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EU-27: Butter Production

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This page contains the European Butter production data, both in tables and charts.

The table offers as well the possibility to:

  • consult the monthly volumes and changes, by clicking on the years in the column headers,
  • access to the DairySheets by clicking on the names of the Member States of the EU.

The charts display:

  • a breakdown of the Butter production by Member States
  • the monthly and average daily Butter production,
  • the year-over-year changes of Butter production in the major EU Players,
  • the yearly Butter production of the last seven years,
  • the Butter production with rolling year

The balance sheet of Butter completes the information.

From the Eurostat Handbook: definition of "Butter"

A product with a milk fat content of not less than 80 % and less than 90 %, a maximum water content of 16 % and a maximum dry non-fat milk-material content of 2 %. Includes also butter which contains small amounts of herbs, spices, aromatic substances, etc. on the condition that the product retains the characteristics of butter.

UE-27: Production of Butter (Tons)
COUNTRY 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2023 2024 Var % Period
Austria 36.980 36.540 38.110 36.670 34.380 33.460 9.690 8.550 -11,8% Jan - Mar '24
Belgium 64.240 111.960 122.590 109.650 107.830 119.810 30.120 31.980 +6,2% Jan - Mar '24
Bulgaria 1.110 1.060 1.030 1.040 1.190 1.060 390 250 -35,9% Jan - Mar '24
Croatia 4.330 4.580 5.040 4.520 4.750 3.730 1.260 840 -33,3% Jan - Mar '24
Cyprus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 - Jan - Mar '24
Czech Republic 23.810 26.170 26.950 25.780 25.330 24.470 5.910 6.520 +10,3% Jan - Mar '24
Denmark 74.000 74.700 72.700 81.500 85.100 95.900 31.300 25.600 -18,2% Jan - Mar '24
Estonia 4.900 5.200 5.000 3.900 4.400 4.600 1.600 1.000 -37,5% Jan - Mar '24
Finland 59.900 60.900 62.690 58.750 57.040 57.880 15.600 15.560 -0,3% Jan - Mar '24
France 420.280 414.230 413.100 407.620 408.630 403.580 114.160 108.890 -4,6% Jan - Mar '24
Germany 484.041 497.104 506.436 471.057 472.574 480.466 133.316 133.316 (e)

0,0% Jan - Mar '24
Greece 1.110 1.200 1.450 1.660 2.160 2.360 610 530 -13,1% Jan - Mar '24
Hungary 9.370 8.630 9.200 9.230 9.280 8.450 2.370 3.300 +39,2% Jan - Mar '24
Ireland 237.840 251.070 264.720 275.600 269.190 273.150 44.360 38.910 -12,3% Jan - Mar '24
Italy 95.580 96.200 94.010 98.470 100.510 98.510 25.770 26.400 +2,4% Jan - Mar '24
Latvia 3.220 3.280 3.370 3.100 2.580 3.620 990 830 -16,2% Jan - Mar '24
Lithuania 14.160 14.430 15.050 10.750 11.110 13.990 2.890 3.570 +23,5% Jan - Mar '24
Luxembourg (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) (c) - Jan - Mar '24
Malta 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 - Jan - Apr '24
Netherlands 153.800 136.400 133.500 137.700 138.300 125.500 33.400 31.600 -5,4% Jan - Mar '24
Poland 221.760 224.610 243.300 231.410 243.070 264.450 70.950 67.840 -4,4% Jan - Mar '24
Portugal 31.090 30.490 31.820 30.730 27.450 31.520 8.540 8.510 -0,4% Jan - Mar '24
Romania 10.880 10.670 12.170 11.190 10.480 10.970 2.420 2.830 +16,9% Jan - Mar '24
Slovakia 9.470 9.900 11.050 10.610 10.330 9.180 2.270 2.440 +7,5% Jan - Mar '24
Slovenia 2.620 2.560 2.620 2.470 2.260 2.250 510 540 +5,9% Jan - Mar '24
Spain 49.300 45.679 43.500 34.070 25.470 19.850 6.490 5.370 (e)

-17,3% Jan - Mar '24
Sweden 16.380 17.170 17.510 17.950 20.060 22.480 6.180 6.090 -1,5% Jan - Mar '24
TOTAL EU-27 2.030.171 2.084.733 2.136.916 2.075.427 2.073.474 2.111.236 551.096 531.266 (e) -3,6% Jan - Mar '24
y-o-y % +2,7% +2,5% -2,9% -0,1% +1,8%      
(e) estimated data
(c) confidential data
NOTE:The countries highlighted in yellow indicate the presence of some confidential data which are not considered in the total calculation of productions.

Source: Eurostat, BLE, ISTAT, Stimato CLAL

Rolling year: for each month the chart visualizes the production in that month plus the production of the previous 11 months. With this method is always considered the total production in a time window of 12 months, so it is possible to identify the trend without the effect of seasonality.

UE-27 Balance Sheet: Butter
'000 tons 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Dec 2020
Opening Stocks (1st Jan) (SI) 25 11 20 51 25 0 0 0
Production [D6000] (P) 1.779 1.867 1.959 2.013 1.991 2.030 2.085 2.137
Production of other fat dairy products [D6900] (P2) 247(e) 259(e) 204(e) 225(e) 217(e) 209(e) 204(e) 210(e)
Imports (I) 72 76 56 59 57 69 73 48
Exports (E) 224 240 260 295 253 244 297 312
Final Stocks (SF) 11 20 51 25 0 0 0 0
   of which:
     - public 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
     - private 11 20 51 25 0 0 0 0
Apparent Domestic Consumption (SI + P + P2 + I - E - SF ) 1.887 1.953 1.928 2.028 2.037 2.065 2.065 2.083
NOTE: Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products [D6900] production data of some Member States are confidential and are NOT included in this table.
(e): estimated; n.a.: not available
Sources: Production, Import/Export: Eurostat; Stock (Public + Private): European Commission; Apparent Domestic Consumption: Processed by CLAL