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Italy: Dairy sector

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Italy has a prominent position in the European dairy industry: it is the largest producer Country of PDO Cheeses.





This Country:
  • accounts for 8,2% of EU milk deliveries (year 2018),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME) for the 29,6% of the milk deliveries,
  • accounts for 4,7% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2019).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.


Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

ITALY: DAIRY SECTOR
(1° January - 31 December)
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Dairy cows ('000 head) (Al 1st December) 1.822 1.791 1.693
Slaughtered cow ('000) 566 527 573 545 95 94 -0,5% Jan-Feb 2020
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head) 979 1.074 1.142 760 198 953 +381,3% Jan-Feb 2020
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head) 32.564 27.271 24.232 15.865 2.956 1.963 -33,6% Jan-Feb 2020
Milk production 11.886 12.199 12.340 -
± % Over the same period of the previous year +2,6% +1,2%
Deliveries to dairies 11.527 11.953 12.084 12.097 3.127 3.257 +4,2% Jan-Mar 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year +3,7% +1,1% +0,1%
% Proteine 3,38% 3,45% 3,42% 3,43% 3,43% 3,45%   Jan-Mar 2020
% Materia Grassa 3,83% 3,79% 3,80% 3,81% 3,85% 3,81%   Jan-Mar 2020
Farm-gate prices of raw milk Lombardy (€ x 100 lt, + VAT not incl.) 34,63 38,58 37,38 40,63 40,50 38,50 -4,9% Jan-Mar 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year +11,4% -3,1% +8,7%
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Number of Buffaloes ('000) 385 401
Number of Goats ('000) 1.026 992 986 1.059
Number of Sheeps ('000) 7.285 7.215 7.179 7.001
Sheep's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1120D) 425 427 463 -
Goat's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1130D) 32 37 43 -
Buffalo's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1140D) 199 211 215 -
DAIRY PRODUCTION ('000 Ton) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Liquid milk 2.428 2.459 2.425 2.299 618 582 -5,8% Jan-Mar 2020
Cream 131 132 142 136 34 32 -7,4% Jan-Mar 2020
Butter 95 91 96 97 25 25 +0,2% Jan-Mar 2020
a)Cheese from cow milk 1.104 1.129 1.141 1.111 277 277 -0,0% Jan-Mar 2020
of which:
PDO 441 455 459 468
b)Cheese from other milk 129 132 167
of which:
PDO 86 81 89 82
Totale Formaggi[a+b] 1.232 1.261 1.308
-Hard cheeses of which: 448 464 481
Grana Padano PDO 186 190 191 199 74 77 (e) +4,8% Jan-Apr 2020
Parmigiano Reggiano PDO 140 147 148 150 52 54 (e) +5,1% Jan-Apr 2020
Other Grana Cheeses 26 26
Pecorino Romano PDO (Dairy Season) 33 28 34 27 17 21 +23,6% Oct/19-Apr/20
Other sheep cheeses PDO (Toscano, Siciliano, Filiano, Sardo) 5,2 5,3 5,2 5,3
Other hard cheeses (Asiago, Montasio, ecc.) 61 69
- Semi-hard cheeses of which: 100 94 96
Provolone Valpadana PDO 10 12 12 13 0,7 0,7 -3,1% Jan 2020
Other Provolone cheeses 31 31
Caciocavallo 6,7 8,0
Fontina PDO 3,7 3,5 4,3 4,0
Other semi-hard cheeses (Emmental, Fontina,ecc) 48 40
- Soft cheeses of which: 156 169 170
Italico 4,1 3,2
Taleggio PDO 8,9 8,9 8,8 8,8 2,9 2,6 -8,3% Jan-Apr 2020
Gorgonzola PDO 55 57 58 60 21 20 (e) -3,2% Jan-Apr 2020
Other Gorgonzola cheeses 10 12
Crescenza and Stracchino 46 44
Other soft cheeses (Cheeses of all types, etc.) 32 44
- Fresh cheeses of which: 528 535 562
Mozzarella di Bufala Campana PDO 44 47 49 50 15 14 -4,2% Jan-Apr 2020
Mozzarella di Bufala 22 24
Other fresh cheeses (robiola, scamorza, mascarpone, etc.) 461 464
Processed cheese 38 39 49
Whey used for cottage cheese 789 795 814
Whey used for livestock 2.213 2.249 2.264
Concentrated whey 1.223 1.262 1.328
Whey powder and pieces 706 766 813
Milk based beverages 4,2 5,5 4,9
Other fresh products 9,4 8,3 7,5
Fermented milk (Yogurt and others) 316 325 279 268 71 64 -9,4% Jan-Mar 2020
IMPORT 2016 2017 2018 2019 Jan-Feb of which Extra EU
2019
2020
%
2019
2020
%
Bulk milk (NC8 04012099+04012019+04011090) TOP exporters 1.338 1.138 1.126 1.258
178
179
+0,6%
0,0
0,0
-4,7%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012099) TOP exporters 950 793 766 851
111
120
+8,5%
-
-
-
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012019) TOP exporters 23 24 13 12
1,6
1,2
-25,3%
-
-
-
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011090) TOP exporters 365 320 348 395
65
57
-12,3%
0,0
0,0
-4,7%
Milk packed (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters 425 385 359 327
54
56
+3,1%
0,0
0,0
+1,5%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012091) TOP exporters 145 129 122 124
19
22
+15,8%
0,0
0,0
-8,2%
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012011) TOP exporters 252 229 213 188
33
32
-4,3%
0,0
0,0
+10,8%
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011010) TOP exporters 28 28 24 15
2,4
2,5
+5,6%
-
-
-
Condensed milk (NC8 040291+040299) TOP exporters 21 19 21 20
3,1
4,6
+47,6%
-
-
-
Bulk Cream 1) TOP exporters 72 68 72 78
8,6
9,6
+11,3%
0,2
0,1
-3,7%
Packed Cream 2) TOP exporters 14 12 14 12
2,0
2,0
-0,8%
-
-
-
Yogurt (HS 040310) TOP exporters 169 165 168 166
26
26
+0,0%
0,0
0,0
+15,5%
Fermented milk (HS 040390) TOP exporters 80 89 92 84
14
16
+17,7%
0,0
0,0
-4,5%
Butter (HS 0405) TOP exporters 65 61 65 69
13
10
-22,5%
0,0
0,0
-10,6%
of which:
Butter 82% (NC8 04051019) TOP exporters 18 17 16 16
