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European Union: dairy sector

UE-28
This page provides with the fundamentals of the dairy sector in Europe for the given time period.
Up to year 2003 figures refer to EU-15; from year 2004 to year 2006 figures refer to EU-25;
from 2007 to June 30th 2012 figures refer to EU-27; since July,1st 2013 figures refer to EU-28

The table evidences:

  • the complexity of the sector where it is important the connection among many different elements: raw milk area, dairy productions, import, export, internal consumption;
  • the most important traded dairy products.

EUROPEAN UNION: DAIRY SECTOR
  x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA 2013 2014 2015 2016 2016 2017 % Period
Number of cows ('000 head) 23.468 23.557 23.595p) 23.507p)
Dairy Farm Structure

The charts below are a snapshot of the current structuring and herd size of dairy farms in some European countries. Comparisons should be made based on the overall structure and not on absolute values (the scales in the various charts differ).



Data taken from page UE-28: Dairy Farm Structure    visit the page »

Milk Production (Source: MMO) 153.900 159.700 163.000 163.800
± % Over the same period of the previous year +3,8% +2,1% +0,5%
Delivery of cow's milk 141.743 148.471 152.277 153.137 105.569 105.652 +0,1% Jan-Aug 2017
% Delivery on Production (MMO) 93,0% 93,4% 93,5%
Weighted average prices of Raw Milk (€ x 100 kg )(excl. VAT) 36,51 37,26 30,84 28,42 27,36 33,83 +23,6% Jan-Sep 2017
DAIRY PRODUCTION 2013 2014 2015 2016 2016 2017 % Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100) 31.717 31.380 31.324 30.705
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V) 2.573 2.621 2.742 2.757
Raw cream delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1200D) 68 72 65 96
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100) 8.139 7.962 7.957 7.930
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000) 1.959 2.007 2.103 2.152 1.514 1.453 -4,0% Jan-Aug 2017
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod. Eurostat D6200) 87 94 99 111
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900) 339 342 331 371
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7111 + D7112 + D7113 + D7114 + D7115 + D7116) 8.769 8.971 9.295 9.496
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Extra hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7115) 12 29 81 38
Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114) 1.557 1.638 1.622 1.585
Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113) 2.301 2.357 2.483 2.650
Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112) 705 709 744 751
Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111) 1.191 1.178 1.209 1.280
Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116) 3.003 3.060 3.156 3.192
Cheese from cows'milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121) 8.716 8.921 9.063 9.220 6.226 6.289 +1,0% Jan-Aug 2017
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200) 660 638 618 606
Condensed milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200) 1.165 1.181 1.180 1.052
WMP (whole milk powder) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)* 679 766 771 791 536 563 +5,1% Jan-Aug 2017
Partly Skimmed Milk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3112) 77 78 81 88
SMP (skimmed milk powder) (Cod. Eurostat D3113) 1.100 1.398 1.513 1.555 1.137 1.101 -3,2% Jan-Aug 2017
Buttermilk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3130) 60 55 55 59
Whey powder (Cod. Eurostat D5300) 1.912 1.836 1.869 1.781
Casein and Caseinates (Cod. Eurostat D9300) 137 140 150 142
Other fresh products (Cod. Eurostat D9200) 2.241 2.328 2.477 2.625
EXPORT 2013 2014 2015 2016 2016 2017 % Period
Milk and Cream (HS 0401)
TOP importers
530 691 833 1.047 727 668 -8,1% Jan-Aug 2017
of which:
Bulk milk (NC8 04012099+04012019+04011090)
TOP importers
47 112 106 157 114 48 -58,0% Jan-Aug 2017
Packed milk (NC8 04011010+04012011+04012091)
TOP importers
373 448 604 737 512 499 -2,7% Jan-Aug 2017
Milk and Cream of>6% but <=10% fat (HS 040140)
TOP importers
5,9 10 4,5 5,0 3,6 3,9 +7,8% Jan-Aug 2017
Milk and Cream of>10% fat (HS 040150)
TOP importers
104 121 120 148 97 118 +21,2% Jan-Aug 2017
Yogurt e buttermilk (HS 0403)
TOP importers
175 159 163 169 112 125 +11,0% Jan-Aug 2017
Condensed milk (HS 040291+040299)
TOP importers
251 302 356 283 187 221 +18,2% Jan-Aug 2017
