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Italy: Dairy sector

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Italy has a prominent position in the European dairy industry: it is the largest producer Country of PDO Cheeses.





This Country:
  • accounts for 9,5% of EU milk deliveries (year 2021),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME) for the 34,3% of the milk deliveries,
  • accounts for 6,2% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2022).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.


Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

ITALY: DAIRY SECTOR
(1° January - 31 December)
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023 % Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Dairy cows ('000 head) (Al 1st December) 1.643 1.638 1.610 1.631
Slaughtered cow ('000) 545 526 562 603 551 468 -15,1% Jan-Nov 2023
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head) 442 896 1.562 4.869 4.471 2.453 -45,1% Jan-Nov 2023
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head) 18.605 41.100 25.497 17.847 16.965 7.706 -54,6% Jan-Nov 2023
Milk production 12.494 12.712 13.202 13.182
± % Over the same period of the previous year +1,7% +3,9% -0,2%
Deliveries to dairies 12.117 12.668 13.103 13.011 13.011 12.908 (e) -0,8% Jan-Dec 2023
± % Over the same period of the previous year +4,5% +3,4% -0,7%
% Proteine 3,43% 3,45% 3,44% 3,45% 3,45% 3,43%   Jan-Dec 2023
% Materia Grassa 3,81% 3,77% 3,76% 3,76% 3,76% 3,77%   Jan-Dec 2023
Farm-gate prices of raw milk Lombardy (€ x 100 lt, + VAT not incl.) 40,63 37,13 38,33 51,17 51,17 52,79 +3,2% Jan-Dec 2023
± % Over the same period of the previous year -8,6% +3,3% +33,5%
Buffalo's - Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Number of Buffaloes ('000) 402 407 409 416 416 416 0,0% Jan-Dec 2023
Buffalo's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1140A) 249 254 257 254
Buffalo's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1140D) 218 229 233 234
Number of Goats ('000) 1.059 1.066 1.061 1.010 1.010 980 -3,0% Jan-Dec 2023
Goat's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1130A) 62 61 61 60
Goat's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1130D) 44 44 43 42
Number of Sheeps ('000) 7.001 7.034 6.728 6.568 6.568 6.497 -1,1% Jan-Dec 2023
Sheep's Milk Production (Cod.Eurostat D1120A) 494 482 477 475
Sheep's Milk Delivered to dairies (Cod.Eurostat D1120D) 468 453 450 449
Organic milk production (goat, sheep, cow) 588 552
DAIRY PRODUCTION ('000 Ton) 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023 % Period
Liquid milk 2.479 2.449 2.481 2.522 2.522 2.510 -0,5% Jan-Dec 2023
Cream 146 145 150 149 149 151 +1,6% Jan-Dec 2023
Butter 94 92 98 101 101 99 -2,0% Jan-Dec 2023
a)Cheese from cow milk 1.186 1.213 1.197 1.201 1.201 1.205 +0,3% Jan-Dec 2023
of which:
PDO 471 488 494 484
b)Cheese from other milk 141 132 177
of which:
PDO 83 88 94 94
Total Cheese[a+b] 1.327 1.345 1.374
-Hard cheeses of which: 488 493 502
Grana Padano PDO 199 204 203 202 202 212 (e) +4,7% Jan-Dec 2023
Parmigiano Reggiano PDO 150 157 164 160 160 161 (e) +0,3% Jan-Dec 2023
Pecorino Romano PDO (Dairy Season) 26 31 34 33 33 37 +11,2% Oct/22-Nov/23
Other sheep cheeses PDO (Toscano, Siciliano, Filiano, Sardo) 5,3 5,8 5,3 4,7
- Semi-hard cheeses of which: 99 91 96
Provolone Valpadana PDO 13 15 15 14 7,2 7,0 -2,1% Jan-Dec 2023
Fontina PDO 4,0 4,0 4,0 3,4
- Soft cheeses of which: 174 188 193
