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EU-28: Dairy sector

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This page contains data with regard to some key indicators on the dairy sector over time.

The purpose of this table is twofold:

  • on the one hand, it highlights the complexity of the sector, where it is important the connection among many different elements: raw milk area, dairy productions, import, export, domestic consumption and self-sufficiency level,

  • on the other hand, it underlines the vibrancy of a market crossed by many trade routes of both semi-finished and finished products (from packaged milk to cheese and milk powders).

The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the

x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201620172018201920192020%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Dairy Cows ('000 head)23.52423.31222.90622.62722.62714.747-34,8%Jan-Dec 2020
Slaughtered cows ('000)7.6937.5757.6537.1976.6056.450-2,3%Jan-Nov 2020
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)171.973255.733221.613201.121201.121208.126+3,5%Jan-Dec 2020
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)3819887317317244-23,0%Jan-Dec 2020
Milk production163.506165.377166.810
± % Over the same period of the previous year+1,1%+0,9%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)153.177156.086157.415158.284158.284160.806+1,6%Jan-Dec 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year+1,9%+0,9%+0,6%
% Delivery on production ***93,7%94,4%94,4%
% Protein3,38%3,40%3,39%3,42%3,42%3,42% Jan-Nov 2020
% Fat4,09%4,06%4,06%4,10%4,09%4,09% Jan-Nov 2020
Farm-gate milk prices (€ x 100 kg, escl. VAT)28,4334,8634,1134,5234,5233,85-2,0%Jan-Dec 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year+22,6%-2,1%+1,2%
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Buffaloes ('000)**432(e)447(e)457(e)459(e)
Buffalo's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1140A)**265(e)270(e)274(e)280(e)
Buffalo's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1140D)**203(e)216(e)220(e)-
Goats ('000)**12.378(e)12.243(e)11.849(e)11.788(e)
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A)**2.277(e)2.300(e)2.348(e)2.451(e)
Goat's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1130D)**1.542(e)1.665(e)1.674(e)1.717(e)
Sheeps ('000)**85.805(e)85.437(e)83.910(e)83.829(e)83.82960.402-27,9%Jan-Dec 2020
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A)**2.811(e)2.764(e)2.845(e)2.966(e)
Sheep's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1120D)**1.990(e)2.031(e)2.111(e)2.035(e)
DAIRY PRODUCTION201620172018201920192020%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)30.18030.27429.52628.61328.61329.384(e)+2,7%Jan-Dec 2020
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)2.7782.7772.7022.7642.7642.766(e)+0,1%Jan-Dec 2020
Raw cream delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1200D)**9699120128
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)8.1498.1288.1908.1208.1208.192(e)+0,9%Jan-Dec 2020
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)2.1562.1532.1832.2732.2732.325(e)+2,3%Jan-Dec 2020
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)**9910197104
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)**225217209-
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)**10.07910.16910.25310.454
I° Classification
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)**1.2821.2931.3081.323
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)**723747729743
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)**2.6272.6462.6932.760
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)**1.7801.9031.8991.967
- Extra hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7115)**38473264
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)**3.4713.4753.5173.551
2° Classification
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)**9.2369.3669.4189.658
- Cheese from ewes milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7122)**220232227231
- Cheese from goats milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7123)**192199220203
- Others (cheese from buffalos'milk (pure) or mixed cheese) ( Cod. Eurostat D7129)**429456474444
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)9.3039.4609.5369.6319.6319.778(e)+1,5%Jan-Dec 2020
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)**580584624628
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)926939881913913954+4,5%Jan-Dec 2020
Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (WMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)789810792806806797-1,2%Jan-Dec 2020
Partly Skimmed Milk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3112)**84915258
Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)1.5411.5131.5201.5051.5051.543(e)+2,5%Jan-Dec 2020
Buttermilk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3130)**79848585
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)**1.6661.2441.7581.792
Whey (in powder or in block) (Cod. Eurostat D5300)**1.7241.8671.9432.019
