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Italy: Dairy sector

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Italy has a prominent position in the European dairy industry: it is the largest producer Country of PDO Cheeses.





This Country:
  • accounts for 9,4% of EU milk deliveries (year 2020),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME) for the 31,1% of the milk deliveries,
  • accounts for 5,3% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2020).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.


Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

ITALY: DAIRY SECTOR
(1° January - 31 December)
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Dairy cows ('000 head) (Al 1st December) 1.791 1.693 1.643 1.638
Slaughtered cow ('000) 527 573 545 526 330 348 +5,7% Jan-Aug 2021
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head) 1.074 1.142 442 896 647 664 +2,6% Jan-Aug 2021
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head) 27.271 24.232 18.605 41.100 23.561 11.149 -52,7% Jan-Aug 2021
Milk production 12.199 12.340 12.494 12.712
± % Over the same period of the previous year +1,2% +1,3% +1,7%
Deliveries to dairies 11.953 12.084 12.117 12.668 9.599 9.920 (e) +3,3% Jan-Sep 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year +1,1% +0,3% +4,5%
% Proteine 3,45% 3,42% 3,43% 3,45% 3,43% 3,43%   Jan-Sep 2021
% Materia Grassa 3,79% 3,80% 3,81% 3,77% 3,73% 3,72%   Jan-Sep 2021
Farm-gate prices of raw milk Lombardy (€ x 100 lt, + VAT not incl.) 38,58 37,38 40,63 37,13 37,22 37,89 +1,8% Jan-Sep 2021
± % Over the same period of the previous year -3,1% +8,7% -8,6%
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Number of Buffaloes ('000) 401 401 402 407
Buffalo's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1140A) 243 245 249 254
Buffalo's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1140D) 211 215 218 229
Number of Goats ('000) 992 986 1.059 1.066
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A) 61 62 62 61
Goat's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1130D) 37 43 44 44
Number of Sheeps ('000) 7.215 7.179 7.001 7.034
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A) 480 485 494 482
Sheep's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1120D) 427 463 468 453
Organic milk production (goat, sheep, cow) 448
DAIRY PRODUCTION ('000 Ton) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Liquid milk 2.459 2.470 2.479 2.449 1.795 1.843 +2,7% Jan-Sep 2021
Cream 132 141 146 145 105 109 +4,4% Jan-Sep 2021
Butter 91 98 94 92 67 72 +8,0% Jan-Sep 2021
a)Cheese from cow milk 1.129 1.170 1.186 1.213 904 894 -1,1% Jan-Sep 2021
of which:
PDO 455 459 471 488
b)Cheese from other milk 132 138 141 132
of which:
PDO 81 89 83 88
Total Cheese[a+b] 1.261 1.308 1.327 1.345
-Hard cheeses of which: 464 481 488 493
Grana Padano PDO 190 191 199 204 170 170 (e) +0,1% Jan-Oct 2021
Parmigiano Reggiano PDO 147 148 150 157 132 137 (e) +3,9% Jan-Oct 2021
Other Grana Cheeses 26
Pecorino Romano PDO (Dairy Season) 27 34 27 31 26 29 +9,9% Oct/20-May/21
Other sheep cheeses PDO (Toscano, Siciliano, Filiano, Sardo) 5,3 5,2 5,3 5,8
Other hard cheeses (Asiago, Montasio, ecc.) 69
- Semi-hard cheeses of which: 94 96 99 91
Provolone Valpadana PDO 12 12 13 15 4,7 4,7 +1,5% Jan-Jul 2021
Other Provolone cheeses 31
Caciocavallo 8,0
Fontina PDO 3,5 4,3 4,0 4,0
Other semi-hard cheeses (Emmental, Fontina,ecc) 40
- Soft cheeses of which: 169 170 174 188
Italico 3,2
Taleggio PDO 8,9 8,8 8,8 8,4 6,9 7,0 +1,2% Jan-Oct 2021
Gorgonzola PDO 57 58 60 61 51 52 (e) +1,9% Jan-Oct 2021
Other Gorgonzola cheeses 12
Crescenza and Stracchino 44
Other soft cheeses (Cheeses of all types, etc.) 44
- Fresh cheeses of which: 535 562 566 573
Mozzarella di Bufala Campana PDO 47 49 50 51 40 42 +4,9% Jan-Sep 2021
Mozzarella di Bufala 24
Other fresh cheeses (robiola, scamorza, mascarpone, etc.) 464
I° Classification
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111) 144 143 146 154
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112) 25 27 28 34
