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Germany: Dairy sector

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This Country:
  • accounts for 20,5% of EU milk deliveries (year 2019),
  • exports dairy products, converted into milk equivalent (ME), for the 57,5% of the milk deliveries (year 2018),
  • accounts for 22,8% of EU dairy exports in ME (year 2019).
The orange links allow a further analysis on TESEO.

Click here to consult the
MILK SELF-SUFFICIENCY map

GERMANY: DAIRY SECTOR
x 1.000 ton
RAW MATERIAL AREA201620172018201920192020%Period
Cow's Milk
Dairy Farm Structure
Dairy Cows ('000 head)4.2184.1994.1014.012
Slaughtered cows ('000)1.3361.2431.2361.215211232+10,0%Jan-Feb 2020
Export of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)98.230117.874105.02786.10311.18415.118+35,2%Jan-Feb 2020
Import of Breeding Heifers (HS 01022110 - head)1.5202.8981.7285676548-26,2%Jan-Feb 2020
Milk production32.67232.59833.087
± % Over the same period of the previous year-0,2%+1,5%
Raw cows' milk delivered to dairies (Cod. Eurostat D1110D)31.97331.93732.49132.4428.1238.278+1,9%Jan-Mar 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year-0,1%+1,7%-0,1%
% Delivery on production ***97,9%98,0%98,2%
% Protein3,43%3,44%3,44%3,47%3,49%3,49% Jan-Mar 2020
% Fat4,12%4,09%4,06%4,13%4,20%4,19% Jan-Mar 2020
Farm-gate milk prices**** m.g. 4% p.p. prot. 3,4% p.p.(€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)1)26,7336,1934,3733,1133,6733,30-1,1%Jan-Mar 2020
± % Over the same period of the previous year+35,4%-5,0%-3,7%
Organic Milk Deliveries ('000 Ton)7959391.1181.185287303+5,4%Jan-Mar 2020
Organic cow milk prices*** (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)47,8048,7347,8947,1047,6247,68+0,1%Jan-Mar 2020
Goat's - Sheep's Milk
Goats ('000)139140146141
Sheeps ('000)1.5741.5801.5701.557
Deliveries of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk ('000 Ton)151516152,13,5+67,9%Jan-Feb 2020
Prices of Goat’s and Sheep’s Organic Milk (€ x 100 kg, VAT not include)706765657244-38,2%Jan-Feb 2020
DAIRY PRODUCTION201620172018201920192020%Period
Drinking milk (Cod. Eurostat D2100)4.9934.7434.6464.5231.1551.171+1,4%Jan-Mar 2020
Cream for direct consumption (Cod. Eurostat D2200V)586578552554132137+3,3%Jan-Mar 2020
Acidified milk (yoghurts and other) (Cod. Eurostat D4100)1.9461.8911.8791.856470476+1,3%Jan-Mar 2020
Butter (Cod. Eurostat D6000)516497484497133134+0,9%Jan-Mar 2020
Rendered butter and butteroil (Cod.Eurostat D6200)434646-
Other Yellow Fat Dairy Products (Cod. Eurostat D6900)11109,5-
Total Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7100)2.2342.2172.246-
I° Classification
- Soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7111)152150154-
- Medium soft cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7112)545654-
- Medium hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7113)677689687-
- Hard cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7114)173157161-
- Fresh cheese ( Cod. Eurostat D7116)1.1771.1651.190-
2° Classification
- Cheese from cows'milk (pure) ( Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.2332.2152.245-
Cheese from cows' milk (Cod. Eurostat D7121)2.2852.3042.3392.389588621+5,7%Jan-Mar 2020
Processed Cheese (Cod. Eurostat D7200)172176186-
Concentrated milk (Cod. Eurostat D3200)3513733333259182-9,4%Jan-Mar 2020
Milk and cream powders (excl. SMP) (WMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3100_X_3113)2562572882897075+6,2%Jan-Mar 2020
Skimmed milk powder (SMP) (Cod. Eurostat D3113)436430414393103105+1,6%Jan-Mar 2020
Buttermilk Powder (Cod. Eurostat D3130)202123-
Drinks with a milk base (Cod. Eurostat D9100)551565578-
Whey (in powder or in block) (Cod. Eurostat D5300)360345316-
Other fresh products (milk-based desserts, ice cream)
(Cod. Eurostat D9200)
628655647-
EXPORT2016201720182019Jan - Febof which Extra EU
2019
2020
%
2019
2020
%
Bulk milk (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP importers1.6721.4371.3341.403
214
212
-1,0%
0,2
0,5
+233,0%
Whole (04012099) TOP importers1.3211.0839721.080
165
165
-0,1%
-
-
-
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP importers83908269
8,0
15
+89,8%
0,2
0,5
+242,2%
Skimmed (04011090) TOP importers267265279254
41
32
-22,7%