2,7
2,6
-2,8%
-
-
-
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP exporters 518 510 530 536
88
82
-6,5%
1,9
1,7
-2,0%
Edam cheese(NC8 04069023) TOP exporters 31 30 30 29
5,3
4,6
-14,4%
-
-
-
Emmental (NC8 04069013) TOP exporters 25 24 24 24
4,2
4,0
-5,0%
0,9
0,8
-3,2%
Hard cheeses (not PDO) (NC8 04069069) TOP exporters 22 21 26 28
4,6
5,1
+9,8%
-
-
-
Fresh cheeses (NC8 04061020)3 TOP exporters 190 195 208 209
33
31
-5,8%
-
-
-
Processed cheeses (NC8 040630) TOP exporters 30 29 35 39
6,1
4,1
-32,0%
0,1
0,1
-1,2%
Full fat cheeses (NC8 04069087)5 TOP exporters 42 37 34 32
5,4
5,1
-4,3%
0,2
0,2
+1,8%
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229) TOP exporters 33 31 34 32
6,9
7,2
+4,0%
-
-
-
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP exporters 69 72 88 93
16
15
-2,8%
-
-
-
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP exporters 118 111 113 110
17
14
-16,4%
0,0
0,0
-2,9%
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410) TOP exporters 61 56 59 67
11
11
-2,0%
0,0
0,0
-2,9%
Casein (HS 350110) TOP exporters 8,3 7,5 7,2 12
1,0
1,3
+36,5%
0,1
0,0
-25,5%
Caseinates (HS 350190) TOP exporters 2,0 2,1 2,0 2,0
0,3
0,3
-0,9%
-
-
-
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211) TOP exporters 11 15 15 19
3,6
2,9
-17,5%
-
-
-
Lactose edible (HS 170219) TOP exporters 1,5 0,4 0,7 2,0
0,1
1,3
+1.090,2%
0,0
0,0
-29,4%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190) TOP exporters 55 61 64 63
10
9,8
-3,4%
10
9,8
-0,5%
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220) TOP exporters 1,0 1,2 1,9 1,9
0,3
0,3
+16,2%
0,3
0,3
+2,5%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %) 46 51 38 21
3,8
7,7
+103,1%
0,0
0,0
+223,2%
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
1,8 6,2 5,1 9,3
1,6
2,5
+55,9%
0,0
0,0
+187,3%
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
4,8 3,4 4,0 4,7
0,7
0,8
+2,9%
EXPORT 2016 2017 2018 2019 Jan-Feb of which Extra EU
2019
2020
%
2019
2020
%
Milk packed (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP Importers 53 71 51 40
7,6
7,2
-4,7%
6,6
6,1
-6,5%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012091)
TOP Importers
36 46 36 27
5,7
4,6
-18,7%
5,2
4,2
-20,2%
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012011)
TOP Importers
10 16 9,2 9,6
1,6
1,9
+23,9%
1,2
1,6
+27,7%
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011010)
TOP Importers
7,2 9,9 6,1 3,3
0,3
0,7
+101,5%
0,1
0,4
+271,4%
Condensed milk (NC8 040291+040299) TOP Importers 7,4 5,9 5,8 1,1
0,1
0,2
+30,1%
0,0
0,0
+189,6%
Bulk Cream 1) TOP Importers 13 17 13 10,0
1,9
0,8
-56,6%
0,6
0,2
-71,0%
Packed Cream 2) TOP Importers 5,2 4,1 5,4 8,5
2,0
2,0
+1,6%
1,5
1,6
+6,9%
Yogurt (HS 040310) TOP Importers 4,7 4,4 4,8 4,0
0,6
0,8
+35,1%
0,1
0,1
+28,8%
Fermented milk (HS 040390) TOP Importers 2,9 2,6 2,7 3,4
0,6
0,5
-10,9%
0,1
0,1
+19,8%
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP Importers 5,2 5,8 9,5 7,5
1,4
0,8
-42,1%
0,1
0,1
-10,4%
Butter (HS 0405) TOP Importers 8,7 8,1 12 13
2,1
2,7
+26,9%
0,1
0,5
+414,6%
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP Importers 389 415 424 450
66
73
+11,1%
17
19
+17,0%
Asiago (NC8 04069075)
TOP Importers
2,1 2,1 1,8 1,7
0,3
0,3
+7,2%
0,2
0,2
-1,6%
Fiore sardo, Pecorino (NC8 04069063)
TOP Importers
18 22 16 21
3,2
3,9
+20,3%
2,3
2,7
+18,2%
Fresh cheeses (NC8 04061020)3
TOP Importers
127 142 146 156
21
23
+10,8%
3,2
3,3
+3,1%
Grated or powdered cheeses (NC8 04062090)4
TOP Importers
37 43 46 50
8,0
8,4
+5,2%
0,9
0,9
+8,2%
Gorgonzola (NC8 04064050)
TOP Importers
20 21 22 22
3,7
4,1
+11,4%
0,5
0,5
+5,8%
G.Padano DOP e P.Reggiano DOP (NC8 04069061)
TOP Importers
90 89 95 97
15
16
+10,2%
5,2
6,2
+18,9%
Provolone (NC8 04069073)
TOP Importers
5,8 6,2 6,9 7,5
1,4
1,2
-16,6%
0,2
0,3
+27,7%
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP Importers 371 445 427 375
63
64
+2,4%
1,2
0,7
-44,1%
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410) TOP Importers 337 411 381 329
53
56
+5,2%
1,2
0,7
-43,8%
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211) TOP Importers 30 30 29 27
5,4
4,5
-17,0%
2,8
2,7
-1,8%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190) TOP Importers 48 48 47 53
8,3
9,1
+8,9%
8,3
9,1
+8,9%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %) 26 24 27 22
3,5
9,6
+177,3%
0,6
0,9
+35,1%
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
70 152 146 126
26
27
+3,6%
1,7
2,4
+36,7%
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
3,2 0,6 1,1 2,2
0,2
0,3
+9,1%
0,1
0,1
+47,6%
APPARENT DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Butter 152 144 149 152
Cheese 1.362 1.356 1.414
of which:
Fresh cheeses 592 589 623
Fermented milk (Yogurt and other) 558 572 531 511
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION (Kg) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020 % Period
Butter 2,5 2,4 2,5 2,5
Cheese 22 22 23
of which:
Fresh cheeses 9,8 9,7 10
Fermented milk (Yogurt and other) 9,2 9,4 8,8 8,4
% Self-sufficiency 80,6% 84,5% 83,5% 83,3%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 1,39% 1,78% 0,65% 0,20% 0,26% Jan-Dic 2020
CPI (consumer price index) -0,05% 1,33% 1,24% 0,63% 0,59% Jan-Dic 2020
Population ('000) 60.666 60.589 60.484 60.360
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 35.472 (e) 36.184 (e) 36.848 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 32.046(e) 32.030(e) 31.202(e)