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113) 94 96 99 91
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114) 454 454 460 466
- Extra hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7115) 9,4 27 28 27
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116) 535 562 566 573
II° Classification
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121) 1.129 1.170 1.186 1.213
- Cheese from ewes milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7122) 71 76 78 73
- Cheese from goats milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7123) 6,5 7,2 7,4 6,8
- Others (cheese from buffalos'milk (pure) or mixed cheese) ( Cod. Eurostat D7129) 54 55 56 53
Processed cheese 39 49 53 54
Whey used for cottage cheese 795 814 899 853
Whey used for livestock 2.249 2.264 2.348 2.292
Concentrated whey 1.262 1.328 1.410 1.440
Whey powder and pieces 766 813 913 872
Milk based beverages 5,5 4,9 5,3 5,0
Other fresh products 8,3 7,5 7,0 7,1
Fermented milk (Yogurt and others) 325 276 253 279 212 213 +0,4% Jan-Sep 2021
IMPORT 2017 2018 2019 2020 Jan-Aug of which Extra EU
2020
2021
%
2020
2021
%
Bulk milk (NC8 04012099+04012019+04011090) TOP exporters 1.138 1.126 1.275 985
677
442
-34,7%
1,6
0,1
-73,5%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012099) TOP exporters 793 766 856 683
471
314
-33,3%
-
-
-
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012019) TOP exporters 24 13 25 11
6,8
2,4
-65,0%
-
-
-
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011090) TOP exporters 320 348 394 292
199
125
-37,0%
0,2
0,1
-40,9%
Milk packed (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters 385 359 319 322
216
177
-17,8%
0,0
0,0
-40,3%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012091) TOP exporters 129 122 117 122
83
69
-16,8%
0,0
0,0
-40,8%
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012011) TOP exporters 229 213 183 170
114
89
-22,2%
0,0
0,0
-43,4%
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011010) TOP exporters 28 24 19 29
18
19
+4,9%
-
-
-
Condensed milk (NC8 040291+040299) TOP exporters 19 21 20 29
19
25
+31,5%
-
-
-
Bulk Cream 1) TOP exporters 68 72 79 69
43
35
-18,3%
1,9
0,5
-47,2%
Packed Cream 2) TOP exporters 12 14 12 10,0
6,5
7,6
+16,3%
-
-
-
Yogurt (HS 040310) TOP exporters 165 168 164 167
115
124
+8,2%
0,0
0,0
-41,7%
Fermented milk (HS 040390) TOP exporters 89 92 83 94
61
66
+8,5%
0,2
0,0
-53,8%
Butter (HS 0405) TOP exporters 61 65 69 60
39
46
+16,9%
3,7
3,5
-4,1%
of which:
Butter 82% (NC8 04051019) TOP exporters 17 16 17 15
9,3
10,0
+7,8%
0,2
0,0
-34,8%
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP exporters 510 530 533 494
331
340
+2,8%
9,0
8,0
-7,2%
Edam cheese(NC8 04069023) TOP exporters 30 30 29 23
15
17
+10,4%
-
-
-
Emmental (NC8 04069013) TOP exporters 24 24 23 23
15
14
-9,1%
3,0
1,6
-34,6%
Hard cheeses (not PDO) (NC8 04069069) TOP exporters 21 26 28 25
17
18
+5,4%
0,0
0,0
-16,0%
Fresh cheeses (NC8 04061020)3 TOP exporters 195 208 208 194
130
131
+0,7%
1,2
0,7
-28,0%
Processed cheeses (NC8 040630) TOP exporters 29 35 37 34
22
23
+5,9%
0,5
0,4
-8,1%
Full fat cheeses (NC8 04069087)5 TOP exporters 37 34 34 31
20
20
+2,8%
0,6
0,7
+13,5%
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229) TOP exporters 31 34 32 31
20
22
+10,3%
1,8
0,0
-60,8%
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP exporters 72 88 84 74
50
56
+11,3%
-
-
-
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP exporters 111 113 107 114
75
85
+13,6%
1,0
0,2
-51,8%
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410) TOP exporters 56 59 64 72
48
55
+15,7%
1,0
0,2
-51,6%
Casein (HS 350110) TOP exporters 7,5 7,2 6,4 11
7,6
6,9
-8,8%
0,8
0,1
-40,6%
Caseinates (HS 350190) TOP exporters 2,1 2,0 2,1 1,7
1,1
1,2
+9,6%
0,0
0,0
-98,6%
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211) TOP exporters 15 15 19 16
11
10
-10,5%
0,4
0,2
-19,6%
Lactose edible (HS 170219) TOP exporters 0,4 0,7 1,8 1,9
1,2
0,7
-39,1%
0,2
0,0
-76,4%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190) TOP exporters 61 64 62 58
