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Italian Dairy Cow Population

This page provides with data referring to the dairy cow population. To note that Dairy cows account for an important part of the livestock sector in Italy.

The data on the table here below provide, in the given period, with:
  • Heads of cattle
  • Milk yeald (kg) per cow
  • % protein content
  • % fat content

N.B.: The benefits of genetic researches, improved cattle housing hygienic conditions and higher feed quality have a positive influence into the increasing milk yield per cow and as a consequence to the total milk production volume.

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Italy - Milk cows (number of heads)
Region 2017 2018 2019 2020  
number
of heads¹
number
of heads¹
number
of heads¹
kg of milk
per cow²³
% protein²    % fat²    number
of heads¹
kg of milk
per cow²³
% protein²    % fat²    number of heads
± from 2019
Emilia-Romagna 273.918 267.973 259.851 9.122 3,38 3,71 258.983 9.363 3,39 3,71 -0,33%
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 42.807 33.941 33.122 8.341 3,43 3,97 32.292 8.626 3,42 3,92 -2,51%
Liguria 2.758 2.134 1.450 5.434 3,55 3,82 1.473 5.117 3,47 3,80 +1,59%
Lombardia 478.881 504.340 545.716 10.152 3,40 3,86 540.117 10.451 3,40 3,85 -1,03%
Piemonte 148.672 139.983 136.186 9.034 3,42 3,89 143.284 9.402 3,42 3,92 +5,21%
Trentino-Alto Adige 97.229 77.699 76.654 7.550 3,49 4,06 76.693 7.653 3,49 4,05 +0,05%
Valle d'Aosta 14.956 15.465 16.452 3.386 3,31 3,34 15.681 3.478 3,32 3,42 -4,69%
Veneto 154.001 143.445 135.329 9.249 3,43 3,83 135.525 9.472 3,42 3,80 +0,14%
Lazio 60.541 52.761 45.888 9.354 3,41 3,99 45.332 9.407 3,40 3,77 -1,21%
Marche 10.889 6.783 6.065 7.956 3,40 3,80 5.969 8.020 3,40 3,81 -1,58%
Toscana 12.726 11.622 14.382 8.762 3,42 3,92 13.714 8.822 3,40 3,87 -4,64%
Umbria 8.433 6.361 5.899 8.863 3,33 3,76 5.912 9.437 3,36 3,71 +0,22%
Abruzzo 20.826 14.020 15.274 7.233 3,33 3,83 15.243 7.532 3,36 3,80 -0,20%
Basilicata 37.809 28.144 22.392 8.877 3,38 3,92 22.849 9.191 3,42 3,83 +2,04%
Calabria 32.686 26.244 23.427 8.683 3,42 3,85 23.911 9.022 3,41 3,79 +2,07%
Campania 78.808 70.124 56.909 8.900 3,43 3,97 56.267 9.275 3,37 3,81 -1,13%
Molise 16.333 13.677 10.021 6.566 3,39 3,80 10.159 6.727 3,40 3,73 +1,38%
Puglia 107.926 104.377 80.955 8.224 3,48 3,89 79.765 8.481 3,47 3,79 -1,47%
Sardegna 72.954 62.164 54.247 9.876 3,39 3,97 51.292 110.115 3,41 3,94 -5,45%
Sicilia 117.967 112.075 102.898 2.050 3,15 3,36 103.921 8.434 3,42 3,90 +0,99%
North 1.213.222 1.184.980 1.204.760       1.204.048        
Middle 92.589 77.527 72.234       70.927        
South 485.309 430.825 366.123       363.407        
Italy 1.791.120 1.693.332 1.643.117       1.638.382        
Last update: 2021-06-24
Source: AIA, ISTAT

1) Source ISTAT: figures are representative of the Italian average milk production per cow per year reported at December 1st of each year.
2) Source AIA: figures refer to the period 1st October - 30 September of each year and to the cow population inspected by AIA (Italian Animal Breeders Association) that accounts for 61.30% of the whole dairy cow herds for 2004, 61.01% for 2005, 61.64% for 2006, 60.88 for 2007, 61.20% for 2008, 59.96% for 2009, 65.40% for 2010, 66.22% for 2011, 62.77% for 2012, 61.14% for 2013.
3) "kg of milk per cow" has to be intended as annual average milk production per cow.