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Products and Countries

Each of the dairy products (both the key products: Cheese, Butter, Skimmed Milk Powder - SMP, Whole Milk Powder - WMP, Condensed Milk, Bulk and Packed Milk, Cream, Yogurt and Buttermilk, Fat-Filled Milk Powder - FFMP; and the by-products: Whey Powder, Whey Protein Concentrates - WPC, Lactose, Infant Milk Formula, Caseins and Caseinates) has a different commercial profile (imports/exports): each is exported by clearly-identifiable countries and each has a specific import area.

By following the evolution of each product's commercial profile, we can capture the flow of market presence, bearing in mind that the reference volumes represent approximately 93% compared to the overall global amount.

The following chart compares, by geographical area, the share of milk production and the share of dairy export in milk equivalent of the key products.
  METHODOLOGICAL NOTES  

For commercial assessment purposes data is reported as follows:
  • a synopsis highlighting the dairy import share in the geographic regions in relation to both the overall population and the individual inhabitant (SYNOPSIS BY REGION);

  • two charts (world totale dairy export) illustrating this world-wide trend in the given period for the key dairy products and the export trend of the by-products;

  • a synopsis showing, product by product, the export flows of the main Players (USA, EU-28, Australia) into the different geographical areas of the World, viewed in annual perspective and monthly progression (TABLE A);

  • a graphical summary that displays the world exports (representing 85/90% of the world trade flows) of all the dairy products, accompanied by tables of annual reference volumes (TABLE B);

  • the table of the annual and monthly development of exports and imports of all the products considered, expressed both in volumes and in values and accompanied by graphs and tables to give a better understanding, for each of the most significant Players (Argentina, Australia, USA, New Zealand, EU-28,...) (TABLE C);

  • a table that displays the comparison between the historical production, exports, and imports of the key products (balance sheet) in the main Countries (Table D). The annual data are updated on a semiannual basis from FAS-USDA sources.
SYNOPSIS TABLE BY REGION
Geographical Area Population
(x 1000)
Tons of product Share on
Global Import
Dairy Import
per capita (Kg)
2019 ± on 2014 2014 2019
Asia - South East   2.331.397 7.312.402 +33% 37% 43%
 
3,1
Africa   1.307.483 2.496.172   +6% 16% 15%
 
1,9
South Central America   647.577 1.645.118   +9% 10% 10%
 
2,5
Asia - Middle East   256.609 1.633.363   +7% 10% 10%
 
6,4
Europe extra EU   243.572 1.606.235 -19% 13% 9%
 
6,6
Asia   2.002.120 854.626 +26% 5% 5%
 
0,4
North America   366.602 686.719 +13% 4% 4%
 
1,9
Oceania   42.127 471.074 +53% 2% 3%
 
11,2
European Union *   512.517 198.344 -21% 2% 1%
 
0,4
Other unclassified countries * 0 25.939 +30% 0% 0%
 
0,0
Summary of imports of all dairy products sorted by geographical area

* Import extra EU
Source Import: IHS, Population: FAO (2019 data)

SYNOPSIS TABLE BY PRODUCT (A)
Product Customs Code IMPORT (Ton) Share % Analysis
2019 ± on 2014 2014 2019
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP)   190190 2.491.511 +26% 13% 14% synthesis  entra 
SMP   040210 2.474.931 +20% 13% 14% synthesis  entra 
WMP   040221+040229 2.327.353 -0% 15% 13% synthesis  entra 
Cheese   0406 2.260.390 +13% 13% 13% synthesis  entra 
Bulk and pack. milk   040110+040120 2.087.665 +38% 10% 12% synthesis  entra 
Whey   0404 1.555.803 -1% 10% 9% synthesis  entra 
of which:              
» Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC   040410 1.258.761 -1% 8% 7% synthesis  entra 
Infant milk formula   190110 941.271 +41% 4% 5% synthesis  entra 
Butter And Other Fats   0405 916.979 -4% 6% 5% synthesis  entra 
of which:              
» Anhydrous Milk Fat   040590 257.184 -6% 2% 1% synthesis  entra 
Condensed Milk   040291+040299 673.847 -9% 5% 4% synthesis  entra 
Yogurt   0403 664.927 +29% 3% 4% synthesis  entra 
Lactose Pharmaceutical   170211 538.954 +32% 3% 3% synthesis  entra 
Cream   040130+040140+040150 396.071 +79% 1% 2% synthesis  entra 
Casein   350110 124.691   +5% 1% 1% synthesis  entra 
Lactose edible   170219 105.117 -24% 1% 1% synthesis  entra 
Whey Protein Isolate (WPI)   350220 94.561 +42% 0% 1% synthesis  entra 
Caseinates   350190 57.401 -21% 0% 0% synthesis  entra 
Summary of imports of all dairy products sorted by product

Source: IHS

TABLE B
Total Dairy Export Annual Summary SMP, WMP, Butter, Cheese in Tons
Liquid Milk, SMP, WMP, Condensed milk, Yogurt, Cheese in Milk Equivalent
Total Dairy Product Exports in Milk Equivalent by region of destination
EU-28: Dairy Export Annual Summary Liquid Milk, SMP, WMP, Condensed milk, Yogurt, Cheese in Milk Equivalent
TABLE C - VOLUMES
Country Monthly EXPORT Monthly IMPORT
Moving Average of Exported volumes (SMP, WMP, Butter, Cheese, Bulk and Packed Milk, Condensed Milk, Cream, Yogurt )
- Milk and cream
- Bulk and pack. milk
- Milk and cream of >1% fat and <=6%
- Milk and cream of >6% fat
- Cream
- Milk and cream of >6% but <=10% fat
- Milk and cream of >10% fat
- SMP
- WMP
- Condensed Milk Not Sweetened
- Condensed Milk
- Condensed Milk Sweetened
- Yogurt and buttermilk
- Yogurt
- Other fermented milks
- Whey
- Whey also conc. and/or sugary
- Other
- Butter And Other Fats
- Butter
- Dairy Spreads
- Anhydrous Milk Fat
- Cheese
- Fresh cheeses
- Grated or powdered cheeses
- Processed cheese
- Blue-veined cheeses
- Other cheeses
- Lactose Pharmaceutical
- Lactose edible
- Infant milk formula
- Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP)
- Casein
- Caseinates
- Whey Protein Isolate (WPI)
- Milk and cream
- Bulk and pack. milk
- Milk and cream of >1% fat and <=6%
- Milk and cream of >6% fat
- Cream
- Milk and cream of >6% but <=10% fat
- Milk and cream of >10% fat
- SMP
- WMP
- Condensed Milk Not Sweetened
- Condensed Milk
- Condensed Milk Sweetened
- Yogurt and buttermilk
- Yogurt
- Other fermented milks
- Whey
- Whey also conc. and/or sugary
- Other
- Butter And Other Fats
- Butter
- Dairy Spreads
- Anhydrous Milk Fat
- Cheese
- Fresh cheeses
- Grated or powdered cheeses
- Processed cheese
- Blue-veined cheeses
- Other cheeses
- Lactose Pharmaceutical
- Lactose edible
- Infant milk formula
- Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP)
- Casein
- Caseinates
- Whey Protein Isolate (WPI)
TABLE D: Source FAS-USDA
Product Link
Milk Balance sheet and destination of milk produced 
WMP Balance sheet 
SMP Balance sheet 
Butter Balance sheet 
Cheese Balance sheet
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UK trade data for the period Jan - Apr 2020 are provisional