38
42
+10,7%
38
42
+7,0%
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220) TOP exporters 1,2 1,9 1,8 1,7
1,1
1,6
+42,4%
1,1
1,6
+27,5%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %) 51 38 21 24
17
16
-10,0%
0,0
0,0
+42,6%
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
6,2 5,1 9,8 15
9,6
12
+29,0%
0,5
0,1
-86,7%
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
3,4 4,0 4,7 4,0
2,8
1,9
-30,4%
0,0
0,0
+75,9%
EXPORT 2017 2018 2019 2020 Jan-Aug of which Extra EU
2020
2021
%
2020
2021
%
Milk packed (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP Importers 71 51 40 34
26
27
+5,7%
22
23
+7,2%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012091)
TOP Importers
46 36 27 21
16
18
+8,9%
15
17
+10,9%
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012011)
TOP Importers
16 9,2 9,7 9,5
6,6
6,7
+0,5%
5,2
5,2
+0,0%
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011010)
TOP Importers
9,9 6,1 3,3 3,3
2,5
2,4
-1,6%
1,3
1,2
-8,2%
Condensed milk (NC8 040291+040299) TOP Importers 5,9 5,8 1,1 1,2
0,9
3,4
+284,9%
0,4
3,0
+740,8%
Bulk Cream 1) TOP Importers 17 13 10 9,8
6,5
12
+84,5%
4,6
9,1
+100,4%
Packed Cream 2) TOP Importers 4,1 5,4 8,6 12
8,5
5,6
-34,7%
6,8
3,7
-46,0%
Yogurt (HS 040310) TOP Importers 4,4 4,8 4,5 5,0
3,2
3,5
+9,7%
0,5
0,6
+12,9%
Fermented milk (HS 040390) TOP Importers 2,6 2,7 3,5 3,8
2,3
2,1
-8,9%
1,2
1,2
-3,2%
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP Importers 5,8 9,5 7,7 7,2
4,7
4,6
-0,8%
0,5
0,4
-18,7%
Butter (HS 0405) TOP Importers 8,1 12 12 15
9,2
9,3
+1,0%
1,6
1,5
-4,6%
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP Importers 415 424 456 471
313
343
+9,5%
94
105
+11,2%
Asiago (NC8 04069075)
TOP Importers
2,1 1,8 1,9 1,8
1,1
1,2
+3,9%
0,7
0,8
+17,3%
Fiore sardo, Pecorino (NC8 04069063)
TOP Importers
22 16 21 19
11
13
+16,1%
7,8
9,4
+21,4%
Fresh cheeses (NC8 04061020)3
TOP Importers
142 146 157 167
115
124
+7,9%
29
32
+10,0%
Grated or powdered cheeses (NC8 04062090)4
TOP Importers
43 46 50 52
34
36
+7,9%
6,7
7,2
+8,9%
Gorgonzola (NC8 04064050)
TOP Importers
21 22 23 24
15
16
+5,4%
2,3
2,3
-1,2%
G.Padano DOP e P.Reggiano DOP (NC8 04069061)
TOP Importers
89 95 96 99
65
68
+4,5%
28
29
+3,7%
Provolone (NC8 04069073)
TOP Importers
6,2 6,9 7,1 7,1
4,3
5,3
+22,2%
1,3
1,6
+22,2%
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP Importers 445 427 380 353
245
233
-4,7%
7,0
8,0
+14,3%
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410) TOP Importers 411 381 334 312
213
222
+4,3%
7,0
8,0
+14,9%
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211) TOP Importers 30 29 27 30
19
20
+2,3%
12
13
+6,5%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190) TOP Importers 48 47 53 59
38
45
+18,0%
38
45
+18,0%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %) 24 27 23 46
32
25
-19,6%
3,0
2,9
-6,3%
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
152 146 155 210
132
174
+31,6%
18
14
-23,1%
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
0,6 1,1 3,1 1,6
1,0
0,9
-9,8%
0,7
0,8
+6,4%
APPARENT DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Butter 144 151 151 137
Cheese 1.356 1.414 1.405 1.368
of which:
Fresh cheeses 589 623 616 601
Fermented milk (Yogurt and other) 572 529 492 530
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION (Kg) 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021 % Period
Butter 2,4 2,5 2,5 2,3
Cheese 22 23 23 23
of which:
Fresh cheeses 9,7 10 10 9,9
Fermented milk (Yogurt and other) 9,4 8,7 8,1 8,8
% Self-sufficiency 84,5% 83,5% 85,0% 90,4%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 2021(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 1,74% 0,82% 0,28% -8,93% 5,75% Jan-Dic 2021
CPI (consumer price index) 1,33% 1,24% 0,63% -0,15% 1,59% Jan-Dic 2021
Population ('000) 60.589 60.484 59.817 59.641 59.641 59.258 -0,6% Jan-Dic 2021
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 32.367 34.606 33.220 (e) 31.288 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 28.652 29.303 29.673(e) 27.375(e)