-
-
-
Cheese (0406) TOP importers1.1681.2101.2361.274
205
219
+6,9%
22
26
+17,2%
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP importers910725643704
114
99
-12,6%
59
64
+8,5%
Whole (04012091) TOP importers450375338384
60
57
-6,1%
42
45
+8,4%
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP importers378266220194
36
26
-28,5%
6,3
5,2
-16,9%
Skimmed (04011010) TOP importers838485126
17
17
-2,0%
11
13
+23,7%
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP importers685668649665
104
110
+5,8%
13
12
-8,3%
Whey (0404) TOP importers520492483489
75
88
+18,0%
16
18
+9,4%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP importers470435424427
67
74
+11,8%
15
17
+9,2%
SMP (040210) TOP importers358399410405
78
63
-18,3%
34
21
-40,3%
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP importers359406396397
65
70
+7,9%
12
17
+43,1%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP importers290323303304
54
45
-16,9%
14
5,7
-59,6%
Lactose Pharmaceutical (170211) TOP importers214228233234
38
43
+10,9%
19
18
-2,4%
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP importers176197210210
34
36
+7,2%
2,5
3,5
+38,9%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP importers150149143159
25
31
+21,5%
1,3
2,3
+76,3%
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP importers18202422
3,7
3,8
+4,5%
0,1
0,1
-34,9%
Other Product 214222217208
36
33
-7,3%
14
16
+12,3%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)24121211
2,2
1,6
-27,5%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
44535776
12
15
+22,5%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
86848179
14
13
-8,0%
-
-
-
IMPORT2016201720182019Jan - Febof which Extra EU
2019
2020
%
2019
2020
%
Bulk milk (04011090+04012019+04012099) TOP exporters2.1592.6942.2762.539
360
511
+41,8%
0,4
0,4
-6,0%
Whole (04012099) Revision Data TOP exporters2.0402.5342.1502.401
337
484
+43,6%
0,4
0,4
-6,0%
Semi-skimmed (04012019) TOP exporters5,6221921
5,2
2,2
-56,7%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011090) TOP exporters113138106117
18
24
+37,2%
-
-
-
Cheese (0406) TOP exporters824821831864
140
135
-3,6%
5,1
5,4
+7,1%
Whey (0404) TOP exporters728765671661
104
115
+10,3%
0,9
0,6
-31,5%
Sweet dairy Whey (12% protein) e WPC (040410) TOP exporters639659573580
93
99
+6,0%
0,6
0,4
-33,0%
Packed milk (04011010+04012011+04012091) TOP exporters186225185223
35
34
-3,9%
-
-
-
Whole (04012091) TOP exporters75916064
9,9
8,3
-15,8%
-
-
-
Semi-Skimmed (04012011) TOP exporters107131124158
25
26
+0,9%
-
-
-
Skimmed (04011010) TOP exporters4,02,71,30,7
0,1
0,1
-33,7%
-
-
-
Cream (040130+040140+040150) TOP exporters184189171175
26
26
+2,9%
0,1
0,1
+32,0%
Butter And Other Fats (0405) TOP exporters146166166166
26
27
+3,4%
-
-
-
Anhydrous Milk Fat (040590) TOP exporters17222221
3,0
2,7
-10,4%
-
-
-
Yogurt and buttermilk (0403) TOP exporters157176164166
27
27
-0,7%
0,2
0,2
-10,6%
Condensed Milk (040291+040299) TOP exporters734862112
17
18
+2,5%
-
-
-
Fat-Filled Milk Powder (FFMP) (190190) TOP exporters86979797
17
16
-6,4%
2,0
2,2
+13,1%
Other Product 276289265263
51
42
-17,3%
1,9
1,5
-22,7%
Soya-based beverages (protein content >=2,8 %)43424850
8,3
8,9
+6,6%
-
-
-
Soya-based beverages (protein content of <2.8%)
based on nuts, cereals or seeds
37476292
14
19
+31,2%
-
-
-
Non-alcoholic beverages containing < 0,2% fats
derived from milk or milk products
38282321
3,3
2,8
-16,3%
-
-
-
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTIONS (kg)201620172018201920192020%Period
Cheese25,024,1n.d.n.d.
of which
Fresh cheeses7,87,0n.d.n.d.
Butter6,15,9n.d.n.d.
Cream6,05,8n.d.n.d.
Condensed Milk1,71,6n.d.n.d.
SMP and Buttermilk powder1,11,4n.d.n.d.
% Self-sufficiency rate130,5%130,5%132,1%130,6%117,1%Jan-Feb 2020
SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019 2020(f) % Period
GDP (gross domestic product) 1,90% 2,68% 1,89% 1,18% 0,84% Jan-Dic 2020
CPI (consumer price index) 0,37% 1,70% 1,94% 1,33% 1,21% Jan-Dic 2020
Population ('000) 82.176 82.522 82.792 83.019
GDP per capita (U.S. dollars) 46.824 (e) 47.847 (e) 48.903 (e)
GDP per capita (€) * 42.302(e) 42.355(e) 41.410(e)
Informative Note
(f): forecast
(e) estimated
* Per capita GDP in Euro is calculated by using the yearly average exchange rate

