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Europe 2012

 
The interactive Map of the European Union below shows the milk self-sufficiency rate and other key information with breakdown by region: “Central Europe”, “Southern Europe”, “Eastern Europe” and “Baltics and Nordics”.

Click on the country of your interest for detailed information.

The chart show, for each month, the milk production in that month plus the production of the previous 11 months. With this method is always considered the total production in a time window of 12 months, so it is possible to identify the trend without the effect of seasonality.
 
Years: 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
 
  SELF-SUFFICIENCY MILK - 2012
EU-27: 116,9%

(Click here to see the detail)
2012

CENTRAL EUROPE
139,4%

EASTERN EUROPE
110,8%

SOUTHERN EUROPE
69,0%

BALTICS and
NORDICS

138,2%
Milk deliveries (Ton) 77.669.180 17.057.560 19.580.911 12.758.290
     % Deliveries on Total EU-27 deliveries 61,13% 13,42% 15,41% 10,04%
Import (Ton ME)* 6.598.744 2.599.261 12.470.931 1.954.005
Export (Ton ME)* 28.563.383 4.258.321 3.675.679 5.481.486
     % Export in ME on milk deliveries 36,78% 24,96% 18,77% 42,96%
Domestic use incl. stock (Ton ME)** 55.704.541 15.398.500 28.376.164 9.230.809
Area (Km2) 1.271.167 959.700 1.040.324 1.006.651
Population 186.055.000 98.002.000 129.806.000 27.007.000
Densiy (population/km²) 146 102 125 27
* Import/Export in milk equivalent (ME) of liquid milk, yogurt, condensed milk, Cheese, SMP, WMP. The data doesn't include exchanges between countries in the same area.
** Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) including stock change = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME

Conversion coefficients in milk equivalent (ME):
- 1 kg of liquid milk = 1 kg of ME
- 1 kg of yogurt = 1,10 kg of ME
- 1 kg of condensed milk = 2,00 kg of ME
- 1 kg of cheese = 8,50 kg of ME
- 1 kg of SMP = 10,72 kg of ME
- 1 kg of WMP = 7,81 kg of ME
- The yield of butter and cream is 0 because their Milk Equivalent is already included in SMP.

The balance sheet at the moment does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190, milk powder that has a fat content similar to whole milk powder, but instead of butterfat contains vegetable fats.

Source Milk deliveries, N° of cows: Eurostat
           Import/Export: Eurostat
           Population: FAO
           Area: Wikipedia
 
N° dairy farms - EU-27
  2005 2007 2010 2013 2016 ±% on 2013 ±% on 2005
EASTERN EUROPE 2.070.280 1.882.350 1.209.810 1.016.900 799.320 -21,40% -61,39%
CENTRAL EUROPE 332.300 303.890 270.610 260.110 214.320 -17.60% -35.50%
SOUTHERN EUROPE 129.460 122.040 98.180 71.210 81.580 14.56% -36.98%
BALTICS and NORDICS 263.050 199.800 140.380 109.100 90.750 -16.82% -65.50%
TOTAL 2.795.090 2.508.080 1.718.980 1.457.320 1.185.970 -18.62% -57.57%
Source: Eurostat
  EU-27
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Milk deliveries ('000 Ton) 127.066 127.949 133.347 136.791 138.107 140.554 141.813 142.550 144.906
Import extra EU in ME ('000 Ton) 2.365 2.423 2.861 3.116 3.117 3.309 3.422 3.596 3.302
Export extra EU in ME ('000 Ton) 20.755 19.885 21.793 22.666 22.076 24.779 24.609 25.892 26.032
Domestic use incl. stock ('000 Ton) 108.676 110.487 114.416 117.241 119.148 119.085 120.626 120.255 122.176
± % domestic use incl. stock - +1,67% +3,56% +2,47% +1,63% -0,05% +1,29% -0,31% +1,60%
Self-sufficiency milk EU 116,9% 115,8% 116,5% 116,7% 115,9% 118,0% 117,6% 118,5% 118,6%

Delivery of cow's milk: Eurostat source
Domestic use including stock change = Milk deliveries + Import extra EU in ME - Export extra EU in ME
The balance sheet at the moment does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190, milk powder that has a fat content similar to whole milk powder, but instead of butterfat contains vegetable fats.