Informative Note
(f): forecast
n.a.: not available
(e): Estimated CLAL

1) up to 2011/12/31 NC8 04013019+04013039+04013099; from 2012/01/01 NC8 04014090+04015019+04015039+04015099.
2) up to 2011/12/31 NC8 04013011+04013031+04013091; from 2012/01/01 NC8 04014010+04015011+04015031+04015091.
3) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04061020; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04061030 + 04061050;
4) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04062090; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04062000;
5) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04069087; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04069074 + 04069089;

NOTE:
     - Apparent domestic consumption are calculated using the following formula: Production + Import - Export
     - Per capita consumption are obtained dividing the apparent consumption by the population (Source Eurostat)
     - The self-sufficiency rate is calculated, up to 2020, on the total deliveries of cow’s milk + production of buffalo, sheep and goat’s milk. For 2021 it is calculated only on deliveries of cow’s milk.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Dairy cows: ISTAT; Deliveries to dairies: AGEA; Milk Production, % Protein and % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Import/Export di Breeding Heifers: ISTAT; Farm-gate milk price in Lombardy: Processed by CLAL; Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Milk Delivered to dairies: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_farm); Organic Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: org_aprod);
Dairy production: Processed by CLAL on ISTAT and Protection Consortium data;
Import: ISTAT
Export: ISTAT
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 28-11-2021
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Italy with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it