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP importers
128 148 178 208 156 127 -18,8% Jan-Aug 2017
of which:
Anhydrous Milk Fat (HS 040590)
TOP importers
20 21 37 39 30 21 -29,5% Jan-Aug 2017
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP importers
786 721 719 800 524 559 +6,8% Jan-Aug 2017
SMP (skimmed milk powder - HS 040210)
TOP importers
407 648 692 575 391 560 +43,3% Jan-Aug 2017
WMP (whole milk powder - HS 040221+040229)
TOP importers
374 390 400 381 275 281 +1,9% Jan-Aug 2017
Whet Powder (HS 0404)
TOP importers
579 569 605 633 431 437 +1,3% Jan-Aug 2017
of which:
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (HS 040410)
TOP importers
517 505 540 556 382 386 +1,0% Jan-Aug 2017
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP importers
28 39 41 44 28 28 +0,0% Jan-Aug 2017
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP importers
38 39 52 89 59 45 -24,1% Jan-Aug 2017
Lactose pharmaceutical (HS 170211)
TOP importers
139 163 161 173 106 133 +25,6% Jan-Aug 2017
Lactose edible (HS 170299)
TOP importers
13 11 8,3 11 6,9 7,8 +12,0% Jan-Aug 2017
Infant milk formula (HS 190110)
TOP importers
372 403 426 475 308 349 +13,4% Jan-Aug 2017
IMPORT 2013 2014 2015 2016 2016 2017 % Period
Latte sfuso e conf. (HS 040110+040120)
TOP exporters
23 10,0 2,7 4,8 2,4 12 +389,4% Jan-Aug 2017
Cream (HS 040130+040140+040150)
TOP exporters
3,1 2,3 4,1 4,1 3,4 3,1 -11,0% Jan-Aug 2017
Butter (HS 0405)
TOP exporters
42 50 24 21 13 8,8 -34,8% Jan-Aug 2017
Cheese (HS 0406)
TOP exporters
75 77 61 71 48 37 -23,4% Jan-Aug 2017
Whet Powder (HS 0404)
TOP exporters
75 94 95 84 61 61 -0,9% Jan-Aug 2017
Casein (HS 350110)
TOP exporters
15 19 18 19 14 12 -12,7% Jan-Aug 2017
Caseinates (HS 350190)
TOP exporters
4,0 5,1 4,5 5,5 3,5 3,9 +11,7% Jan-Aug 2017
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION (Source: FAS-USDA) 2013 2014 2015 2016 2016 2017 (f) % Period
Cheese 8.656 8.883 9.087 9.093 9.093 9.140 +0,5% Jan-Dec 2017
Butter 2.031 2.162 2.150 2.176 2.176 2.190 +0,6% Jan-Dec 2017
SMP 848 887 981 865 865 1.014 +17,2% Jan-Dec 2017
WMP 296 331 314 326 326 318 -2,5% Jan-Dec 2017
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg) 2013 2014 2015 2016 2016 2017 % Period
Cheese 17,14 17,52 17,87 17,82
Butter 4,02 4,26 4,23 4,26
SMP 1,68 1,75 1,93 1,70
WMP 0,59 0,65 0,62 0,64
% Self-sufficiency 111,2% 112,7% 113,1% 112,4%
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2013 2014 2015 2016 2016 2017(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 0,27% 1,65% 2,15% 1,86% 2,02% Jan-Dic 2017
CPI (consumer price index) 1,51% 0,55% -0,01% 0,25% 1,70% Jan-Dic 2017
Population ('000) 505.143 506.974 508.504 510.279
(p): provisional
(f): forecast
n.d.: Not available
* Incl. Milk powder cream
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NOTE:
- Per capita consumptions are obtained dividing total consumption (Source FAS-USDA ) by the population (Source FAO)
- Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products [MC 239] production data from some Member States are confidential and are NOT included in this table.
- Proceesed Cheese [MC 250] production data from some Member States are confidential and are NOT included in this table.
- The data of WMP production [MM 226] of some Member States are confidential (Latvia, the UK and Ireland since 2009, Finland since 2013) and are NOT included in this table.
- Partly Skimmed Milk Powder [MC 223] production data from some Member States are confidential and are NOT included in this table.Germany production of Partly Skimmed Milk Powder are not included because they are included into WMP production.
- The data of SMP production [MM 224] of some Member States are confidential (Italy, Latvia, the UK since 2009, Finland since 2013) and are NOT included in this table.
- Buttermilk Powder [MC 225] production data from some Member States are confidential and are NOT included in this table.
Source Number of cows: Eurostat (updated every year in December)
Source Milk production: Milk Market Observatory (MMO)
Source Delivery of milk: Eurostat
Source Dairy production: Eurostat
Source Export and Import: IHS
Source Consumption: FAS-USDA
Source GDP and CPI: Banca Intesa
Source Population: Eurostat

Last update: 2017-10-21
NOTE: Access to World Dairy Trade, which also contains the processing of Import / Export of the EU-28 with MONTHLY UPDATES, is reserved for Supporters of CLAL.it