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U.S. farm indicators

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This page contains data on milk production and farms indicators in the United States of America.

Milk production and number of dairy cows in the 50 states are recorded quarterly and organized by region (Northeast, Southeast, Midwest, South Central, Southwest, Northwest, Alaska, Hawaii) according to the USDA classification. For some States it is possible to consult the monthly detail.

An overview of the milk production per cow (pounds) allows the monthly monitoring of productivity in many of the U.S. states.

Farm indicators are displayed both with reference to the five-year censuses and on an annual basis, with details by the number of dairy farms, total and per farm agricultural area.

Analysis on Costs and Income of U.S. Dairy Farms »


 
2023
MILK PRODUCTION (mensile) 2024 - Tons
Regions and States Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot. 2024 ± on
2023 *
MIDWEST U.S. 2.962.896                       2.962.896 +0,8%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 1.869.727                       1.869.727 +0,0%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 1.221.083                       1.221.083 -5,7%
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.081.829                       1.081.829 -1,1%
NORTHWEST U.S. 953.461                       953.461 -2,0%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 211.830                       211.830 +0,9%
OTHER STATES                         0,0 0,0%
National Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
US 2024 8.300.826 - - - - - - - - - - - 8.300.826
Variation on 2023 -0,9% - - - - - - - - - - - -0,9%
US 2023 8.379.751 7.689.830 8.598.385 8.339.835 8.621.065 8.228.704 8.262.723 8.194.230 7.912.546 8.110.315 7.852.218 8.192.416 98.382.019
* % change from same period of previous year.
Source: USDA
2023
MILK PRODUCTION / COW (monthly) 2024 - Pounds
Regions and States Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot.
2024
± on
2023 *
MIDWEST U.S. 2.095                       2.095 0,0%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 2.067                       2.067 +0,5%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 2.163                       2.163 -1,1%
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.982                       1.982 -0,8%
NORTHWEST U.S. 2.031                       2.031 -1,5%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 1.850                       1.850 -0,9%
National Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot. 2024
US 2024 2.070 - - - - - - - - - - - 2.070,30
Variation on 2023 -0,4% - - - - - - - - - - - -0,4%
US 2023 2.078 1.903 2.125 2.063 2.133 2.041 2.057 2.040 1.970 2.020 1.956 2.039 24.426
* % change from same period of previous year.
Source: USDA
  Min Production / Cow
  Max Production / Cow
2023
NUMBER OF DAIRY COWS (monthly) 2024
Regions and States Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2024 ± on
2023 *
MIDWEST U.S. 3.130.000                       3.130.000 +0,8%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 1.995.000                       1.995.000 -0,4%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 1.246.000                       1.246.000 -4,7%
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.211.000                       1.211.000 -0,2%
NORTHWEST U.S. 1.038.000                       1.038.000 -0,5%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 253.000                       253.000 +1,6%
National Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2024
US 2024 8.873.000 - - - - - - - - - - - 8.873.000
Change n ° heads on 2023 -49.000 - - - - - - - - - - - -49.000
US 2023 8.922.000 8.939.000 8.952.000 8.941.000 8.945.000 8.925.000 8.909.000 8.906.000 8.907.000 8.900.000 8.891.000 8.894.000 8.894.000
* % change from same period of previous year.
Source: USDA
FARMS (census)
Regions and States 2012 2017 2022 ± on 2017
MIDWEST U.S. 684.354 653.095 624.546 -4,4% (-28549 az.ag.)
SOUTHWEST U.S. 120.026 111.439 100.352 -9,9% (-11087 az.ag.)
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 624.063 614.784 564.455 -8,2% (-50329 az.ag.)
NORTHEAST U.S. 153.501 143.545 135.126 -5,9% (-8419 az.ag.)
NORTHWEST U.S. 137.248 137.391 125.310 -8,8% (-12081 az.ag.)
SOUTHEAST U.S. 382.349 373.648 342.956 -8,2% (-30692 az.ag.)
ALASKA 762 990 1.173 +18,5% (+183 az.ag.)
HAWAII 7.000 7.328 6.569 -10,4% (-759 az.ag.)
National 2012 2017 2022
US 2.109.303 2.042.220 1.900.487
Variation on prev. census - -3,2% -6,9%
Source: USDA
Click here to view PDF with FARMS data with breakdown in States (source: USDA)
NUMBER OF FARMS - yearly
Regions and States 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 ± on 2018
MIDWEST U.S. 653.100 648.900 646.600 641.200 634.700 624.500 622.300 -4,1% (-26600 farms)
SOUTHWEST U.S. 111.400 110.100 110.050 107.500 104.900 100.300 99.800 -9,4% (-10300 farms)
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 614.800 611.700 611.200 599.300 588.400 564.700 563.400 -7,9% (-48300 farms)
NORTHEAST U.S. 143.500 143.300 143.000 140.900 138.850 135.150 135.150 -5,7% (-8150 farms)
NORTHWEST U.S. 137.300 136.500 136.200 133.300 130.900 125.300 124.900 -8,5% (-11600 farms)
SOUTHEAST U.S. 373.600 370.400 368.000 361.800 353.800 342.900 341.600 -7,8% (-28800 farms)
ALASKA 1.000 1.000 1.050 1.100 1.100 1.200 1.200 +20,0% (+200 farms)
HAWAII 7.300 7.300 7.300 7.100 6.900 6.600 6.600 -9,6% (-700 farms)
National 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
US 2.042.000 2.029.200 2.023.400 1.992.820 1.960.220 1.901.380 1.896.750
Variation on previous year -0,6% -0,6% -0,3% -1,5% -1,6% -3,0% -0,2%
Source: USDA
LAND IN FARMS (1000 Acres) - yearly
Regions and States 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 ± on 2018
MIDWEST U.S. 276.700 276.500 276.000 275.800 273.300 270.500 270.500 -2,2%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 67.500 67.300 67.300 67.300 66.800 66.100 65.200 -3,1%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 329.200 328.900 328.000 327.400 324.600 320.700 320.500 -2,6%
NORTHEAST U.S. 21.320 21.350 21.350 21.350 20.900 20.540 20.540 -3,8%