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US: skimmed milk powder production

This page contains:

  • two graphs and two tables giving us an overview of monthly production of Nonfat Dry Milk and SMP, expressed in pounds, over a given period.
  • a chart comparing data for the monthly production of Skimmed Milk Powder (Nonfat Dry Milk and SMP *) in the U.S. and wholesale market price trends over a given time period;
  • two graphs showing the annual and the cumulative monthly SMP production trend in the EU-28, New Zealand and the U.S.

* Nonfat dry milk (NDM) and skimmed milk powder (SMP) are very similar but are defined by two different sets of regulations and authorities. NDM is defined by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, while SMP is defined by CODEX Alimentarius. Both are obtained by removing water from pasteurized skim milk. Both contain 5% or less moisture (by weight) and 1.5% or less milkfat (by weight). The difference is that skimmed milk powder has a minimum milk protein content of 34%, whereas nonfat dry milk has no standardized protein level.

N.B.:
Produced in 80 production plants, the United States is one of the world's largest manufacturers of Skimmed Milk Powder.

Most of the plants are located in strategic locations, close to large urban conurbations in the northern part of the East Coast, in California and in the south central area of the US (Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado).
Massive quantities of SMP are provided by Dairy America, an Association of Cooperatives that counts among its members Agri-Mark Inc., California Dairies Inc., Land O'Lakes Inc., Maryland & Virginia Milk Producers Association, O-AT-KA Milk Producers Inc., United Dairymen of Arizona, Dairy Farmers of America and Lone Star Milk Producers.

The reasons why the US is such a dominant supplier of SMP are that it has a considerable number of pastures at its disposal, it has made substantial investments in research and development, it adopts strict health regulations and quality standards and boasts efficient manufacturing systems (many US plants are able to adapt production around market needs). It is also able to produce all year round, even in winter.

The fluctuating production of SMP adapts to both the logic of the commodity's various uses as well as market demands, including international.

The prices (as regulated by the Dairy Export Incentive Program, or DEIP) and stocks are affected by both industry production trends and international price trends, which, in turn, are affected by the euro-dollar exchange rate.

Visit the pages below: SMP Stock - US

Month 2007 2012 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 ± % on
2021
± % on
2020
January 108.023 152.085 153.868 161.635 177.280 184.097 210.168 170.306 -19,0% -7,5%
February 96.818 171.394 143.252 156.683 153.417 174.728 182.471 170.815 -6,4% -2,2%
March 112.867 189.227 160.931 176.444 161.829 173.655 198.254 191.349 -3,5% +10,2%
April 123.022 190.728 172.840 169.809 167.758 202.626 193.792 195.709 +1,0% -3,4%
May 115.381 193.362 167.912 166.086 173.666 157.234 205.470 192.657(p) -6,2% +22,5%
June 118.173 168.394 162.827 152.403 157.948 145.033 185.604
July 122.193 140.169 151.831 151.093 172.329 169.138 137.789
August 102.993 106.014 136.767 128.619 132.525 147.194 121.559
September 89.844 84.498 134.587 114.295 117.806 126.249 139.384
October 100.242 95.064 145.008 122.287 132.716 141.249 120.721
November 99.994 115.854 141.440 134.764 138.967 155.434 161.011
December 108.930 157.660 164.014 143.385 164.869 175.252 167.804
Jan-May 556.111 896.796 798.803 830.657 833.950 892.340 990.155 920.836
% y-o-y ¹ -24,5% +61,3% -10,9% +4,0% +0,4% +7,0% +11,0% -7,0%
Total Year 1.298.480 1.764.449 1.835.277 1.777.503 1.851.110 1.951.889 2.024.027
% y-o-y ¹ -18,6% +35,9% +4,0% -3,1% +4,1% +5,4% +3,7%
Last Update: 02-07-2022
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for years 2007, 2012, 2017, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
(p) = provisional
Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service
  = Min Production in the last 5 years
  = Max Production in the last 5 years
Month 2007 2012 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 ± % on
2021
± % on
2020
January 9.210 40.928 55.590 41.890 36.153 41.232 48.065 43.415 -9,7% +5,3%
February 7.806 18.635 41.391 35.658 33.901 38.751 43.967 29.612 -32,6% -23,6%
March 8.578 12.638 52.693 39.654 48.274 55.841 52.575 33.146 -37,0% -40,6%
April 15.568 18.699 50.206 49.968 46.244 51.611 55.977 35.391 -36,8% -31,4%
May 12.987 14.675 51.012 50.763 26.604 56.669 48.496 38.670(p) -20,3% -31,8%
June 16.419 25.366 39.515 59.377 52.062 60.519 54.174
July 19.212 37.240 47.842 47.498 46.708 61.369 64.413
August 17.922 40.346 44.813 47.558 60.768 69.232 72.450
September 14.884 43.620 29.102 46.694 58.764 81.084 72.120
October 21.438 45.664 25.965 48.580 47.386 63.309 77.649
November 19.697 44.723 41.609 42.563 50.955 64.961 59.550
December 36.928 38.138 49.895 50.091 64.893 50.648 48.567
Jan-May 54.149 105.575 250.892 217.933 191.176 244.104 249.080 180.234
% y-o-y ¹ - +95,0% +137,6% -13,1% -12,3% +27,7% +2,0% -27,6%
Total Year 200.649 380.672 529.633 560.294 572.712 695.226 698.003
% y-o-y ¹ - +89,7% +39,1% +5,8% +2,2% +21,4% +0,4%
Last Update: 02-07-2022
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for years 2012, 2017, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
(p) = provisional
Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service
  = Min Production in the last 5 years
  = Max Production in the last 5 years
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