Taleggio PDO 8,8 8,4 8,7 8,8 8,8 8,8 +0,0% Jan-Dec 2023
Gorgonzola PDO 60 61 63 61 61 62 (e) +2,6% Jan-Dec 2023
- Fresh cheeses of which: 566 573 583
Mozzarella di Bufala Campana PDO 50 51 54 56 52 52 -0,1% Jan-Nov 2023
I° Classification
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111) 146 154 158 158
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112) 28 34 35 34
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113) 99 91 96 96
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114) 460 466 473 470
- Extra hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7115) 28 27 29 29
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116) 566 573 583 572
II° Classification
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121) 1.186 1.213 1.237 1.222
- Cheese from ewes milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7122) 78 73 74 74
- Cheese from goats milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7123) 7,4 6,8 7,1 7,2
- Others (cheese from buffalos'milk (pure) or mixed cheese) ( Cod. Eurostat D7129) 56 53 56 56
Processed cheese 53 54 55
Whey used for cottage cheese 899 853 852
Whey used for livestock 2.348 2.282 2.300
Concentrated whey 1.410 1.440 1.437
Whey powder and pieces 913 872 887
Milk based beverages 5,3 5,0 5,9
Other fresh products 7,0 7,1 8,1
Fermented milk (Yogurt and others) 253 279 284 287 287 283 -1,3% Jan-Dec 2023
IMPORT 2019 2020 2021 2022 Jan-Nov of which Extra EU
2022
2023
%
2022
2023
%
Bulk milk (NC8 04012099+04012019+04011090) TOP exporters 1.275 985 664 602
536
816
+52,3%
0,1
0,1
-2,5%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012099) TOP exporters 856 683 495 431
388
564
+45,2%
-
-
-
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012019) TOP exporters 25 11 3,3 4,0
3,1
13
+326,2%
-
-
-
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011090) TOP exporters 394 292 166 167
144
238
+65,4%
0,1
0,1
-2,5%
Milk packed (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters 319 322 258 238
219
201
-8,4%
0,0
0,0
+37,6%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012091) TOP exporters 117 122 101 89
82
70
-14,9%
0,0
0,0
+37,6%
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012011) TOP exporters 183 170 130 121
112
109
-2,7%
0,0
0,0
+37,5%
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011010) TOP exporters 19 29 28 27
25
22
-12,4%
-
-
-
Condensed milk (NC8 040291+040299) TOP exporters 20 29 35 34
30
32
+6,9%
0,0
0,0
-93,5%
Bulk Cream 1) TOP exporters 79 69 58 64
59
65
+10,4%
0,8
0,9
+12,9%
Packed Cream 2) TOP exporters 12 10,0 12 13
12
13
+8,3%
0,0
0,2
+640.937,0%
Yogurt (HS 040310) TOP exporters 164 167 174 167
158
167
+6,1%
0,0
0,0
+317,7%
Fermented milk (HS 040390) TOP exporters 83 94 95 101
95
101
+6,3%
0,1
0,1
-8,4%
Butter (HS 0405) TOP exporters 69 60 69 68
63
70
+11,1%
5,1
4,5
-11,2%
of which:
Butter 82% (NC8 04051019) TOP exporters 17 15 18 18
16
19
+18,9%
0,0
0,0
-5,8%
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP exporters 533 494 516 535
489
549
+12,3%
11
14
+23,2%
Edam cheese(NC8 04069023) TOP exporters 29 23 26 26
24
28
+13,1%
-
-
-
Emmental (NC8 04069013) TOP exporters 23 23 20 23
21
22
+3,8%
2,4
2,3
-4,4%
Hard cheeses (not PDO) (NC8 04069069) TOP exporters 28 25 26 25
23
26
+13,4%
-
-
-
Fresh cheeses (NC8 04061020)3 TOP exporters 208 194 198 215
198
226
+14,3%
1,0
2,7
+141,6%
Processed cheeses (NC8 040630) TOP exporters 37 34 34 35
31
32
+2,5%
0,6
0,6
-8,2%
Full fat cheeses (NC8 04069087)5 TOP exporters 34 31 31 28