Informative Note
(f): forecast
n.a.: not available

1) up to 2011/12/31 NC8 04013019+04013039+04013099; from 2012/01/01 NC8 04014090+04015019+04015039+04015099.
2) up to 2011/12/31 NC8 04013011+04013031+04013091; from 2012/01/01 NC8 04014010+04015011+04015031+04015091.
3) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04061020; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04061030 + 04061050;
4) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04062090; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04062000;
5) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04069087; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04069074 + 04069089;

NOTE:
     - Apparent domestic consumption are calculated using the following formula: Production + Import - Export
     - Per capita consumption are obtained dividing the apparent consumption by the population (Source Eurostat)
     - The self-sufficiency rate is calculated, up to 2019, on the total deliveries of cow’s milk + production of buffalo, sheep and goat’s milk. For 2020 it is calculated only on deliveries of cow’s milk.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Dairy cows and Deliveries of other milk: ISTAT; Deliveries to dairies: AGEA; Milk Production, % Protein and % Fat: Eurostat; Import/Export di Breeding Heifers: IHS; Farm-gate milk price in Lombardy: Processed by CLAL; Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl );
Dairy production: Processed by CLAL on ISTAT and Protection Consortium data;
Import: ISTAT
Export: ISTAT
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 27-05-2020
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Italy with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it
UK trade data for the period Jan - Mar 2020 are provisional