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U.S. farm indicators

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This page contains data on milk production and farms indicators in the United States of America.

Milk production and number of dairy cows in the 50 states are recorded quarterly and organized by region (Northeast, Southeast, Midwest, South Central, Southwest, Northwest, Alaska, Hawaii) according to the USDA classification. For some States it is possible to consult the monthly detail.

An overview of the milk production per cow (pounds) allows the monthly monitoring of productivity in many of the U.S. states.

Farm indicators are displayed both with reference to the five-year censuses and on an annual basis, with details by the number of dairy farms, total and per farm agricultural area.

Analysis on Costs and Income of U.S. Dairy Farms »


2020
MILK PRODUCTION (quarterly and monthly) 2021 - Tons
Regions and States Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec Tot. 2021 ± on
2020 *
MIDWEST U.S. 8.759.866 +3,4% 8.986.211 +5,0%     17.746.076 +4,2%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 5.743.446 +0,3% 5.848.680 +3,6%     11.592.126 +1,9%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 3.991.654 +2,0% 4.061.508 +5,7%     8.053.162 +3,8%
NORTHEAST U.S. 3.483.172 -1,0% 3.580.468 +1,6%     7.063.640 +0,3%
NORTHWEST U.S. 2.906.650 -0,8% 3.034.428 +1,6%     5.941.078 +0,4%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 867.731 -5,6% 859.566 -1,7%     1.727.297 -3,7%
OTHER STATES 771 +13,3% 590 0,0%     1.361 +7,1%
National Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec Total
US 2021 25.753.289 26.371.451     52.124.739
Variation on 2020 +1,1% +3,7%     +2,4%
US 2020 25.480.450 25.433.276 25.137.757 25.200.581 101.252.064
* % change from same period of previous year.
Other States includes Alaska and Hawaii.
Source: USDA
2020
MILK PRODUCTION / COW (monthly) 2021 - Pounds
Regions and States Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot.
2021
± on
2020 *
MIDWEST U.S. 2.085 1.894 2.113 2.044 2.106 2.038 2.083           14.364 +1,3%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 2.094 1.936 2.172 2.117 2.165 2.016 1.996           14.495 +1,8%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 2.147 1.942 2.165 2.134 2.158 2.057 2.079           14.681 +0,7%
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.976 1.801 2.018 1.978 2.030 1.951 1.980           13.733 +1,4%
NORTHWEST U.S. 2.045 1.863 2.080 2.047 2.140 2.060 2.115           14.350 -0,3%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 1.853 1.700 1.906 1.831 1.813 1.727 1.703           12.533 -0,1%
National Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot. 2021
US 2021 2.071 1.890 2.113 2.061 2.114 2.019 2.044 - - - - - 14.313,12
Variation on 2020 +1,5% -2,1% +1,0% +2,3% +3,1% +1,4% +0,6% - - - - - +1,1%
US 2020 2.041 1.932 2.092 2.015 2.051 1.992 2.033 2.021 1.950 2.005 1.945 2.025 24.101
* % change from same period of previous year.
Source: USDA
  = Min Production / Cow
  = Max Production / Cow
2020
NUMBER OF DAIRY COWS (quarterly and monthly) 2021
Regions and States Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec 2021 ± on 2020 *
MIDWEST U.S. 3.190.000 +78.500 3.222.000 +107.500     3.222.000 +3,5% +107.500
SOUTHWEST U.S. 2.043.000 -6.000 2.048.000 0     2.048.000 0,0% 0
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 1.455.000 +38.000 1.459.500 +44.500     1.459.500 +3,1% +44.500
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.338.400 -13.200 1.340.400 -9.600     1.340.400 -0,7% -9.600
NORTHWEST U.S. 1.073.000 +500 1.075.500 +9.500     1.075.500 +0,9% +9.500
SOUTHEAST U.S. 357.500 -18.000 359.000 -10.500     359.000 -2,8% -10.500
OTHER STATES 800 -200 900 0     900 0,0% 0
National Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec 2021
US 2021 9.457.700 9.505.300     9.505.300
Difference n ° heads on 2020 +79.600 +141.400     +141.400
US 2020 9.378.100 9.363.900 9.379.500 9.428.600 9.428.600
* % change from same period of previous year.
Other States includes Alaska and Hawaii.

Source: USDA
FARMS (census)
Regions and States 2002 2007 2012 2017 ± on 2012
MIDWEST U.S. 711.311 718.095 684.354 653.095 -4,6% (-31259 az.ag.)
SOUTHWEST U.S. 105.196 116.501 120.026 111.439 -7,2% (-8587 az.ag.)
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 604.872 644.794 624.063 614.784 -1,5% (-9279 az.ag.)