26
27
+2,0%
1,3
1,5
+14,7%
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229) TOP exporters 32 31 34 35
32
35
+6,3%
0,3
0,1
-77,4%
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP exporters 84 74 83 89
82
89
+7,8%
0,0
0,1
+191,4%
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP exporters 107 114 131 132
125
134
+6,6%
0,2
0,2
-16,6%
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410) TOP exporters 64 72 89 89
84
101
+19,5%
0,2
0,2
-16,6%
Casein (HS 350110) TOP exporters 6,4 11 10 7,2
6,8
5,1
-24,6%
0,2
0,1
-64,2%
Caseinates (HS 350190) TOP exporters 2,1 1,7 2,2 1,9
1,9
1,6
-13,7%
-
-
-
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211) TOP exporters 19 16 15 15
14
14
+2,3%
0,5
0,7
+18,0%
Lactose edible (HS 170219) TOP exporters 1,8 1,9 1,1 2,7
2,4
2,0
-19,2%
0,0
0,0
-44,9%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190) TOP exporters 62 58 65 89
83
83
-0,1%
83
83
-0,1%
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) (HS 350220) TOP exporters 1,8 1,7 2,5 4,0
3,7
3,2
-12,9%
3,7
3,2
-11,8%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %) 21 24 21 15
14
12
-11,4%
0,1
0,0
-99,7%
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
9,8 15 16 31
28
28
-0,4%
0,0
0,2
+22.172,7%
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
4,7 4,0 2,8 3,9
3,6
3,7
+2,5%
0,0
0,0
-55,0%
EXPORT 2019 2020 2021 2022 Jan-Nov of which Extra EU
2022
2023
%
2022
2023
%
Milk packed (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP Importers 40 34 36 30
27
27
+1,3%
18
14
-23,3%
Whole Milk (NC8 04012091)
TOP Importers
27 21 23 15
14
11
-19,3%
11
8,3
-27,1%
Semi-skimmed milk (NC8 04012011)
TOP Importers
9,7 9,5 9,9 8,4
7,6
6,9
-8,6%
4,9
4,2
-15,2%
Skimmed milk (NC8 04011010)
TOP Importers
3,3 3,3 3,5 6,0
5,4
9,0
+67,0%
1,4
1,1
-21,4%
Bulk milk (NC8 04012099+04012019+04011090) TOP Importers 6,3 14 14 17
17
6,2
-62,3%
1,9
1,0
-48,7%
Condensed milk (NC8 040291+040299) TOP Importers 1,1 1,2 4,6 2,0
1,9
1,8
-3,8%
0,3
0,6
+96,3%
Bulk Cream 1) TOP Importers 10 9,8 17 17
16
15
-6,5%
11
9,1
-14,7%
Packed Cream 2) TOP Importers 8,6 12 8,4 14
13
8,1
-37,0%
9,7
4,6
-52,3%
Yogurt (HS 040310) TOP Importers 4,5 5,0 5,8 6,1
5,6
5,8
+4,5%
0,7
1,0
+38,8%
Fermented milk (HS 040390) TOP Importers 3,5 3,8 3,6 2,6
2,3
2,1
-7,8%
1,1
0,7
-32,8%
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210) TOP Importers 7,7 7,2 8,2 8,1
7,5
10
+34,1%
0,7
0,9
+27,8%
Butter (HS 0405) TOP Importers 12 15 18 13
13
17
+33,2%
1,6
2,7
+65,1%
Cheese (HS 0406) TOP Importers 456 471 536 566
522
552
+5,9%
156
159
+1,8%
Asiago (NC8 04069075)
TOP Importers
1,9 1,8 1,9 1,8
1,7
1,5
-7,0%
1,0
0,9
-5,6%
Fiore sardo, Pecorino (NC8 04069063)
TOP Importers
21 19 22 20
19
17
-8,1%
13
12
-7,6%
Fresh cheeses (NC8 04061020)3
TOP Importers
157 167 189 204
189
201
+6,4%
46
48
+2,6%
Grated or powdered cheeses (NC8 04062090)4
TOP Importers
50 52 56 63
58
63
+7,9%
13
14
+5,0%
Gorgonzola (NC8 04064050)
TOP Importers
23 24 25 25
23
23
+1,3%
3,1
3,2
+1,6%
G.Padano DOP e P.Reggiano DOP (NC8 04069061)
TOP Importers
96 99 106 107
99
105
+6,1%
41
43
+4,7%
Provolone (NC8 04069073)
TOP Importers
7,1 7,1 8,9 8,8
8,2
7,3
-10,3%
2,1
2,2
+3,7%
Whey powder (HS 0404) TOP Importers 380 353 317 226
210
193
-8,5%
12
23
+87,3%
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410) TOP Importers 334 312 302 216
201
188
-6,2%
12
23
+87,1%
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211) TOP Importers 27 30 30 28
26
24
-7,0%
16
17
