779 137.248 137.391 +0,1% (+143 az.ag.)
SOUTHEAST U.S. 415.188 415.082 382.349 373.648 -2,3% (-8701 az.ag.)
HAWAII 5.398 7.521 7.000 7.328 +4,7% (+328 az.ag.)
ALASKA 609 686 762 990 +29,9% (+228 az.ag.)
National 2002 2007 2012 2017
US 2.128.982 2.204.792 2.109.303 2.042.220
Variation on prev. census - +3,6% -4,3% -3,2%
Source: USDA
Click here to view PDF with FARMS data with breakdown in States (source: USDA)
NUMBER OF FARMS - yearly
Regions and States 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 ± on 2015
MIDWEST U.S. 672.500 665.900 660.100 653.100 648.900 646.600 643.400 -3,4% (-22500 farms)
SOUTHWEST U.S. 116.250 114.650 112.450 111.400 110.100 110.050 109.750 -4,3% (-4900 farms)
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 620.100 614.900 615.500 614.800 611.700 611.200 610.800 -0,7% (-4100 farms)
NORTHEAST U.S. 149.650 146.750 145.450 143.500 143.300 143.000 143.000 -2,6% (-3750 farms)