< >

Lactose, US

This page contains wholesale prices for Lactose (US), updated weekly: The ”price range” term is the absolute lowest and highest price recorded. The “mostly” is the price points where the majority of prices seem clustered. It is intended to drop out the more extreme prices, which may be outliers. There is no specific rule for setting the “mostly.” It is subjective if that term translated well. It is a feeling about the essence of transactional pricing. (Fonte: USDA)

The prices for lactose recorded over the last ten weeks are listed in the table, while the graph below illustrates price trends over the past three years in € and in local currency.

The graphs below compare:
  • Lactose production and stocks with the market price trends;
  • WPC and Lactose prices in US with Sweet Whey and Skimmed Milk Powder price in Germany.

N.B.:

Lactose is sugar naturally present in milk.

During cheese production, approx. 80-90% of lactose moves into serum thus contributing to make up a part of it (approx. 5%).

Lactose is then recovered from serum in form of monohydrate alpha-lactose through processes of concentration (by evaporation), and crystallization.

Sugar extraction takes place by centrifugation; afterwards lactose is dried and ground.

There are three kinds of lactose: edible lactose, refined lactose, and pharmaceutical lactose, but, as a rule, American and European prices (see the table and graph below) refer to edible typology.

Thanks to its little sweetening power, lactose is applied in several edible preparation, especially chocolate and derivates, bakery and pharmaceutical products; it is also employed in the feed sector.

Furthermore, by means of special industrial processes as hydrolysis (enzymatic and catalytic splitting of lactose into glucose and galactose), enzymes treatment or other specific procedures (catalytic isomerization), starting from lactose many derived products can be obtained.

Among the best known and most important derivates are lactulose, lactitol and the GOS (galacto-oligosaccharides), used as prebiotics (substances intended to promote the growth of bifidobacteria and milk bacteria in the intestines) in many edible products.

The increased cheese production in the US generates as a consequence the availability of serum and, therefore, the possibility to extract a larger amount of lactose.

(This page has been realized with the contribute of Pier Luigi Vecchia, Food Technology expert)

 
Survey Date
US - Weekly prices of Lactose
Edible, Mostly Range - non Pharmaceutical
US $ per lb US $ per ton € per ton
min / max min / max ± on prev. price min / max ± on prev. price
Friday 22 Jan 2021
0,3500 / 0,4600 772 / 1.014 0,00% 635 / 834 -0,28%
Friday 15 Jan 2021
0,3500 / 0,4600 772 / 1.014 0,00% 636 / 836 +1,04%
Friday 8 Jan 2021
0,3500 / 0,4600 772 / 1.014 -3,57% 630 / 828 -3,41%
Friday 1 Jan 2021
0,3500 / 0,4900 772 / 1.080 0,00% 629 / 880 -0,64%
Friday 25 Dec 2020
0,3500 / 0,4900 772 / 1.080 -2,33% 633 / 886 -1,90%
Friday 18 Dec 2020
0,3600 / 0,5000 794 / 1.102 -2,82% 648 / 900 -3,86%
Friday 11 Dec 2020
0,3600 / 0,5250 794 / 1.157 -2,21% 655 / 955 -1,85%
Friday 4 Dec 2020
0,3800 / 0,5250 838 / 1.157 -3,21% 689 / 952 -5,27%
Friday 27 Nov 2020
0,3900 / 0,5450 860 / 1.202 0,00% 723 / 1.010 -0,57%
Friday 20 Nov 2020
0,3900 / 0,5450 860 / 1.202 -3,11% 727 / 1.015 -3,44%
n.q.: not quoted price
Source: USDA
Informative note
  • MOSTLY RANGE: the price points where the majority of prices are clustered (it is intended to drop out the more extreme prices)
  • The conversion US $ / € for each quotation is calculated using the exchange rate of the previous day.
  • Prices Mostly, F.O.B. edible Carlot or Trucklot quantities in totes, 50 lb and 25 kg bags; since January 2010: prices mostly edible, non pharmaceutical including spot sales and up to 3 month contracts.
  • USDA pricing series is developed by gathering lactose prices in phone surveys with U.S. manufacturers and other industry contacts that are buying and selling truckload quantities of U.S. produced lactose. The lactose may be packaged in bags, totes or other packaging, but needs to be carlot/truckload quantities. The prices are for spot sales or short term (up to 3 month long) contracts. The transactions need to be first sales, FOB plant. The transactions may also include marketing agent sales. A mostly price series may be used to more closely define the majority of trades. The lactose needs to be edible and non-pharmaceutical, but is not separated further by mesh size or other quality grades. That is, the price series would include unground and ground lactose and a variety of mesh sizes, including 40 – 200 mesh, etc. [source: USDA]
USD
Survey Date
US - Weekly prices of Lactose
Edible, Price Range - non Pharmaceutical
US $ per lb US $ per ton € per ton
min / max min / max ± on prev. price min / max ± on prev. price
Friday 22 Jan 2021
0,3100 / 0,5500 683 / 1.213 0,00% 562 / 997 -0,28%
Friday 15 Jan 2021
0,3100 / 0,5500 683 / 1.213 0,00% 564 / 1.000 +1,04%
Friday 8 Jan 2021
0,3100 / 0,5500 683 / 1.213 -4,44% 558 / 990 -4,28%
Friday 1 Jan 2021
0,3000 / 0,6000 661 / 1.323 0,00% 539 / 1.078 -0,64%
Friday 25 Dec 2020
0,3000 / 0,6000 661 / 1.323 +5,88% 542 / 1.085 +6,34%
Friday 18 Dec 2020
0,2500 / 0,6000 551 / 1.323 -5,56% 450 / 1.080 -6,57%
Friday 11 Dec 2020
0,3000 / 0,6000 661 / 1.323 -1,10% 546 / 1.092 -0,74%
Friday 4 Dec 2020
0,3100 / 0,6000 683 / 1.323 -3,19% 562 / 1.088 -5,25%
Friday 27 Nov 2020
0,3100 / 0,6300 683 / 1.389 0,00% 574 / 1.167 -0,57%
Friday 20 Nov 2020
0,3100 / 0,6300 683 / 1.389 0,00% 578 / 1.174 -0,35%
n.q.: not quoted price
Fonte: USDA
Informative note
  • PRICE RANGE: the absolute lowest and highest price recorded
$/ton US
Average Monthly prices of Lactose
Edible, Mostly Range - non Pharmaceutical
2006 2011 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 % on prev. month % on 2020
January 519 776 450 818 473 816 655 901 -6,30% +37,63%
February 535 794 477 827 480 805 671
March 536 832 500 842 482 805 683
April 573 968 528 890 513 780 745
May 595 1.022 562 904 564 734 877
June 625 1.036 573 884 612 694 1.009
July 724 1.190 607 829 679 681 1.138
August 742 1.309 645 769 716 658 1.133
September 794 1.340 704 661 741 645 1.116
October 923 1.653 752 584 766 617 1.103
November 943 1.673 777 537 773 635 1.050
December 960 1.693 800 492 788 639 962
Jan - Jan 519 776 450 818 473 816 655 901
Change (1) - +49,41% -42,02% +81,99% -42,26% +72,59% -19,73% +37,63%
Jan - Dec 706 1.199 615 751 633 709 930
Change (1) - +69,87% -48,71% +22,06% -15,65% +11,97% +31,13%
USDA
The average monthly price is calculated on the weekly quotes.
1) change from the same period of previous year , except for years 2011, 2016, where the change is from the same period 5 years ago
  = min price
= max price