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U.S. farm indicators

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This page contains data on milk production and farms indicators in the United States of America.

Milk production and number of dairy cows in the 50 states are recorded quarterly and organized by region (Northeast, Southeast, Midwest, South Central, Southwest, Northwest, Alaska, Hawaii) according to the USDA classification. For some States it is possible to consult the monthly detail.

An overview of the milk production per cow (pounds) allows the monthly monitoring of productivity in many of the U.S. states.

Farm indicators are displayed both with reference to the five-year censuses and on an annual basis, with details by the number of dairy farms, total and per farm agricultural area.

Analysis on Costs and Income of U.S. Dairy Farms »


2019
MILK PRODUCTION (quarterly and monthly) 2020 - Tons
Regions and States Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec Tot. 2020 ± on
2019 *
MIDWEST U.S. 8.468.656 +1,6% 8.546.675 -0,1%     17.015.332 +0,7%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 5.708.519 +2,3% 5.624.603 +0,7%     11.333.122 +1,5%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 3.915.450 +7,4% 3.842.874 +1,6%     7.758.324 +4,4%
NORTHEAST U.S. 3.520.276 +2,3% 3.523.678 -0,5%     7.043.954 +0,9%
NORTHWEST U.S. 2.927.969 +5,6% 2.985.802 +2,6%     5.913.771 +4,1%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 918.988 +0,9% 875.896 -2,1%     1.794.883 -0,6%
OTHER STATES 680 -28,6% 590 +44,4%     1.270 -6,7%
National Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec Total
US 2020 25.460.537 25.400.118     50.860.655
Variation on 2019 +3,1% +0,5%     +1,8%
US 2019 24.686.202 25.272.748 24.601.651 24.496.825 99.057.425
* % change from same period of previous year.
Other States includes Alaska and Hawaii.
Source: USDA
2019
MILK PRODUCTION / COW (monthly) 2020 - Pounds
Regions and States Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot.
2020
± on
2019 *
MIDWEST U.S. 2.038 1.924 2.074 2.002 2.059 2.026 2.054 2.057         16.234 +1,1%
SOUTHWEST U.S. 2.048 1.966 2.139 2.042 2.071 1.949 2.003 1.954         16.171 +1,9%
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 2.139 2.007 2.174 2.087 2.073 2.024 2.070 2.089         16.662 +0,2%
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.949 1.843 1.999 1.939 1.953 1.916 1.946 1.923         15.467 +2,0%
NORTHWEST U.S. 2.041 1.922 2.081 2.040 2.116 2.049 2.146 2.131         16.526 +1,0%
SOUTHEAST U.S. 1.864 1.770 1.903 1.818 1.797 1.710 1.686 1.631         14.179 +1,0%
National Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Tot. 2020
US 2020 2.039 1.931 2.090 2.015 2.050 1.988 2.033 2.020 - - - - 16.165,94
Variation on 2019 +1,1% +5,0% +2,2% +0,6% -1,0% +0,2% +1,3% +1,2% - - - - +1,3%
US 2019 2.017 1.839 2.046 2.004 2.071 1.984 2.007 1.995 1.918 1.971 1.901 1.994 23.748
* % change from same period of previous year.
Source: USDA
  = Min Production / Cow
  = Max Production / Cow
2019
NUMBER OF DAIRY COWS (quarterly and monthly) 2020
Regions and States Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec 2020 ± on 2019 *
MIDWEST U.S. 3.111.500 -19.000       3.111.500 -0,6% -19.000
SOUTHWEST U.S. 2.047.000 -14.000       2.047.000 -0,7% -14.000
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 1.416.000 +59.500       1.416.000 +4,4% +59.500
NORTHEAST U.S. 1.351.600 -23.100       1.351.600 -1,7% -23.100
NORTHWEST U.S. 1.071.500 +34.000       1.071.500 +3,3% +34.000
SOUTHEAST U.S. 375.500 -8.500       375.500 -2,2% -8.500
OTHER STATES 1.000 -300       1.000 -23,1% -300
National Jan-Mar Apr-Jun Jul-Sep Oct-Dec 2020
US 2020 9.374.100       9.374.100
Difference n ° heads on 2019 +28.600       +28.600
US 2019 9.345.500 9.330.700 9.321.500 9.344.700 9.344.700
* % change from same period of previous year.
Other States includes Alaska and Hawaii.

Source: USDA
FARMS (census)
Regions and States 2002 2007 2012 2017 ± on 2012
MIDWEST U.S. 711.311 718.095 684.354 653.095 -4,6% (-31259 az.ag.)
SOUTHWEST U.S. 105.196 116.501 120.026 111.439 -7,2% (-8587 az.ag.)
SOUTH CENTRAL U.S. 604.872 644.794 624.063 614.784 -1,5% (-9279 az.ag.)