+1,3%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (HS 190190) TOP Importers 53 59 67 69
64
60
-6,1%
64
60
-6,1%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %) 23 46 35 24
22
26
+20,0%
5,3
4,9
-6,8%
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
155 210 272 295
267
253
-5,0%
39
36
-6,9%
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
3,1 1,6 1,4 1,3
1,2
1,3
+3,1%
1,0
1,0
+2,7%
APPARENT DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023 % Period
Butter 151 137 150 155
Cheese 1.405 1.368 1.355
of which:
Fresh cheeses 616 601 591
Fermented milk (Yogurt and other) 492 530 543 547
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION (Kg) 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023 % Period
Butter 2,5 2,3 2,5 2,6
Cheese 24 23 23
of which:
Fresh cheeses 10 10 10,0
Fermented milk (Yogurt and other) 8,2 8,9 9,2 9,3
% Self-sufficiency 85,0% 90,6% 95,9% 97,1%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 2023(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 0,48% -9,04% 8,29% 3,89% 3,89% 0,73% Jan-Dic 2023
CPI (consumer price index) 0,63% -0,15% 1,94% 8,74% 8,74% 5,90% Jan-Dic 2023
Population ('000) 59.817 59.641 59.236 59.030 59.030 58.997 -0,1% Jan-Dic 2023
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 33.628 (e) 31.707 (e) 35.473 (e) 34.777 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 30.037(e) 27.741(e) 29.992(e) 33.025(e)
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate
Informative Note
(f): forecast
n.a.: not available

1) up to 2011/12/31 NC8 04013019+04013039+04013099; from 2012/01/01 NC8 04014090+04015019+04015039+04015099.
2) up to 2011/12/31 NC8 04013011+04013031+04013091; from 2012/01/01 NC8 04014010+04015011+04015031+04015091.
3) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04061020; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04061030 + 04061050;
4) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04062090; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04062000;
5) up to 2014/12/31 NC8 04069087; from 2015/01/01 NC8 04069074 + 04069089;
6) up to 2021/12/31 HS 040310; from 2022/01/01 HS 040320;

NOTE:
     - Apparent domestic consumption are calculated using the following formula: Production + Import - Export
     - Per capita consumption are obtained dividing the apparent consumption by the population (Source Eurostat)
     - The self-sufficiency rate is calculated, up to 2022, on the total deliveries of cow’s milk + production of buffalo, sheep and goat’s milk. For 2023 it is calculated only on deliveries of cow’s milk.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Dairy cows: ISTAT; Deliveries to dairies: AGEA; Milk Production, % Protein and % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Import/Export di Breeding Heifers: ISTAT; Farm-gate milk price in Lombardy: Processed by CLAL; Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Milk Delivered to dairies: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_farm); Organic Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: org_aprod);
Dairy production: Processed by CLAL on ISTAT and Protection Consortium data;
Import: ISTAT
Export: ISTAT
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat
Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 25-02-2024
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the Italy with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it
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