Caseins and caseinates (Cod. Eurostat D9300)**102121126128
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers8941.0001.0101.1361.1361.142+0,5%Jan-Dec 2020
SMP (040210) TOP importers579780816962962828-13,9%Jan-Dec 2020
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers7377527278918911.008+13,1%Jan-Dec 2020
Whole (04012091) TOP importers519510477603603662+9,8%Jan-Dec 2020
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers144158162171171179+5,1%Jan-Dec 2020
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers738488117117167+41,9%Jan-Dec 2020
Cheese (0406) TOP importers799828833879879943+7,2%Jan-Dec 2020
Whey (0404) TOP importers633648694703703756+7,5%Jan-Dec 2020
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP importers556569601601601651+8,3%Jan-Dec 2020
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP importers474541587572572555-3,0%Jan-Dec 2020
WMP (040221+040229) TOP importers382393334298298332+11,5%Jan-Dec 2020
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers283320276276276279+1,0%Jan-Dec 2020
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers166190229220220269+22,3%Jan-Dec 2020
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers207171158215215246+14,7%Jan-Dec 2020
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers392825262625-2,4%Jan-Dec 2020
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers169186192209209209+0,1%Jan-Dec 2020
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers153183179184184201+9,3%Jan-Dec 2020
Other Product 283190168170170183+7,8%Jan-Dec 2020
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)494044383839+2,7%Jan-Dec 2020
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
1830426565140+113,6%Jan-Dec 2020
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
464250585862+6,2%Jan-Dec 2020
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters34729510810854-49,7%Jan-Dec 2020
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters7160596363630,0%Jan-Dec 2020
Whey (0404) TOP exporters848964616161-0,4%Jan-Dec 2020
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP exporters848863606058-3,5%Jan-Dec 2020
Casein (350110) TOP exporters191715151514-8,9%Jan-Dec 2020
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters21152113133,8-71,4%Jan-Dec 2020
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters135,78,16,86,82,4-64,1%Jan-Dec 2020
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP exporters5,77,38,69,99,95,2-48,0%Jan-Dec 2020
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters5,85,66,16,86,87,1+4,3%Jan-Dec 2020
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (350220) TOP exporters5,14,75,26,16,19,7+59,5%Jan-Dec 2020
Infant milk formula (190110) TOP exporters5,25,26,15,95,96,5+9,8%Jan-Dec 2020
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters1,2104,15,85,88,6+48,3%Jan-Dec 2020
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters0,20,10,10,20,20,2+9,9%Jan-Dec 2020
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters1,0104,15,65,68,3+49,9%Jan-Dec 2020
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters0,00,00,00,00,00,0-93,3%Jan-Dec 2020
SMP (040210) TOP exporters3,72,53,55,75,72,4-58,0%Jan-Dec 2020
WMP (040221+040229) TOP exporters5,81,61,75,15,11,0-80,1%Jan-Dec 2020
Other Product 16171212127,9-32,6%Jan-Dec 2020
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)492723313118-42,1%Jan-Dec 2020
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
2,02,12,42,02,02,5+25,3%Jan-Dec 2020
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
141413111110-6,9%Jan-Dec 2020
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA)201620172018201920192020(f)%Period
Cheese9.0949.2979.3869.3949.3949.482+0,9%Jan-Dec 2020
Butter2.1822.2072.2072.1732.1732.169-0,2%Jan-Dec 2020
SMP8049851.127979979978-0,1%Jan-Dec 2020
WMP344369400447447421-5,8%Jan-Dec 2020
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201620172018201920192020%Period
Cheese181818181818+0,8%Jan-Dec 2020
Butter4,34,34,34,24,24,2-0,3%Jan-Dec 2020
SMP1,61,92,21,91,91,9-0,2%Jan-Dec 2020
WMP0,70,70,80,90,90,8-5,9%Jan-Dec 2020
% Self-sufficiency rate111,9%113,7%112,9%115,4%113,8%Jan-Dec 2020
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 1,98% 2,93% 2,13% 1,57% -6,68% Jan-Dic 2020
CPI (consumer price index) 0,18% 1,56% 1,79% 1,42% 0,68% Jan-Dic 2020
Population ('000) 510.182 511.379 512.482 513.636 513.636 514.345 +0,1% Jan-Dic 2020
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
** Only the production of the EU countries that officially declared the data are considered.

Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Sheep and Goat Milk Production: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_farm); Farm-gate milk price: Milk Market Observatory; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm)
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Consumption: FAS-USDA
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 04-03-2021
NOTA: Access to Dairy World Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the EU-28 with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it