**** Weighted average annual price, except for 2020 when the average price is arithmetic. Since January 2010 Fat content, to which farm-gate milk price refers, has increased from 3,70 % to 4,00 %.
1) The price is ex farm.
*** Milk price "ab Hof", 4% fat content and 3,4% protein content.

SOURCES
Raw material area: Sheep and Goat Milk Deliveries: Eurostat (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta); Milk Deliveries, % Protein e % Fat: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mk_colm); Milk Production: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_milkpr); Number of cows: Eurostat (dataset: agr_r_animal); Number of Goats, Sheeps and Bufaloes: Eurostat (dataset: apro_mt_lsgoat, apro_mt_lssheep, apro_mt_lscatl ); Farm-gate milk conventional and organic prices: ZMB, BLE, estimates made by AMI ; Import/Export of Breeding Heifers: IHS
Dairy production: (annual data dataset: apro_mk_pobta, monthly data dataset: apro_mk_colm) , Eurostat+BLE
Export: Eurostat
Import: Eurostat
Per capita consumption: BLE
GDP and CPI: Intesa Sanpaolo
GDP per capita: International Monetary Found
Population: Eurostat

*** MILK DELIVERIES AND MILK PRODUCTION
  • Milk deliveries (apro_mk_colm): milk collected by dairies (located in the Member State) from the agricultural holdings (within or outside the Member State).
  • Milk production (agr_r_milkpr): milk produced by agricultural holdings (located in the Member State) and a part of this milk is delivered to dairies (within or outside the Member State).

Note: Self-sufficiency rate = Milk deliveries/(Domestic use in milk equivalent ME)
Domestic use in milk equivalent (ME) = Milk deliveries + Import in ME - Export in ME
The Self-sufficiency rate does not consider the trade of FFMP (fat-filled milk powder) - HS 190190 and the infant milk formula.

Last update: 25-05-2020
NOTA: L'accesso all'area Dairy World Trade, contenente anche le elaborazioni di Import / Export della Germania con aggiornamento MENSILE, è riservato ai Sostenitori di CLAL.it
UK trade data for the period Jan - Mar 2020 are provisional