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US: skimmed milk powder production

This page contains:

  • two graphs and two tables giving us an overview of monthly production of Nonfat Dry Milk and SMP, expressed in pounds, over a given period.
  • a chart comparing data for the monthly production of Skimmed Milk Powder (Nonfat Dry Milk and SMP *) in the U.S. and wholesale market price trends over a given time period;
  • two graphs showing the annual and the cumulative monthly SMP production trend in the EU-28, New Zealand and the U.S.

* Nonfat dry milk (NDM) and skimmed milk powder (SMP) are very similar but are defined by two different sets of regulations and authorities. NDM is defined by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, while SMP is defined by CODEX Alimentarius. Both are obtained by removing water from pasteurized skim milk. Both contain 5% or less moisture (by weight) and 1.5% or less milkfat (by weight). The difference is that skimmed milk powder has a minimum milk protein content of 34%, whereas nonfat dry milk has no standardized protein level.

N.B.:
Produced in 80 production plants, the United States is one of the world's largest manufacturers of Skimmed Milk Powder.

Most of the plants are located in strategic locations, close to large urban conurbations in the northern part of the East Coast, in California and in the south central area of the US (Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado).
Massive quantities of SMP are provided by Dairy America, an Association of Cooperatives that counts among its members Agri-Mark Inc., California Dairies Inc., Land O'Lakes Inc., Maryland & Virginia Milk Producers Association, O-AT-KA Milk Producers Inc., United Dairymen of Arizona, Dairy Farmers of America and Lone Star Milk Producers.

The reasons why the US is such a dominant supplier of SMP are that it has a considerable number of pastures at its disposal, it has made substantial investments in research and development, it adopts strict health regulations and quality standards and boasts efficient manufacturing systems (many US plants are able to adapt production around market needs). It is also able to produce all year round, even in winter.

The fluctuating production of SMP adapts to both the logic of the commodity's various uses as well as market demands, including international.

The prices (as regulated by the Dairy Export Incentive Program, or DEIP) and stocks are affected by both industry production trends and international price trends, which, in turn, are affected by the euro-dollar exchange rate.

Visit the pages below: SMP Stock - US

Month 2006 2011 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 ± % on
2020
± % on
2019
January 112.633 114.896 137.463 153.868 161.635 177.280 184.097 198.025 +7,6% +11,7%
February 119.468 106.785 142.978 143.252 156.683 153.417 174.749 183.614 +5,1% +19,7%
March 130.567 124.065 172.003 160.931 176.444 161.829 173.665 198.227(p) +14,1% +22,5%
April 132.076 145.323 170.796 172.840 169.809 167.758 202.632
May 134.730 147.290 165.837 167.912 166.086 173.666 157.236
June 117.793 145.125 146.643 162.827 152.403 157.948 154.033
July 90.129 131.502 150.787 151.831 151.093 172.329 166.138
August 74.906 113.299 117.550 136.767 128.619 132.525 147.194
September 64.939 103.115 125.486 134.587 114.295 117.806 126.249
October 71.605 99.751 140.051 145.008 122.287 132.716 141.255
November 78.937 119.686 128.105 141.440 134.764 138.967 155.435
December 115.789 148.640 154.935 164.014 143.385 164.869 208.252
Jan-Mar 362.668 345.746 452.444 458.051 494.762 492.526 532.511 579.866
% y-o-y ¹ +1,2% -4,7% +30,9% +1,2% +8,0% -0,5% +8,1% +8,9%
Total Year 1.243.572 1.499.477 1.752.634 1.835.277 1.777.503 1.851.110 1.990.935
% y-o-y ¹ -12,0% +20,6% +16,9% +4,7% -3,1% +4,1% +7,6%
Last Update: 05-05-2021
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for years 2006, 2011, 2016, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
(p) = provisional
Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service
  = Min Production in the last 5 years
  = Max Production in the last 5 years
Month 2006 2011 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 ± % on
2020
± % on
2019
January 29.334 39.988 51.225 55.590 41.890 36.153 41.232 35.992 -12,7% -0,4%
February 25.628 36.209 40.201 41.391 35.658 33.901 38.751 31.639 -18,4% -6,7%
March 19.989 41.788 40.564 52.693 39.654 48.274 55.841 38.301(p) -31,4% -20,7%
April 12.411 27.008 43.189 50.206 49.968 46.244 51.611
May 18.144 35.667 50.865 51.012 50.763 26.604 56.669
June 22.356 33.284 55.853 39.515 59.377 52.062 60.519
July 29.344 39.653 48.815 47.842 47.498 46.708 61.369
August 24.088 38.677 46.426 44.813 47.558 60.768 69.232
September 21.343 35.593 38.447 29.102 46.694 58.764 81.084
October 27.395 41.985 41.475 25.965 48.580 47.386 63.309
November 24.981 39.586 47.389 41.609 42.563 50.955 64.961
December 15.356 36.579 54.726 49.895 50.091 64.893 50.648
Jan-Mar 74.951 117.985 131.990 149.674 117.202 118.328 135.824 105.932
% y-o-y ¹ - +57,4% +11,9% +13,4% -21,7% +1,0% +14,8% -22,0%
Total Year 270.369 446.017 559.175 529.633 560.294 572.712 695.226
% y-o-y ¹ - +65,0% +25,4% -5,3% +5,8% +2,2% +21,4%
Last Update: 05-05-2021
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for years 2011, 2016, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
(p) = provisional
Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service
  = Min Production in the last 5 years
  = Max Production in the last 5 years
Click here to view the PRICE trend.
We are working on data to transition from EU-28 to EU-27